Search for: elastic-moduli
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    Small-strain shear modulus of cement-admixed kaolinite

    , Article Geotechnical and Geological Engineering ; Volume 30, Issue 1 , Oct , 2012 , Pages 163-171 ; 09603182 (ISSN) Bahador, M ; Pak, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    An experimental study is conducted to measure small-strain shear modulus of clay-cement mixture using bender element apparatus setup in a triaxial cell. Bender element tests were conducted on cement-treated soils and the results were analyzed to study the variation of shear modulus properties of soil specimens at different cement contents, confining pressures, curing times, and compaction moisture contents. Based on the obtained results increasing the cement ratio has a significant effect on the small-strain shear modulus of the treated soils, and this effect signifies with increasing the moisture content and curing time. Rates of shear modulus enhancements due to cement content, curing... 

    A combined first principles and analytical treatment for determination of the surface elastic constants: Application to Si(001) ideal and reconstructed surfaces

    , Article Philosophical Magazine Letters ; Volume 92, Issue 1 , Sep , 2012 , Pages 7-19 ; 09500839 (ISSN) Ojaghnezhad, F ; Shodja, H. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Behavior of nanostructures, which are characterized by a large surface-to-volume ratio, is greatly influenced by their surface parameters, such as surface elastic moduli tensor. Accurate determination of the surface elastic constants by first principles is of particular interest. To this end, through consideration of the fundamental thermodynamic arguments for free solid surfaces, an analytical formulation for the change in specific Helmholtz surface free energy is developed. Relating this formulation to the corresponding energy calculated via first principles leads to the determination of the surface elastic moduli tensor. The surface mechanical properties, namely surface energy, surface... 

    Experimental study on dynamic properties of sand with emphasis on the degree of saturation

    , Article Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering ; Volume 32, Issue 1 , 2012 , Pages 26-41 ; 02677261 (ISSN) Jafarzadeh, F ; Sadeghi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Cyclic drained and undrained tests were performed in a modified simple shear device in order to specifically investigate the effect of saturation ratio on shear modulus and damping parameters of sand. In addition to the degree of saturation, the effects of number of cycles, vertical consolidation stress, shear strain amplitude and relative density on dynamic properties of sand were investigated. Dynamic stiffness and damping characteristic were found to be substantially independent of saturation ratio in the range of 25-75%. However, by approaching the full saturation state, the values of modulus fall sharply and damping of loose samples increases dramatically from corresponding values of... 

    Dynamic parameters of saturated and unsaturated sand at different ranges of shear strain levels in cyclic simple shear tests

    , Article 14th Asian Regional Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering ; 2011 Jafarzadeh, F ; Golshan, Z ; Sharif University of Technology
    In order to evaluate dynamic properties of Babolsar and Toyoura sands at saturation levels of 25, 50, 75 & 100%, a series of cyclic simple shear tests were carried out. The SGI type cyclic simple shear device was used to study the shear modulus, G, and damping ratio, D, of the above mentioned sands at cyclic shear strain of 0.5, 5 & 10%. The effect of degree of saturation (S), vertical consolidation stress (σ vc) and number of loading cycles (N) were investigated. On the basis of the tests results, the shear modulus approximately remains constant by change of degree of saturation from 25 to 50% and decreases when reaches the degree of saturation 75%. Damping ratio approximately is constant... 

    A novel nonlinear constitutive relation for graphene and its consequence for developing closed-form expressions for Young's modulus and critical buckling strain of single-walled carbon nanotubes

    , Article Acta Mechanica ; Volume 222, Issue 1-2 , 2011 , Pages 91-101 ; 00015970 (ISSN) Shodja, H. M ; Delfani, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are viewed as rolled graphene. Thus, an appropriate formulation describing the behavior of CNTs must contain the key information about both their initial configuration as graphene and final configuration as CNT.On this note, to date, somemodels, in particular based on the Cauchy- Born rule, for the description of CNTs behavior exist. A simplifying assumption in some of these models is that the length and perimeter of the CNT equal the corresponding dimensions of the unrolled initial configuration, thus neglecting the induced hoop and longitudinal strains. On the other hand, the present work offers a purely nonlinear continuum model suitable for the description of the... 

    Nanoindentation of isotactic polypropylene: Correlations between hardness, yield stress, and modulus on the local and global scales

    , Article Journal of Applied Polymer Science ; Volume 121, Issue 2 , February , 2011 , Pages 930-938 ; 00218995 (ISSN) Lesan Khosh, R ; Bagheri, R ; Asgari, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    The correlations between the hardness, yield stress, and modulus of elasticity of isotactic polypropylene (iPP) were evaluated on the local and global scales. Nanoindentation and traditional macromechanical tests were incorporated for this purpose. Thus, local and global mechanical properties were measured at various temperatures and strain rates. A certain relation was found between the local and global mechanical properties. Moreover, Johnson's model (developed according to the expanding cavity model) was also evaluated at various temperatures and strain rates. The Johnson model was valid only for the yield stresses obtained by nanoindentation and compressive tests and also the elastic... 

    Calculation of thermodynamic properties of Ni nanoclusters via selected equations of state based on molecular dynamics simulations

    , Article Solid State Communications ; Volume 151, Issue 14-15 , 2011 , Pages 965-970 ; 00381098 (ISSN) Akbarzadeh, H ; Abroshan, H ; Taherkhani, F ; Parsafar, G. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    We present an approach for constant-pressure molecular dynamics simulations. This approach is especially designed for finite systems, for which no periodic boundary condition applies. A molecular dynamics (MD) simulation for Ni nanoclusters is used to calculate their pressurevolumetemperature (pvT) data for the temperature range 200 K≤T≤400 K, and pressures up to 600 kbar. Isothermal sets of pvT data were generated by the simulation; each set was fitted by three equations of state (EoSs): Linear Isotherm Regularity-II (LIRII), BirchMurnaghan (BM), and EOS III. It is found that the MD data are satisfactorily reproduced by the EoSs with reasonable precision. Some features of the EoSs criteria,... 

    Biodegradable ionic liquids: effects of temperature, alkyl side-chain length, and anion on the thermodynamic properties and interaction energies as determined by molecular dynamics simulations coupled with ab initio calculations

    , Article Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research ; Volume 54, Issue 46 , November , 2015 , Pages 11678-11700 ; 08885885 (ISSN) Fakhraee, M ; Gholami, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Chemical Society  2015
    The effects of incorporating the ester functional group (-C=OO-) into the side chain of the 1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium cation ([C1COOCnC1im]+, n = 1, 2, 4) paired with [Br]-, [NO3]-, [BF4]-, [PF6]-, [TfO]-, and [Tf2N]- anions on the various thermodynamic properties and interaction energies of these biodegradable ionic liquids (ILs) were investigated by means of molecular dynamics (MD) simulations combined with ab initio calculations in the temperature range of 298-550 K. Excluding the simulated density, the highest values of the volumetric properties such as molar volume, isobaric expansion coefficient, and isothermal compressibility coefficient can be attributed to the largest cation... 

    Structure, swelling and mechanical behavior of a cationic full-IPN hydrogel reinforced with modified nanoclay

    , Article Iranian Polymer Journal (English Edition) ; Volume 24, Issue 5 , May , 2015 , Pages 379-388 ; 10261265 (ISSN) Kheirabadi, M ; Bagheri, R ; Kabiri, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer-Verlag London Ltd  2015
    Despite various applications of hydrogels, they have poor gel strength and low resistance against crack propagation which lead to the limitation of their applications. For overcoming this inherent weakness, the current study has focused on the simultaneous utilization of interpenetrating polymer network (IPN) structure and nanocomposite hydrogels. It is known that IPN and nanocomposite gels can improve gel strength. The combination of IPN and nanocomposite structure was developed in hydrogels for improving gel strength. For this purpose, bentonite was successfully modified with a cationic surfactant, (3-methacrylamidopropyl) trimethyl ammonium chloride (MAPTAC), as intercalate, and... 

    Numerical modeling of piles in sandy soils considering stress dependent modulus of elasticity

    , Article Computer Methods and Recent Advances in Geomechanics - Proceedings of the 14th Int. Conference of International Association for Computer Methods and Recent Advances in Geomechanics, IACMAG 2014, 22 September 2014 through 25 September 2014, Kyoto ; 2015 , Pages 973-977 ; 9781138001480 (ISBN) Ahmadi, M. M ; Abadi, S. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis - Balkema  2015
    Pile Foundations are used to transfer loads from superstructures to the underlying competent soil layers. Predicting pile bearing capacity is among the most interesting subjects for geotechnical engineers. In this study, a single pile is modeled in axisymmetric condition. The soil is considered to be a sandy soil. Then, results of the model were verified with a full scale pile load test performed by previous researchers. In order to take into consideration the real behavior of sandy soils, a variation of modulus of elasticity with respect to the changes in the mean effective stress was taken into account. The dependency of soil modulus to the mean effective stress makes the model more... 

    Thermal buckling analysis of bridged single walled carbon nanotubes using molecular structural mechanics

    , Article Journal of Applied Physics ; Volume 117, Issue 11 , 2015 ; 00218979 (ISSN) Firouz Abadi, R. D ; Badri Kouhi, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Institute of Physics Inc  2015
    This paper is concerned with the stability analysis of bridged single walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT) under temperature changes. A molecular structural mechanics model is utilized to investigate the free vibration frequencies and thermal buckling of SWCNT. In comparison with most of the previous studies, a temperature-variable thermal-expansion-coefficient is used that is negative under a certain temperature. Also thermal variation of Young's modulus of the CNTs is considered. Several studies are performed to investigate the critical temperature change due to heating and cooling of SWCNTs with different chiralities and slenderness ratios and the stability boundaries are determined  

    Design, fabrication, and characterization of novel porous conductive scaffolds for nerve tissue engineering

    , Article International Journal of Polymeric Materials and Polymeric Biomaterials ; Volume 64, Issue 18 , 2015 , Pages 969-977 ; 00914037 (ISSN) Baniasadi, H ; Ahmad Ramazani, S. A ; Mashayekhan, S ; Farani, M. R ; Ghaderinezhad, F ; Dabaghi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Inc  2015
    Highly conductive polypyrrole/graphene (PYG) nanocomposite was synthesized with chemical oxidation process via emulsion polymerization and used for the preparation of novel porous conductive gelatin/chitosan-based scaffolds. The effect of PYG loading on various properties of scaffolds was investigated. The obtained results indicated that by introducing PYG into the polymeric matrix, the porosity and swelling capacity decreased while electrical conductivity and Young's modulus demonstrated increasing trend. The in vitro biodegradation test revealed that pure gelatin/chitosan matrix lost 80% of its weight after six weeks in the presence of lysozyme whilst the biodegradation rate was... 

    An exact analysis for the hoop elasticity and pressure-induced twist of CNT-nanovessels and CNT-nanopipes

    , Article Mechanics of Materials ; Volume 82 , 2015 , Pages 47-62A ; 01676636 (ISSN) Delfani, M. R ; Shodja, H. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2015
    Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with and without end caps may be used for fluid storage and transport, respectively, referred to as CNT-nanovessel and CNT-nanopipe. The determination of the stiffness in the hoop (circumferential) and radial directions, ideal hoop strength, and hoop stress-strain curve of such nanostructures is of particular interest. Due to the proposed viewpoint, a chiral free-standing single-walled CNT (SWCNT) has a natural angle of twist and natural extension along the axis of the tube. For example, for the SWCNT (9,3) with diameter of 0.85 nm and chirality angle of 13.9°, the natural angle of twist per unit length is 1.45×10-3 rad/nm. Previously, only Vercosa et al. (2010) who... 

    LDPE/EVA/graphene nanocomposites with enhanced mechanical and gas permeability properties

    , Article Polymers for Advanced Technologies ; Volume 26, Issue 9 , 2015 , Pages 1083-1090 ; 10427147 (ISSN) Tayebi, M ; Ramazani S. A ; Hamed Mosavian, M. T ; Tayyebi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    John Wiley and Sons Ltd  2015
    In the present work, graphene oxide (GO) and reduced graphene oxide (RGO) were incorporated at low-density polyethylene (LDPE)/ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) copolymer blend using solution casting method. Monolayer GO with 1-nm thickness and good transparency was synthesized using the well-known Hummers's method. Fourier transform infrared and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy data exhibited efficient reduction of GO with almost high C/O ratio of RGO. Scanning electron microscopy showed the well distribution of GO and RGO within LDPE/EVA polymer matrix. The integrating effects of GO and RGO on mechanical and gas permeability of prepared films were examined. Young's modulus of nanocomposites are... 

    Impact of void ratio and state parameters on the small strain shear modulus of unsaturated soils

    , Article 15th Asian Regional Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, ARC 2015: New Innovations and Sustainability ; 2015 , Pages 241-246 Khosravi, A ; Gheibi, A ; Rahimi, M ; McCartney, J. S ; Haeri, S. M
    The unsaturated small strain shear modulus, Gmax, is a key reference value in predicting relationships between dynamic shear modulus and shear strain amplitude and is thus a key quantity to properly model the behavior of dynamically-loaded geotechnical systems such as pavements, rail beds, and machine foundations. From the interpretation of the experimental Gmax results for unsaturated soils, different definitions of trends between Gmax and the stress state of the unsaturated soils and material properties are proposed. However, in most of trends, the relationship between the stress state and void ratio is considered and the effect of void ratio on the unsaturated small strain shear modulus... 

    Contribution of ordered-inordered phenomenon within the interphase region toward increasing elastic modulus in CNT/polymer nanocomposites

    , Article Materials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition 2015, MS and T 2015, 4 October 2015 through 8 October 2015 ; Volume 1 , October , 2015 , Pages 595-602 ; 9781510813939 (ISBN) Shayesteh Zeraati, A ; Goodarzi Hosseinabadi, H ; NACE International ; Sharif University of Technology
    Association for Iron and Steel Technology, AISTECH  2015
    Exceptional mechanical properties of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) such as high elastic modulus, stiffness and tensile strength have made them as promising reinforcement in polymer nanocomposite systems. The characteristics of CNTs/polymer interphase region directly affect the efficiency of nanotubes for improving the nanocomposite mechanical properties. In this work, the influence of chains alignment within the interphase region on elastic response of the nanocomposite is assessed using a novel ordered-inordered approach. The applicability of the presented approach is examined by implementing the approach on a series of reported data available in the literature. The effects of CNT content,... 

    Effect of microbeam electrical resistivity on vibration frequency shift of an electrostatically actuated microbeam

    , Article Proceedings of the ASME Design Engineering Technical Conference, 15 August 2010 through 18 August 2010 ; Volume 4 , 2010 , Pages 547-554 ; 9780791844120 (ISBN) Pasharavesh, A ; Ahmadian, M. T ; Alizadeh Vaghasloo, Y ; Sharif University of Technology
    Nonlinear vibration of a microbeam actuated by a suddenly applied voltage with considering the effect of voltage distribution on the beam due to electrical resistivity of beam is investigated. Homotopy perturbation method is implemented to solve the coupled nonlinear partial differential equations of motion. The vibration frequency variation and damping at various resistivities is studied. Considering resistivity, effect of applied voltage and beam length on the frequency shift and damping ratio is analyzed. Findings indicate there exists a jump in frequency shift and damping ratio at a critical resistivity. Variation of critical resistivity with respect to modulus of elasticity and beam... 

    Surface energy effects on the yield strength of nanoporous materials containing nanoscale cylindrical voids

    , Article Mechanics of Materials ; Volume 42, Issue 9 , September , 2010 , Pages 852-862 ; 01676636 (ISSN) Goudarzi, T ; Avazmohammadi, R ; Naghdabadi, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Surfaces and interfaces behave differently from their bulk counterparts especially when the dimensions approach small scales. The recent studies have shown that the surface/interface free energy (surface stress) plays an important role in the effective mechanical properties of solids with nanosized inhomogeneities. In this work, within a micromechanical framework, the effect of surface stress is taken into account to obtain a macroscopic yield function for nanoporous materials containing cylindrical nanovoids. Gurtin-Murdoch model of surface elasticity is incorporated in the generalized self-consistent method to obtain a closed-form expression for the transverse shear modulus of transversely... 

    Investigation of the interphase effects on the mechanical behavior of carbon nanotube polymer composites by multiscale modeling

    , Article Journal of Applied Polymer Science ; Volume 117, Issue 1 , March , 2010 , Pages 361-367 ; 00218995 (ISSN) Montazeri, A ; Naghdabadi, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this article, a multiscale modeling procedure is implemented to study the effect of interphase on the Young's modulus of CNT/polymer composites. For this purpose, a three-phase RVE is introduced which consists of three components, i.e., a carbon nanotube, an interphase layer, and an outer polymer matrix. The nanotube is modeled at the atomistic scale using molecular structural mechanics. Moreover, three-dimensional elements are employed to model the interphase layer and polymer matrix. The nanotube and polymer matrix are assumed to be bonded by van der Waals interactions based on the Lennard-Jones potential at the interface. Using this Molecular Structural Mechanics/Finite Element... 

    Mechanical properties of graphene cantilever from atomic force microscopy and density functional theory

    , Article Nanotechnology ; Volume 21, Issue 18 , 2010 ; 09574484 (ISSN) Rasuli, R ; Iraji Zad, A ; Ahadian, M. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    We have studied the mechanical properties of a few-layer graphene cantilever (FLGC) using atomic force microscopy (AFM). The mechanical properties of the suspended FLGC over an open hole have been derived from the AFM data. Force displacement curves using the Derjaguin-Müller-Toporov (DMT) and the massless cantilever beam models yield a Young modulus of Ec ∼ 37, Ea ∼ 0.7TPa and a Hamakar constant of ∼ 3 × 10 -18J. The threshold force to shear the FLGC was determined from a breaking force and modeling. In addition, we studied a graphene nanoribbon (GNR), which is a system similar to the FLGC; using density functional theory (DFT). The in-plane Young's modulus for the GNRs were calculated from...