Search for: physiological-models
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    A novel distributed model of the heart under normal and congestive heart failure conditions

    , Article Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine ; Volume 227, Issue 4 , 2013 , Pages 362-372 ; 09544119 (ISSN) Ravanshadi, S ; Jahed, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Conventional models of cardiovascular system frequently lack required detail and focus primarily on the overall relationship between pressure, flow and volume. This study proposes a localized and regional model of the cardiovascular system. It utilizes noninvasive blood flow and pressure seed data and temporal cardiac muscle regional activity to predict the operation of the heart under normal and congestive heart failure conditions. The analysis considers specific regions of the heart, namely, base, mid and apex of left ventricle. The proposed method of parameter estimation for hydraulic electric analogy model is recursive least squares algorithm. Based on simulation results and comparison... 

    Multidimensional modeling of the stenosed carotid artery: A novel CAD approach accompanied by an extensive lumped model

    , Article Acta Mechanica Sinica/Lixue Xuebao ; Vol. 30, issue. 2 , 2014 , p. 259-273 Kashefi, A ; Mahdinia, M ; Firoozabadi, B ; Amirkhosravi, M ; Ahmadi, G ; Saidi, M. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    This study describes a multidimensional 3D/lumped parameter (LP) model which contains appropriate inflow/outflow boundary conditions in order to model the entire human arterial trees. A new extensive LP model of the entire arterial network (48 arteries) was developed including the effect of vessel diameter tapering and the parameterization of resistance, conductor and inductor variables. A computer aided-design (CAD) algorithm was proposed to efficiently handle the coupling of two or more 3D models with the LP model, and substantially lessen the coupling processing time. Realistic boundary conditions and Navier-Stokes equations in healthy and stenosed models of carotid artery bifurcation... 

    Effect of stimuli-responsive nano haydrogel finishing on cotton fabric properties

    , Article Indian Journal of Fibre and Textile Research ; Volume 40, Issue 4 , 2015 , Pages 431-436 ; 09710426 (ISSN) Bashari, A ; Hemmati Nejad, N ; Pourjavadi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources (NISCAIR)  2015
    Cotton fabrics have been prepared with smart properties by functional finishing with stimuli-responsive nano gel. A biopolymer (chitosan) and a synthetic polymer (poly-NiPAAm) have been used for the synthesis of nano gel through semi-batch surfactant-free dispersion polymerization (SB-SFDP) method. The incorporation of nano gel to textile fabrics is achieved by pad-dry-cure procedure, using an aqueous nano gel dispersion and 1,2,3,4-butantetracarboxylic acid as a crosslinking agent. With this cross linking method, it is possible to integrate the nano gel into the cotton fabric’s structure with good resistance to washing. The changes in physiological comfort parameters of cotton fabric such... 

    Design and analysis of a novel parallel mechanism for prosthetic knee wear test simulators

    , Article Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology ; Volume 31, Issue 2 , 2017 , Pages 885-892 ; 1738494X (ISSN) Daeinejad, F. S ; Farahmand, F ; Durali, M ; Abedinnasab, M. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers  2017
    Using a parallel mechanism in the wear test simulators of prosthetic knees provides an easy access to the femoral and tibial components during tests. Moreover, because of its higher accuracy and load capacity, in comparison with serial mechanisms, it allows simulation of heavier tasks, such as climbing stairs, to be performed. This paper describes a new 3 Degree of freedom (DoF) spatial 2T1R (T: Translational DoF; R: Rotational DoF) parallel mechanism, for reproducing the force and motion of the tibial component of the knee prostheses in a wear test simulator. Kinematics and dynamics analysis of the mechanism indicated that it can satisfy the required DoFs, workspace and load capacity... 

    A novel integrated framework to evaluate greenhouse energy demand and crop yield production

    , Article Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews ; Volume 96 , 2018 , Pages 487-501 ; 13640321 (ISSN) Golzar, F ; Heeren, N ; Hellweg, S ; Roshandel, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2018
    Greenhouses are complex systems that require considerable amounts of energy. In order to optimize their performance, it is necessary to reduce the amount of energy per unit of crop produced. This requires a combined assessment of greenhouse energy balance and crop growth, as well as their interaction. In this work, more than 30 existing greenhouse models are reviewed and different algorithms are combined to propose an integrated energy-yield model. The physical model of greenhouse energy demand is based on the dynamic energy and mass balance while yield production is based on a physiological crop model. The integrated model is validated with observed energy demand and crop yield datasets... 

    Effects of different corneal ring segments with identical total arc length on keratoconic eyes: a finite element study

    , Article 26th National and 4th International Iranian Conference on Biomedical Engineering, ICBME 2019, 27 November 2019 through 28 November 2019 ; 2019 , Pages 1-3 ; 9781728156637 (ISBN) Katoozian, H. R ; Sajadi, S. B ; Khanlari, M ; Gholami, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2019
    Keratoconus (KC) is a progressive corneal disease. It is mostly characterized by corneal thinning and irregular steepening as well as formation of cone-shaped regions on the cornea. Amongst treatment modalities, implantation of Intrastromal Corneal Ring Segments (ICRSs) could decrease corneal surface irregularities. However, controversy exists over the selection of proper ICRSs. Here, the aim was to compare the effects of two sets of ICRSs. The ICRSs were identical both in cross-section and total arc length. The results showed that under normal physiological range of intraocular pressures (IOPs), the two selected ICRSs caused slightly different deformations in the same in-silico keratoconic... 

    Model-based fiducial points extraction for baseline wandered electrocardiograms

    , Article IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering ; Volume 55, Issue 1 , 2008 , Pages 347-351 ; 00189294 (ISSN) Sayadi, O ; Shamsollahi, M. B ; Sharif University of Technology
    A fast algorithm based on the nonlinear dynamical model for the electrocardiogram (ECG) is presented for the precise extraction of the characteristic points of these signals with baseline drift. Using the adaptive bionic wavelet transform, the baseline wander is removed efficiently. In fact by the means of the bionic wavelet transform, the resolution in the time-frequency domain can be adaptively adjusted not only by the signal frequency but also by the signal instantaneous amplitude and its first-order differential, which results in a better baseline wander cancellation. At the next step the parameters of the model are chosen to have the least square error with the original ECG. Determining... 

    Probe into the molecular mechanism of ibuprofen interaction with warfarin bound to human serum albumin in comparison to ascorbic and salicylic acids: Allosteric inhibition of anticoagulant release

    , Article Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling ; Volume 61, Issue 8 , 2021 , Pages 4045-4057 ; 15499596 (ISSN) Kalhor, H. R ; Taghikhani, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Chemical Society  2021
    The release of anticoagulant drugs such as warfarin from human serum albumin (HSA) has been important not only mechanistically but also clinically for patients who take multiple drugs simultaneously. In this study, the role of some commonly used drugs, including s-ibuprofen, ascorbic acid, and salicylic acid, was investigated in the release of warfarin bound to HSA in silico. The effects of the aforementioned drugs on the HSA-warfarin complex were investigated with molecular dynamics (MD) simulations using two approaches; in the first perspective, molecular docking was used to model the interaction of each drug with the HSA-warfarin complex, and in the second approach, drugs were positioned... 

    Gut-on-a-chip: Current progress and future opportunities

    , Article Biomaterials ; Volume 255 , 2020 Ashammakhi, N ; Nasiri, R ; Barros, N. R. D ; Tebon, P ; Thakor, J ; Goudie, M ; Shamloo, A ; Martin, M. G ; Khademhosseni, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2020
    Organ-on-a-chip technology tries to mimic the complexity of native tissues in vitro. Important progress has recently been made in using this technology to study the gut with and without microbiota. These in vitro models can serve as an alternative to animal models for studying physiology, pathology, and pharmacology. While these models have greater physiological relevance than two-dimensional (2D) cell systems in vitro, endocrine and immunological functions in gut-on-a-chip models are still poorly represented. Furthermore, the construction of complex models, in which different cell types and structures interact, remains a challenge. Generally, gut-on-a-chip models have the potential to... 

    Efficient biodegradation of naphthalene by a newly characterized indigenous achromobacter sp. FBHYA2 isolated from Tehran oil refinery complex

    , Article Water Science and Technology ; Volume 66, Issue 3 , March , 2012 , Pages 594-602 ; 02731223 (ISSN) Farjadfard, S ; Borghei, S. M ; Hassani, A. H ; Yakhchali, B ; Ardjmand, M ; Zeinali, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    IWA Pub  2012
    A bacterial strain, FBHYA2, capable of degrading naphthalene, was isolated from the American Petroleum Institute (API) separator of the Tehran Oil Refinery Complex (TORC). Strain FBHYA2 was identified as Achromobacter sp. based on physiological and biochemical characteristics and also phylogenetic similarity of 16S rRNA gene sequence. The optimal growth conditions for strain FBHYA2 were pH 6.0, 30°C and 1.0% NaCl. Strain FBHYA2 can utilize naphthalene as the sole source of carbon and energy and was able to degrade naphthalene aerobically very fast, 48 h for 96% removal at 500 mg/L concentration. The physiological response of Achromobacter sp., FBHYA2 to several hydrophobic chemicals... 

    Effect of body weight on spinal loads in various activities: A personalized biomechanical modeling approach

    , Article Journal of Biomechanics ; Volume 48, Issue 2 , 2015 , Pages 276-282 ; 00219290 (ISSN) Hajihosseinali, M ; Arjmand, N ; Shirazi Adl, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2015
    Epidemiological studies are divided over the causative role of body weight (BW) in low back pain. Biomechanical modeling is a valuable approach to examine the effect of changes in BW on spinal loads and risk of back pain. Changes in BW have not been properly simulated by previous models as associated alterations in model inputs on the musculature and moment arm of gravity loads have been neglected. A detailed, multi-joint, scalable model of the thoracolumbar spine is used to study the effect of BW (varying at five levels, i.e., 51, 68, 85, 102, and 119kg) on the L5-S1 spinal loads during various static symmetric activities while scaling moment arms and physiological cross-sectional areas of... 

    A new mathematical approach for detection of active area in human brain fMRI using nonlinear model

    , Article Biomedical Engineering - Applications, Basis and Communications ; Volume 22, Issue 5 , 2010 , Pages 409-418 ; 10162372 (ISSN) Taalimi, A ; Fatemizadeh, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is widely-used for detection of the brain's neural activity. The signals and images acquired through this imaging technique demonstrate the human brain's response to pre-scheduled tasks. Several studies on blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) signal responses demonstrate nonlinear behavior in response to a stimulus. In this paper we propose a new mathematical approach for modeling BOLD signal activity, which is able to model nonlinear and time variant behaviors of this physiological system. We employ the Nonlinear Auto Regressive Moving Average (NARMA) model to describe the mathematical relationship between output signals and predesigned... 

    Cuffless blood pressure estimation algorithms for continuous health-care monitoring

    , Article IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering ; Volume 64, Issue 4 , 2017 , Pages 859-869 ; 00189294 (ISSN) Kachuee, M ; Kiani, M. M ; Mohammadzade, H ; Shabany, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    IEEE Computer Society  2017
    Goal: Continuous blood pressure (BP) monitoring can provide invaluable information about individuals' health conditions. However, BP is conventionally measured using inconvenient cuff-based instruments, which prevents continuous BP monitoring. This paper presents an efficient algorithm, based on the pulse arrival time (PAT), for the continuous and cuffless estimation of the systolic BP, diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and mean arterial pressure (MAP) values. Methods: The proposed framework estimates the BP values through processing vital signals and extracting two types of features, which are based on either physiological parameters or whole-based representation of vital signals. Finally,... 

    A detailed and validated three dimensional dynamic model of the patellofemoral joint

    , Article Journal of Biomechanical Engineering ; Volume 134, Issue 4 , 2012 ; 01480731 (ISSN) Akbar, M ; Farahmand, F ; Jafari, A ; Foumani, M. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    A detailed 3D anatomical model of the patellofemoral joint was developed to study the tracking, force, contact and stability characteristics of the joint. The quadriceps was considered to include six components represented by 15 force vectors. The patellar tendon was modeled using four bundles of viscoelastic tensile elements. Each of the lateral and medial retinaculum was modeled by a three-bundle nonlinear spring. The femur and patella were considered as rigid bodies with their articular cartilage layers represented by an isotropic viscoelastic material. The geometrical and tracking data needed for model simulation, as well as validation of its results, were obtained from an in vivo... 

    A multiscale phase field method for joint segmentation-rigid registration application to motion estimation of human knee joint

    , Article Biomedical Engineering - Applications, Basis and Communications ; Volume 23, Issue 6 , 2011 , Pages 445-456 ; 10162372 (ISSN) Eslami, A ; Esfandiarpour, F ; Shakourirad, A ; Farahmand, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Image based registration of rigid objects has been frequently addressed in the literature to obtain an object's motion parameters. In this paper, a new approach of joint segmentation-rigid registration, within the variational framework of the phase field approximation of the Mumford-Shah's functional, is proposed. The defined functional consists of two Mumford-Shah equations, extracting the discontinuity set of the reference and target images due to a rigid spatial transformation. Multiscale minimization of the proposed functional after finite element discretization provided a sub-pixel, robust algorithm for edge extraction as well as edge based rigid registration. The implementation...