Search for: mechanical-response
Total 29 records
A numerical approach to study the post-yield softening in cellular solids: role of microstructural ordering and cell size distribution, Article Acta Mechanica ; Volume 228, Issue 6 , 2017 , Pages 2005-2016 ; 00015970 (ISSN) ; Bagheri, R ; Altstadt, V ; Sharif University of Technology
Springer-Verlag Wien 2017
Designing meta-materials and cellular solids with biomimetic structures has received increasing attention in the past few years partially due to advances in additive manufacturing techniques that have enabled the fabrication of advanced materials with arbitrarily complex microarchitectures and novel functionalities. To impact on this trend, it is essential to develop our understanding about the role of microstructure on mechanical responses of these structures. Although a large literature exists on the general subject, the role of microstructure on the post-yield instability is not yet adequately documented. This research introduces a numerical approach to study the post-yield instability in...
Interrelation between mechanical response, strain field, and local free volume evolution in glassy polymers: seeking the atomistic origin of post-yield softening, Article Express Polymer Letters ; Volume 12, Issue 1 , January , 2018 , Pages 2-12 ; 1788618X (ISSN) ; Bagheri, R ; Gigl, T ; Hugenschmidt, C ; Raps, D ; Altstadt, V ; Sharif University of Technology
BME-PT and GTE 2018
A set of complementary experiments are used for the first time to elucidate the interrelation between the mechanical properties, the strain field, and the free volume evolution during non-homogenous compression of aglassy polymer. Two sets of quenched and annealed polystyrene samples, having different free volume histories, are notched and exposed to compression. The variation of both the strain field and the free volume are measured on a microscopic scale via digital image correlation in case of strain and Doppler broadening spectroscopy of positron annihilation line in case of free volume measurements. Eventually, the interplay between the local evolution of free-volume, the local strain...
Article Rapid Prototyping Journal ; Volume 24, Issue 2 , 2018 , Pages 477-484 ; 13552546 (ISSN) ; Bagheri, R ; Altstadt, V ; Sharif University of Technology
Emerald Group Publishing Ltd 2018
Purpose: Hexagonal honeycombs with meso-metric cell size show excellent load bearing and energy absorption potential, which make them attractive in many applications. However, owing to their bend-dominated structure, honeycombs are susceptible to deformation localization. The purpose of this study is to provide insight about shear band propagation in struts of 3D-printed honeycombs and its relation to the achieved macroscopic mechanical behavior. Design/methodology/approach: Hexagonal honeycombs and unit cell models are 3D-printed by fused deposition modeling (FDM). The samples are exposed to compression loading and digital image correlation technique and finite element analyses are...
Effects of material properties estimations on the thermo-elastic analysis for functionally graded thick spheres and cylinders, Article ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2007, Seattle, WA, 11 November 2007 through 15 November 2007 ; Volume 10 PART B , 2008 , Pages 843-846 ; 0791843041 (ISBN); 9780791843048 (ISBN) ; Bankehsaz, M ; Sharif University of Technology
In this paper effects of material properties estimations, used for particulate reinforced composites, on the thermo-mechanical response of functionally graded sphere and cylinder are presented. A numerical solution for an arbitrary material gradation is obtained for each geometry independently. With this assumption, the governing partial differential equations are reduced to an ordinary differential equation in each geometry. The thermo-elastic solution for hollow sphere is derived using spherical symmetry. However, plane strain and axial symmetry are assumed for solving hollow cylinder. In the numerical method, radial domain is divided into some finite sub-domains and material properties...
Process optimization and kinetics for leaching of cerium, lanthanum and neodymium elements from iron ore waste's apatite by nitric acid, Article Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China (English Edition) ; Volume 27, Issue 2 , 2017 , Pages 420-428 ; 10036326 (ISSN) ; Yoozbashizadeh, H ; Sharif University of Technology
Nonferrous Metals Society of China 2017
The leaching of rare earth elements (REEs) including cerium, lanthanum and neodymium from apatite concentrate obtained from iron ore wastes by nitric acid was studied. The effects of nitric acid concentration, solid to liquid ratio and leaching time on the recoveries of Ce, La and Nd were investigated using response surface methodology. The results showed that the acid concentration and solid to liquid ratio have significant effect on the leaching recoveries while the time has a little effect. The maximum REE leaching recoveries of 66.1%, 56.8% and 51.7% for Ce, La and Nd, respectively were achieved at the optimum leaching condition with 18% nitric acid concentration, 0.06 solid to liquid...
A time-dependent finite element formulation for thick shape memory polymer beams considering shear effects, Article International Journal of Applied Mechanics ; Volume 10, Issue 4 , 2018 ; 17588251 (ISSN) ; Baghani, M ; Sohrabpour, S ; Sharif University of Technology
World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte Ltd 2018
In this paper, employing a thermomechanical small strain constitutive model for shape memory polymers (SMP), a beam element made of SMPs is presented based on the kinematic assumptions of Timoshenko beam theory. Considering the low stiffness of SMPs, the necessity for developing a Timoshenko beam element becomes more prominent. This is due to the fact that relatively thicker beams are required in the design procedure of smart structures. Furthermore, in the design and optimization process of these structures which involves a large number of simulations, we cannot rely only on the time consuming 3D finite element analyses. In order to properly validate the developed formulations, the numeric...
Examination of chondroitinase ABC I immobilization onto dextran-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles and its in-vitro release, Article Journal of Biotechnology ; Volume 309 , 2020 , Pages 131-141 ; Vossoughi, M ; Khajeh, K ; Alemzadeh, I ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier B.V 2020
Chondroitinase ABC I (cABC I) has received notable attention in treatment of spinal cord injuries and its application as therapeutics has been limited due to low thermal stability at physiological temperature. In this study, cABC I enzyme was immobilized on the dextran-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles through physical adsorption to improve the thermal stability. The nanoparticles were characterized using XRD, SEM, VSM, and FTIR analyses. Response surface methodology and central composite design were employed to assess factors affecting the activity of immobilized cABC I. Experimental results showed that pH 6.3, temperature 24 °C, enzyme/support mass ratio 1.27, and incubation time 5.7 h were the...
Article Welding Journal ; Volume 96, Issue 9 , 2017 , Pages 307s-318s ; 00432296 (ISSN) ; Pouranvari, M ; Movahedi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
This paper investigates the metallurgical and mechanical response of 2304 duplex stainless steel-as an interesting candidate for automotive body-in-white applications-to resistance spot welding. The results showed the high cooling rate associated with the resistance spot welding process suppressed the postsolidification ferrite-austenite transformation leading to improper ferrite-austenite phase balance with a reduced volume fraction of austenite and consequent precipitation of chromium-rich nitrides. The effects of welding current, as the key parameter determining the weld heat input, on the austenite volume fraction and precipitation are discussed. The minimum fusion zone hardness...
Effect of pore geometry and loading direction on deformation mechanism of rapid prototyped scaffolds, Article Acta Materialia ; Volume 60, Issue 6-7 , 2012 , Pages 2778-2789 ; 13596454 (ISSN) ; Bagheri, R ; Zehtab Yazdi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
Rapid prototyping is a promising technique for producing tissue engineering scaffolds due to its capacity to generate predetermined forms and structures featuring distinct pore architectures. The objective of this study is to investigate the influences of different pore geometries and their orientation with respect to the compressive loading direction on mechanical responses of scaffolds. Plastic models of scaffolds with cubic and hexagonal unit cells were fabricated by three-dimensional (3-D) printing. An in situ imaging technique was utilized to study the progressive compressive deformation of the scaffold models. In both cubic and hexagonal geometries, organized buckling patterns relevant...