Search for: flow-of-fluids
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Total 207 records

    Contribution of water-in-oil emulsion formation and pressure fluctuations to low salinity waterflooding of asphaltic oils: A pore-scale perspective

    , Article Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering ; Volume 203 , 2021 ; 09204105 (ISSN) Salehpour, M ; Sakhaei, Z ; Salehinezhad, R ; Mahani, H ; Riazi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2021
    During the low salinity waterflooding (LSWF) of a viscous asphaltic oil reservoir, fluid-fluid interactions have a large influence on the fluid flow, pore-scale events, and thus oil recovery efficiency and behavior. In-situ water-in-oil (W/O) emulsion formation is a consequence of crude oil and brine interfacial activities. Despite the published studies, the pore-scale mechanisms of W/O emulsion formation and the role of injected brine salinity, injection rate, and pore-scale heterogeneity on emulsion formation and stability requires a deeper understanding. To address these, a series of static and dynamic micro-scale experiments were performed. The salinity dependent oil-brine interactions... 

    Simulation of an innovative flow-field design based on a bio inspired pattern for PEM fuel cells

    , Article Renewable Energy ; Volume 41 , 2012 , Pages 86-95 ; 09601481 (ISSN) Roshandel, R ; Arbabi, F ; Moghaddam, G. K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell performance is directly related to the bipolar plate design and their channels pattern. Power enhancements can be achieved by optimal design of the type, size, or patterns of the channels. It has been realized that the bipolar plate design has significant role on reactant transport as well as water management in a PEM Fuel cell. Present work concentrates on improvements in the fuel cell performance by optimization of flow-field design and channels configurations. A three-dimensional, multi-component numerical model of flow distribution based on Navier-Stokes equations using individual computer code is presented. The simulation results showed excellent... 

    A multiple-point statistics algorithm for 3D pore space reconstruction from 2D images

    , Article Advances in Water Resources ; Volume 34, Issue 10 , October , 2011 , Pages 1256-1267 ; 03091708 (ISSN) Hajizadeh, A ; Safekordi, A ; Farhadpour, F. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Fluid flow behavior in a porous medium is a function of the geometry and topology of its pore space. The construction of a three dimensional pore space model of a porous medium is therefore an important first step in characterizing the medium and predicting its flow properties. A stochastic technique for reconstruction of the 3D pore structure of unstructured random porous media from a 2D thin section training image is presented. The proposed technique relies on successive 2D multiple point statistics simulations coupled to a multi-scale conditioning data extraction procedure. The Single Normal Equation Simulation Algorithm (SNESIM), originally developed as a tool for reproduction of... 

    Fluid–structure interaction simulation of a cerebral aneurysm: effects of endovascular coiling treatment and aneurysm wall thickening

    , Article Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials ; Volume 74 , 2017 , Pages 72-83 ; 17516161 (ISSN) Shamloo, A ; Nejad, M. A ; Saeedi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    In the present study, we investigate the effect of the hemodynamic factors of the blood flow on the cerebral aneurysms. To this end, a hypothetical geometry of the aneurysm in the circle of Willis, located in the bifurcation point of the anterior cerebral artery (ACA) and anterior communicating artery (ACoA) is modeled in a three-dimensional manner. Three cases are chosen in the current study: an untreated thin wall (first case), untreated thick wall (second case), and a treated aneurysm (third case). The effect of increasing the aneurysm wall thickness on the deformation and stress distribution of the walls are studied. The obtained results showed that in the second case, a reduction in the... 

    Modeling of heat transfer and fluid flow during gas tungsten arc welding of commercial pure aluminum

    , Article International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology ; Volume 38, Issue 3-4 , 2008 , Pages 258-267 ; 02683768 (ISSN) Farzadi, A ; Serajzadeh, S ; Kokabi, A. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    In the present study, the temperature and the velocity fields during gas tungsten arc welding of commercial pure aluminum were simulated using the solution of the equations of conversation of mass, energy and momentum in three dimensions and under steady-state heat transfer and fluid flow conditions. Then, by means of the prediction of temperature and velocity distributions, the weld pool geometry, weld thermal cycles and various solidification parameters were calculated. To verify the modeling results, welding experiments were conducted on two samples with different thicknesses and the geometry of the weld pool was measured. It is found that there is a good agreement between the predicted... 

    Prediction of solidification behaviour of weld pool through modelling of heat transfer and fluid flow during gas tungsten arc welding of commercial pure aluminium

    , Article Materials Science and Technology ; Volume 24, Issue 12 , 2008 , Pages 1427-1432 ; 02670836 (ISSN) Farzadi, A ; Serajzadeh, S ; Kokabi, A. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    A mathematical model is developed to assess the solidification behaviour of the weld pools. To do so, during gas tungsten arc welding of commercial pure aluminium, equations of conversation of mass, energy and momentum are numerically solved considering three-dimensional steady state heat transfer and fluid flow conditions. The weld pool geometry, weld thermal cycles and various solidification parameters are calculated using temperature and velocity fields acquiring from the utilised model. The solidification behaviour of the weld pool at the weld centreline and the fusion line is then studied using the solidification parameters including temperature gradient G, solidification rate R and the... 

    Modelling of power-law fluid flow through porous media using smoothed particle hydrodynamics

    , Article Transport in Porous Media ; Volume 74, Issue 3 , 2008 , Pages 331-346 ; 01693913 (ISSN) Vakilha, M ; Manzari, M. T ; Sharif University of Technology
    The flow of non-Newtonian fluids through two-dimensional porous media is analyzed at the pore scale using the smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) method. A fully explicit projection method is used to simulate incompressible flow. This study focuses on a shear-thinning power-law model (n < 1), though the method is sufficiently general to include other stress-shear rate relationships. The capabilities of the proposed method are demonstrated by analyzing a Poiseuille problem at low Reynolds numbers. Two test cases are also solved to evaluate validity of Darcy's law for power-law fluids and to investigate the effect of anisotropy at the pore scale. Results show that the proposed algorithm can...