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    Highly sensitive voltammetric determination of lamotrigine at highly oriented pyrolytic graphite electrode

    , Article Bioelectrochemistry ; Volume 84 , 2012 , Pages 38-43 ; 15675394 (ISSN) Saberi, R. S ; Shahrokhian, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    The electrochemical behavior of lamotrigine (LMT) at the pyrolytic graphite electrode (PGE) is investigated in detail by the means of cyclic voltammetry. During the electrochemical reduction of LMT, an irreversible cathodic peak appeared. Cyclic voltammetric studies indicated that the reduction process has an irreversible and adsorption-like behavior. The observed reduction peak is attributed to a two-electron process referring to the reduction of azo group. The electrode showed an excellent electrochemical activity toward the electro-reduction of LMT, leading to a significant improvement in sensitivity as compared to the glassy carbon electrode. The results of electrochemical impedance... 

    Electrochemical preparation of over-oxidized polypyrrole/multi-walled carbon nanotube composite on glassy carbon electrode and its application in epinephrine determination

    , Article Electrochimica Acta ; Volume 57, Issue 1 , 2011 , Pages 132-138 ; 00134686 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Saberi, R. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    A composite film constructed of surfactant doped over-oxidized polypyrrole and multi-walled carbon nanotube was prepared on the surface of glassy carbon electrode by the electro-polymerization method. Surface characterization of the modified electrode was performed by scanning electron microscopy, cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectrometry. The investigations have been proved that the over-oxidation of the modifier film resulted in a porous thin layer that improves the interlayer diffusion mechanism for the electroactive species. On the other hand, the negative charge density on the surface of the electrode excludes the negative analytes (e.g. ascorbate and Fe(CN)63?/4?)... 

    Electrodeposition of Pt-Ru nanoparticles on multi-walled carbon nanotubes: Application in sensitive voltammetric determination of methyldopa

    , Article Electrochimica Acta ; Volume 58, Issue 1 , 2011 , Pages 125-133 ; 00134686 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Rastgar, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    A modified glassy carbon electrode, prepared by potentiostatic electrodeposition of platinum-ruthenium nanoparticles (Pt-RuNPs) onto a multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) layer, offers dramatic improvements in the stability and sensitivity of voltammetric responses toward methyldopa (m-dopa) compared to glassy carbon electrodes individually coated with MWCNT or Pt-RuNPs. The surface morphology and nature of the hybrid film (Pt-RuNPs/MWCNT) deposited on glassy carbon electrodes was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) techniques. A remarkable enhancement in the microscopic area of the electrode together... 

    A mathematical analysis of the mechanism of ultrasonic induced fluid percolation in porous media: Part I

    , Article Proceedings - SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, 20 September 2010 through 22 September 2010 ; Volume 7 , September , 2010 , Pages 5833-5856 ; 9781617389641 (ISBN) Najafi, I ; Sharif University of Technology
    This work concerns with experimentally and analytically investigation of free gravity drainage process in porous media under the influence of ultrasonic wave radiation. Glass beads ranges from 70 to 100 mesh sizes were packed and used in the tests. The working fluids consist of distilled water, kerosene and Doroud and Paidar crude oils as wetting and air as non-wetting phase. The measured oil recovery data along with Hagoort (1984) backward methodology were used to determine and to compare the relative permeability of wetting phases in presence and absence of ultrasonic radiation. In addition the relative permeability of non-wetting phases for both cases were calculated from inverse modeling... 

    Simultaneous voltammetric determination of tramadol and acetaminophen using carbon nanoparticles modified glassy carbon electrode

    , Article Electrochimica Acta ; Volume 55, Issue 8 , 2010 , Pages 2752-2759 ; 00134686 (ISSN) Ghorbani Bidkorbeh, F ; Shahrokhian, S ; Mohammadi, A ; Dinarvand, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    A sensitive and selective electrochemical sensor was fabricated via the drop-casting of carbon nanoparticles (CNPs) suspension onto a glassy carbon electrode (GCE). The application of this sensor was investigated in simultaneous determination of acetaminophen (ACE) and tramadol (TRA) drugs in pharmaceutical dosage form and ACE determination in human plasma. In order to study the electrochemical behaviors of the drugs, cyclic and differential pulse voltammetric studies of ACE and TRA were carried out at the surfaces of the modified GCE (MGCE) and the bare GCE. The dependence of peak currents and potentials on pH, concentration and the potential scan rate were investigated for these compounds... 

    Electrochemical determination of naltrexone on the surface of glassy carbon electrode modified with Nafion-doped carbon nanoparticles: Application to determinations in pharmaceutical and clinical preparations

    , Article Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry ; Volume 638, Issue 2 , 2010 , Pages 212-217 ; 15726657 (ISSN) Ghorbani Bidkorbeh, F ; Shahrokhian, S ; Mohammadi, A ; Dinarvand, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    A new sensitive and selective electrochemical sensor was developed for determination of naltrexone (NAL) in pharmaceutical dosage form and human plasma. Naltrexone is an opioid antagonist which is commonly used for the treatment of narcotic addiction and alcohol dependence. A voltammetric study of naltrexone has been carried out at the surface of glassy carbon electrode (GCE) modified with Nafion-doped carbon nanoparticles (CNPs). The electrochemical oxidation of naltrexone was investigated by cyclic and differential pulse voltammetric techniques. The dependence of peak currents and potentials on pH, concentration and the potential scan rate was investigated. The electrode characterization... 

    Highly sensitive nonenzymetic glucose sensing platform based on MOF-derived NiCo LDH nanosheets/graphene nanoribbons composite

    , Article Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry ; Volume 808 , 2018 , Pages 114-123 ; 15726657 (ISSN) Asadian, E ; Shahrokhian, S ; Iraji Zad, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2018
    Herein, a novel sensing platform based on NiCo layered double hydroxide (LDH) nanosheets/graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) modified glassy carbon electrode is presented for sensitive non-enzymetic determination of glucose. In the first step, nanoflower-like NiCo LDH nanosheets were grown on the surface of ZIF-67 dodecahedron nanocrystals which used as sacrificial template and were further characterized by means of scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and FTIR. In the next step, in order to fabricate a mechanically stable modified electrode, the as-prepared nanosheets were mixed with... 

    Electrochemical determination of l-dopa in the presence of ascorbic acid on the surface of the glassy carbon electrode modified by a bilayer of multi-walled carbon nanotube and poly-pyrrole doped with tiron

    , Article Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry ; Volume 636, Issue 1-2 , 2009 , Pages 40-46 ; 15726657 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Asadian, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2009
    There are high attractions in the development of conducting polymer (CP) coatings to improve the electrochemical properties and biocompatibility of electrodes in the area of biosensors. A new type of the modified electrodes is prepared in a layer-by-layer process by using multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) and poly-pyrrole. In this procedure, the glassy carbon electrode is casted by a drop suspension of MWCNT, which leads to form a thin film of nanotube on its surface. In the second step, electrochemical polymerization of pyrrole in the presence of tiron (used as doping anion) is performed on the surface of the MWCNT pre-coated electrode. The modification procedure led to fabrication of a... 

    Electrocatalytic oxidation of methanol on Ni and NiCu alloy modified glassy carbon electrode

    , Article International Journal of Hydrogen Energy ; Volume 33, Issue 16 , August , 2008 , Pages 4367-4376 ; 03603199 (ISSN) Danaee, I ; Jafarian, M ; Forouzandeh, F ; Gobal, F ; Mahjani, M. G ; Sharif University of Technology
    Nickel and nickel-copper alloy modified glassy carbon electrodes (GC/Ni and GC/NiCu) prepared by galvanostatic deposition were examined for their redox process and electrocatalytic activities towards the oxidation of methanol in alkaline solutions. The methods of cyclic voltammetery (CV) and chronoamperometry (CA) were employed. The cyclic voltammogram of NiCu alloy demonstrates the formation of β/β crystallographic forms of the nickel oxyhydroxide under prolonged repetitive potential cycling in alkaline solution. In CV studies, in the presence of methanol NiCu alloy modified electrode shows a significantly higher response for methanol oxidation. The peak current of the oxidation of nickel... 

    Modified solvent microextraction with back extraction combined with liquid chromatography-fluorescence detection for the determination of citalopram in human plasma

    , Article Analytica Chimica Acta ; Volume 610, Issue 2 , 2008 , Pages 211-216 ; 00032670 (ISSN) Bagheri, H ; Khalilian, F ; Babanezhad, E ; Es haghi, A ; Rouini, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    A modified solvent microextraction with back extraction method (SME/BE) combined with high performance liquid chromatography and fluorescence detection (HPLC-FD) was developed for the determination of citalopram in human plasma. Extraction process was performed in a home-made total glass vial without using a teflon ring, usually employed in SME/BE. Citalopram was first extracted from 0.5 mL of plasma, modified with sodium hydroxide, into hexane. Back extraction step was then performed into 5.2 μL of 45 mM ammonium formate solution (pH 4) using a GC microsyringe. The extract was subsequently transferred into a liner-like vial and then injected into the HPLC system. An enrichment factor of 150... 

    Tissue growth into three-dimensional composite scaffolds with controlled micro-features and nanotopographical surfaces

    , Article Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A ; Volume 101, Issue 10 , 2013 , Pages 2796-2807 ; 15493296 (ISSN) Tamjid, E ; Simchi, A ; Dunlop, J. W. C ; Fratzl, P ; Bagheri, R ; Vossoughi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Controlling topographic features at all length scales is of great importance for the interaction of cells with tissue regenerative materials. We utilized an indirect three-dimensional printing method to fabricate polymeric scaffolds with pre-defined and controlled external and internal architecture that had an interconnected structure with macro- (400-500 μm) and micro- (∼25 μm) porosity. Polycaprolactone (PCL) was used as model system to study the kinetics of tissue growth within porous scaffolds. The surface of the scaffolds was decorated with TiO2 and bioactive glass (BG) nanoparticles to the better match to nanoarchitecture of extracellular matrix (ECM). Micrometric BG particles were... 

    Transition metal ions effect on the properties and photocatalytic activity of nanocrystalline TiO2 prepared in an ionic liquid

    , Article Journal of Hazardous Materials ; Volume 172, Issue 2-3 , 2009 , Pages 1573-1578 ; 03043894 (ISSN) Ghasemi, S ; Rahimnejad, S ; Setayesh, S. R ; Rohani, S ; Gholami, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    TiO2 and transition metal (Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, and Zn) doped TiO2 nanoparticles were synthesized by the sol-gel method using 2-hydroxylethylammonium formate as an ionic liquid. All the prepared samples were calcined at 500 °C and characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), BET surface area determination, energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis, diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS), and Fourier transformed infrared (FT-IR) techniques. The studies revealed that transition metal (TM) doped nanoparticles have smaller crystalline size and higher surface area than pure TiO2. Dopant ions in the TiO2 structure caused significant absorption shift into the visible region. The results of... 

    A novel niosome formulation for encapsulation of anthocyanins and modelling intestinal transport

    , Article Food Chemistry ; Volume 293 , 2019 , Pages 57-65 ; 03088146 (ISSN) Fidan Yardimci, M ; Akay, S ; Sharifi, F ; Sevimli Gur, C ; Ongen, G ; Yesil Celiktas, O ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2019
    The bioavailability of drugs can be improved by regulating the structural properties, particularly lipoid systems, such as niosomes, can increase cellular uptake. Herein, we optimized double emulsion and niosomal formulations for encapsulating anthocyanin-rich black carrot extract. Nanoparticles obtained by selected formulation were characterized in terms of morphology, particle size, drug encapsulation efficiency, in vitro release and cytotoxicity. The optimum conditions for niosomal formulation were elicited as 30 mg of cholesterol, 150 mg of Tween 20 and feeding time of 1 min at a stirring rate of 900 rpm yielding the lowest average particle size of 130 nm. In vitro release data showed... 

    Design and fabrication of an electrochemical aptasensor using Au nanoparticles/carbon nanoparticles/cellulose nanofibers nanocomposite for rapid and sensitive detection of Staphylococcus aureus

    , Article Bioelectrochemistry ; Volume 123 , 2018 , Pages 70-76 ; 15675394 (ISSN) Ranjbar, S ; Shahrokhian, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2018
    Since that pathogenic bacteria are major threats to human health, this paper describes the fabrication of an effective and durable sensing platform based on gold nanoparticles/carbon nanoparticles/cellulose nanofibers nanocomposite (AuNPs/CNPs/CNFs) at the surface of glassy carbon electrode for sensitive and selective detection of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus). The AuNPs/CNPs/CNFs nanocomposite with the high surface area, excellent conductivity, and good biocompatibility was used for self-assembled of the thiolated specific S. aureus aptamer as a sensing element. The surface morphology of AuNPs/CNPs/CNFs nanocomposite was characterized with field emission scanning electron microscopy...