Search for: physiological-models
Total 35 records
Article Indian Journal of Fibre and Textile Research ; Volume 40, Issue 4 , 2015 , Pages 431-436 ; 09710426 (ISSN) ; Hemmati Nejad, N ; Pourjavadi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources (NISCAIR) 2015
Cotton fabrics have been prepared with smart properties by functional finishing with stimuli-responsive nano gel. A biopolymer (chitosan) and a synthetic polymer (poly-NiPAAm) have been used for the synthesis of nano gel through semi-batch surfactant-free dispersion polymerization (SB-SFDP) method. The incorporation of nano gel to textile fabrics is achieved by pad-dry-cure procedure, using an aqueous nano gel dispersion and 1,2,3,4-butantetracarboxylic acid as a crosslinking agent. With this cross linking method, it is possible to integrate the nano gel into the cotton fabric’s structure with good resistance to washing. The changes in physiological comfort parameters of cotton fabric such...
Effect of body weight on spinal loads in various activities: A personalized biomechanical modeling approach, Article Journal of Biomechanics ; Volume 48, Issue 2 , 2015 , Pages 276-282 ; 00219290 (ISSN) ; Arjmand, N ; Shirazi Adl, A ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2015
Epidemiological studies are divided over the causative role of body weight (BW) in low back pain. Biomechanical modeling is a valuable approach to examine the effect of changes in BW on spinal loads and risk of back pain. Changes in BW have not been properly simulated by previous models as associated alterations in model inputs on the musculature and moment arm of gravity loads have been neglected. A detailed, multi-joint, scalable model of the thoracolumbar spine is used to study the effect of BW (varying at five levels, i.e., 51, 68, 85, 102, and 119kg) on the L5-S1 spinal loads during various static symmetric activities while scaling moment arms and physiological cross-sectional areas of...
Article Mobile Robotics: Solutions and Challenges - Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Climbing and Walking Robots and the Support Technologies for Mobile Machines, CLAWAR 2009, 9 September 2009 through 11 September 2009, Istanbul ; 2010 , Pages 1113-1120 ; 9814291269 (ISBN) ; 9789814291262 (ISBN) ; Farahmand, F ; Zohour, H ; Sharif University of Technology
A two-dimensional seven link biped dynamic model was developed to investigate the mechanical characteristics of the normal and amputee locomotion during the complete gait cycle. The foot-ground contact was simulated using a five-point penetration contact model. The equations of motion were derived using Lagrange method. Optimization of the normal human walking model provided constant coefficients for the driving torque equations that could reasonably reproduce the normal kinematical pattern. The resulting torques were then applied to the intact joints of the amputee model with a prosthetic leg equipped with a kinematical driver controller for the ankle and either a hydraulic, elastic or...
Article 26th National and 4th International Iranian Conference on Biomedical Engineering, ICBME 2019, 27 November 2019 through 28 November 2019 ; 2019 , Pages 236-241 ; 9781728156637 (ISBN) ; Asghari, M ; Behzadipour, S ; Sharif University of Technology
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc 2019
Computational models of the central nervous system after a stroke helps to reveal the physiological mechanisms that may have strong impacts on the neuro-motor rehabilitation approaches. This paper studies the stroke subject's motor control mechanism in reaching movements by extending the previous study by incorporating the kinematics of motion as well as neural disconnection between the muscles and the CNS to further develop a planar patient specific neuro-musculoskeletal model of arm. The developed model was calibrated to eight post-stroke individuals by altering the Muscle Significance Factors (MFS) using numerical optimization to match the simulated motions with those measured...
Article Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology ; Volume 31, Issue 2 , 2017 , Pages 885-892 ; 1738494X (ISSN) ; Farahmand, F ; Durali, M ; Abedinnasab, M. H ; Sharif University of Technology
Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers 2017
Using a parallel mechanism in the wear test simulators of prosthetic knees provides an easy access to the femoral and tibial components during tests. Moreover, because of its higher accuracy and load capacity, in comparison with serial mechanisms, it allows simulation of heavier tasks, such as climbing stairs, to be performed. This paper describes a new 3 Degree of freedom (DoF) spatial 2T1R (T: Translational DoF; R: Rotational DoF) parallel mechanism, for reproducing the force and motion of the tibial component of the knee prostheses in a wear test simulator. Kinematics and dynamics analysis of the mechanism indicated that it can satisfy the required DoFs, workspace and load capacity...
Article Proceedings - IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, 24 May 2015 through 27 May 2015 ; Volume 2015-July , 2015 , Pages 1006-1009 ; 02714310 (ISSN) ; 9781479983919 (ISBN) ; Kiani, M.M ; Mohammadzade, H ; Shabany, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc 2015
Recently a few methods have been proposed in the literature for non-invasive cuff-less estimation of systolic and diastolic blood pressures. One of the most prominent methods is to use the Pulse Transit Time (PTT). Although it is proven that PTT has a strong correlation with the systolic and diastolic blood pressures, this relation is highly dependent to each individuals physiological properties. Therefore, it requires per person calibration for accurate and reliable blood pressure estimation from PTT, which is a big drawback. To alleviate this issue, in this paper, a novel method is proposed for accurate and reliable estimation of blood pressure that is calibration-free. This goal is...
Article IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering ; Volume 64, Issue 4 , 2017 , Pages 859-869 ; 00189294 (ISSN) ; Kiani, M. M ; Mohammadzade, H ; Shabany, M ; Sharif University of Technology
IEEE Computer Society 2017
Goal: Continuous blood pressure (BP) monitoring can provide invaluable information about individuals' health conditions. However, BP is conventionally measured using inconvenient cuff-based instruments, which prevents continuous BP monitoring. This paper presents an efficient algorithm, based on the pulse arrival time (PAT), for the continuous and cuffless estimation of the systolic BP, diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and mean arterial pressure (MAP) values. Methods: The proposed framework estimates the BP values through processing vital signals and extracting two types of features, which are based on either physiological parameters or whole-based representation of vital signals. Finally,...
Article Proceedings - IEEE-EMBS International Conference on Biomedical and Health Informatics: Global Grand Challenge of Health Informatics, BHI 2012 ; 2012 , Pages 152-154 ; 9781457721779 (ISBN) ; Maghooli, K ; Afdideh, F ; Azimi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
Person authentication based on only the name, password or person identification number is not secured enough. In recent years researchers have focused on human physiological and behavioral parameters, because these parameters are more unique and human-specific than traditional ones. This approach of person authentication is usually called biometric authentication. Signature is the most commonly used behavioral biometric which is investigated in two ways of online and offline by researchers. In online procedure, the temporal indices of signature such as signing velocity, and acceleration are involved to increase the accuracy relative to offline methods and to recognize counterfeit signatures....
Article International Journal of Advanced Robotic Systems ; Volume 10 , 2013 ; 17298806 (ISSN) ; Farahmand, F ; Osman, N. A. A ; Zohoor, H ; Sharif University of Technology
A two-dimensional, seven link, nine degrees of freedom biped model was developed to investigate the dynamic characteristics of normal and transfemoral amputee locomotion during the entire gait cycle. The equations of motion were derived using the Lagrange method and the stance foot-ground contact was simulated using a five-point penetration model. The joint driving torques were obtained using forward dynamic optimization of the normal human gait and applied to the intact joints of the amputee. Three types of motion controllers; frictional, elastic and hydraulic were considered for the prosthetic joints of the amputee and their design parameters were optimized to achieve the closest...
A Physiological model-based study of flow-mediated dilation in peripheral arteries using finger photoplethysmogram signal, Article 2017 24th Iranian Conference on Biomedical Engineering and 2017 2nd International Iranian Conference on Biomedical Engineering, ICBME 2017, 30 November 2017 through 1 December 2017 ; 2018 ; 9781538636091 (ISBN) ; Zahedi, E ; Vosoughi Vahdat, B ; Sharif University of Technology
Flow-mediated dilation measurement in the brachial artery using ultrasound imaging (FMD-US) is a common noninvasive procedure for endothelial function evaluation in the peripheral arteries. As FMD-US is operator-dependent and involves onerous equipment, its use has been mostly confined to research settings. In this paper, we propose to use the more accessible finger photoplethysmogram signal in conjunction with the FMD test (FMD-PPG) as a surrogate method. To this end, a tube-load physiological model of the upper arterial path in the arm is developed. Signals acquired from young and elderly subjects (N=20) are then investigated using model parameter estimation by the genetic algorithm. Our...
Article Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews ; Volume 96 , 2018 , Pages 487-501 ; 13640321 (ISSN) ; Heeren, N ; Hellweg, S ; Roshandel, R ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2018
Greenhouses are complex systems that require considerable amounts of energy. In order to optimize their performance, it is necessary to reduce the amount of energy per unit of crop produced. This requires a combined assessment of greenhouse energy balance and crop growth, as well as their interaction. In this work, more than 30 existing greenhouse models are reviewed and different algorithms are combined to propose an integrated energy-yield model. The physical model of greenhouse energy demand is based on the dynamic energy and mass balance while yield production is based on a physiological crop model. The integrated model is validated with observed energy demand and crop yield datasets...
Article Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine ; Volume 227, Issue 4 , 2013 , Pages 362-372 ; 09544119 (ISSN) ; Jahed, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Conventional models of cardiovascular system frequently lack required detail and focus primarily on the overall relationship between pressure, flow and volume. This study proposes a localized and regional model of the cardiovascular system. It utilizes noninvasive blood flow and pressure seed data and temporal cardiac muscle regional activity to predict the operation of the heart under normal and congestive heart failure conditions. The analysis considers specific regions of the heart, namely, base, mid and apex of left ventricle. The proposed method of parameter estimation for hydraulic electric analogy model is recursive least squares algorithm. Based on simulation results and comparison...
Article Biomedical Engineering - Applications, Basis and Communications ; Volume 22, Issue 5 , 2010 , Pages 409-418 ; 10162372 (ISSN) ; Fatemizadeh, E ; Sharif University of Technology
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is widely-used for detection of the brain's neural activity. The signals and images acquired through this imaging technique demonstrate the human brain's response to pre-scheduled tasks. Several studies on blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) signal responses demonstrate nonlinear behavior in response to a stimulus. In this paper we propose a new mathematical approach for modeling BOLD signal activity, which is able to model nonlinear and time variant behaviors of this physiological system. We employ the Nonlinear Auto Regressive Moving Average (NARMA) model to describe the mathematical relationship between output signals and predesigned...
A multiscale phase field method for joint segmentation-rigid registration application to motion estimation of human knee joint, Article Biomedical Engineering - Applications, Basis and Communications ; Volume 23, Issue 6 , 2011 , Pages 445-456 ; 10162372 (ISSN) ; Esfandiarpour, F ; Shakourirad, A ; Farahmand, F ; Sharif University of Technology
Image based registration of rigid objects has been frequently addressed in the literature to obtain an object's motion parameters. In this paper, a new approach of joint segmentation-rigid registration, within the variational framework of the phase field approximation of the Mumford-Shah's functional, is proposed. The defined functional consists of two Mumford-Shah equations, extracting the discontinuity set of the reference and target images due to a rigid spatial transformation. Multiscale minimization of the proposed functional after finite element discretization provided a sub-pixel, robust algorithm for edge extraction as well as edge based rigid registration. The implementation...
Article Journal of Biomechanical Engineering ; Volume 134, Issue 4 , 2012 ; 01480731 (ISSN) ; Farahmand, F ; Jafari, A ; Foumani, M. S ; Sharif University of Technology
A detailed 3D anatomical model of the patellofemoral joint was developed to study the tracking, force, contact and stability characteristics of the joint. The quadriceps was considered to include six components represented by 15 force vectors. The patellar tendon was modeled using four bundles of viscoelastic tensile elements. Each of the lateral and medial retinaculum was modeled by a three-bundle nonlinear spring. The femur and patella were considered as rigid bodies with their articular cartilage layers represented by an isotropic viscoelastic material. The geometrical and tracking data needed for model simulation, as well as validation of its results, were obtained from an in vivo...