Search for: glassy-carbon-electrodes
Total 59 records
Direct growth of metal-organic frameworks thin film arrays on glassy carbon electrode based on rapid conversion step mediated by copper clusters and hydroxide nanotubes for fabrication of a high performance non-enzymatic glucose sensing platform, Article Biosensors and Bioelectronics ; Volume 112 , 2018 , Pages 100-107 ; 09565663 (ISSN) ; Khaki Sanati, E ; Hosseini, H ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2018
The direct growth of self-supported metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) thin film can be considered as an effective strategy for fabrication of the advanced modified electrodes in sensors and biosensor applications. However, most of the fabricated MOFs-based sensors suffer from some drawbacks such as time consuming for synthesis of MOF and electrode making, need of a binder or an additive layer, need of expensive equipment and use of hazardous solvents. Here, a novel free-standing MOFs-based modified electrode was fabricated by the rapid direct growth of MOFs on the surface of the glassy carbon electrode (GCE). In this method, direct growth of MOFs was occurred by the formation of vertically...
Highly sensitive voltammetric determination of lamotrigine at highly oriented pyrolytic graphite electrode, Article Bioelectrochemistry ; Volume 84 , 2012 , Pages 38-43 ; 15675394 (ISSN) ; Shahrokhian, S ; Sharif University of Technology
The electrochemical behavior of lamotrigine (LMT) at the pyrolytic graphite electrode (PGE) is investigated in detail by the means of cyclic voltammetry. During the electrochemical reduction of LMT, an irreversible cathodic peak appeared. Cyclic voltammetric studies indicated that the reduction process has an irreversible and adsorption-like behavior. The observed reduction peak is attributed to a two-electron process referring to the reduction of azo group. The electrode showed an excellent electrochemical activity toward the electro-reduction of LMT, leading to a significant improvement in sensitivity as compared to the glassy carbon electrode. The results of electrochemical impedance...
Electrodeposition of Pt-Ru nanoparticles on multi-walled carbon nanotubes: Application in sensitive voltammetric determination of methyldopa, Article Electrochimica Acta ; Volume 58, Issue 1 , 2011 , Pages 125-133 ; 00134686 (ISSN) ; Rastgar, S ; Sharif University of Technology
A modified glassy carbon electrode, prepared by potentiostatic electrodeposition of platinum-ruthenium nanoparticles (Pt-RuNPs) onto a multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) layer, offers dramatic improvements in the stability and sensitivity of voltammetric responses toward methyldopa (m-dopa) compared to glassy carbon electrodes individually coated with MWCNT or Pt-RuNPs. The surface morphology and nature of the hybrid film (Pt-RuNPs/MWCNT) deposited on glassy carbon electrodes was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) techniques. A remarkable enhancement in the microscopic area of the electrode together...
Simultaneous voltammetric determination of tramadol and acetaminophen using carbon nanoparticles modified glassy carbon electrode, Article Electrochimica Acta ; Volume 55, Issue 8 , 2010 , Pages 2752-2759 ; 00134686 (ISSN) ; Shahrokhian, S ; Mohammadi, A ; Dinarvand, R ; Sharif University of Technology
A sensitive and selective electrochemical sensor was fabricated via the drop-casting of carbon nanoparticles (CNPs) suspension onto a glassy carbon electrode (GCE). The application of this sensor was investigated in simultaneous determination of acetaminophen (ACE) and tramadol (TRA) drugs in pharmaceutical dosage form and ACE determination in human plasma. In order to study the electrochemical behaviors of the drugs, cyclic and differential pulse voltammetric studies of ACE and TRA were carried out at the surfaces of the modified GCE (MGCE) and the bare GCE. The dependence of peak currents and potentials on pH, concentration and the potential scan rate were investigated for these compounds...
Electrocatalytic oxidation of methanol on Ni and NiCu alloy modified glassy carbon electrode, Article International Journal of Hydrogen Energy ; Volume 33, Issue 16 , August , 2008 , Pages 4367-4376 ; 03603199 (ISSN) ; Jafarian, M ; Forouzandeh, F ; Gobal, F ; Mahjani, M. G ; Sharif University of Technology
Nickel and nickel-copper alloy modified glassy carbon electrodes (GC/Ni and GC/NiCu) prepared by galvanostatic deposition were examined for their redox process and electrocatalytic activities towards the oxidation of methanol in alkaline solutions. The methods of cyclic voltammetery (CV) and chronoamperometry (CA) were employed. The cyclic voltammogram of NiCu alloy demonstrates the formation of β/β crystallographic forms of the nickel oxyhydroxide under prolonged repetitive potential cycling in alkaline solution. In CV studies, in the presence of methanol NiCu alloy modified electrode shows a significantly higher response for methanol oxidation. The peak current of the oxidation of nickel...
Chemical Modification of Glassy Carbon Electrode by Carbon Nanostructures/Conductive Polymers Composites and Its Application in The Study of Electrochemical Behaviour and Determination of Salbutamol and Isoprenaline, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Shahrokhian, Saeed
In the first part of thesis, the electropolymerization of pyrrole was performed in the presence of new coccine (NC) as a dopant anion on the surface of the electrode precoated with SWCNT. The modified electrode was used to study the voltammetric response of salbutamol (SAL). The results showed a remarkable increase in the anodic peak current of SAL in comparison to the bare GCE. The surface morphology PPY/CNT/GCE was thoroughly characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and cyclic voltammetry (CV) techniques. Under the optimized analysis conditions, the modified electrode showed two linear dynamic ranges of 0.02 – 0.1 μM and 0.1-10 μM with a detection limit of 6 nM for the...
Preparation and Study of the Electrochemical Ptal Oxide Particles/Carbon Nanoparticles: Application to Pharmaceutical Determinations, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Shahrokhian, Saeed
In the first work, a novel voltammetric biosensor basedon TiO2-nafion-carbon nanoparticles modified glassy carbon electrode (TiO2/N/CNP/GCE) was developed for the determination of DBA. The electrochemical performance of the modified electrode was investigated by means of cyclic voltammetry (CV), different pulse voltammetry (DPV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) techniques. Characterization of the surface morphology and properties of TiO2/N/CNP was carried out by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). Effective experimental variables, such as scan rate, pH of the supporting electrolyte, drop size of the cast modifier suspension and accumulation...
Chemical modification of the electrode surface by composites of Ag Nanoparticle Decorated on Multi Walled Carbon Nanotube; Application to Investigate the Electrochemical behavior and Determination of Risperidone and Isoxsuprine drugs, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Shahrokhian, Saeed
Nowadays, electrochemical sensors have numerous benefits, including simplicity,low cost, high selectivity and high sensitivity as an efficient and useful tool in various fields such as the environment, disease diagnostics, medical and medical surveillance, and Anti-terrorism security systems have become the focus of attention in the field of analytical measurements. In the meantime, carbon nanostructures and metal nanoparticles have been considered as suitable alternatives in order to improve their surface properties due to their unique electronic properties and mechanical and chemical stability. Since the determination of trace amounts of pharmaceutical and biological compounds is very...
Fabrication of Nanocomposite Modified Materials Based on Bi-Metalic Transition Metal Sulfide Using Copper (I) Oxide Nanospheres as a Catalytic Substrate for Designation of Amperometric Non-Enzymatic Hydrazine and Hydrogen peroxide Sensors, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Shahrokhian, Saeed
In this study, transition metal sulfide, with a high accessible surface and abundant electroactive centers, was used as an electrocatalyst to fabrication an electrochemical sensor of hydrazine and hydrogen peroxide. the direct growth of thin film of nanocomposite can be considered as an efficient method to modify the electrode surface, and the application of these modified electrodes as electrochemical sensors. the cobalt iron sulfide (CoFeS) nanosheets were directly grown on Cu2O nanospheres in order to design hierarchical nanocomposite by using efficient, inexpensive and fast method. Here, Cu2O nanospheres not only served as substrate, but also steer the CoFeS to attach on nanospheres...
In-situ electro-polymerization of graphene nanoribbon/polyaniline composite film: Application to sensitive electrochemical detection of dobutamine, Article Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical ; Vol. 196 , June , 2014 , pp. 582-588 ; ISSN: 09254005 ; Shahrokhian, S ; Zad, A. I ; Jokar, E ; Sharif University of Technology
The present paper demonstrates the capability of narrow graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) in constructing new sensing platforms. Graphene nanoribbons have been synthesized via a simple solvothermal route through unzipping of carbon nanotubes, which was confirmed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Raman spectroscopy analysis. These narrow carbon sheets were used to form a composite film by in-situ electro-polymerization with aniline. The produced graphene nanoribbon/polyaniline (GNR/PANI) composite film showed impressive performance in electrochemical determination of dobutamine (DBT). Under optimal conditions, in comparison to...
Pd-Au nanoparticle decorated carbon nanotube as a sensing layer on the surface of glassy carbon electrode for electrochemical determination of ceftazidime, Article Materials Science and Engineering C ; Vol. 34, issue. 1 , 2014 , pp. 318-325 ; ISSN: 09284931 ; Salimian, R ; Rastgar, S ; Sharif University of Technology
A simple electrodeposition method is employed to construct a thin film modifier of palladium-gold nanoparticles (Pd-AuNPs) decorated multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) on the surface of glassy carbon electrode (GCE). Morphology and property of Pd-AuNPs-MWCNT have been examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS). Electrochemical performance of Pd-AuNPs-MWCNT/GCE for detection of ceftazidime (CFZ) has been investigated by cyclic voltammetry (CV). This nanostructured film modified electrode effectively exhibited enhanced properties for detection of ceftazidime (CFZ). The effects of various experimental variables such as, the amount of casted MWCNT,...
Fabrication of an electrochemical sensor based on the electrodeposition of Pt nanoparticles on multiwalled carbon nanotubes film for voltammetric determination of ceftriaxone in the presence of lidocaine, assisted by factorial-based response-surface methodology, Article Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry ; Vol. 18, issue. 1 , 2014 , p. 77-88 ; Hosseini-Nassab, N ; Kamalzadeh, Z ; Sharif University of Technology
A glassy carbon electrode (GCE) is modified with platinum nanoparticle (PtNPs) decorated multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT). The modified electrode is applied for the determination of ceftriaxone (CFX) in the presence of lidocaine. Different methods were used to characterize the surface morphology of the modified electrode. The electrochemical behavior of CFX was investigated at GCE, MWCNT/GCE and PtNPs/MWCNT/GCE. A factorial-based response-surface methodology was used to find out the optimum conditions with minimum number of experiments. Under the optimized conditions, oxidation peak currents increased linearly with CFX concentration in the range of 0.01-10.00 μM with a detection limit of...
Kinetic studies of glucose electrocatalytic oxidation on GC/Ni electrode, Article International Journal of Chemical Kinetics ; Volume 44, Issue 11 , 2012 , Pages 712-721 ; 05388066 (ISSN) ; Jafarian, M ; Forouzandeh, F ; Gobal, F ; Sharif University of Technology
Nickel-modified glassy carbon electrode (GC/Ni) prepared by galvanostatic deposition was used for the electrocatalytic oxidation of glucose in alkaline solutions where different electrochemical methods were employed. In cyclic voltammetry studies, in the presence of glucose an increase in the peak current of the oxidation of nickel hydroxide is followed by a decrease in the corresponding cathodic current. This suggests that the oxidation of glucose is being catalyzed through mediated electron transfer across the nickel hydroxide layer comprising nickel ions of various valence states. Under the chronoamperometric regime, the reaction followed a Cottrellian behavior and the diffusion...
Investigation of the electrochemical behavior of catechol and 4-methylcatechol in the presence of methyl mercapto thiadiazol as a nucleophile: application to electrochemical synthesis, Article Journal of Applied Electrochemistry ; Volume 40, Issue 1 , 2010 , Pages 115-122 ; 0021891X (ISSN) ; Rastgar, S ; Sharif University of Technology
The present study concerns the electrochemical behavior of catechol and 4-methylcatechol in the presence of 2-mercapto-5-methyl-1,3,4-thiadiazole (MMT) in aqueous medium on the surface of the glassy carbon electrode by means of cyclic voltammetry and controlled-potential coulometry. The oxidation mechanism was deduced from voltammetric and spectrophotometric data. The electro-generation of quinoid intermediates and their subsequent Michael-type reaction with MMT has been investigated as a clean and convenient strategy for the synthesis of corresponding reaction products. In addition, electro-synthesis of Michael addition products has been successfully accomplished by controlled-potential...
Development of a nanocellulose composite based voltammetric sensor for vitamin B9 analysis, Article Current Nanoscience ; Volume 12, Issue 4 , 2016 , Pages 493-499 ; 15734137 (ISSN) ; Shahrokhian, S ; Sharif University of Technology
Bentham Science Publishers B.V
As a B group vitamins, vitamin B9 is a Water-soluble vitamin which is produced by plants and microorganisms (bacteria and yeasts). Vitamin B9 plays an important role in the production of proteins and nucleic acids in body and also is one of the substances that prevents the development of neural tube defects in the fetus. Methods: Electrochemical behavior of vitamin B9 was studied using a potentiostat/galvanostat SAMA 500, electroanalyzer system, I. R. Iran. A three-electrode system was used, including a glassy carbon working electrode (d = 2.0 mm, purchased from Azar Electrode Co., Urmia, I.R. Iran), an Ag/AgCl (saturated KCl) reference electrode and a Pt wire auxiliary electrode....
Modified glassy carbon electrodes based on carbon nanostructures for ultrasensitive electrochemical determination of furazolidone, Article Materials Science and Engineering C ; Volume 61 , 2016 , Pages 842-850 ; 09284931 (ISSN) ; Naderi, L ; Ghalkhani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
The electrochemical behavior of Furazolidone (Fu) was investigated on the surface of the glassy carbon electrode modified with different carbon nanomaterials, including carbon nanotubes (CNTs), carbon nanoparticles (CNPs), nanodiamond-graphite (NDG), graphene oxide (GO), reduced graphene oxide (RGO) and RGO-CNT hybrids (various ratios) using linear sweep voltammetry (LSV). The results of voltammetric studies exhibited a considerable increase in the cathodic peak current of Fu at the RGO modified GCE, compared to other modified electrodes and also bare GCE. The surface morphology and nature of the RGO film was thoroughly characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force...
Investigation of the electrochemical behavior of tizanidine on the surface of glassy carbon electrode modified with multi-walled carbon nanotube/titan yellow–doped polypyrrole, Article Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry ; Volume 823 , 2018 , Pages 146-154 ; 15726657 (ISSN) ; Shamloofard, M ; Salimian, R ; Sharif University of Technology
The present paper describes a voltammetric sensor based on glassy carbon electrode (GCE) modified with a thin film of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) coated with an electro-polymerized layer of titan yellow-doped over–oxidized polypyrrole (OPPY) for the determination of tizanidine (TIZ). A significant enhancement was observed in the anodic peak current of TIZ on the surface of OPPY/CNT/GCE, relative to the bare, CNT- and OPPY-coated GCEs. The microscopic structure and surface morphology of the composite film was thoroughly characterized by means of atomic force microscopy (AFM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and cyclic voltammetry (CV) techniques. The effect of various...
Electrochemical study of Azathioprine at thin carbon nanoparticle composite film electrode, Article Electrochemistry Communications ; Volume 11, Issue 7 , 2009 , Pages 1425-1428 ; 13882481 (ISSN) ; Ghalkhani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Thin carbon nanoparticle/Nafion film (CNP/N), as a novel electrode material, is formed on the surface of the glassy carbon electrode in a simple solvent evaporation process. The electrochemical behavior of Azathioprine (Aza) at the CNP/N-modified electrode is investigated in detail by the means of cyclic voltammetry. During the electrochemical reduction of Aza, an irreversible cathodic peak is appeared. Cyclic voltammetric studies indicated that the reduction process has an irreversible and adsorption-like behavior. The observed reduction peak is attributed to a four-electron process referring to the reduction of nitro group to the corresponding hydroxylamine. The prepared electrode showed...
Advanced on-site glucose sensing platform based on a new architecture of free-standing hollow Cu(OH)2 nanotubes decorated with CoNi-LDH nanosheets on graphite screen-printed electrode, Article Nanoscale ; Volume 11, Issue 26 , 2019 , Pages 12655-12671 ; 20403364 (ISSN) ; Khaki Sanati, E ; Hosseini, H ; Sharif University of Technology
Royal Society of Chemistry 2019
The planned design of nanocomposites combined with manageable production processes, which can offer controllability over the nanomaterial structure, promises the practical applications of functional nanomaterials. Hollow core-shell nanostructure architectures represent an emerging category of advanced functional nanomaterials, whose benefits derived from their notable properties may be hampered by complicated construction processes, especially in the sensing domain. In this regard, we designed a highly porous three-dimensional array of hierarchical hetero Cu(OH)2@CoNi-LDH core-shell nanotubes via a quick, very simple, green, and highly controllable three-step in situ method; they were...
Ni(II) 1D-coordination polymer/C 60 -modified glassy carbon electrode as a highly sensitive non-enzymatic glucose electrochemical sensor, Article Applied Surface Science ; Volume 478 , 2019 , Pages 361-372 ; 01694332 (ISSN) ; Mohammadi, R ; Ghanbari, B ; Shahrokhian, S ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier B.V 2019
A new non-enzymatic sensor for glucose is prepared by using of Ni(II)-one dimensional coordination polymer (Ni(II)-Cp) and C 60 . The Ni(II)-Cp prepared by slow diffusion and evaporation of two solution layers of NiCl 2 and diaza-macrocycle bearing two pyridine side arms (as the reported tecton) in DMF. The Ni(II)-Cp was characterized by powder x-ray diffraction (PXRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) as well as Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). C 60 as modified was added to Ni(II)-Cp for improving the electrical and chemical stability of the composite. The newly assembled Ni(II)-Cp/C 60 also coated on glassy carbon electrode (GC) to...