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    Characterization of a microfluidic microbial fuel cell as a power generator based on a nickel electrode

    , Article Biosensors and Bioelectronics ; Volume 79 , 2016 , Pages 327-333 ; 09565663 (ISSN) Mardanpour, M. M ; Yaghmaei, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2016
    This study reports the fabrication of a microfluidic microbial fuel cell (MFC) using nickel as a novel alternative for conventional electrodes and a non-phatogenic strain of Escherichia coli as the biocatalyst. The feasibility of a microfluidic MFC as an efficient power generator for production of bioelectricity from glucose and urea as organic substrates in human blood and urine for implantable medical devices (IMDs) was investigated. A maximum open circuit potential of 459mV was achieved for the batch-fed microfluidic MFC. During continuous mode operation, a maximum power density of 104Wm-3 was obtained with nutrient broth. For the glucose-fed microfluidic MFC, the maximum power density of... 

    Fuzzy C-means clustering for chromatographic fingerprints analysis: A gas chromatography-mass spectrometry case study

    , Article Journal of Chromatography A ; Volume 1438 , 2016 , Pages 236-243 ; 00219673 (ISSN) Parastar, H ; Bazrafshan, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Fuzzy C-means clustering (FCM) is proposed as a promising method for the clustering of chromatographic fingerprints of complex samples, such as essential oils. As an example, secondary metabolites of 14 citrus leaves samples are extracted and analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The obtained chromatographic fingerprints are divided to desired number of chromatographic regions. Owing to the fact that chromatographic problems, such as elution time shift and peak overlap can significantly affect the clustering results, therefore, each chromatographic region is analyzed using multivariate curve resolution-alternating least squares (MCR-ALS) to address these problems. Then,... 

    Expression of functional recombinant human tissue transglutaminase (TG2) using the bac-to-bac baculovirus expression system

    , Article Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin ; Volume 6, Issue 1 , 2016 , Pages 49-56 ; 22285881 (ISSN) Yazdani, Y ; Azari, S ; Kalhor, H. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Tabriz University of Medical Sciences 
    Tissue transglutaminase (TG2) is a unique multifunctional enzyme. The enzyme possesses enzymatic activities such as transamidation/crosslinking and non-enzymatic functions such as cell migration and signal transduction. TG2 has been shown to be involved in molecular mechanisms of cancers and several neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease. The present study aimed at cloning and expression of full length human TG2 in Bac-to-Bac baculovirus expression system and evaluation of its activity. Methods: pFastBac HTA donor vector containing coding sequence of human TG2 was constructed. The construct was transformed to DH10Bac for generating recombinant bacmid. The verified bacmid was... 

    The different fate of satellite cells on conductive composite electrospun nanofibers with graphene and graphene oxide nanosheets

    , Article Biomedical Materials (Bristol) ; Volume 11, Issue 2 , 2016 ; 17486041 (ISSN) Mahmoudifard, M ; Soleimani, M ; Hatamie, S ; Zamanlui, S ; Ranjbarvan, P ; Vossoughi, M ; Hosseinzadeh, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Physics Publishing  2016
    Electrospinning of composite polymer solutions provides fantastic potential to prepare novel nanofibers for use in a variety of applications. The addition of graphene (G) and graphene oxide (GO) nanosheets to bioactive polymers was found to enhance their conductivity and biocompatibility. Composite conductive nanofibers of polyaniline (PANI) and polyacrylonitrile (PAN) with G and GO nanosheets were prepared by an electrospinning process. The fabricated membranes were investigated by physical and chemical examinations including scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Raman spectroscopy, x-ray diffraction (XRD) and tensile assay. The muscle satellite cells enriched by a pre-plating technique were... 

    Nonlinear adaptive control method for treatment of uncertain hepatitis B virus infection

    , Article Biomedical Signal Processing and Control ; Volume 38 , 2017 , Pages 174-181 ; 17468094 (ISSN) Aghajanzadeh, O ; Sharifi, M ; Tashakori, S ; Zohoor, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this paper, a nonlinear adaptive control method is presented for the treatment of the Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) infection. Nonlinear dynamics of the HBV, modeling uncertainties and three state variables (the numbers of uninfected and infected cells and free viruses) are taken into account. The proposed control law is designed for the antiviral drug input such that the number of free viruses and consequently the number of infected cells decrease to the desired values. An adaptation law is also presented to overcome modeling uncertainties by updating estimations of the system parameters during the treatment period. The stability of the process and convergence to desired state values are... 

    Shape-controlled silver NPs for shape-dependent biological activities

    , Article Micro and Nano Letters ; Volume 12, Issue 9 , 2017 , Pages 647-651 ; 17500443 (ISSN) Sadeghi, F ; Yazdanpanah, A ; Abrishamkar, A ; Moztarzadeh, F ; Ramedani, A ; Pouraghaie, S ; Shirinzadeh, H ; Samadikuchaksaraei, A ; Chauhan, N. P. S ; Hopkinson, L ; Sefat, F ; Mozafari, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    The most important issue during synthesis of nanoparticles (NPs) is to avoid particle agglomeration and adhesion. There have been several attempts to use special substances such as organic surfactants, polymers and stable ligands for this purpose. In this study, silver NPs were synthesised with and without gelatin macromolecules, as a green natural biopolymer, which resulted in NPs with varying shapes and sizes. The effect of morphological characteristics on the antibacterial and antifungal properties of the synthesised NPs were studied, by comparing Gram-negative (Escherichia coli) versus Gram-positive (Staphylococcus aureus) bacteria as well as fungi (Candida albicans) by calculation of... 

    Nanomechanical properties of MscL α helices: A steered molecular dynamics study

    , Article Channels ; Volume 11, Issue 3 , 2017 , Pages 209-223 ; 19336950 (ISSN) Bavi, N ; Bavi, O ; Vossoughi, M ; Naghdabadi, R ; Hill, A. P ; Martinac, B ; Jamali, Y ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Inc  2017
    Gating of mechanosensitive (MS) channels is driven by a hierarchical cascade of movements and deformations of transmembrane helices in response to bilayer tension. Determining the intrinsic mechanical properties of the individual transmembrane helices is therefore central to understanding the intricacies of the gating mechanism of MS channels. We used a constant-force steered molecular dynamics (SMD) approach to perform unidirectional pulling tests on all the helices of MscL in M. tuberculosis and E. coli homologs. Using this method, we could overcome the issues encountered with the commonly used constant-velocity SMD simulations, such as low mechanical stability of the helix during... 

    Temporary skin grafts based on hybrid graphene oxide-natural biopolymer nanofibers as effective wound healing substitutes: pre-clinical and pathological studies in animal models

    , Article Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine ; Volume 28, Issue 5 , 2017 , 73 ; 09574530 (ISSN) Mahmoudi, N ; Eslahi, N ; Mehdipour, A ; Mohammadi, M ; Akbari, M ; Samadikuchaksaraei, A ; Simchi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer New York LLC  2017
    Abstract: In recent years, temporary skin grafts (TSG) based on natural biopolymers modified with carbon nanostructures have received considerable attention for wound healing. Developments are required to improve physico-mechanical properties of these materials to match to natural skins. Additionally, in-deep pre-clinical examinations are necessary to ensure biological performance and toxicity effect in vivo. In the present work, we show superior acute-wound healing effect of graphene oxide nanosheets embedded in ultrafine biopolymer fibers (60 nm) on adult male rats. Nano-fibrous chitosan-based skin grafts crosslinked by Genepin with physico-mechanical properties close to natural skins were... 

    Two schemes for production of biosurfactant from Pseudomonas aeruginosa MR01: Applying residues from soybean oil industry and silica sol–gel immobilized cells

    , Article Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces ; Volume 152 , 2017 , Pages 159-168 ; 09277765 (ISSN) Bagheri Lotfabad, T ; Ebadipour, N ; Roostaazad, R ; Partovi, M ; Bahmaei, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2017
    Rhamnolipids are the most common biosurfactants and P. aeruginosa strains are the most frequently studied microorganisms for the production of rhamnolipids. Eco-friendly advantages and promising applications of rhamnolipids in various industries are the major reasons for pursuing the economic production of these biosurfactants. This study shows that cultivation of P. aeruginosa MR01 in medium contained inexpensive soybean oil refinery wastes which exhibited similar levels and homologues of rhamnolipids. Mass spectrometry indicated that the Rha-C10-C10 and Rha-Rha-C10-C10 constitute the main rhamnolipids in different cultures of MR01 including one of oil carbon source analogues. Moreover,... 

    Prevalence of hepatitis e infection in the general population of Iran: a systematic review and meta-analysis

    , Article Future Virology ; Volume 12, Issue 4 , 2017 , Pages 227-236 ; 17460794 (ISSN) Hadifar, S ; Sedighi, M ; Mostafaei, S ; Miri, A ; Amiri, H ; Abiri, R ; Babaei, F ; Kabir, K ; Moghoofei, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Aim: Hepatitis E is a form of acute viral hepatitis, which is caused by hepatitis E virus (HEV). The study objective was to evaluate the prevalence of HEV to provide an overall relative frequency in Iran. Methods: In this study, databases such as PubMed and Scopus were searched using the following keywords according to MeSH, "Hepatitis E virus", "Epidemiology", "Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)" and "Iran". Then studies which had reported prevalence of HEV were selected. Results: We selected 36 researches out of 9246 for our study. From all the samples, the pooled estimated prevalence of HEV positive was 9.7%. It should be noted that HEV infection's relative frequency varied from... 

    Micromechanical modeling of rate-dependent behavior of Connective tissues

    , Article Journal of Theoretical Biology ; Volume 416 , 2017 , Pages 119-128 ; 00225193 (ISSN) Fallah, A ; Ahmadian, M. T ; Firozbakhsh, K ; Aghdam, M. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Academic Press  2017
    In this paper, a constitutive and micromechanical model for prediction of rate-dependent behavior of connective tissues (CTs) is presented. Connective tissues are considered as nonlinear viscoelastic material. The rate-dependent behavior of CTs is incorporated into model using the well-known quasi-linear viscoelasticity (QLV) theory. A planar wavy representative volume element (RVE) is considered based on the tissue microstructure histological evidences. The presented model parameters are identified based on the available experiments in the literature. The presented constitutive model introduced to ABAQUS by means of UMAT subroutine. Results show that, monotonic uniaxial test predictions of... 

    The synergic effects of anionic and cationic chemical surfactants, and bacterial solution on wettability alteration of carbonate rock: an experimental investigation

    , Article Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects ; Volume 513 , 2017 , Pages 422-429 ; 09277757 (ISSN) Hajibagheri, F ; Lashkarbolooki, M ; Ayatollahi, S ; Hashemi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Changing the wettability of reservoir rock towards strongly water-wet state is effective way to enhance oil recovery from fractured carbonate reservoirs which are typically oil-wet. Regarding this fact, the injection of surfactant and the bacterial solution as EOR agents is proposed in the current work as a potential method to alter the wettability of rock surface reservoir. Nevertheless, there is a definite lack of experimental data regarding this method and the synergistic effect of both chemical and bacterial solutions on this process. In this study, the sole and combined effects of the bacterial solution using an Enterobacter cloacae strain as a biosurfactant-producer are compared with... 

    Biodiesel production from Spirulina microalgae feedstock using direct transesterification near supercritical methanol condition

    , Article Bioresource Technology ; Volume 239 , 2017 , Pages 378-386 ; 09608524 (ISSN) Mohamadzadeh Shirazi, H ; Karimi Sabet, J ; Ghotbi, C ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2017
    Microalgae as a candidate for production of biodiesel, possesses a hard cell wall that prevents intracellular lipids leaving out from the cells. Direct or in situ supercritical transesterification has the potential for destruction of microalgae hard cell wall and conversion of extracted lipids to biodiesel that consequently reduces the total energy consumption. Response surface methodology combined with central composite design was applied to investigate process parameters including: Temperature, Time, Methanol-to-dry algae, Hexane-to-dry algae, and Moisture content. Thirty-two experiments were designed and performed in a batch reactor, and biodiesel efficiency between 0.44% and 99.32% was... 

    Study potential of indigenous pseudomonas aeruginosa and bacillus subtilis in bioremediation of diesel-contaminated water

    , Article Water, Air, and Soil Pollution ; Volume 228, Issue 1 , 2017 ; 00496979 (ISSN) Safdari, M. S ; Kariminia, H. R ; Ghobadi Nejad, Z ; Fletcher, T. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Petroleum products which are used in a wide variety of industries as energy sources and raw materials have become a major concern in pollution of terrestrial and marine environments. The purpose of this study was to assess the potential of indigenous microbial isolates for degradation of diesel fuel. Two most proficient bacterial strains among five isolated strains from polluted soil of an industrial refinery were studied. The isolates then were identified as Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Bacillus subtilis using biochemical tests and 16S rRNA gene sequence analyses. P. aeruginosa showed higher biodegradation efficiency than B. subtilis in shaking flask containing diesel-contaminated water. P.... 

    Detection and a possible link between parvovirus B19 and thyroid cancer

    , Article Tumor Biology ; Volume 39, Issue 6 , 2017 ; 10104283 (ISSN) Etemadi, A ; Mostafaei, S ; Yari, K ; Ghasemi, A ; Chenar, H. M ; Moghoofei, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Human parvovirus B19 (B19) is a small, non-enveloped virus and belongs to Parvoviridae family. B19 persists in many tissues such as thyroid tissue and even thyroid cancer. The main aim of this study was to determine the presence of B19, its association with increased inflammation in thyroid tissue, and thus its possible role in thyroid cancer progression. Studies have shown that virus replication in non-permissive tissue leads to overexpression of non-structural protein and results in upregulation of proinflammatory cytokines such as interleukin 6 and tumor necrosis factor alpha. A total of 36 paraffin-embedded thyroid specimens and serum were collected from patients and 12 samples were used... 

    کلیدواژه های تکراریCurcumin loading potentiates the neuroprotective efficacy of Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles in cerebellum cells of schizophrenic rats

    , Article Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy ; Volume 108 , 2018 , Pages 1244-1252 ; 07533322 (ISSN) Naserzadeh, P ; Ashrafi Hafez, A ; Abdorahim, M ; Abdollahifar, M. A ; Shabani, R ; Peirovi, H ; Simchi, A ; Ashtari, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the neurotoxic effects of Fe3O4 magnetic- CurNPs on isolated schizophrenia mitochondria of rats as an in vivo model. Methods: We designed CMN loaded superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) (Fe3O4 magnetic- CurNPs) to achieve an enhanced therapeutic effect. The physicochemical properties of Fe3O4 magnetic- CurNPs were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), and dynamic laser light scattering (DLS) and zeta potential. Further, to prove Fe3O4 magnetic- CurNPs results in superior therapeutic effects, and also, the mitochondrial membrane potential collapse, mitochondrial complex II activity, reactive oxygen species generation,... 

    SAR thresholds for electromagnetic exposure using functional thermal dose limits

    , Article International Journal of Hyperthermia ; Volume 34, Issue 8 , 2018 , Pages 1248-1254 ; 02656736 (ISSN) Adibzadeh, F ; Paulides, M. M ; Van Rhoon, G. C ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Ltd  2018
    Background and purpose: To protect against any potential adverse effects to human health from localised exposure to radio frequency (100 kHz–3 GHz) electromagnetic fields (RF EMF), international health organisations have defined basic restrictions on specific absorption rate (SAR) in tissues. These exposure restrictions incorporate safety factors which are generally conservative so that exposures that exceed the basic restrictions are not necessarily harmful. The magnitude of safety margin for various exposure scenarios is unknown. This shortcoming becomes more critical for medical applications where the safety guidelines are required to be relaxed. The purpose of this study was to quantify... 

    Development of a novel nano-sized anti-VEGFA nanobody with enhanced physicochemical and pharmacokinetic properties

    , Article Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine and Biotechnology ; Volume 46, Issue 7 , 2018 , Pages 1402-1414 ; 21691401 (ISSN) Khodabakhsh, F ; Norouzian, D ; Vaziri, B ; Ahangari Cohan, R ; Sardari, S ; Mahboudi, F ; Behdani, M ; Mansouri, K ; Mehdizadeh, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Since physiological and pathological processes occur at nano-environments, nanotechnology has considered as an efficient tool for designing of next generation specific biomolecules with enhanced pharmacodynamic and pharmacodynamic properties. In the current investigation, by control of the size and hydrodynamic volume at the nanoscale, for the first time, physicochemical and pharmacokinetic properties of an anti-VEGFA nanobody was remarkably improved by attachment of a Proline-Alanine-Serine (PAS) rich sequence. The results elucidated unexpected impressive effects of PAS sequence on physicochemical properties especially on size, hydrodynamics radius, and even solubility of nanobody. CD... 

    Design and fabrication of an electrochemical aptasensor using Au nanoparticles/carbon nanoparticles/cellulose nanofibers nanocomposite for rapid and sensitive detection of Staphylococcus aureus

    , Article Bioelectrochemistry ; Volume 123 , 2018 , Pages 70-76 ; 15675394 (ISSN) Ranjbar, S ; Shahrokhian, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2018
    Since that pathogenic bacteria are major threats to human health, this paper describes the fabrication of an effective and durable sensing platform based on gold nanoparticles/carbon nanoparticles/cellulose nanofibers nanocomposite (AuNPs/CNPs/CNFs) at the surface of glassy carbon electrode for sensitive and selective detection of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus). The AuNPs/CNPs/CNFs nanocomposite with the high surface area, excellent conductivity, and good biocompatibility was used for self-assembled of the thiolated specific S. aureus aptamer as a sensing element. The surface morphology of AuNPs/CNPs/CNFs nanocomposite was characterized with field emission scanning electron microscopy... 

    Genome annotation and comparative genomic analysis of Bacillus subtilis MJ01, a new bio-degradation strain isolated from oil-contaminated soil

    , Article Functional and Integrative Genomics ; Volume 18, Issue 5 , 2018 , Pages 533-543 ; 1438793X (ISSN) Rahimi, T ; Niazi, A ; Deihimi, T ; Taghavi, S. M ; Ayatollahi, S ; Ebrahimie, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Verlag  2018
    One of the main challenges in elimination of oil contamination from polluted environments is improvement of biodegradation by highly efficient microorganisms. Bacillus subtilis MJ01 has been evaluated as a new resource for producing biosurfactant compounds. This bacterium, which produces surfactin, is able to enhance bio-accessibility to oil hydrocarbons in contaminated soils. The genome of B. subtilis MJ01 was sequenced and assembled by PacBio RS sequencing technology. One big contig with a length of 4,108,293 bp without any gap was assembled. Genome annotation and prediction of gene showed that MJ01 genome is very similar to B. subtilis spizizenii TU-B-10 (95% similarity). The comparison...