Search for: microchannel
Total 192 records
Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology ; Saeedi, Mohammad Hassan ; Mozaffari, Ali Asghar ; Chakraborty, Suman
This is a theoretical study on heat and mass transfer in electrokinetically driven microfluidic devices with particular consideration to the lab-on-a-chip (LOC) applications. Special attention is given to disclose the effects of the fluid rheology and the aspect ratio of the rectangular geometry on the surface reaction kinetics and the temperature rise due to the Joule heating. Along this line, two different viscoelastic constitutive equations namely PTT and FENE-P models along with the power-law viscosity model are being considered. The secondary aims also include exploring the influences of the fluid properties variations throughout the channel cross section on the hydrodynamic and thermal...
M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Saidi, Mohammad Hassan
In the study of heat transfer in micro-channels, free and force convections are two limit cases and these two methods of heat transfer are combined together generally, so to achieve the most accurate informations about the flow field they should be considered in combination. In the first part of the thesis the fully developed slip flow mixed convection in vertical micro-ducts of arbitrary shapes is investigated.Uniform axial heat flux and uniform peripheral wall temperature (H1) is considered. The method considered is analytical-numerical in which the governing equations and three of the boundary conditions are exactly satisfied but the remaining slip boundary condition on the duct wall...
M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Nouri Borujerdi, Ali
In this thesis, two-phase flow modeling in two-dimensional micro channel with liquid injection from wall is studied. Two models as "separated flow model" and "two-phase mixture flow" is developed. The separated flow model considers gas and liquid flow in separated films of flow with an interface between the phases. The two-phase mixture flow considers equivalent fluid mixture from gas and liquid with local modification in density and viscosity. Governing equations include continuity and momentum solved with control volume method. SIMPLE algorithm's been used to pressure-velocity linked equations. Velocity and pressure profiles plotted for mentioned models at a given situations. By comparing...
M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Seyed Reihani, Nader
Microfluidics is a field of science that studies micron-scale characteristics of fluids. In this scale fluids show fascinating behavior far beyond our expectation compared to their large-scale counterparts. One of such peculiar behavior is the mixing of two different liquids flowing inside a microchannel. Due to low Reynolds number, the flow inside such a channel would be dominated by laminar behavior. In this regime mixing of the fluids is only mediated by molecular diffusion which is a rather slow process. In the current thesis, we utilized the rotating ability of optical tweezers to construct an active micromixer for Microfluidics. In order to do this we used birefringent microbeads. The...
M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Moosavi, Ali ; Shafii, Mohammad Behshad
EOR (oil enhanced recovery) is very important as oil is a nonrenewable resource. Depending on the characteristics of the rock formation, primary production can result in the recovery of up to 20% of the oil originally in the rock. This means that at least 80% of the oil may remain in the rock unless additional technology is used to increase the recovery. Before finding best way to do for EOR, scientists must study properties of different porous media that oil is trapped between its grains. Most of research and studies investigate networks of porous media but this work focused on oil movement through a pore space in porous media lonely not in network by waterflooding. Studying a pore space is...
M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Mohammadi , Aliasghar ; Molaei Dehkordi, Asghar
The purpose of this research is the synthesis of nanoparticles using micro fluid glass.The microfluidic glassy building is studied. Glass microfluidic microchannels making hydrophobic the continuing experiments carried out so that the water droplets in the organic phase and at the end of nanoparticles should be synthesized. Tests hydrophobic microchannels and water droplets in the organic phase was formed. In order to ensure an escape water contact angle and FTIR micro-channel test is taken and to avoid the droplets merged with each of surfactant SDS was used. In the end, DLS and FESEM nanoparticles synthesized using the tests have been evaluated and the concentrations of reactants and flow...
M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Sadrhosseini, Hani ; Moosavi, Ali
The microfluidic fuel cell or laminar flow-based fuel cell is a membrane-less fuel cell which typically consists of two electrodes mounted within a T- or Y-shaped microchannel. Aqueous fuel and oxidant are introduced from the two inlets of the channel and flow together side-by-side toward the end of the channel. The Reynolds number in the microchannel is low, and hence viscous forces are dominant over the inertial forces. This causes the anolyte and catholyte form a co-laminar flow inside the microchannel which is required to maintain the separation of the fuel and oxidant and limit the reactions to the appropriate electrodes. In this work, a comprehensive numerical model of the microfluidic...
M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Saeedi, Mohammad Hassan ; Kazemzadeh Hannani, Siamak
The integrated development of small-scale electronic and mechanical systems has drawn attention, since they lead to increase in speed and decrease in volume of industry dimensions in the manufacturing sector. That is why microelectromechanical systems are highly considered. MEMS are widely used in Microfluidic systems that can be used in medicine, biology and drug injection. Due to the fact that consistent fluid velocity is necessary in biological applications, electroosmotic flow is more important than ever. To investigate the behavior of biofluids, Newtonian models cannot be used and it is required to use models that predict the behavior of these fluids accurately. In this research...
M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Moosavi, Ali ; Sadrhosseini, Hani
The effect of using backpressure of air injection in a microchannel on internal flow pressure drop were investigated in this study. Multiphase flows are commonly encountered in gas and oil industries. Flow fields in production operations are often complex and include multiphase flows of gas and liquid. Previously, because of their complex nature, these flow patterns have been mostly investigated only experimentally and empirical correlations based on the experimental data. From another point of view, it is almost impossible to experimentally realize all the flow conditions for each of the flow patterns. Nowadays computer facilities provide the tool to construct and use large-scale...
M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Moosavi, Ali
With the advancement of the industry, microscale devices use due to its unique characteristics. On the other hand, it is essential to find ways to reduce drag inside microchannels because of The importance of energy. One of the methods is to optimize the contact surface using structured geometric surfaces. These hydrophobic surfaces reduce drag by trapping the air in roughness and creating a two-phase flow. The purpose of this project is to reduce the drag within the microchannel using structured geometric surfaces for non-Newtonian and multiphase flows. In most previous studies, with simplification, Newtonian and two-phase flows have been investigated. While most industrial fluids show...
M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Moosavi, Ali
This research concerns investigating the behavior of two-phase flow in the inlet and outlet of the microchannels.Both the droplet based and the continuous microfluidics are considered. For the continuous system whenthe minor fluid enters the microchannel, due to ratio of viscosity of two fluids, viscous folding occurs.Viscous folding phenomena is similar to the buckling phenomena in solids.This means that the viscosity of the fluid, which is applied to two sides of the fluid layer, causes folding the fluid layer and changing the shape of it. For the study we employ a VOF based numerical routine. In order to verify numerical results, the grid and the time step independenciesare checked. In...
Numerical Investigation of Surface Wettability Effect on Liquid-Liquid Two-Phase Flow Heat Transfer in Microchannels, Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology ; Kazemzadeh Hannani, Siamak ; Farhanieh, Bijan
It is aimed in this study to numerically investigate the effect of contact angle on the heat transfer coefficient in oil-water two-phase flow. For this purpose, the finite element method (FEM) is used to solve the unsteady Navier-Stokes and energy equations. The level set method is also used to capture the interface between the phases. In the first part of the study, two-phase flow of the water and calibration oil is considered in a T-junction geometry at contact angles of 5°, 40°, and 75°. It is observed that the flow patterns formed in the microchannel depend on the initial flow condition which results in the hysteresis phenomenon. Investigating the effect of wall contact angle on the...
M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Mohammadi, Ali Asghar
In recent years, desulfurization has received much attention due to its devastating environmental effects. The existence of sulfur compounds has effects such as corrosion, poisoning of catalysts, reduction of heat of combustion and reduction of price. Sulfur compounds in hydrocarbon fuels also produce sulfur oxides caused by combustion then they enter the atmosphere, and cause acid rain. Acid rain dissolves building materials, poisons lakes, and destroys forests. Therefore, removing sulfur or converting it to less harmful substances is one of the most important processes in refineries. The method studied in this research is the use of adsorption desulfurization method by microchannel which...
M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Moosavi, Ali
When the fluid passes through the microchannel, some energy is lost due to drag force and pressure drop. One of the methods used in the last few decades to optimize energy consumption is creating superhydrophobic surfaces in microchannels. These surfaces, with their features such as increasing the contact angle and reducing the contact angle hysteresis, can reduce energy loss, which is due to the presence of unevenness on the surface, and by trapping air and creating a two-phase flow, they reduce the drag force. On the other hand, the air trapped inside these irregularities will also affect the heat transfer of the passing fluid in the microchannel, which by creating resistance in the...
Continuous size-based focusing and bifurcating microparticle streams using a negative dielectrophoretic system, Article Microfluidics and Nanofluidics ; Volume 14, Issue 1-2 , 2013 , Pages 265-276 ; 16134982 (ISSN) ; Saidi, M. S ; Sadeghi, A ; Sani, M
Dielectrophoresis (DEP) is an electrokinetic phenomenon which is used for manipulating micro- and nanoparticles in micron-sized devices with high sensitivity. In recent years, electrode-based DEP by patterning narrow oblique electrodes in microchannels has been used for particle manipulation. In this theoretic study, a microchannel with triangular electrodes is presented and a detailed comparison with oblique electrodes is made. For each shape, the behavior of particles is compared for three different configurations of applied voltages. Electric field, resultant DEP force, and particle trajectories for configurations are computed by means of Rayan native code. The separation efficiency of...
Article ASME 2010 8th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels, ICNMM2010 Collocated with 3rd Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Summer Meeting, Montreal, QC, 1 August 2010 through 5 August 2010 ; Issue PARTS A AND B , 2010 , Pages 503-514 ; 9780791854501 (ISBN) ; Baghani, M ; Saidi, M. H ; Fluids Engineering Division ; Sharif University of Technology
The entropy generation rate has become a useful tool for evaluating the intrinsic irreversibilities associated with a given process or device. This work presents an analytical solution for entropy generation in hydrodynamically fully developed thermally developing laminar flow in a microtube. The rarefaction effects as well as viscous heating effects are taken into consideration, but axial conduction is neglected. Using fully developed velocity profile, the energy equation is solved by means of integral transform. The solution is validated by comparing the local Nusselt numbers against existing literature data. From the results it is realized that the entropy generation decreases as Knudsen...
Article Chemical Engineering and Processing: Process Intensification ; 2017 ; 02552701 (ISSN) ; Vatankhah, P ; Akbari, A ; Sharif University of Technology
The Lab On a CD (LOCD), also known as Centrifugal Microfluidics, has evolved into a sophisticated platform for performing biomedical assays due to its marvelous miniaturization and accurate simulation of biological reactions. Among the numerous applications of the LOCD is fluid mixing. In this paper a centrifugal, serpentine micromixer is simulated and reformed toward better mixing performance. The micromixer was chosen to be curved as a curved design was found to be thrice as functional and compact as a rectilinear design, mixing-wise. The two angular velocity and opening radius parameters were originally hypothesized to affect mixing performance. Effect of angular velocity was studied over...
Article 2006 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE2006, Chicago, IL, 5 November 2006 through 10 November 2006 ; 2006 ; 08888116 (ISSN); 0791837904 (ISBN); 9780791837900 (ISBN) ; Javadi, K ; Krägel, J ; Miller, R ; Kovalchuk, V. I ; Ferri, J. K ; Bastani, D ; Taeibi Rahni, M ; Sharif University of Technology
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) 2006
In this research purely oscillation fluid flow in two microtubes 150 and 250 μM(3.5 mm length) is studied using computational fluid dynamic (CFD) approach and utilizing a new experimental setup developed for dynamic interfacial tension measurement (capillary pressure technique) in the frequency range between 0.2 and 80 Hz. The experiments are done with pure water at a mean temperature of about 25 °C. The results of oscillatory conditions for microtubes of 0.5 mm in diameter have been compared with experimental results for several frequencies. The computational approach was validated by comparison with experimental data of the continuous constant flow through microtubes and also with...
Article 4th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels and Minichannels, ICNMM2006, Limerick, 19 June 2006 through 21 June 2006 ; Volume 2006 A , 2006 , Pages 203-208 ; 0791847608 (ISBN); 9780791847602 (ISBN) ; Yazdi, S ; Salehi, M. A ; Sharif University of Technology
American Society of Mechanical Engineers 2006
In this paper, a three-dimensional numerical model is developed to analyze the influence of the Joule heating on flow characteristics of an electroosmotic flow through square cross section micro-channels. The governing system of equations consists of three sets of equations: electric potential distribution, flow-field and energy equations. The solution procedure involves three steps. The net charge distribution on the cross section of the micro-channel is computed by solving two-dimensional Poisson-Boltzmann equation using the finite element method. Then, using the computed fluid's charge distribution, the magnitude of the resulting body force due to interaction of an external electric field...
Article 10th Intersociety Conference on Thermal and Thermomechanical Phenomena and Emerging Technologies in Electronic Systems, ITherm 2006, San Diego, CA, 30 May 2006 through 2 June 2006 ; Volume 2006 , 2006 , Pages 63-70 ; 0780395247 (ISBN); 9780780395244 (ISBN) ; Taghizadeh Manzari, M ; Kazemzadeh Hannani, S ; Sharif University of Technology
An analytical solution is presented to study the heat transfer characteristics of the combined pressure - electroosmotically driven flow in planar microchannels. The physical model includes the Joule heating effect to predict the convective heat transfer coefficient in two dimensional microchannels. The velocity field, which is a function of external electrical field, electroosmotic mobility, fluid viscosity and the pressure gradient, is obtained by solving the hydrodynamically fully-developed laminar Navier-Stokes equations considering the electrokinetic body force for low wall zeta potentials. Then, assuming a thermally fully-developed flow, the temperature distribution and the Nusselt...