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    Adjustable primitive pattern generator: A novel cerebellar model for reaching movements

    , Article Neuroscience Letters ; Volume 406, Issue 3 , 2006 , Pages 232-234 ; 03043940 (ISSN) Vahdat, S ; Maghsoudi, A ; Haji Hasani, M ; Towhidkhah, F ; Gharibzadeh, S ; Jahed, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Cerebellum has been assumed as an array of adjustable pattern generators (APGs). In recent years, electrophysiological researches have suggested the existence of modular structures in spinal cord called motor primitives. In our proposed model, each "adjustable primitive pattern generator" (APPG) module in the cerebellum is consisted of a large number of parallel APGs, the output of each module being the weighted sum of the outputs of these APGs. Each spinal field is tuned by a coefficient, representing a descending supraspinal command, which is modulated by ith APPG correspondingly. According to this model, motor control can be interpreted in terms of the modification of these coefficients.... 

    Analysis of non-stationary data for heart-rate fluctuations in terms of drift and diffusion coefficients

    , Article Journal of Biological Physics ; Volume 32, Issue 2 , 2006 , Pages 117-128 ; 00920606 (ISSN) Ghasemi, F ; Sahimi, M ; Peinke, J ; Rahimi Tabar, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    We describe a method for analyzing the stochasticity in non-stationary data for the beat-to-beat fluctuations in the heart rates of healthy subjects, as well as those with congestive heart failure. The method analyzes the return time series of the data as a Markov process, and computes the Markov time scale, i.e., the time scale over which the data are a Markov process. We also construct an effective stochastic continuum equation for the return series. We show that the drift and diffusion coefficients, as well as the amplitude of the return time series for healthy subjects are distinct from those with CHF. Thus, the method may potentially provide a diagnostic tool for distinguishing healthy... 

    Sparse ICA via cluster-wise PCA

    , Article Neurocomputing ; Volume 69, Issue 13-15 , 2006 , Pages 1458-1466 ; 09252312 (ISSN) Babaie Zadeh, M ; Jutten, C ; Mansour, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this paper, it is shown that independent component analysis (ICA) of sparse signals (sparse ICA) can be seen as a cluster-wise principal component analysis (PCA). Consequently, Sparse ICA may be done by a combination of a clustering algorithm and PCA. For the clustering part, we use, in this paper, an algorithm inspired from K-means. The final algorithm is easy to implement for any number of sources. Experimental results points out the good performance of the method, whose the main restriction is to request an exponential growing of the sample number as the number of sources increases. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved  

    Characterization of essential oil components of Iranian geranium oil using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry combined with chemometric resolution techniques

    , Article Journal of Chromatography A ; Volume 1114, Issue 1 , 2006 , Pages 154-163 ; 00219673 (ISSN) Jalali Heravi, M ; Zekavat, B ; Sereshti, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    The essential oil components of geranium oil cultivated in center of Iran were identified and determined using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry data combined with the chemometric resolution techniques. A total of 61 components accounting for 91.51% were identified using similarity searches between the mass spectra and MS database. This number was extended to 85 components using chemometric techniques. Various chemometric methods such as morphological scores, simplified Borgen method (SBM) and fixed size moving window evolving factor analysis (FSMWEFA) were used for determining the number of components, pure variables, zero concentration and selective regions. Then the overlapping peak... 

    Use of second-order calibration for residue screening of some triazines in the presence of coeluting interferences by gas chromatography-selected ion mass spectrometry

    , Article Analytica Chimica Acta ; Volume 537, Issue 1-2 , 2005 , Pages 89-100 ; 00032670 (ISSN) Jalali Heravi, M ; Vosough, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2005
    The quantities of residues of some triazines such as prometon, propazine, atrazine and simazine in complex matrices of apple samples were determined, using gas chromatography-selected ion mass (GC-SIM) spectrometry. Generalized rank annihilation method (GRAM) as a second-order calibration technique was used for screening, resolving and finally determining the amounts of the residues. Before the GRAM analysis, different steps of data preprocessing such as background correction, de-skewing and standardization for rank alignment was used for every target analyte. The de-skewing and rank alignment algorithms were used for bilinearity and trilinearity corrections, respectively. The two data... 

    Simulation of competition between two microorganisms in a biofilm reactor based on different growth models

    , Article Biochemical Engineering Journal ; Volume 23, Issue 1 , 2005 , Pages 63-72 ; 1369703X (ISSN) Khoyi, M. R ; Yaghmaei, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    A simple biofilm model based on a model suggested by Soda et al. [S. Soda, E. Heinzle, M. Fujita, Modeling and simulation of competition between two microorganisms for a single inhibitory substrate in a biofilm reactor, Biotechnol. Bioeng. 66 (1999) 258-264] was used to simulate the competition between two microorganisms for space and a single inhibitory substrate in a biofilm reactor. Different growth kinetics were used to describe the growth of two microorganisms A and B which utilize the inhibitory substrate and the effect of biofilm thickness on microorganism concentration in biofilm was discussed. It was assumed that the biofilm has a uniform thickness and is composed of N segments (N =... 

    Permeability reduction of membranes during particulate suspension flow; analytical micro model of size exclusion mechanism

    , Article Journal of Membrane Science ; Vol. 435, issue , May , 2013 , p. 155-164 ; ISSN: 3767388 Bashtani, F ; Ayatollahi, S ; Habibi, A ; Masihi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Particle capture at porous media in cross-flow microfiltration is studied to investigate permeability reduction as a function of membrane pore size and particle size distribution. A new model in pore scale and its pertinent mathematical expressions, which consider pore and particle size distribution, are provided. Permeability reduction of the membrane because of size exclusion during particulate suspension flow was predicted using the developed model. It is assumed that the size exclusion is the dominant mechanism of particle retention causes pore blocking and permeability reduction in the porous media.The exact analytical solution of the stochastic model for size exclusion is used to... 

    Disease diagnosis with a hybrid method SVR using NSGA-II

    , Article Neurocomputing ; Vol. 136 , 2014 , pp. 14-29 Zangooei, M. H ; Habibi, J ; Alizadehsani, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Early diagnosis of any disease at a lower cost is preferable. Automatic medical diagnosis classification tools reduce financial burden on health care systems. In medical diagnosis, patterns consist of observable symptoms and the results of diagnostic tests, which have various associated costs and risks. In this paper, we have experimented and suggested an automated pattern classification method for classifying four diseases into two classes. In the literature on machine learning or data mining, regression and classification problems are typically viewed as two distinct problems differentiated by continuous or categorical dependent variables. There are endeavors to use regression methods to... 

    Synthesis, characterization, and cesium sorption performance of potassium nickel hexacyanoferrate-loaded granular activated carbon

    , Article Particulate Science and Technology ; Vol. 32, issue. 4 , 2014 , pp. 348-354 ; ISSN: 02726351 Dashtinejad, M ; Samadfam, M ; Fasihi, J ; Grayeli Fumeshkenar, F ; Sepehrian, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    GAC has been modified by loading of potassium nickel hexacyanoferrate (KNiCF) as a new adsorbent for cesium adsorption. The potassium nickel hexacyanoferrate-loaded granular activated carbon (KNiCF-GAC) was characterized using powder x-ray diffraction (XRD) and nitrogen adsorption-desorption isotherm data, infrared spectroscopy, and its cesium adsorption performance in aqueous solution was investigated. The effect of the various parameters such as initial pH value of the solution, contact time, temperature, and initial concentration of the cesium ion on the adsorption efficiencies of KNiCF-GAC have been studied systematically by batch experiments. The adsorption isotherm of KNiCF-GAC was... 

    Separation of CO2/CH4 through alumina-supported geminal ionic liquid membranes

    , Article Journal of Membrane Science ; Vol. 455 , 2014 , pp. 229-235 ; ISSN: 03767388 Shahkaramipour, N ; Adibi, M ; Seifkordi, A. A ; Fazli, Y ; Sharif University of Technology
    Interesting properties of ionic liquids lead to their application as sub-component of membrane structures. Supported ionic liquid membranes (SILMs) are porous membranes whose pores are saturated with ionic liquids. Two ionic liquids, pr[mim]2[Tf2N]2 [1,3-di(3-methyl-imidazolium) propane bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl) imide] and, h[mim]2 [Tf2N]2 [(1,6-di(3-methylimidazolium)hexane bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide)], were synthesized in our laboratory and stabilized on an alumina porous support. Permeability and permselectivity of carbon dioxide and methane using membranes containing these ionic liquids were then measured. The experiments were performed in the pressure range of 10-50kPa and... 

    Amino acids and their complex formation properties with divalent metal ions, a comparative investigation of structure and stability in binary systems

    , Article Current Pharmaceutical Analysis ; Volume 10, Issue 2 , 2014 , Pages 122-134 ; ISSN: 15734129 Sajadi, S. A. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    A comparative investigation has been developed for the stability constants of several amino acid complexes with divalent metal ions, which have been determined by potentiometric pH titration. Depending on the metal ion-binding properties, vital differences in the building complexes were observed. The present study indicates that in some M(L) complexes, metal ions are arranged in carboxyl groups, but in other M(L)complexes, some metal ions are able to build chelate over amine groups. The results mentioned-above demonstrate that for some M(L) complexes, the stability constants are also largely determined by the affinity of metal ions for amine group. This leads to a kind of selectivity of... 

    Silver nanoparticles-polyaniline nanocomposite for microextraction in packed syringe

    , Article Chromatographia ; Vol. 77, issue. 5-6 , 2014 , pp. 397-403 ; ISSN: 00095893 Bagheri, H ; Banihashemi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    A rapid, convenient and reliable method for microextraction in packed syringe (MEPS) of the loop diuretic furosemide (FUR) in urine along with high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was developed. A nanocomposite based on silver nanoparticles/polyaniline (Ag-NPs/PANI) was synthesized and used as the MEPS packing material. This nanocomposite was prepared conveniently using interfacial polymerization without the need for any templates or functional dopants. The feasibility of the synthesized nanocomposites was examined by isolation of FUR from diluted urine samples. After extraction, the analyte was desorbed by 200 μL of methanol. It was then dried and the residue was dissolved in 30 μL... 

    On-line micro solid-phase extraction of clodinafop propargyl from water, soil and wheat samples using electrospun polyamide nanofibers

    , Article Chromatographia ; Vol. 77, issue. 9-10 , May , 2014 , p. 723-728 Bagheri, H ; Asgari, S ; Piri-Moghadam, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    An on-line extraction/determination set up was designed for micro solid-phase extraction of clodinafop propargyl from water, soil and wheat samples using electrospun polyamide nanofiber mats. The prepared mats were packed in a stainless steel tube which conveniently acted as a high-performance liquid chromatography injection loop. Influential parameters affecting the extraction efficiency were optimized using a distilled water sample fortified with 25 μg L-1 of clodinafop propargyl. An enrichment factor of 440 was achieved for clodinafop propargyl indicating the ability of the whole procedure. Under the optimum conditions, the linearity for the analyte was in the range of 6-700 μg L-1, while... 

    Simulation of blood oxygenation in capillary membrane oxygenators using modified sulfite solution

    , Article Biophysical Chemistry ; Vol. 195, issue , Dec , 2014 , p. 8-15 Tabesh, H ; Amoabediny, G ; Rasouli, A ; Ramedani, A ; Poorkhalil, A ; Kashefi, A ; Mottaghy, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Blood oxygenation is the main performance characteristic of capillary membrane oxygenators (CMOs). Handling of natural blood in in vitro investigations of CMOs is quite complex and time-consuming. Since the conventional blood analog fluids (e.g. water/glycerol) lack a substance with an affinity to capture oxygen comparable to hemoglobin's affinity, in this study a novel approach using modified sulfite solution is proposed to address this challenge. The solution comprises sodium sulfite as a component, simulating the role of hemoglobin in blood oxygenation. This approach is validated by OTR (oxygen transfer rate) measured using native porcine blood, in two types of commercially available... 

    Emergence of molecular chirality due to chiral interactions in a biological environment

    , Article Journal of Biological Physics ; Vol. 40, issue. 4 , Jul , 2014 , p. 369-386 Tirandaz, A ; Ghahramani, F. T ; Shafiee, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    We explore the interplay between tunneling process and chiral interactions in the discrimination of chiral states for an ensemble of molecules in a biological environment. Each molecule is described by an asymmetric double-well potential and the environment is modeled as a bath of harmonic oscillators. We carefully analyze different time-scales appearing in the resulting master equation at both weak- and strong-coupling limits. The corresponding results are accompanied by a set of coupled differential equations characterizing optical activity of the molecules. We show that, at the weak-coupling limit, chiral interactions prohibit the coherent racemization induced by decoherence effects and... 

    Disc size markedly influences concentration profiles of intravenously administered solutes in the intervertebral disc: A computational study on glucosamine as a model solute

    , Article European Spine Journal ; Vol. 23, issue. 4 , April , 2014 , p. 715-723 Motaghinasab, S ; Shirazi-Adl, A ; Parnianpour, M ; Urban, J. P. G ; Sharif University of Technology
    Purpose: Tests on animals of different species with large differences in intervertebral disc size are commonly used to investigate the therapeutic efficacy of intravenously injected solutes in the disc. We hypothesize that disc size markedly affects outcome. Methods: Here, using a small non-metabolized molecule, glucosamine (GL) as a model solute, we calculate the influence of disc size on transport of GL into rat, rabbit, dog and human discs for 10 h post intravenous-injection. We used transient finite element models and considered an identical GL supply for all animals. Results: Huge effects of disc size on GL concentration profiles were found. Post-injection GL concentration in the rat... 

    MRI-PET image fusion based on NSCT transform using local energy and local variance fusion rules

    , Article Journal of Medical Engineering and Technology ; Vol. 38, issue. 4 , 2014 , p. 211-219 Amini, N ; Fatemizadeh, E ; Behnam, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Image fusion means to integrate information from one image to another image. Medical images according to the nature of the images are divided into structural (such as CT and MRI) and functional (such as SPECT, PET). This article fused MRI and PET images and the purpose is adding structural information from MRI to functional information of PET images. The images decomposed with Nonsubsampled Contourlet Transform and then two images were fused with applying fusion rules. The coefficients of the low frequency band are combined by a maximal energy rule and coefficients of the high frequency bands are combined by a maximal variance rule. Finally, visual and quantitative criteria were used to... 

    Lumbopelvic rhythm during forward and backward sagittal trunk rotations: Combined in vivo measurement with inertial tracking device and biomechanical modeling

    , Article Clinical Biomechanics ; Vol. 29, issue. 1 , 2014 , pp. 7-13 ; ISSN: 02680033 Tafazzol, A ; Arjmand, N ; Shirazi-Adl, A ; Parnianpour, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Background The ratio of total lumbar rotation over pelvic rotation (lumbopelvic rhythm) during trunk sagittal movement is essential to evaluate spinal loads and discriminate between low back pain and asymptomatic population. Methods Angular rotations of the pelvis and lumbar spine as well as their sagittal rhythm during forward flexion and backward extension in upright standing of eight asymptomatic males are measured using an inertial tracking device. The effect of variations in the lumbopelvic ratio during trunk flexion on spinal loads is quantified using a detailed musculoskeletal model. Findings The mean of peak voluntary flexion rotations of the thorax, pelvis, and lumbar was 121 (SD... 

    Particle dispersion dependency on the entrance position in bidirectional flow

    , Article Particulate Science and Technology ; Volume 31, Issue 6 , 2013 , Pages 576-584 ; 02726351 (ISSN) Dehghani, S. R ; Saidi, M. H ; Mozafari, A. A ; Soleimani, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    This article presents a process of numerically predicting and experimentally verifying the dispersion quality and penetration level of fuel particles entering and moving in various directions relative to vortex engine walls. If the length scale of particles considered in this study is not comparable to the chamber length and, furthermore, the density is ignored, the effect of the particle on the flow field can be neglected and a one-way solution will be viable for the problem. The solutions in each case are carried out to estimate the particle trajectory and parameters affecting it. The governing equations are converted to a set of nonlinear, coupled, ordinary differential equations (ODEs)... 

    Evaluation of biodiesel production using lipase immobilized on magnetic silica nanocomposite particles of various structures

    , Article Biochemical Engineering Journal ; Volume 79 , 2013 , Pages 267-273 ; 1369703X (ISSN) Kalantari, M ; Kazemeini, M ; Arpanaei, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Nonporous and mesoporous silica-coated magnetite cluster nanocomposites particles were fabricated with various silica structures in order to develop a desired carrier for the lipase immobilization and subsequent biodiesel production. Lipase from Pseudomonas cepacia was covalently bound to the amino-functionalized particles using glutaraldehyde as a coupling agent. The hybrid systems that were obtained exhibited high stability and easy recovery regardless of the silica structure, following the application of an external magnetic field. The immobilized lipases were then used as the recoverable biocatalyst in a transesterification reaction to convert the soybean oil to biodiesel with methanol....