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    Casing failure in salt rock: numerical investigation of its causes

    , Article Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering ; Volume 53, Issue 9 , 2020 , Pages 3903-3918 Taheri, S. R ; Pak, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2020
    Numerous cases of casing failure have been reported worldwide. Depletion-induced compaction is one of the main factors that may cause casing failure. Stress perturbation in salt layers may accommodate rock flow which endangers the stability of cased wells. Besides, poor cementing jobs are recognized as one of the wellbore instability causes. These factors need to be considered to determine the mechanism behind the casing failure. In this study, the creep behavior of the caprock salt layer in the southwest Iranian oil fields is experimentally studied through a number of creep tests under conditions of elevated temperature and pressure. Then, a three-dimensional finite element analysis is... 

    Numerical simulation of free-surface waves and wave induced separation

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 15, Issue 3 , 2008 , Pages 323-331 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Sadathosseini, S. H ; Mousaviraad, S. M ; Firoozabadi, B ; Ahmadi, G ; Sharif University of Technology
    Sharif University of Technology  2008
    The present study is concerned with the numerical simulation of free-surface waves and wave induced separation in the presence of an intrusion. The results of several simulations are reported. The first study was performed for a NACA0024 surface piercing hydrofoil over a range of several Froude numbers (0.19, 0.37, 0.55), along with wave breaking at Fr = 1.0 The NACA0024 foil was of particular interest, as it almost has no separation at large depths; thus the effect of the free-surface wave and the wave induced separation could be studied. Free- surface waves and wave induced separation results were evaluated and compared with both the available experimental data and the previous numerical... 

    Enhanced electrochemical performance and thermal stability of ZrO2- And rGO-ZrO2-Coated Li[Ni0.8Co0.1Mn0.1]O2Cathode material for Li-Ion batteries

    , Article ACS Applied Energy Materials ; Volume 4, Issue 1 , 2021 , Pages 934-945 ; 25740962 (ISSN) Khalili Azar, M ; Razmjoo Khollari, M. A ; Esmaeili, M ; Heidari, E ; Hosseini Hosseinabad, S. M ; Siavash Moakhar, R ; Dolati, A ; Ramakrishna, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Chemical Society  2021
    LiNi0.8Co0.1Mn0.1O2 (NCM811) has been considered as a promising cathode for Li-ion batteries (LIBs) due to its high electrochemical capacity and low cost; however, poor cycling stability is one of the main restricting factors in industrial applications of the NCM811 cathode material. Notably, the capacity fading and low structural stability of NCM811 are intensified at elevated temperatures. ZrO2- and composite rGO-ZrO2-coated NCM811 were fabricated by a facile wet chemical method and evaluated at 25 and 55 °C to overcome these impediments. The ZrO2 coating provides superior cycling and thermal stability and perfectly protects the cathode active material from deleterious side reactions, and... 

    Strength of SCLC recycle springs and fibers concrete subject to high temperatures

    , Article Structural Concrete ; 2021 ; 14644177 (ISSN) Pachideh, G ; Toufigh, V ; Sharif University of Technology
    John Wiley and Sons Inc  2021
    In this article, the self-compacting lightweight concretes (SCLC) with different fibers were prepared and exposed to elevated temperatures, and their mechanical properties were investigated. Three types of fibers were steel fibers (SF), polypropylene fibers (PPF), and metal springs with a volume fraction of 0.4%. One hundred and fifty cylindrical specimens were prepared, and the compression, tensile and flexural tests were carried out on them after exposure to high temperatures ranging from 25 to 700°C. The findings indicate that incorporation of steel fibers and springs enhanced the compressive strength of concrete by 20% compared to the control specimen. Meanwhile, the polypropylene fibers... 

    Comparative study on the effect of fiber type and content on the fire resistance of alkali-activated slag composites

    , Article Construction and Building Materials ; Volume 288 , 2021 ; 09500618 (ISSN) Shoaei, P ; Ghassemi, P ; Ameri, F ; Musaeei, H. R ; Chee Ban, C ; Ozbakkaloglu, T ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2021
    Alkali-activated slag (AAS) binder has been recognized as a suitable material for construction applications owing to its low carbon footprint and good mechanical and durability performance. As a promising alternative to the conventional Portland cement binder, it is important to maximize the performance of AAS composites under normal and harsh environmental conditions such as exposure to fire. The use of fibers in a brittle matrix is a well-known approach to enhance the mechanical strength and cracking behavior under thermal loading. In this study, polypropylene fiber (PPF), glass fiber (GF), and basalt fiber (BF) are used at volume fractions of 0.5%, 1%, and 1.5% in AAS mortar mixes. First,... 

    The effects of elevated temperatures on the performance of concrete-filled pultruded GFRP tubular columns

    , Article Thin-Walled Structures ; Volume 169 , 2021 ; 02638231 (ISSN) Tabatabaeian, M ; Khaloo, A ; Azizmohammadi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2021
    Usage of concrete-filled pultruded glass fiber-reinforced polymer (GFRP) tubes (CFPGT) as columns can increase the service life of structures. However, marine structures such as oil platforms are always prone to fire because of the low resistance to the elevated temperatures. The purpose of this investigation is to evaluate the effects of concrete core strength (30 and 60 MPa), and exposure temperature (25, 100, 200, 300, and 400 °C) and time (60 and 120 min) on the compressive and bond behavior of CFPGTs. The properties of unexposed and exposed concrete core, pultruded GFRP hollow tubes, and CFPGTs were determined via compressive and disk-split tests. Also, the push-out test was used to... 

    A data mining approach for diagnosis of coronary artery disease

    , Article Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine ; Volume 111, Issue 1 , 2013 , Pages 52-61 ; 01692607 (ISSN) Alizadehsani, R ; Habibi, J ; Hosseini, M. J ; Mashayekhi, H ; Boghrati, R ; Ghandeharioun, A ; Bahadorian, B ; Sani, Z. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Cardiovascular diseases are very common and are one of the main reasons of death. Being among the major types of these diseases, correct and in-time diagnosis of coronary artery disease (CAD) is very important. Angiography is the most accurate CAD diagnosis method; however, it has many side effects and is costly. Existing studies have used several features in collecting data from patients, while applying different data mining algorithms to achieve methods with high accuracy and less side effects and costs. In this paper, a dataset called Z-Alizadeh Sani with 303 patients and 54 features, is introduced which utilizes several effective features. Also, a feature creation method is proposed to... 

    Using satellite data to extract volume-area-elevation relationships for Urmia Lake, Iran

    , Article Journal of Great Lakes Research ; Volume 39, Issue 1 , March , 2013 , Pages 90-99 ; 03801330 (ISSN) Sima, S ; Tajrishy, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Urmia Lake in the northwest of Iran is the second largest hyper-saline lake worldwide. During the past two decades, a significant water level decline has occurred in the lake. The existing estimations for the lake water balance are widely variable because the lake bathymetry is unknown. The main focus of this study is to extract the volume-area-elevation (V-A-L) characteristics of Urmia Lake utilizing remote sensing data and analytical models. V-A-L equations of the lake were determined using radar altimetry data and their concurrent satellite-derived surface data. Next, two approximate models, a power model (PM) and a truncated pyramid model (TPM), were parameterized for Urmia Lake and... 

    Nonlinear vibrations and chaos in floating roofs

    , Article Journal of Computational and Nonlinear Dynamics ; Volume 7, Issue 2 , January , 2012 ; 15551415 (ISSN) Shabani, R ; Tariverdilo, S ; Salarieh, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Variational principle is used to derive the nonlinear response of the floating roof of cylindrical liquid storage tanks due to harmonic base excitations. The formulation accounts for nonlinearity due to large deflections of the floating roof. The derived nonlinear governing equation for the sloshing response of the floating roof has a cubic nonlinear stiffness term similar to the well known Duffing equation. It is shown that accounting for large deflections could substantially reduce the wave elevation for near resonance harmonic excitations. Evaluating the response of the nonlinear model for increasing amplitudes of near resonance harmonic excitations gives rise to the appearance of sub and... 

    A simple granulation technique for preparing high-porosity nano copper oxide(II) catalyst beads

    , Article Particuology ; Volume 9, Issue 5 , 2011 , Pages 480-485 ; 16742001 (ISSN) Ahmadi, S. J ; Outokesh, M ; Hosseinpour, M ; Mousavand, T ; Sharif University of Technology
    A simple and efficient method was developed for fabricating spherical granules of CuO catalyst via a three-step procedure. In the first step, copper oxide nanoparticles were synthesized by hydrothermal decomposition of copper nitrate solution under supercritical condition. Then, they were immobilized in the polymeric matrix of calcium alginate, and followed by high-temperature calcination in an air stream as the third step, in which carbonaceous materials were oxidized, to result in a pebble-type catalyst of high porosity. The produced CuO nanoparticles were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) that revealed an average size of 5 nm, X-ray diffractometry (XRD), and thermo... 

    Investigation of friction and wear behaviors of 2024 Al and 2024 Al/SiCp composite at elevated temperatures

    , Article Journal of Alloys and Compounds ; Volume 501, Issue 2 , Jan , 2010 , Pages 326-332 ; 09258388 (ISSN) Mousavi Abarghouie, S. M. R ; Seyed Reihani, S. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Friction and wear behaviors of artificially aged 2024 Al and 2024 Al/20 vol.% SiC composite prepared by powder metallurgy method were investigated in the temperature range 20250 °C. Dry sliding wear tests were conducted at a constant sliding velocity of 0.5 m/s, an applied load of 20 N, and a sliding distance of 2500m using a pin-on-disc apparatus. Worn surfaces and wear debris were also examined by using SEM and EDS techniques. All specimens showed a transition from mild-to-severe wear above a critical temperature. In the mild wear regime, the wear rate and the friction coefficient of the composite specimen were higher than those of the unreinforced alloy. The SiC particles led to an... 

    Prediction of CO2-oil molecular diffusion using adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system and particle swarm optimization technique

    , Article Fuel ; Volume 181 , 2016 , Pages 178-187 ; 00162361 (ISSN) Ejraei Bakyani, A. R ; Sahebi, H ; Ghiasi, M. M ; Mirjordavi, N ; Esmaeilzadeh, F ; Lee, M ; Bahadori, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd 
    The quantification of carbon dioxide (CO2) dissolution in oil is crucial in predicting the potential and long-term behavior of CO2 in reservoir during secondary and tertiary oil recovery. Accurate predicting carbon dioxide molecular diffusion coefficient is a key parameter during carbon dioxide injection into oil reservoirs. In this study a new model based on adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference systems (ANFIS) is designed and developed for accurate prediction of carbon dioxide diffusivity in oils at elevated temperature and pressures. Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) as population based stochastic search algorithms was applied to obtain the optimal ANFIS model parameters. Furthermore, a simple... 

    Flow field analysis around the ship fin stabilizer including free surface

    , Article Proceedings of the International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering - OMAE, 31 May 2009 through 5 June 2009, Honolulu, HI ; Volume 4, Issue PART A , 2009 , Pages 603-608 ; 9780791843444 (ISBN) Hoseini Dadmarzi, F ; Ghassemi, H ; Ghadimi, P ; Ommani, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Fin stabilizers are very important device for controlling the ship roll motion against the external moments due to wave. This paper presents numerical results for flow field simulation and the hydrodynamic performance of fin stabilizer attached to a ship hull with free surface effects. Combination of CFD and RANS method has been used for this study. The fin is nonrectangular NACA0015 profile section with a finite aspect ratio. The numerical results include pressure distributions and flow field around the fin which are used to calculate lift coefficients and free surface elevation as the main interest. Some results are compared with available experimental and numerical data in literature and... 

    Microstructure and mechanical properties of Al-20Si-5Fe-2X (X = Cu, Ni, Cr) alloys produced by melt-spinning

    , Article Materials Science and Engineering A ; Volume 492, Issue 1-2 , 2008 , Pages 443-449 ; 09215093 (ISSN) Rajabi, M ; Simchi, A ; Davami, P ; Sharif University of Technology
    Al-20Si-5Fe-2X (X = Cu, Ni and Cr) ribbons were produced by melt-spinning and consolidated by hot pressing at 400 °C for 60 min. The microstructure of the ribbons and the consolidated alloys was investigated using optical microscopy (OM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffractometry (XRD) method, and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The hardness and compressive strength of the specimens at ambient and elevated temperatures were examined. The microstructure of the ribbons exhibited featureless and dendritic zones. Results of XRD and TEM showed formation of spherically shaped Si particles with an average diameter of 20 nm. Ultrafine Si (110-150 nm) and iron-containing... 

    Comparison and assessment of spatial downscaling methods for enhancing the accuracy of satellite-based precipitation over Lake Urmia Basin

    , Article Journal of Hydrology ; Volume 596 , 2021 ; 00221694 (ISSN) Karbalaye Ghorbanpour, A ; Hessels, T ; Moghim, S ; Afshar, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2021
    Estimating precipitation at high spatial-temporal resolution is vital in manifold hydrological, meteorological and water management applications, especially over areas with un-gauged networks and regions where water resources are on the wane. This study aims to evaluate five downscaling methods to determine the accuracy and efficiency of which on generating high-resolution precipitation data at annual and monthly scales. To establish precipitation-Land surface characteristics relationship, environmental factors, including Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), Land Surface Temperature (LST) and Digital Elevation Model (DEM), were considered as proxies in the spatial downscaling... 

    Nano reengineering of horseradish peroxidase with dendritic macromolecules for stability enhancement

    , Article Enzyme and Microbial Technology ; Volume 50, Issue 1 , 2012 , Pages 10-16 ; 01410229 (ISSN) Khosravi, A ; Vossoughi, M ; Shahrokhian, S ; Alemzadeh, I ; Sharif University of Technology
    A simple bio-conjugation procedure to surround a single horseradish peroxidase (HRP) enzyme molecule with dendritic polyester macromolecules (polyester-32-hydroxyl-1-carboxyl bis-MPA dendron, generation 5) was proposed. The characterization of resultant nanoparticles entitled HRP dendrozyme, was performed by transmission electron microscopy, dynamic light scattering, gel permeation chromatography and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The results showed that HRP nanoparticles were spherical in shape and have an average size of 14 ± 2. nm in diameter. Furthermore, bio-conformational characterization of HRP dendrozyme was performed by means of circular dichroism and fluorescence... 

    Numerical study of solid fuel evaporation and auto-ignition in a dump combustor

    , Article Acta Astronautica ; Volume 67, Issue 7-8 , 2010 , Pages 774-783 ; 00945765 (ISSN) Tahsini, A. M ; Farshchi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Evaporation of polymeric solid fuels in backward facing step geometry subject to an inlet oxidizer flow at elevated temperatures is considered and convective heating of the fuel surface by the hot oxidizing inlet flow and subsequent mixing of the evaporated fuel with the oxidizer flow and its combustion is numerically studied. The objective of this work is to gain insight into the auto-ignition of the fuel and its controlling parameters in this configuration. The system of governing equations is solved with a finite volume approach using a structured grid in which the AUSM scheme is used to calculate the gas phase convective fluxes. The flowfield is turbulent and the SpalartAllmaras... 

    The effect of different rare earth elements content on microstructure, mechanical and wear behavior of Mg-Al-Zn alloy

    , Article Materials Science and Engineering A ; Volume 527, Issue 7-8 , 2010 , Pages 2027-2035 ; 09215093 (ISSN) Meshinchi Asl, K ; Masoudi, A ; Khomamizadeh, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    The effect of Rare earths addition to AZ91 magnesium alloy and its influence on the microstructure and mechanical properties was investigated in this study. Addition of cerium rich misch metal to AZ91 alloy resulted in formation of needle shape particles, which had a very high thermal stability, providing superior mechanical properties compared to AZ91 magnesium alloy. As a result, the grain boundaries were less susceptible for grain boundary sliding at high temperatures. The steady state creep rates were specified and for the AZ91 alloy and the results indicate a mixed mode of creep behavior, with some grain boundary effects contributing to the overall behavior. However for the RE added... 

    Effect of rapid solidification on the microstructure and mechanical properties of hot-pressed Al-20Si-5Fe alloys

    , Article Materials Characterization ; Volume 60, Issue 11 , 2009 , Pages 1370-1381 ; 10445803 (ISSN) Rajabi, M ; Vahidi, M ; Simchi, A ; Davami, P ; Sharif University of Technology
    The aim of this work is to study the effect of cooling rate and subsequent hot consolidation on the microstructural features and mechanical strength of Al-20Si-5Fe-2X (X = Cu, Ni and Cr) alloys. Powder and ribbons were produced by gas atomization and melt spinning processes at two different cooling rates of 1 × 105 K/s and 5 × 107 K/s. The microstructure of the products was examined using optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and X-ray diffraction. The particles were consolidated by hot pressing at 400 °C/250 MPa/1 h under a high purity argon atmosphere and the microstructure, hardness and compressive strength of the compacts were evaluated.... 

    The effect of different content of Al, RE and Si element on the microstructure, mechanical and creep properties of Mg-Al alloys

    , Article Materials Science and Engineering A ; Volume 523, Issue 1-2 , 2009 , Pages 1-6 ; 09215093 (ISSN) Meshinchi Asl, K ; Tari, A ; Khomamizadeh, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    The effect of Al content and Si addition on the microstructural and creep properties of Mg-Al-RE alloys was investigated in this study. The steady state creep rates were specified and it was found that the creep behavior of the alloy, which is dependent on the stability of the near grain boundary microstructure, was improved by the RE and Si addition. For the AZ91 alloy, the results indicate a mixed mode of creep behavior, with some grain boundary effects contributing to the overall behavior. However for the RE and Si added samples, sliding of grain boundaries was greatly suppressed and the dislocation climb controlled creep was the dominant deformation mechanism. Analysis of creep rates...