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    The analysis of critical factors of success (failure) for Iran nanotechnology research & development via fuzzy map approach

    , Article IEOM 2015 - 5th International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management, Proceeding, 3 March 2015 through 5 March 2015 ; 2015 ; 9781479960651 (ISBN) Yassaei, S ; Ghassemi, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2015
    Experiment is a procedure for verifying or establishing the validity of a hypothesis and then measuring or evaluating its outcomes. Due to the inherent uncertainties or ambiguities of its outcomes, a further treatment is needed for producing identical results. Fuzzy map is an approach for removing the uncertainties of the outcomes. In this manuscript, the procedure employed for conducting research and development in the field of nontechnology, in a developing country, is considered and the factors governing its success and its failures are analyzed. To accomplish this task, a thorough literature review was performed and the related critical factors were identified. Then an extensive survey... 

    Spotlight on kinetic and equilibrium adsorption of a new surfactant onto sandstone minerals: A comparative study

    , Article Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers ; Volume 50 , May , 2015 , Pages 12-23 ; 18761070 (ISSN) Arabloo, M ; Ghazanfari, M. H ; Rashtchian, D ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers  2015
    This paper presents a state of the art review of adsorption models for a new plant-based surfactant adsorption onto sandstone minerals. The adsorption data at both kinetic and equilibrium modes were obtained from batch experiments. Four adsorption kinetic models, five two-parameter, and six three-parameter equilibrium models were used for interpretation of the obtained data. Among the two and three-parameter isotherm models applied, the Jovanovic and the Khan isotherms showed the best fit, respectively. And the pseudo-second order model presented a better fit than other kinetic models. Finally, a computer-based modeling approach was developed and used for predicting the kinetics of... 

    Pre-mission activities for the space higher education

    , Article 61st International Astronautical Congress 2010, IAC 2010, 27 September 2010 through 1 October 2010, Prague ; Volume 3 , 2010 , Pages 2360-2366 ; 9781617823688 (ISBN) Vernoosfaderani, M. T ; Malaek, M. B ; Jazebizadeh, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Based on general "System Theory", a system when it comes to its intended operational life; must exhibits three distinguished phases of (1) Pre-mission, (2) Mission, and (3) Post-mission. During Pre-mission one evaluates the system elements readiness to conduct the mission; their proper configurations in addition to their support roles to conduct their organizational role. During Post-mission, we check whether our evaluations were in fact, correct to the levels expected. Both pre and post mission phases are necessary for a successful mission. An education system; especially designed for space applications which aims to deliver the necessary workforce for the relevant industries and other... 

    The linkage of technology strategy and overall strategy of multi business diversified groups: Literature review and theoritical framework

    , Article PICMET '10 - Portland International Center for Management of Engineering and Technology, Proceedings - Technology Management for Global Economic Growth, 18 July 2010 through 22 July 2010, Phuket ; July , 2010 , Pages 22-33 ; 9781890843229 (ISBN) Arasti, M. R ; Khaleghi, M ; Noori, J ; Sharif University of Technology
    This article deals with technology strategy and its linkage with overall strategy at multi-business, diversified groups. In the last two decades, the alignment of technology and business strategy has been one of the important research fields in strategy and technology management scopes. These researchs has been concentrated on single companies through which different frameworks, models & decision support tools have been developed and widely utilized by industries. Although multi-business and diversified groups play an important role in global and national economics and need a comprehensive and overall plan for the management of their diversified technological assets, there are few researchs... 

    Analyzing organizational capabilities as systems: A conceptual framework

    , Article 18th International Dependency and Structure Modeling Conference: Sustainability in Modern Project Management, DSM 2016, 29 August 2016 through 30 August 2016 ; 2016 , Pages 67-76 Arasti, M ; Khaleghi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    International Dependency and Structure Modeling Conference  2016
    Operational capabilities are used in resource based view in strategic management literature to explain how the difference in performing similar activities results in heterogeneity between firms. In order to advance our understanding of this concept, using a system metaphor, we try to shape a framework for micro-level analysis of operational capabilities. Following two stages of holism and focus for identifying system boundaries through looking related literatures, we propose knowledge, skills and tools as general micro elements of operational capabilities in form domain. Using Dependency Structure Matrix (DSM), we finally synthesize our conceptual framework to capture interactions of... 

    Low salinity water injectionat different reservoir rocks: Similarities and differences

    , Article Special Topics and Reviews in Porous Media ; Volume 7, Issue 1 , 2016 , Pages 87-97 ; 21514798 (ISSN) Hassani, K ; Rostami, B ; Ayatollahi, S ; Yassin, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Begell House Inc  2016
    A literature review of laboratory and field scale studies on low salinity water (LSW) injection showed that the salinity and composition of injected water can have a significant impact on oil recovery. Historically, extensive research has been completed to understand the mechanisms and factors affecting LSW injection. However, although numerous mechanisms have been proposed to describe the interactions in the target process, none have been widely accepted. In this study, waterflooding tests were used to investigate the advantages, disadvantages, and effect of LSW injection. In laboratory tests, two different brines and crude oil of one of Iran's southern reservoirs were used to assess the... 

    Microfluidic systems for stem cell-based neural tissue engineering

    , Article Lab on a Chip - Miniaturisation for Chemistry and Biology ; Volume 16, Issue 14 , 2016 , Pages 2551-2571 ; 14730197 (ISSN) Karimi, M ; Bahrami, S ; Mirshekari, H ; Moosavi Basri, S. M ; Bakhshian Nik, A ; Aref, A. R ; Akbari, M ; Hamblin, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Royal Society of Chemistry  2016
    Neural tissue engineering aims at developing novel approaches for the treatment of diseases of the nervous system, by providing a permissive environment for the growth and differentiation of neural cells. Three-dimensional (3D) cell culture systems provide a closer biomimetic environment, and promote better cell differentiation and improved cell function, than could be achieved by conventional two-dimensional (2D) culture systems. With the recent advances in the discovery and introduction of different types of stem cells for tissue engineering, microfluidic platforms have provided an improved microenvironment for the 3D-culture of stem cells. Microfluidic systems can provide more precise... 

    Vibration analysis of FGM rings using a newly designed cylindrical superelement

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 25, Issue 3B , 2018 , Pages 1179-1188 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Fatan, A. R ; Ahmadian, M. T ; Sharif University of Technology
    Sharif University of Technology  2018
    Rings are widely used in mechanical equipment, and their fitness may undergo some damage under severe vibration. In these structures, functionally graded rings can be used to optimize the resistance, energy consumption, and fitness. Due to their complexity, the finite-element analysis may be implemented using special elements. Enhancement of accuracy and minimization of time consumption play an important role in the analysis of these rings. In this study, a new cylindrical superelement for the FGM rings is designed and implemented to facilitate the vibration analysis of the rings. The power-law distribution is used for the modeling of the FGM rings in the thickness direction. Natural... 

    Rubber-toughened epoxies: A critical review

    , Article Polymer Reviews ; Volume 49, Issue 3 , 2009 , Pages 201-225 ; 15583724 (ISSN) Bagheri, R ; Marouf, B. T ; Pearson, R. A
    Epoxy resins have been used as structural materials since the late 1940s. Despite their desirable properties such as high strength, excellent creep resistance, and good adhesion, they suffer from low fracture energy. Rubber modification as a major toughening approach to overcome the inherent brittleness of epoxy polymers was introduced during the early 1970s. Since then, a large number of investigations have been conducted to elucidate different aspects of rubber-toughened epoxies. The present work is a critical review of the field focusing on the important parameters affecting rubber-toughening. The studies reviewed are classified in five categories including roles of matrix ductility,... 

    Additive manufacturing of Ti–6Al–4V parts through laser metal deposition (LMD): Process, microstructure, and mechanical properties

    , Article Journal of Alloys and Compounds ; Volume 804 , 2019 , Pages 163-191 ; 09258388 (ISSN) Azarniya, A ; Colera, X. G ; Mirzaali, M. J ; Sovizi, S ; Bartolomeu, F ; St Weglowski, M. K ; Wits, W. W ; Yap, C. Y ; Ahn, J ; Miranda, G ; Silva, F. S ; Madaah Hosseini, H. R ; Ramakrishna, S ; Zadpoor, A. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2019
    As one of the most important additive manufacturing (AM) techniques, laser metal deposition (LMD) has been extensively studied specially during the last few years. Similar to other AM techniques, the quality of LMD parts is highly dependent on the processing parameters that need to be optimized so as to obtain geometrically accurate parts as well as favorable microstructures and, thus, mechanical properties. The present review paper therefore aims to present a critical analysis and overview of the relationship between processing parameters, microstructure, and mechanical properties of LMD components made from the Ti–6Al–4V alloy. Moreover, we discuss the applications of LMD parts in the... 

    A review on application of nanofluid in various types of heat pipes

    , Article Journal of Central South University ; Volume 26, Issue 5 , 2019 , Pages 1021-1041 ; 20952899 (ISSN) Nazari, M. A ; Ahmadi, M. H ; Sadeghzadeh, M ; Shafii, M. B ; Goodarzi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Central South University of Technology  2019
    Nanotechnology is widely used in heat transfer devices to improve thermal performance. Nanofluids can be applied in heat pipes to decrease thermal resistance and achieve a higher heat transfer capability. In the present article, a comprehensive literature review is performed on the nanofluids’ applications in heat pipes. Based on reviewed studies, nanofluids have a high capacity to boost the thermal behavior of various types of heat pipes such as conventional heat pipes, pulsating heat pipes, and thermosyphons. Besides, it is observed that there must be a selected amount of concentration for the high-performance utilization of nanoparticles; high concentration of nanoparticles causes a... 

    Sagittal range of motion of the thoracic spine using standing digital radiography: A throughout comparison with non-radiographic data reviewed from the literature

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 26, Issue 3B , 2019 , Pages 1307-1315 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Madinei, S ; Arjmand, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Sharif University of Technology  2019
    Previous studies have measured thoracic Range of Motion (RoM) using either skin-mounted devices or supine CT-imaging and have reported on quite different RoMs. Given the inherent shortcomings of measurements of vertebrae movements from the overlying skin, the present study aims to measure normal RoM of the thoracic spine in the sagittal plane using the upright digital radiography. Lateral radiographs of the thoracic spine were obtained from eight asymptomatic male subjects in upright standing and full forward flexion using a mobile U-arm digital radiographic system. Total (T1-T12), upper (T1-T6), and lower (T6-T12) thoracic RoMs were measured. A throughout comparison of available skin-based... 

    Sagittal range of motion of the thoracic spine using standing digital radiography: A throughout comparison with non-radiographic data reviewed from the literature

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 26, Issue 3B , 2019 , Pages 1307-1315 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Madinei, S. S ; Arjmand, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Sharif University of Technology  2019
    Previous studies have measured thoracic Range of Motion (RoM) using either skin-mounted devices or supine CT-imaging and have reported on quite different RoMs. Given the inherent shortcomings of measurements of vertebrae movements from the overlying skin, the present study aims to measure normal RoM of the thoracic spine in the sagittal plane using the upright digital radiography. Lateral radiographs of the thoracic spine were obtained from eight asymptomatic male subjects in upright standing and full forward flexion using a mobile U-arm digital radiographic system. Total (T1-T12), upper (T1-T6), and lower (T6-T12) thoracic RoMs were measured. A throughout comparison of available skin-based... 

    Friction stirwelding and friction spot stir welding processes of polymers-state of the art

    , Article Materials ; Volume 13, Issue 10 , May , 2020 Lambiase, F ; Aghajani Derazkola, H ; Simchi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    MDPI AG  2020
    In the last decade, the friction stir welding of polymers has been increasingly investigated by the means of more and more sophisticated approaches. Since the early studies, which were aimed at proving the feasibility of the process for polymers and identifying suitable processing windows, great improvements have been achieved. This owes to the increasing care of academic researchers and industrial demands. These improvements have their roots in the promising results from pioneer studies; however, they are also the fruits of the adoption of more comprehensive approaches and the multidisciplinary analyses of results. The introduction of instrumented machines has enabled the online measurement... 

    Optimizing multi-product multi-constraint inventory control systems with stochastic replenishments

    , Article Journal of Applied Sciences ; Volume 8, Issue 7 , 2008 , Pages 1228-1234 ; 18125654 (ISSN) Taleizadeh, A. A ; Aryanezhad, M. B ; Akhvan Niaki, S. T ; Sharif University of Technology
    Asian Network for Scientific Information  2008
    Multi-periodic inventory control problems are mainly studied employing two assumptions. The first is the continuous review, where depending on the inventory level orders can happen at any time and the other is the periodic review, where orders can only happen at the beginning of each period. In this study, we relax these assumptions and assum that the periodic replenishments are stochastic in nature. Furthermore, we assume that the periods between two replenishments are independent and identically random variables. For the problem at hand, the decision variables are of integer-type and there are two kinds of space and service level constraints for each product. We develop a model of the... 

    Critical review on fusion welding of magnesium alloys: metallurgical challenges and opportunities

    , Article Science and Technology of Welding and Joining ; Volume 26, Issue 8 , 2021 , Pages 559-580 ; 13621718 (ISSN) Pouranvari, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Ltd  2021
    As the lightest structural alloys, magnesium alloys offer significant potential for improving the energy efficiency of various transportation systems. The lack of sufficient weldability of Mg alloys is a crucial barrier to their potential use in safety-critical applications. Porosity formation, grain structure engineering, solidification cracking, liquation, and liquation cracking are the key metallurgical challenges to obtain reliable and robust fusion welds in Mg alloys. This critical review highlights the current understating regarding controlling the metallurgical phenomena during fusion welding of Mg alloys and discusses the unresolved metallurgical challenges to shed light on the path... 

    A critical study of the existing issues in manufacturing maintenance systems: can BIM fill the gap?

    , Article Computers in Industry ; Volume 131 , 2021 ; 01663615 (ISSN) Alvanchi, A ; TohidiFar, A ; Mousavi, M ; Azad, R ; Rokooei, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2021
    The use of smart and complicated technologies in manufacturing industries has brought new issues to the maintenance systems in recent years. In this research, an intensive literature review is performed to identify and classify these issues. Inspired by the recent advances that Building Information Modeling (BIM) has brought to the construction industry, the research proposes adopting BIM in manufacturing maintenance systems to address the existing issues. A list of BIM capabilities utilized for addressing maintenance issues of buildings is extracted from the literature. It is argued that these BIM capabilities can also solve similar maintenance issues found in manufacturing industries. A... 

    Phase II monitoring of generalized linear profiles under different types of changes

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 28, Issue 1 E , 2021 , Pages 557-571 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Hajifar, S ; Mahlooji, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Sharif University of Technology  2021
    Various control charts have been proposed to monitor generalized linear pro les in Phase II. However, the robustness of the proposed methods in detecting di erent types and especially di erent directions of changes is not well-studied in the literature. In real-world applications, di erent kinds of change such as drift and multiple changes are likely to occur, which can be isotonic (increasing) or antitonic (decreasing). This paper studies the robustness of the Rao Score Test (RST) method, T2, and Multivariate Exponential Weighted Moving Average (MEWMA) in di erent types, drift and multiple, and directions of changes. The RST method also bene ts from a change-point detection approach whose... 

    Recent Progress of Triboelectric Nanogenerators for Biomedical Sensors: From Design to Application

    , Article Biosensors ; Volume 12, Issue 9 , 2022 ; 20796374 (ISSN) Rahimi Sardo, F ; Rayegani, A ; Matin Nazar, A ; Balaghiinaloo, M ; Saberian, M ; Mohsan, S. A. H ; Alsharif, M. H ; Cho, H. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    MDPI  2022
    Triboelectric nanogenerators (TENG) have gained prominence in recent years, and their structural design is crucial for improvement of energy harvesting performance and sensing. Wearable biosensors can receive information about human health without the need for external charging, with energy instead provided by collection and storage modules that can be integrated into the biosensors. However, the failure to design suitable components for sensing remains a significant challenge associated with biomedical sensors. Therefore, design of TENG structures based on the human body is a considerable challenge, as biomedical sensors, such as implantable and wearable self-powered sensors, have recently... 

    A review on competitive pricing in supply chain management problems: models, classification, and applications

    , Article International Transactions in Operational Research ; Volume 29, Issue 4 , 2022 , Pages 2082-2115 ; 09696016 (ISSN) Ziari, M ; Ghomi Avili, M ; Pishvaee, M. S ; Jahani, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    John Wiley and Sons Inc  2022
    Supply chain management (SCM) deals with various strategic, tactical, and operational level decisions in which pricing is of utmost importance to decision makers. Most of the real-life supply chain pricing problems consider competition as a crucial factor in order to expand the market share and tackle emerging competitors. Accordingly, competitive pricing in SCM has attracted great attention by practitioners and academicians in the last four decades. Now after 40 years, it seems necessary to systematically review and classify the previous studies and present the most appealing future research directions. This paper provides a comprehensive review of the state-of-the-art published papers in...