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    MIMO Radars Waveform Design

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shadi, Kamal (Author) ; Behnia, F (Supervisor)
    MIMO radar is a next generation radar which transmits arbitrary waveforms at each one of its apertures. It has been shown that design of waveforms for MIMO radars in order to synthesize a desired spatial beampattern, is mapped into a waveform correlation matrix (R) design in the narrowband case. Therefore, waveform design in MIMO radar for beamforming could be broken into two steps, namely correlation matrix design and waveform synthesis for achieving given R. As of now, given a desired beampattern or estimated location information of targets, calculating R has been modeled as an optimization problem like SDP. Also, in some special cases like rectangular beampattern, close form solutions for... 

    Blind Steganalysis Based on Multi- resolution Transforms

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Zohourian, Mehdi (Author) ; Ghaemmaghami, Shahrokh (Supervisor) ; Gholampour, Iman (Supervisor)
    Blind image steganalysis is a technique used for detecting the existence of the data hidden in an image, where no information about the stenographic algorithm is available or usable. In this way, an important problem is to find sensitive features which make noticeable statistical distinction between cover and stego images. New steganalysis methods based on multi-resolution transform, specifically the wavelet and the contourlet transforms, have been proposed in this thesis in order to enhance the detection accuracy of system especially at low embedding rates. In fact, multi-resolution transforms are powerful space-frequency analysis tools that have been found quite successful in detection of... 

    Direct synthesis of fixed-order h∞ controllers

    , Article IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control ; Volume 60, Issue 10 , July , 2015 , Pages 2704-2709 ; 00189286 (ISSN) Babazadeh, M ; Nobakhti, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2015
    This technical note considers the fixed-order H∞ output feedback control design problem for linear time invariant (LTI)systems. The objective is to design a fixed-order controller with guaranteed stability and closed-loop H∞ performance. This problem is NP-hard due to the non-convex rank constraint which appears in the formulation. We propose an algorithm for non-iterative direct synthesis (NODS) of reduced order robust controllers. NODS entails initial computation of two positive-definite matrices via full-order convex LMI conditions. These are then utilized by appropriate eigenvalue decomposition to directly obtain a suboptimal convex formulation for the fixed-order controller  

    Galerkin and Generalized Least Squares finite element: A comparative study for multi-group diffusion solvers

    , Article Progress in Nuclear Energy ; Volume 85 , 2015 , Pages 473-490 ; 01491970 (ISSN) Hosseini, S. A ; Saadatian Derakhshandeh, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2015
    Abstract In this paper, the solution of multi-group neutron/adjoint equation using Finite Element Method (FEM) for hexagonal and rectangular reactor cores is reported. The spatial discretization of the neutron diffusion equation is performed based on two different Finite Element Methods (FEMs) using unstructured triangular elements generated by Gambit software. Calculations are performed using Galerkin and Generalized Least Squares FEMs; based on which results are compared. Using the power iteration method for the neutron and adjoint calculations, the neutron and adjoint flux distributions with the corresponding eigenvalues are obtained. The results are then validated against the valid... 

    An exact method for the extraction of effective bulk and surface parameters of periodic artificial media

    , Article IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation ; Volume 63, Issue 6 , 2015 , Pages 2521-2531 ; 0018926X (ISSN) Barzegar Parizi, S ; Rejaei, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2015
    A new method is presented for the extraction of the bulk and surface parameters of a periodic artificial medium which uses the eigenvectors of the generalized transfer matrix of a unit layer. These eigenvectors correspond to the Bloch modes of the periodic structure. The eigenvector related to the propagating Bloch mode directly yields an expression for the effective, intrinsic wave impedance of the medium. Moreover, the interface between the artificial material and a surrounding, conventional (dielectric) region is described by an interface impedance matrix which accounts for the excitation of higher order, nonpropagating Bloch modes at the interface. Although these modes do not propagate... 

    Denoising of ictal EEG data using semi-blind source separation methods based on time-frequency priors

    , Article IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics ; Volume 19, Issue 3 , July , 2015 , Pages 839-847 ; 21682194 (ISSN) Hajipour Sardouie, S ; Shamsollahi, M. B ; Albera, L ; Merlet, I ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2015
    Removing muscle activity from ictal ElectroEncephaloGram (EEG) data is an essential preprocessing step in diagnosis and study of epileptic disorders. Indeed, at the very beginning of seizures, ictal EEG has a low amplitude and its morphology in the time domain is quite similar to muscular activity. Contrary to the time domain, ictal signals have specific characteristics in the time-frequency domain. In this paper, we use the time-frequency signature of ictal discharges as a priori information on the sources of interest. To extract the time-frequency signature of ictal sources, we use the Canonical Correlation Analysis (CCA) method. Then, we propose two time-frequency based semi-blind source... 

    Control of Chaotic Waves in Hard Disk Drives

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rajabi, Majid (Author) ; Jalali, Mir Abbas (Supervisor)
    Hard disk drives are the main component of computers for permanent data storage. The security of the stored data is related closely to the air gap between the read-write head and the surface of disk. This gap which is created by the aerodynamic force between head and the disk is altered continually by lateral oscillations of disk. In the extreme condition of zero gap and contact between the protective coating layer and subsequently the magnetic material of the disk with the head, the disk will be scratched and damaged. Therefore, the active or passive control of these vibrations has a particular importance in the technology of manufacturing of hard disks. The first step in active control... 

    Optimal pinning controllability of complex networks: Dependence on network structure

    , Article Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics ; Volume 91, Issue 1 , January , 2015 ; 15393755 (ISSN) Jalili, M ; Askari Sichani, O ; Yu, X ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Physical Society  2015
    Controlling networked structures has many applications in science and engineering. In this paper, we consider the problem of pinning control (pinning the dynamics into the reference state), and optimally placing the driver nodes, i.e., the nodes to which the control signal is fed. Considering the local controllability concept, a metric based on the eigenvalues of the Laplacian matrix is taken into account as a measure of controllability. We show that the proposed optimal placement strategy considerably outperforms heuristic methods including choosing hub nodes with high degree or betweenness centrality as drivers. We also study properties of optimal drivers in terms of various centrality... 

    Dynamic response of a non-uniform Timoshenko beam, subjected to moving mass

    , Article Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science ; Volume 229, Issue 14 , October , 2015 , Pages 2499-2513 ; 09544062 (ISSN) Roshandel, D ; Mofid, M ; Ghannadiasl, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    SAGE Publications Ltd  2015
    In this article, the dynamic response of a non-uniform Timoshenko beam acted upon by a moving mass is extensively investigated. To this end, the eigenfunction expansion method is adapted to the problem, employing the natural mode shapes of a uniform Timoshenko beam. Moreover, the orthonormal polynomial series expansion method is successfully applied to the coupled set of governing differential equations pertaining to the dynamic behavior of non-uniform Timoshenko beam actuated by a moving mass. Some numerical examples are solved in which the excellent agreement of the two presented methods is illustrated  

    Modal analysis of the dynamic response of Timoshenko beam under moving mass

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 22, Issue 2 , 2015 , Pages 331-344 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Roshandel, D ; Mofid, M ; Ghannadiasl, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Sharif University of Technology  2015
    In this study, the dynamic response of a Timoshenko beam under moving mass is investigated. To this end, vectorial form orthogonality property of the Timoshenko beam free vibration modes is applied to the EEM (Eigenfunction Expansion Method). The implication of the vectorial form series and an appropriate inner product of mode shapes in combination are focused for a beam with arbitrary boundary conditions. Consequently, significant simplifications and efficacy in the utilization of the EEM in eliminating the spatial domain is achieved. In order to comprise validation, the present study is compared with the DET (Discrete Element Technique) and the RKPM (Reproducing Kernel Particle Method)  

    Stability of linear dynamic systems over the packet erasure channel: A co-design approach

    , Article International Journal of Control ; Volume 88, Issue 12 , May , 2015 , Pages 2488-2498 ; 00207179 (ISSN) Farhadi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Ltd  2015
    This paper is concerned with the stability of linear time-invariant dynamic systems over the packet erasure channel subject to minimum bit rate constraint when an encoder and a decoder are unaware of the control signal. This assumption results in co-designing the encoder, decoder and controller. The encoder, decoder, controller and conditions relating transmission rate to packet erasure probability and eigenvalues of the system matrix A are presented for almost sure asymptotic stability of linear time-invariant dynamic systems over the packet erasure channel with feedback acknowledgment. When the eigenvalues of the system matrix A are real valued, it is shown that the obtained condition for... 

    Interictal EEG noise cancellation: GEVD and DSS based approaches versus ICA and DCCA based methods

    , Article IRBM ; Volume 36, Issue 1 , 2015 , Pages 20-32 ; 19590318 (ISSN) Hajipour Sardouie, S ; Shamsollahi, M. B ; Albera, L ; Merlet, I ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Masson SAS  2015
    Denoising is an important preprocessing stage in some ElectroEncephaloGraphy (EEG) applications. For this purpose, Blind Source Separation (BSS) methods, such as Independent Component Analysis (ICA) and Decorrelated and Colored Component Analysis (DCCA), are commonly used. Although ICA and DCCA-based methods are powerful tools to extract sources of interest, the procedure of eliminating the effect of sources of non-interest is usually manual. It should be noted that some methods for automatic selection of artifact sources after BSS methods exist, although they imply a training supervised step. On the other hand, in cases where there are some a prioriinformation about the subspace of... 

    Influence of model simplifications and parameters on dynamic performance of grid connected fixed speed wind turbines

    , Article 19th International Conference on Electrical Machines, ICEM 2010, 6 September 2010 through 8 September 2010, Rome ; 2010 ; 9781424441754 (ISBN) Tohidi, S ; Rabiee, A ; Parniani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    With the rising penetration of wind power into electric power systems, more accurate and comprehensive studies are required to identify the interaction between wind farm(s) and power system. This requires accurate models of different types of wind turbine-generators. This paper describes modeling and small signal analysis of a grid connected fixed speed wind turbine generator (FSWTG). A complete model of FSWTG is derived and some reduced-order models are deduced. Eigenvalues and participation factors of the system for these models are calculated. Then, using the eigen analysis results, the models are compared and the simplifying assumptions which have been considered in the literatures are... 

    On Treewidth of Social Networks

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Liaee, Mehraneh (Author) ; Safari, Mohammad Ali (Supervisor) ; Habibi, Jafar (Supervisor)
    In this thesis, we study the treewidth of social networks. The importance of studding treewidth is for two reasons. The first is that for the graph with bounded treewidth, many optimization problems that are NP-hard in general, can be solved in polynomial or even linear time. The second is that the high value of treewidth in a graph, reflects some high degree of connectivity and robustness, which is an essential factor in designing many networks. But the problem is that determining the value of treewidth in a graph is NP-complete so, computing the treewidth of real complex networks is not feasible. We first review the related works and mention the weakness of the past works, then introduce a... 

    Active control of robotic manipulators vibration via feedback control

    , Article 17th International Congress on Sound and Vibration 2010, ICSV 2010, 18 July 2010 through 22 July 2010 ; Volume 1 , 2010 , Pages 464-471 ; 9781617822551 (ISBN) Moradi, H ; Bakhtiari Nejad, F ; Sadighi, M ; Alasty, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this paper, a robotic manipulator modelled as a cantilever rotating Euler-Bernoulli beam is considered. Control objective is achieving a desired angular rotation of the manipulator tip while its lateral vibration is suppressed. An external driving torque is the control input of the system. Two dynamic transfer functions are derived to describe beam tip motion and angular rotation in terms of the desired angular rotation. After state-space representation of the problem, an observer is designed to estimate state variables of the system. Then, a feedback control is designed for both regulation and tracking objectives. Eigenvalues are chosen such that an appropriate response is achieved while... 

    Parallel nonlinear analysis of weighted brain's gray and white matter images for Alzheimer's dementia diagnosis

    , Article 2010 Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC'10, 31 August 2010 through 4 September 2010, Buenos Aires ; 2010 , Pages 5573-5576 ; 9781424441235 (ISBN) Razavian, S. M. J ; Torabi, M ; Kim, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this study, we are proposing a novel nonlinear classification approach to discriminate between Alzheimer's Disease (AD) and a control group using T1-weighted and T2- weighted Magnetic Resonance Images (MRI's) of brain. Since T1-weighted images and T2-weighted images have inherent physical differences, obviously each of them has its own particular medical data and hence, we extracted some specific features from each. Then the variations of the relevant eigenvalues of the extracted features were tracked to pick up the most informative ones. The final features were assigned to two parallel systems to be nonlinearly categorized. Considering the fact that AD defects the white and gray regions... 

    A relation between the Laplacian and signless Laplacian eigenvalues of a graph

    , Article Journal of Algebraic Combinatorics ; Volume 32, Issue 3 , 2010 , Pages 459-464 ; 09259899 (ISSN) Akbari, S ; Ghorbani, E ; Koolen, J. H ; Oboudi, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Let G be a graph of order n such that ∑n i=0(-1) iailambdan-i and ∑n i=0(-1) iailambdan-i are the characteristic polynomials of the signless Laplacian and the Laplacian matrices of G, respectively. We show that a i ≥b i for i=0,1,⋯,n. As a consequence, we prove that for any α, 0<α≤1, if q 1,⋯,q n and μ 1,⋯,μ n are the signless Laplacian and the Laplacian eigenvalues of G, respectively, then q 1 alpha+⋯+qα n≥μ α 1+⋯+μα n  

    Development of a 2-D 2-group neutron noise simulator for hexagonal geometries

    , Article Annals of Nuclear Energy ; Volume 37, Issue 8 , 2010 , Pages 1089-1100 ; 03064549 (ISSN) Malmir, H ; Vosoughi, N ; Zahedinejad, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this paper, the development of a neutron noise simulator for hexagonal-structured reactor cores using both the forward and the adjoint methods is reported. The spatial discretisation of both 2-D 2-group static and dynamic equations is based on a developed box-scheme finite difference method for hexagonal mesh boxes. Using the power iteration method for the static calculations, the 2-group neutron flux and its adjoint with the corresponding eigenvalues are obtained by the developed static simulator. The results are then benchmarked against the well-known CITATION computer code. The dynamic calculations are performed in the frequency domain which leads to discarding of the time... 

    A graph weighting method for reducing consensus time in random geographical networks

    , Article 24th IEEE International Conference on Advanced Information Networking and Applications Workshops, WAINA 2010, 20 April 2010 through 23 April 2010, Perth ; 2010 , Pages 317-322 ; 9780769540191 (ISBN) Jalili, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Sensor networks are increasingly employed in many applications ranging from environmental to military cases. The network topology used in many sensor network applications has a kind of geographical structure. A graph weighting method for reducing consensus time in random geographical networks is proposed in this paper. We consider a method based on the mutually coupled oscillators for providing general consensus in the network. In this way, one can relate the consensus time to the properties of the Laplacian matrix of the connection graph, i.e. to the second smallest eigenvalue (algebraic connectivity). Our weighting algorithm is based on the node and edge between centrality measures. The... 

    A fluid-structure interaction model for stability analysis of shells conveying fluid

    , Article Journal of Fluids and Structures ; Volume 26, Issue 5 , July , 2010 , Pages 747-763 ; 08899746 (ISSN) Firouz Abadi, R. D ; Noorian, M. A ; Haddadpour, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this paper, a fluid-structure interaction model for stability analysis of shells conveying fluid is developed. This model is developed for shells of arbitrary geometry and structure and is based on incompressible potential flow. The boundary element method is applied to model the potential flow. The fluid dynamics model is derived by using an inflow/outflow model along with the impermeability condition at the fluid-shell interface. This model is applied to obtain the flow modes and eigenvalues, which are used for the modal representation of the flow field in the shell. Based on the mode shapes and natural frequencies of the shell obtained from an FEM model, the modal analysis technique is...