Search for: nanofluidics
Total 238 records
Effect of nanofluid treatment on water sensitive formation to investigate water shock phenomenon, an experimental study, Article Journal of Dispersion Science and Technology ; Volume 35, Issue 7 , 21 May 2014 , Pages 889-897 ; Heidari, M. A ; Al-Hadrami, H ; Al-Ajmi, A ; Al-Wahaibi, Y ; Ayatollahi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
Permeability reduction in porous media as a result of frail and tenuous fine particles migration would decrease the productivity index in the subterranean reservoirs. During reservoir stimulation by injecting fluids into the reservoir, as the salinity condition of the formation brine changes, fine particles initiate the triggering process. In this study, MgO-based nanofluid as a fines fixation agent was stably prepared based on the particle size distribution and characterized through transmission electron microscopy analysis. Afterward, several core flooding tests were performed using Berea sandstone cores to study the effect of nanofluid injection on fines fixation in the water shock...
Application GMDH artificial neural network for modeling of Al2O3/water and Al2O3/Ethylene glycol thermal conductivity, Article International Journal of Heat and Technology ; Volume 36, Issue 3 , 2018 , Pages 773-782 ; 03928764 (ISSN) ; Hajizadeh, F ; Rahimzadeh, M ; Shafii, M. B ; Chamkha, A. J ; Lorenzini, G ; Ghasempour, R ; Sharif University of Technology
International Information and Engineering Technology Association 2018
Thermal conductivity of nanofluids depends on several parameters including temperature, concentration, and size of nanoparticles. Most of the proposed models utilized concentration and temperature as influential factors in their modeling. In this study, group method of data handling (GMDH) artificial neural networks is applied in order to model the dependency of thermal conductivity on the mentioned factors. Firstly, temperature and concentration considered as inputs and a model is represented. Afterwards, the size of nanoparticles is added to the input variables and the results are compared. Based on obtained results, GMDH is an appropriate method to predict thermal conductivity of the...
Article Journal of Molecular Liquids ; Volume 265 , 2018 , Pages 181-188 ; 01677322 (ISSN) ; Mirlohi, A ; Alhuyi Nazari, M ; Ghasempour, R ; Sharif University of Technology
In the present paper, several experimental and theoretical studies conducted on the thermal conductivity of nanofluids are represented and investigated. Based on the reviewed studies, various factors affect thermal conductivity of nanofluids such as temperature, the shape of nanoparticles, concentration and etc. Results indicated the increase in temperature and concentration of nanoparticles usually leads to the higher thermal conductivity of nanofluids. In addition, it is concluded that there are some novel approaches in order to obtain nanofluids with more appropriate thermal properties including using binary fluids as the base fluid or utilizing hybrid nanofluids. © 2018 Elsevier B.V
Modeling and CFD simulation of a mixed-convection flow of regular fluids and nanofluids in vertical porous and regular channels, Article Heat Transfer - Asian Research ; Vol. 43, issue. 3 , May , 2014 , pp. 243-269 ; ISSN: 1523-1496 ; Dehkordi, A. M ; Sharif University of Technology
In this article, the problem of combined forced and free convection in vertical porous and regular channels for both regular fluids and nanofluids has been solved using the CFD technique in the entrance regions of momentum and heat transfer taking into account the influences of viscous heating and inertial force. In this regard, various types of viscous dissipation models reported in the literature such as the Darcy model, the power of the drag force model, and the clear fluid-compatible model were applied. In the case of nanofluid flow, both the Brownian and thermophoresis molecular transfer mechanisms were considered. The dimensionless distributions of velocity, temperature, and the volume...
Thermal performance enhancement of an evacuated tube solar collector using graphene nanoplatelets nanofluid, Article Journal of Cleaner Production ; Volume 162 , 2017 , Pages 121-129 ; 09596526 (ISSN) ; Ong, H. C ; Ang, B. C ; Sadeghinezhad, E ; Esmaeilzadeh, A ; Mehrali, M ; Sharif University of Technology
In this study, the effect of graphene nanoplatelets (GNP)/distilled water nanofluid on the thermal performance of evacuated tube solar collector (ETSC) water heater was experimentally investigated. The mass percentage of GNP was considered at 0.025, 0.5, 0.075 and 0.1 wt%. The physical and thermal properties of the GNP nanofluids including stability, specific heat capacity, viscosity and thermal conductivity were investigated. The thermal efficiency tests on the solar collector were carried out for varying volumetric flow rate of 0.5, 0.1, and 1.5 L/min while the ASHRAE standard 93–2003 was considered to calculate the efficiency of the collector. The results indicated that the solar...
M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Bastani, Dariush
The main objective of this project is to study the effect of the presence of nanoparticles on mass transfer in liquid-liquid systems. To do this research, TiO2/water, Al2O3/water, CNTs/water and CNTs/toluene have been used as nanofluids. The experiments of TiO2/water nanofluid were been carried out in water-acetone-toluene system at two weigh percents of TiO2 nanoparticles. The result showed that mass transfer decreased in 0.5wt% of TiO2, compared to base fluid, and it increase in 1 %wt. Also in 0.5%wt the decrease in interfacial tension decreased diameter of drops and as a result mass transfer decreased too. In 1%wt the increase in viscosity increased the diameter of drops and then the...
Experimental investigation of nanofluid stability on thermal performance and flow regimes in pulsating heat pipe, Article Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry ; 25 May , 2018 , Pages 1-13 ; 13886150 (ISSN) ; Saidi, M. H ; Sharif University of Technology
Springer Netherlands 2018
Pulsating heat pipe (PHP) is a type of wickless heat pipe that has a simple structure and an outstanding thermal performance. Nanofluid is a type of fluid in which nanoparticles are dispersed in a base fluid and have generally a better thermal conductivity in comparison with its base fluid. In this article, the performance of a nanofluid PHP is investigated. Graphene/water nanofluid with a concentration of 1 mg mL−1 and TiO2 (titania)/water nanofluid with a concentration of 10 mg mL−1 are used as the working fluids. To simultaneously investigate the thermal performance and flow regimes in the PHP, a one-turn copper PHP with a Pyrex glass attached to its adiabatic section is used. A one-turn...
Lattice Boltzmann numerical investigation of inner cylindrical pin-fins configuration on nanofluid natural convective heat transfer in porous enclosure, Article Journal of Applied Fluid Mechanics ; Volume 11, Issue 3 , 2018 , Pages 801-816 ; 17353572 (ISSN) ; Taeibi-Rahni, M ; Haghshenas, M ; Ramian, P ; Sharif University of Technology
Isfahan University of Technology 2018
Concerning the geometrical effect of inner cylindrical hot pins, the natural convective heat transfer of nanofluid in a homogenous porous medium in a squared enclosure is numerically studied, using lattice Boltzmann method (LBM). In order to investigate the arrangement of inner cylinders for better heat transfer performance, five different configurations (including one, three, and four pins) were compared, while the total heat transfer area of inner pins were held fixed. Squared cavity walls and inner cylinder's surfaces were constantly held at cold and warm temperatures, respectively. In our simulation, Brinkman and Forchheimerextended Darcy models were utilized for isothermal...
Experimental investigation of nanofluid stability on thermal performance and flow regimes in pulsating heat pipe, Article Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry ; Volume 135, Issue 3 , 2019 , Pages 1835-1847 ; 13886150 (ISSN) ; Saidi, M. H ; Sharif University of Technology
Springer Netherlands 2019
Pulsating heat pipe (PHP) is a type of wickless heat pipe that has a simple structure and an outstanding thermal performance. Nanofluid is a type of fluid in which nanoparticles are dispersed in a base fluid and have generally a better thermal conductivity in comparison with its base fluid. In this article, the performance of a nanofluid PHP is investigated. Graphene/water nanofluid with a concentration of 1 mg mL −1 and TiO 2 (titania)/water nanofluid with a concentration of 10 mg mL −1 are used as the working fluids. To simultaneously investigate the thermal performance and flow regimes in the PHP, a one-turn copper PHP with a Pyrex glass attached to its adiabatic section is used. A...
Article International Journal of Modern Physics B ; Volume 35, Issue 28 , 2021 ; 02179792 (ISSN) ; Khan, W. A ; Aqsa ; Waqas, M ; Abbas, S. Z ; Malik, M. Y ; Alqahtani, A. S ; Sharif University of Technology
World Scientific 2021
Hybrid nanofluid gains attention of scientists due to its dynamic properties in various fields, and thus, hybrid nanofluids can be taken as an innovative form of nanofluids. Even though analysts acquire tremendous results in the field of hybrid nanofluids but yet no study has been carried out to predict magnetohydrodynamic effects in such fluid models. In this present analysis, influence of MHD has been investigated for the micro hybrid nanofluid over a stretched surface under convective conditions. Combine boundary layer equations for the flow have been altered into a suitable form via boundary layer approximations. Further, complete nonlinear system of equations has been numerically solved...
M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Shafii, Mohammad Behshad
Application of nanotechnology in the field of heat transfer has increased recently. The need to increase heat transfer rate yet decrease the size of cooling equipment, brought about lots of attention to thermal properties of Nanofluids. Nanofluid is the suspension of nanometer-sized solid particles in base liquid. Research on convective heat transfer of nanofluids which is only two decades old, shows great potential in increasing heat transfer rate. Although there is a remarkable research on thermal conductivity of Nanofluids, negligible research was conducted on combined Nanofluids . Developed Theory for thermal conductivity of combined nanofluid can be used to modeling the thermal...
Modified Buongiorno's model for fully developed mixed convection flow of nanofluids in a vertical annular pipe, Article Computers and Fluids ; Vol. 89 , 2014 , pp. 124-132 ; ISSN: 00457930 ; Moshizi, S. A ; Soltani, E. G ; Ganji, D. D ; Sharif University of Technology
This paper deals with the mixed convective heat transfer of nanofluids through a concentric vertical annulus. Because of the non-adherence of the fluid-solid interface in the presence of nanoparticle migrations, known as slip condition, the Navier's slip boundary condition was considered at the pipe walls. The employed model for nanofluid includes the modified two-component four-equation non-homogeneous equilibrium model that fully accounts for the effects of nanoparticles volume fraction distribution. Assuming the fully developed flow and heat transfer, the basic partial differential equations including continuity, momentum, and energy equations have been reduced to two-point ordinary...
Article International Journal of Thermal Sciences ; Volume 68 , June , 2013 , Pages 79-93 ; 12900729 (ISSN) ; Yaghoubi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Both experimental and numerical studies are unanimous for enhancing Nusselt number for forced convection of nanofluids with slight difference, but there is inconsistency for natural convection heat transfer of nanofluids. In this paper attempt is made to study the effects of nanoparticles migration on the natural convection behavior of nanofluids. For analysis, a mixture model is used by including important phenomena such as Brownian motion and thermophoresis effects. These two mechanisms are taken into account to compute the slip velocities between the base fluid and nanoparticles. The governing equations are solved numerically and good agreements are observed in comparison with...
Experimental assessment of convective heat transfer coefficient enhancement of nanofluids prepared from high surface area nanoporous graphene, Article International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer ; Volume 78 , 2016 , Pages 127-134 ; 07351933 (ISSN) ; Sattari, S ; Rashidi, A. M ; Sharif University of Technology
In this research convective heat transfer coefficient enhancement of nanofluids prepared from high surface area graphene has been investigated in laminar flow in the developing region. The nanofluid has been prepared from nanoporous graphene with high surface area and with concentration of 0.025 to 0.1 wt.%. Deionized water has been used as the base fluid and a type of Ter-Polymer has been utilized as the surfactant. The results indicate that thermal conductivity of nanofluid with concentration of 0.1 wt.% remains quite constant, with only 3.8% enhancement, while convective heat transfer coefficient improves significantly, with 34% enhancement. The behavior of this enhancement related to the...
A novel correlation approach for viscosity prediction of water based nanofluids of Al2O3, TiO2, SiO2 and CuO, Article Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers ; Volume 58 , 2016 , Pages 19-27 ; 18761070 (ISSN) ; Daryasafar, A ; MoradiKoochi, M ; Moghadasi, J ; BabaeiMeybodi, R ; KhorramGhahfarokhi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers 2016
Nanofluids viscosity is one of the most important thermophysical properties in nanofluids usage especially in chemical and petroleum engineering applications. So it is highly desirable to predict the viscosity of nanofluids accurately. Experimental measurements are impossible in most situations and present models are not comprehensive and efficient especially for high temperature, high volume concentration and high viscosity values. In this study, a new correlation has been developed based on the comprehensive database of water based Al2O3, TiO2, SiO2 and CuO nanofluids viscosity data found in literature. The proposed correlation uses temperature, nanoparticle size, nanoparticle volumetric...
Article Journal of Molecular Liquids ; Volume 220 , 2016 , Pages 961-969 ; 01677322 (ISSN) ; Rashidi, S ; Abolfazli Esfahani, J ; Sharif University of Technology
This paper simulates Al2O3-water nanofluid flow and forced convection around a rotating circular cylinder. The governing parameters are Reynolds number (1 ≤ Re ≤ 100), solid volume fraction of nanoparticles (0 ≤ φ ≤ 0.05) and non-dimensional rotation rate (0 ≤ α ≤ 3). The simulations are performed to study the effects of mentioned parameters on the heat transfer rate and fluid flow characteristics. The governing equations including the continuity, momentum, and energy equations are solved with a finite volume method. It is observed that the reduction of heat transfer with increase in rotation rate is in the vicinity of 6.9% and 32% for Re = 5 and 100, respectively at φ = 0.05. Furthermore,...
The Role of Carbon Nanotubes in Improving Thermal Stability of Polymeric Fluids: Experimental and Modeling, Article Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research ; Volume 55, Issue 27 , 2016 , Pages 7514-7534 ; 08885885 (ISSN) ; Ghotbi, C ; Tahmasbi, K ; Ghazanfari, M. H ; Sharif University of Technology
American Chemical Society 2016
At harsh conditions of high pressure high temperature (HPHT), polymers undergo thermal degradation leading to serious loss in fluid rheological and filtration properties. Nanoparticles are the most promising additives proposed to address this challenge. The stability of nanofluids is perused from various facets including rheological and filtration properties, shale stability, and zeta potential. The presence of nanoparticles could amazingly reduce the filtration at high temperatures even by 95%, and it also had a conspicuous effect on shale stability, thermal conductivity, and zeta potential. Experimental data were fit to rheological models to determine the best models describing the...
An experimental comparison of SiO2/water nanofluid heat transfer in square and circular cross-sectional channels, Article Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry ; 2017 , Pages 1-10 ; 13886150 (ISSN) ; Sanjarian, N ; Kasaeian, A ; Razi Astaraei, F ; Sameti, M ; Nasirivatan, S ; Sharif University of Technology
Springer Netherlands 2017
In this paper, with the aim of enhancing the thermal conductivity of the fluid, a nanofluid is prepared based on SiO2. A series of experimental tests were carried out for both laminar and forced convection regimes in a horizontal tube with two different geometric shapes (circular and square cross section) subjected to constant wall heat flux (4735 W m−2). A comparative study has been done to investigate the effect of the geometry on the convective heat transfer. Moreover, the effect of the volume concentration on the behavior of the nanofluid and the base fluid was evaluated by comparing various volume concentrations (0.05, 0.07 and 0.2%). The experiments were done under two different...
Experimental study on viscosity of spinel-type manganese ferrite nanofluid in attendance of magnetic field, Article Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials ; Volume 428 , 2017 , Pages 457-463 ; 03048853 (ISSN) ; Amani, P ; Kasaeian, A ; Mahian, O ; Kasaeian, F ; Wongwises, S ; Sharif University of Technology
In this paper, an experimental evaluation on the viscosity of water-based manganese ferrite nanofluid with and without magnetic field with 100, 200, 300, and 400 G intensities has been conducted. The Brookfield DV-I PRIME viscometer is implemented to measure the MnFe2O4/water nanofluid viscosity and to evaluate the influence of different volume concentrations (from 0.25% to 3%) and various temperatures (from 20 to 60 °C) on the viscosity. According to the measurements, viscosity incrementally increases with the augmentation of nanoparticles concentration while it remarkably decreases at higher temperatures under absence and attendance of magnetic field. The maximum viscosity ratio of 1.14 is...
Article International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer ; Volume 82 , 2017 , Pages 20-28 ; 07351933 (ISSN) ; Jafari, M ; Nasirivatan, S ; Osanloo, B ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2017
This work is dedicated to finding a suitable measure to judge thermal performance of nanofluids. The importance of this issue arises from misleading claim of excess heat transfer of nanofluids compared to the base fluid, neglecting the hydraulic effects such as increase in pressure drop. To clarify the issue, the experimental setup with capability to create constant Reynolds number and constant pumping power is constructed. Thermal behavior of nanofluids of silicon oxide/water and aluminum oxide/water and distilled water in developing region of laminar flow regime is investigated. In this regard, the convective heat transfer coefficient within the finned tube heat exchanger is evaluated....