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#### Higher-order four-wave mixing modeling in DWDM networks

, Article Physica Scripta, Belgrade ; Volume T157 , 15 November , 2013 ; 02811847 (ISSN) ; Noshad, M ; Sharif University of Technology
2013

Abstract

In this paper, we derive a theoretical model for the higher-order four-wave mixing (FWM) power in wavelength division multiplexing networks with non-zero dispersion shifted fibers for the first time. We have investigated the higher-order FWM power theoretically and by numerical simulations. Dividing the fiber into a finite number of elements and applying the boundary conditions allow us to derive an expression for the second-order power penalty. At the end of each element, we derive the first-order FWM power for all wavelengths and use these values to calculate the second-order FWM power in the next element. Consequently, for each channel we can compute the total second-order FWM power...

#### Mesoporous silica-functionalized dual Brønsted acidic ionic liquid as an efficient catalyst for thioacetalization of carbonyl compounds in water

, Article Catalysis Communications ; Volume 41 , 2013 , Pages 96-100 ; 15667367 (ISSN) ; Dizicheh, Z. B ; Hashemi, M. M ; Sharif University of Technology
2013

Abstract

A novel silica-functionalized dual Brønsted acidic ionic liquid (ionic liquid with two Brønsted acidic species) has been reported as a highly efficient catalyst for thioacetalization of carbonyl compounds. The reaction was efficiently performed in water as an environmentally benign solvent with good to high yields. Thermal gravimetric analysis showed that the catalyst is stable at least up to 350 C. Furthermore, the catalyst can be recycled and reused for six runs of reaction without appreciable loss of activity. The structure of the catalyst is modelized to gain more realistic structural insight about the functionalized ionic liquid

#### Theoretical modeling of generation of hat-top intensity profile from Gaussian beam by means of a two-stage beam shaper

, Article Optics Communications ; Volume 294 , 2013 , Pages 182-187 ; 00304018 (ISSN) ; Golnabi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
2013

Abstract

Both theoretical and experimental results of an optical beam shaping system are investigated in this report. The described system is a two-stage beam shaping device including a fiber-bundle and a prism-duct. A source light is used to illuminate the fiber-bundle and the image of output beam is captured by a CCD camera. The fiber-bundle output beam shape shows a linear arrangement of circular spots lights, which are placed in a rectangular cross section of about 21.37 mm×2.44 mm. In another study, the photograph picture of the prism output beam is taken by a digital camera. The prism output beam cross section is a square shape with a dimension of about 4×4 mm2. According to the experimental...

#### Study of the dijet mass spectrum in pp→W+jets events at √s=7 TeV

, Article Physical Review Letters ; Volume 109, Issue 25 , December , 2012 ; 00319007 (ISSN) ; Khachatryan, V ; Sirunyan, A. M ; Tumasyan, A ; Adam, W ; Aguilo, E ; Bergauer, T ; Dragicevic, M ; Erö, J ; Fabjan, C ; Friedl, M ; Frühwirth, R ; Ghete, V. M ; Hammer, J ; Hörmann, N ; Hrubec, J ; Jeitler, M ; Kiesenhofer, W ; Knünz, V ; Krammer, M ; Krätschmer, I ; Liko, D ; Mikulec, I ; Pernicka, M ; Rahbaran, B ; Rohringer, C ; Rohringer, H ; Schöfbeck, R ; Strauss, J ; Taurok, A ; Waltenberger, W ; Walzel, G ; Widl, E ; Wulz, C.-E ; Mossolov, V ; Shumeiko, N ; Suarez Gonzalez, J ; Bansal, M ; Bansal, S ; Cornelis, T ; De Wolf, E. A ; Janssen, X ; Luyckx, S ; Mucibello, L ; Ochesanu, S ; Roland, B ; Rougny, R ; Selvaggi, M ; Staykova, Z ; Van Haevermaet, H ; Van Mechelen, P ; Van Remortel, N ; Van Spilbeeck, A ; Blekman, F ; Blyweert, S ; D'hondt, J ; Gonzalez Suarez, R ; Kalogeropoulos, A ; Maes, M ; Olbrechts, A ; Van Doninck, W ; Van Mulders, P ; Van Onsem, G.P ; Villella, I ; Clerbaux, B ; De Lentdecker, G ; Dero, V ; Gay, A. P. R ; Hreus, T ; Léonard, A ; Marage, P. E ; Reis, T ; Thomas, L ; Vander Marcken, G ; Vander Velde, C ; Vanlaer, P ; Wang, J ; Adler, V ; Beernaert, K ; Cimmino, A ; Costantini, S ; Garcia, G ; Grunewald, M ; Klein, B ; Lellouch, J ; Marinov, A ; Mccartin, J ; Ocampo Rios, A. A ; Ryckbosch, D ; Strobbe, N ; Thyssen, F ; Tytgat, M ; Verwilligen, P ; Walsh, S ; Yazgan, E ; Zaganidis, N ; Basegmez, S ; Bruno, G ; Castello, R ; Ceard, L ; Delaere, C ; Du Pree, T ; Favart, D ; Forthomme, L ; Giammanco, A ; Hollar, J ; Lemaitre, V ; Liao, J ; Militaru, O ; Nuttens, C ; Pagano, D ; Pin, A ; Piotrzkowski, K ; Schul, N ; Vizan Garcia, J. M ; Beliy, N ; Caebergs, T ; Daubie, E ; Hammad, G. H ; Alves, G. A ; Correa Martins Junior, M ; De Jesus Damiao, D ; Martins, T ; Pol, M. E ; Souza, M. H. G ; Aldá Júnior, W. L ; Carvalho, W ; Custódio, A ; Da Costa, E. M ; De Oliveira Martins, C ; Fonseca De Souza, S ; Matos Figueiredo, D ; Mundim, L ; Nogima, H ; Oguri, V ; Prado Da Silva, W. L ; Santoro, A ; Soares Jorge, L ; Sznajder, A ; Anjos, T. S ; Bernardes, C. A ; Dias, F. A ; Fernandez Perez Tomei, T. R ; Gregores, E. M ; Lagana, C ; Marinho, F ; Mercadante, P. G ; Novaes, S. F ; Padula, S. S ; Genchev, V ; Iaydjiev, P ; Piperov, S ; Rodozov, M ; Stoykova, S ; Sultanov, G ; Tcholakov, V ; Trayanov, R ; Vutova, M ; Dimitrov, A ; Hadjiiska, R ; Kozhuharov, V ; Litov, L ; Pavlov, B ; Petkov, P ; Bian, J. G ; Chen, G. M ; Chen, H. S ; Jiang, C. H ; Liang, D ; Liang, S ; Meng, X ; Tao, J ; Wang, J ; Wang, X ; Wang, Z ; Xiao, H ; Xu, M ; Zang, J ; Zhang, Z ; Asawatangtrakuldee, C ; Ban, Y ; Guo, S ; Guo, Y ; Li, W ; Liu, S ; Mao, Y ; Qian, S. J ; Teng, H ; Wang, D ; Zhang, L ; Zhu, B ; Zou, W ; Avila, C ; Gomez, J. P ; Gomez Moreno, B ; Osorio Oliveros, A. F ; Sanabria, J. C ; Godinovic, N ; Lelas, D ; Plestina, R ; Polic, D ; Puljak, I ; Antunovic, Z ; Kovac, M ; Brigljevic, V ; Duric, S ; Kadija, K ; Luetic, J ; Morovic, S ; Attikis, A ; Galanti, M ; Mavromanolakis, G ; Mousa, J ; Nicolaou, C ; Ptochos, F ; Razis, P. A ; Finger, M ; Finger, M ; Assran, Y ; Elgammal, S ; Ellithi Kamel, A ; Khalil, S ; Mahmoud, M. A ; Radi, A ; Kadastik, M ; Müntel, M ; Raidal, M ; Rebane, L ; Tiko, A ; Eerola, P ; Fedi, G ; Voutilainen, M ; Härkönen, J ; Heikkinen, A ; Karimäki, V ; Kinnunen, R ; Kortelainen, M. J ; Lampén, T ; Lassila-Perini, K ; Lehti, S ; Lindén, T ; Luukka, P ; Mäenpää, T ; Peltola, T ; Tuominen, E ; Tuominiemi, J ; Tuovinen, E ; Ungaro, D ; Wendland, L ; Banzuzi, K ; Karjalainen, A ; Korpela, A ; Tuuva, T ; Besancon, M ; Choudhury, S ; Dejardin, M ; Denegri, D ; Fabbro, B ; Faure, J. L ; Ferri, F ; Ganjour, S ; Givernaud, A ; Gras, P ; Hamel De Monchenault, G ; Jarry, P ; Locci, E ; Malcles, J ; Millischer, L ; Nayak, A ; Rander, J ; Rosowsky, A ; Shreyber, I ; Titov, M ; Baffioni, S ; Beaudette, F ; Benhabib, L ; Bianchini, L ; Bluj, M ; Broutin, C ; Busson, P ; Charlot, C ; Daci, N ; Dahms, T ; Dobrzynski, L ; Granier De Cassagnac, R ; Haguenauer, M ; Miné, P ; Mironov, C ; Naranjo, I. N ; Nguyen, M ; Ochando, C ; Paganini, P ; Sabes, D ; Salerno, R ; Sirois, Y ; Veelken, C ; Zabi, A ; Agram, J. L ; Andrea, J ; Bloch, D ; Bodin, D ; Brom, J. M ; Cardaci, M ; Chabert, E. C ; Collard, C ; Conte, E ; Drouhin, F ; Ferro, C ; Fontaine, J. C ; Gelé, D ; Goerlach, U ; Juillot, P ; Le Bihan, A. C ; Van Hove, P ; Fassi, F ; Mercier, D ; Beauceron, S ; Beaupere, N ; Bondu, O ; Boudoul, G ; Chasserat, J ; Chierici, R ; Contardo, D ; Depasse, P ; El Mamouni, H ; Fay, J ; Gascon, S ; Gouzevitch, M ; Ille, B ; Kurca, T ; Lethuillier, M ; Mirabito, L ; Perries, S ; Sordini, V ; Tschudi, Y ; Verdier, P ; Viret, S ; Tsamalaidze, Z ; Anagnostou, G ; Beranek, S ; Edelhoff, M ; Feld, L ; Heracleous, N ; Hindrichs, O ; Jussen, R ; Klein, K ; Merz, J ; Ostapchuk, A ; Perieanu, A ; Raupach, F ; Sammet, J ; Schael, S ; Sprenger, D ; Weber, H ; Wittmer, B ; Zhukov, V ; Ata, M ; Caudron, J ; Dietz-Laursonn, E ; Duchardt, D ; Erdmann, M ; Fischer, R ; Güth, A ; Hebbeker, T ; Heidemann, C ; Hoepfner, K ; Klingebiel, D ; Kreuzer, P ; Magass, C ; Merschmeyer, M ; Meyer, A ; Olschewski, M ; Papacz, P ; Pieta, H ; Reithler, H ; Schmitz, S. A ; Sonnenschein, L ; Steggemann, J ; Teyssier, D ; Weber, M ; Bontenackels, M ; Cherepanov, V ; Erdogan, Y ; Flügge, G ; Geenen, H ; Geisler, M ; Haj Ahmad, W ; Hoehle, F ; Kargoll, B ; Kress, T ; Kuessel, Y ; Nowack, A ; Perchalla, L ; Pooth, O ; Sauerland, P ; Stahl, A ; Aldaya Martin, M ; Behr, J ; Behrenhoff, W ; Behrens, U ; Sharif University of Technology
2012

Abstract

We report an investigation of the invariant mass spectrum of the two jets with highest transverse momentum in pp→W+2-jet and W+3-jet events to look for resonant enhancement. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 5.0 fb-1 collected with the CMS detector at √s=7 TeV. We find no evidence for the anomalous structure reported by the CDF Collaboration, and establish an upper limit of 5.0 pb at 95% confidence level on the production cross section for a generic Gaussian signal with mass near 150 GeV. Additionally, we exclude two theoretical models that predict a CDF-like dijet resonance near 150 GeV

#### Theoretical model for visible light saturable absorber nanolithography

, Article Journal of Optics (United Kingdom) ; Volume 14, Issue 12 , 2012 ; 20408978 (ISSN) ; Bahrampour, A. R ; Sharif University of Technology
2012

Abstract

In this paper a saturable absorber medium is employed as an optical limiter to reduce the spot size to the range of several tens of nanometres. The characteristics of a Gaussian beam are theoretically analysed upon propagation through the saturable absorber medium. Based on Maxwell equations a system of coupled nonlinear ordinary differential equations for intensity, beam radius and beam curvature is obtained. Theoretical analyses and numerical results show that the behaviour of a Gaussian beam in a saturable absorber medium strongly depends on the initial characteristics of the laser beam. Numerical results indicate that, depending on the initial conditions and a suitable saturable absorber...

#### Ultrasound dosimetery using microbubbles

, Article IFMBE Proceedings, 20 June 2011 through 23 June 2011 ; Volume 35 IFMBE , June , 2011 , Pages 359-362 ; 16800737 (ISSN) ; 9783642217289 (ISBN) ; Zahedi, E ; Tavakkoli, J ; Sharif University of Technology
2011

Abstract

In this paper, a new technique based on nonlinear resonance of microbubbles is investigated in order to estimate the amplitude of an ultrasound wave pressure field. First, the existing theoretical model is reviewed. Then, an experimental setup consisting of a bubble generator and transmitting/receiving ultrasound transducers operating in the 1 MHz frequency range is described. The effect of background noise is also taken into account. Results show that the second harmonic oscillations are detectable, paving the way to develop a quantitative method for in vivo calibration of ultrasound waves

#### Fractional order model reduction approach based on retention of the dominant dynamics: Application in IMC based tuning of FOPI and FOPID controllers

, Article ISA Transactions ; Volume 50, Issue 3 , July , 2011 , Pages 432-442 ; 00190578 (ISSN) ; Haeri, M ; Sharif University of Technology
2011

Abstract

Fractional order PI and PID controllers are the most common fractional order controllers used in practice. In this paper, a simple analytical method is proposed for tuning the parameters of these controllers. The proposed method is useful in designing fractional order PI and PID controllers for control of complicated fractional order systems. To achieve the goal, at first a reduction technique is presented for approximating complicated fractional order models. Then, based on the obtained reduced models some analytical rules are suggested to determine the parameters of fractional order PI and PID controllers. Finally, numerical results are given to show the efficiency of the proposed tuning...

#### Rotary magnetohydrodynamic micropump based on slug trapping valve

, Article Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems ; Volume 20, Issue 1 , December , 2011 , Pages 260-269 ; 10577157 (ISSN) ; Shafii, M. B ; Sharif University of Technology
2011

Abstract

A novel rotary magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) (RMHD) micropump is presented in this paper in order to both benefit exclusive advantages from the MHD micropumps and eliminate the current obstacles in their implementation. Lorentz force, which is the actuation mechanism in RMHD, is used to propel a mercury slug in a circular microchannel in order to suck the working fluid from the inlet and pump it to the outlet. This idea is integrated with a valve which prevents the working fluid from passing through, while allowing the mercury slug to pass, during each pumping loop. The performance of a fabricated RMHD is evaluated, considering parameters such as pressure difference, running duration, electric...

#### The effect of the physical properties of the substrate on the kinetics of cell adhesion and crawling studied by an axisymmetric diffusion-energy balance coupled model

, Article Soft Matter ; Volume 11, Issue 18 , Mar , 2015 , Pages 3693-3705 ; 1744683X (ISSN) ; Shodja, H. M ; Malekmotiei, L ; Sharif University of Technology
Royal Society of Chemistry
2015

Abstract

In this paper an analytical approach to study the effect of the substrate physical properties on the kinetics of adhesion and motility behavior of cells is presented. Cell adhesion is mediated by the binding of cell wall receptors and substrate's complementary ligands, and tight adhesion is accomplished by the recruitment of the cell wall binders to the adhesion zone. The binders' movement is modeled as their axisymmetric diffusion in the fluid-like cell membrane. In order to preserve the thermodynamic consistency, the energy balance for the cell-substrate interaction is imposed on the diffusion equation. Solving the axisymmetric diffusion-energy balance coupled equations, it turns out that...

#### Moon shadow on high energy cosmic ray in data of a small extensive air shower array

, Article Astroparticle Physics ; Volume 33, Issue 5-6 , 2010 , Pages 330-334 ; 09276505 (ISSN) ; Bahmanabadi, M ; Samimi, J ; Sharif University of Technology
2010

Abstract

Data from a small air shower array were used to examine the cosmic ray shadow of the Moon at energies more than 100 TeV. A simple technique has been used for the analysis of this data. In this technique the number of EAS events with arrival directions falling in error circles centered about the moving moon is compared to the mean number of events falling in error circles with centers randomly chosen in the sky. For any assumed angular radius of the error circle the deficit in EAS event count in the direction of moon which is a moon-related effect is interpreted as the shadow of the moon. A simple theoretical model has been developed to relate the mean number of EAS events, Nsky, to the...

#### Electrical bending instability in electrospinning visco-elastic solutions

, Article Journal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics ; Volume 54, Issue 11 , 2016 , Pages 1036-1042 ; 08876266 (ISSN) ; Bonn, D ; Ejtehadi, M. R ; Iraji Zad, A ; Sharif University of Technology
John Wiley and Sons Inc

Abstract

The electrical bending instability in charged liquid jets is the phenomenon determining the process of electrospinning. A model of this phenomenon is lacking however, mostly due to the complicated interplay between the viscosity and elasticity of the solution. To investigate the bending instability, we performed electrospinning experiments with a solution of polyethylene oxide in water/ethanol. Using a fast camera and sensitive multimeter, we deduced an experimental dispersion relation describing the helix pitch length as a function of surface charge. To understand this relation, we developed a theoretical model for the instability for a wide range of visco-elastic materials, from conducting...

#### A novel game theoretic approach for modeling competitive information diffusion in social networks with heterogeneous nodes

, Article Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications ; Volume 466 , 2017 , Pages 570-582 ; 03784371 (ISSN) ; Fatemi Ardestani, S. F ; Aliahmadi, A ; Barzinpour, F ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier B.V
2017

Abstract

Influence maximization deals with identification of the most influential nodes in a social network given an influence model. In this paper, a game theoretic framework is developed that models a competitive influence maximization problem. A novel competitive influence model is additionally proposed that incorporates user heterogeneity, message content, and network structure. The proposed game-theoretic model is solved using Nash Equilibrium in a real-world dataset. It is shown that none of the well-known strategies are stable and at least one player has the incentive to deviate from the proposed strategy. Moreover, violation of Nash equilibrium strategy by each player leads to their reduced...

#### Origin of working temperature in H2S sensing process of SnO2-CuO thin bilayer: A theoretical macroscopic approach

, Article Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical ; Volume 252 , 2017 , Pages 944-950 ; 09254005 (ISSN) ; Ghorbani, M ; Mohammadpour, R ; Moosavi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier B.V
2017

Abstract

Resistive sensors composed of SnO2 and CuO, are known to be highly efficient in detection of detrimental H2S gas in terms of sensitivity, selectivity and speed. Recently, dependency of electrical response of the sensor toward H2S gas concentration has been related to the selective mechanism (formation of CuS) by a theoretical model. Another important factor in design of gas sensors is the working temperature which so far has not been explicitly explained for H2S sensing process of SnO2-CuO system. In present study, origin of this temperature for SnO2-CuO thin bilayer based on the selective mechanism has been theoretically interpreted. For this purpose, Poisson, Laplace and continuity...

#### Transition region effects in tunable fiber-based wavelength sective devices

, Article Progress in Electromagnetics Research ; Volume 82 , 2008 , Pages 33-50 ; 10704698 (ISSN) ; Behnia, F ; Fatehi, M. T ; Sharif University of Technology
Electromagnetics Academy
2008

Abstract

Tunability of fiber Bragg grating (FBG) in transition region is used to implement wavelength-selective optical intensity modulator, which superimposes a secondary low-speed data on the transit high-speed payload optical signal. Theoretical model of the device is developed and verified by measurements in the linear and nonlinear slopes of the FBG. Experiments with strong and relatively weak gratings confirm the wavelength-selectivity and stability of modulation. The fiber-based modulator is employed for optically tagging or labeling individual wavelength channels using baseband and amplitude-shift keying (ASK) modulated signals. The wavelength-selective channel labeling scheme is useful for...

#### Enhanced cache attack on AES applicable on ARM-based devices with new operating systems

, Article Computer Networks ; Volume 198 , 2021 ; 13891286 (ISSN) ; Soleimany, H ; Aref, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier B.V
2021

Abstract

There are several key challenges in performing cache-based attacks on ARM-based devices. Lipp et al. introduced various techniques to tackle these challenges and applied successfully different cache-based attacks on ARM-based mobile devices. In the cache-based attacks proposed by Lipp et al. it is assumed that the attacker has access to the mapping of virtual addresses to physical addresses through/proc/self/pagemap which is an important limiting factor in Linux and newer versions of Android operating systems. To access this mapping, the attacker must know the root of the operating system. In this paper, we introduce an Evict+Reload attack on the T-table-based implementation of AES which...

#### Evaluation of the equivalent mechanical properties in a novel composite cruciform honeycomb using analytical and numerical methods

, Article Composite Structures ; Volume 275 , 2021 ; 02638223 (ISSN) ; Ashrafian, M. M ; Gharehbaghi, H ; Nazari, R ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd
2021

Abstract

In the present study, a novel theoretical model is developed, based on the energy method, to predict the equivalent mechanical properties of a new morphing structure with zero Poisson's ratio, which is composed of continuous fiber reinforced composite struts. Due to the employing glass fiber in fabricating the proposed cruciform honeycomb, higher strength than the structures made of pure isotropic materials is obtained. The use of cells with a zero Poisson's ratio also increases the flexural strength of the structure. In the continuation of the paper, by examining the geometric effects on the equivalent properties, a parametric study is performed. Then, using the appropriate failure...

#### Development of a saturation-based μ(I)-rheology for wet granular materials using discrete element method

, Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 28, Issue 5 B , 2021 , Pages 2719-2732 ; 10263098 (ISSN) ; Taghizadeh Manzari, M ; Hajilouy Benisi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
Sharif University of Technology
2021

Abstract

The present study employs Discrete Element Method (DEM) to establish a rheological model that relates the apparent viscosity of a granular material to shear rate, normal stress, and water saturation. In addition, a theoretical model was developed to determine water distribution and water-induced forces between particles for different saturations. The resulting forces were embedded in a 3D shear cell as a numerical rheometer, and a wet specimen was sheared between two walls. A power law rheological model was then obtained as a function of inertia number and saturation. It was found that up to a critical saturation, the apparent viscosity increased with saturation that was higher than that of...

#### A Bi-objective home health care routing and scheduling model with considering nurse downgrading costs

, Article International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health ; Volume 18, Issue 3 , 2021 , Pages 1-24 ; 16617827 (ISSN) ; Kayvanfar, V ; Rafiee, M ; Werner, F ; Sharif University of Technology
MDPI AG
2021

Abstract

In recent years, the management of health systems is a main concern of governments and decision-makers. Home health care is one of the newest methods of providing services to patients in developed societies that can respond to the individual lifestyle of the modern age and the increase of life expectancy. The home health care routing and scheduling problem is a generalized version of the vehicle routing problem, which is extended to a complex problem by adding special features and constraints of health care problems. In this problem, there are multiple stakeholders, such as nurses, for which an increase in their satisfaction level is very important. In this study, a mathematical model is...

#### Optimizing structural and mechanical properties of coiled carbon nanotubes with nsga-ii and reactive molecular dynamics simulation

, Article Journal of Physical Chemistry C ; Volume 125, Issue 11 , 2021 , Pages 6237-6248 ; 19327447 (ISSN) ; Rangriz, F ; Karimi Taheri, A ; Abdi Jalebi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
American Chemical Society
2021

Abstract

Coiled carbon nanotubes (CCNTs) have increasingly become a vital factor in the new generation of nanodevices and energy-absorbing materials due to their outstanding properties. Here, the multiobjective optimization of CCNTs is applied to assess their mechanical properties. The best trade-off between conflicting mechanical properties (e.g., yield stress and yield strain) is demonstrated and the optimization of the geometry enables us to find the astonishing CCNTs with a stretchability of 400%. These structures have been recognized for the first time in the field. We derived several highly accurate analytical equations for the yield stress and yield strain by the implementation of...

#### Separability in asymmetric phase-covariant cloning

, Article Physics Letters, Section A: General, Atomic and Solid State Physics ; Volume 336, Issue 4-5 , 2005 , Pages 278-289 ; 03759601 (ISSN) ; Siadatnejad, S ; Ghaderi, A. H ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier
2005

Abstract

Here, asymmetric phase-covariant quantum cloning machines are defined and trade-off between qualities of their outputs and its impact on entanglement properties of the outputs are studies. In addition, optimal families among these cloners are introduced and also their entanglement properties are investigated. An explicit proof of optimality is presented for the case of qubits, which is based on the no-signaling condition. Our optimality proof can also be used to derive an upper bound on trade-off relations for a more general class of optimal cloners which clone states on a specific orbit of the Bloch sphere. It is shown that the optimal cloners of the equatorial states, as in the case of...