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    The role of co-solvents in improving the direct transesterification of wet microalgal biomass under supercritical condition

    , Article Bioresource Technology ; Volume 193 , October , 2015 , Pages 90-96 ; 09608524 (ISSN) Abedini Najafabadi, H ; Vossoughi, M ; Pazuki, G ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2015
    In this research, direct conversion of wet algal biomass into biodiesel using supercritical methanol was studied. In this process, microalgal lipids simultaneously was extracted and converted to biodiesel under high pressure and temperature conditions without using any catalyst. Several experiments have been performed to optimize the methanol amount and it has been revealed that the best performance was achieved by using methanol/wet biomass ratio of 8:1. The effect of using various co-solvents in increasing the efficiency of the supercritical process was investigated. It has been shown that hexane was the most effective co-solvent and its optimal ratio respect to wet biomass was 6:1. The... 

    Effect of various carbon sources on biomass and lipid production of Chlorella vulgaris during nutrient sufficient and nitrogen starvation conditions

    , Article Bioresource Technology ; Volume 180 , 2015 , Pages 311-317 ; 09608524 (ISSN) Abedini Najafabadi, H ; Malekzadeh, M ; Jalilian, F ; Vossoughi, M ; Pazuki, G ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this research, a two-stage process consisting of cultivation in nutrient rich and nitrogen starvation conditions was employed to enhance lipid production in Chlorella vulgaris algal biomass. The effect of supplying different organic and inorganic carbon sources on cultivation behavior was investigated. During nutrient sufficient condition (stage I), the highest biomass productivity of 0.158. ±. 0.011. g/L/d was achieved by using sodium bicarbonate followed by 0.130. ±. 0.013, 0.111. ±. 0.005 and 0.098. ±. 0.003. g/L/d for sodium acetate, carbon dioxide and molasses, respectively. Cultivation under nitrogen starvation process (stage II) indicated that the lipid and fatty acid content...