Search for: microfluidics
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    Numerical analysis of a dielectrophoresis field-flow fractionation device for the separation of multiple cell types

    , Article Journal of Separation Science ; Volume 40, Issue 20 , 2017 , Pages 4067-4075 ; 16159306 (ISSN) Shamloo, A ; Kamali, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this study, a dielectrophoresis field-flow fractionation device was analyzed using a numerical simulation method and the behaviors of a set of different cells were investigated. By reducing the alternating current frequency of the electrodes from the value used in the original setup configuration and increasing the number of exit channels, total discrimination in cell trajectories and subsequent separation of four cell types were achieved. Cells were differentiated based on their size and dielectric response that are represented in their real part of Clausius–Mossotti factor at different frequencies. A number of novel designs were also proposed based on the original setup configuration.... 

    Flow physics exploration of surface tension driven flows

    , Article Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects ; Volume 518 , 2017 , Pages 30-45 ; 09277757 (ISSN) Javadi, K ; Moezzi Rafie, H ; Goodarzi Ardakani, V ; Javadi, A ; Miller, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Surface tension driven passive micro-pumping relies mainly on the surface tension properties. To have control over surface tension driven passive micro-pumps (STD-PMPs), it is essential to understand the physical background of the fluid flow in these pumps. Hence, the purpose of this work is to give an exploration of the flow physics of a STD-PMP. In this regard, computer simulation is used to give detailed information about the flow pattern and physical phenomena at different conditions. To this end, a droplet of water, with a specified diameter, is placed onto an entry port connected to another droplet at the exit port via a microchannel. The results indicate that the pumping process, in... 

    Pure axial flow of viscoelastic fluids in rectangular microchannels under combined effects of electro-osmosis and hydrodynamics

    , Article Theoretical and Computational Fluid Dynamics ; Volume 32, Issue 1 , 2018 ; 09354964 (ISSN) Reshadi, M ; Saidi, M. H ; Ebrahimi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer New York LLC  2018
    This paper presents an analysis of the combined electro-osmotic and pressure-driven axial flows of viscoelastic fluids in a rectangular microchannel with arbitrary aspect ratios. The rheological behavior of the fluid is described by the complete form of Phan-Thien–Tanner (PTT) model with the Gordon–Schowalter convected derivative which covers the upper convected Maxwell, Johnson–Segalman and FENE-P models. Our numerical simulation is based on the computation of 2D Poisson–Boltzmann, Cauchy momentum and PTT constitutive equations. The solution of these governing nonlinear coupled set of equations is obtained by using the second-order central finite difference method in a non-uniform grid... 

    Controlling differentiation of stem cells for developing personalized organ-on-chip platforms

    , Article Advanced Healthcare Materials ; Volume 7, Issue 2 , 2018 ; 21922640 (ISSN) Geraili, A ; Jafari, P ; Sheikh Hassani, M ; Heidary Araghi, B ; Mohammadi, M. H ; Ghafari, A. M ; Hassanpour Tamrin, S ; Pezeshgi Modarres, H ; Rezaei Kolahchi, A ; Ahadian, S ; Sanati Nezhad, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Wiley-VCH Verlag  2018
    Organ-on-chip (OOC) platforms have attracted attentions of pharmaceutical companies as powerful tools for screening of existing drugs and development of new drug candidates. OOCs have primarily used human cell lines or primary cells to develop biomimetic tissue models. However, the ability of human stem cells in unlimited self-renewal and differentiation into multiple lineages has made them attractive for OOCs. The microfluidic technology has enabled precise control of stem cell differentiation using soluble factors, biophysical cues, and electromagnetic signals. This study discusses different tissue- and organ-on-chip platforms (i.e., skin, brain, blood–brain barrier, bone marrow, heart,... 

    Topological analysis of multi-phase attacks using expert systems

    , Article Journal of Information Science and Engineering ; Volume 24, Issue 3 , 2008 , Pages 743-767 ; 10162364 (ISSN) Shahriari, H. R ; Ganjisaffar, Y ; Jalili, R ; Habibi, J ; Sharif University of Technology
    With the increasing number and complexity of network attacks, the demand for automatic vulnerability analysis tools has increased. The prerequisite of making these tools is to have a formal and precise model of network configurations and vulnerabilities. Utilizing this model, network administrators can analyze the effects of vulnerabilities on the network and complex attack scenarios can be detected before happening. In this paper, we present a general logic-based framework for modeling network configurations and topologies. Then, a number of important and wide-spread network vulnerabilities are modeled as general inference rules based on the framework definitions. We implemented the... 

    Healthy and diseasedin vitromodels of vascular systems

    , Article Lab on a Chip ; Volume 21, Issue 4 , 2021 , Pages 641-659 ; 14730197 (ISSN) Hosseini, V ; Mallone, A ; Nasrollahi, F ; Ostrovidov, S ; Nasiri, R ; Mahmoodi, M ; Haghniaz, R ; Baidya, A ; Salek, M. M ; Darabi, M. A ; Orive, G ; Shamloo, A ; Dokmeci, M. R ; Ahadian, S ; Khademhosseini, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Royal Society of Chemistry  2021
    Irregular hemodynamics affects the progression of various vascular diseases, such atherosclerosis or aneurysms. Despite the extensive hemodynamics studies on animal models, the inter-species differences between humans and animals hamper the translation of such findings. Recent advances in vascular tissue engineering and the suitability ofin vitromodels for interim analysis have increased the use ofin vitrohuman vascular tissue models. Although the effect of flow on endothelial cell (EC) pathophysiology and EC-flow interactions have been vastly studied in two-dimensional systems, they cannot be used to understand the effect of other micro- and macro-environmental parameters associated with... 

    Multi-walled carbon nanotubes with immobilised cobalt nanoparticle for modification of glassy carbon electrode: Application to sensitive voltammetric determination of thioridazine

    , Article Biosensors and Bioelectronics ; Volume 24, Issue 11 , 2009 , Pages 3235-3241 ; 09565663 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Ghalkhani, M ; Adeli, M ; Amini, M. K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were immobilised with cobalt nanoparticles and analyzed by transmission electron microscopy. This modification procedure substantially improved colloidal dispersion of the immobilised MWCNTs in water and organic solvents, yielding uniform and stable thin films for modification of the glassy carbon electrode surface. The modified electrode showed an efficient catalytic role for the electrochemical oxidation of thioridazine (TR), leading to remarkable decrease in its oxidation overpotential of approximately 100 mV and enhancement of the kinetics of the electrode reaction, which can be confirmed by increasing in the peak current and sharpness of the peak....