Search for: viscoelasticity
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    Modeling of rate dependent finite deformation viscoelastic behavior of foams

    , Article 2008 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2008, Boston, MA, 31 October 2008 through 6 November 2008 ; Volume 12 , 2009 , Pages 435-442 ; 9780791848739 (ISBN) Anani, Y ; Asghari, M ; Naghdabadi, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    The behavior of foams is typically rate-dependent and viscoelastic. In this paper, multiplicative decomposition of the deformation gradient and the second law of thermodynamics are employed to develop the differential constitutive equations for isotropic viscoelastic foams experiencing finite deformations, from a phenomenological point of view, i.e. without referring to micro-structural viewpoint. A model containing an equilibrium hyperelastic spring which is parallel to a Maxwell model has been utilized for introducing constitutive formulation. The deformation gradient tensor is decomposed into two parts: elastic deformation gradient tensor and viscoelastic deformation gradient tensor. A... 

    Investigation of the Recovery Time and Hyper-Viscoelastic Properties of the Brain Tissue

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mohajery, Mohammad (Author) ; Ahmadian, Mohammad Taghi (Supervisor)
    FE simulations have been widely used to investigate the response of the brain tissue in various circumstances. The accuracy of the material models critically affects the results of the numerical simulation. However, despite the numerous studies aiming for the material modeling of the brain, there is still divergence between the results reported in the literature. A part of this discrepancy is due to the inherent difference between samples. Nonetheless, another part of it is resulted from the differences between testing protocols used by researchers. In some protocols multiple mechanical tests are performed on each sample. Enough recovery time should be considered between consecutive test... 

    Dynamics of a Viscoelastic Plate on a Viscoelastic Foundation Subjected to a Moving Mass

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Foyouzat, Mohammad Ali (Author) ; Esmaeil Purestekanchi, Homayoun (Supervisor) ; Mofid, Masoud (Co-Advisor)
    This thesis investigates the dynamic response of a viscoelastic plate resting on a viscoelastic Winkler foundation subjected to the excitation of a moving mass. Through application of the Laplace transform, the governing equation of the problem is derived for a general viscoelastic material. Thereafter, an analytical-numerical method is proposed in order to determine the dynamic response of the viscoelastic plate. The method is based on transforming the governing partial differential equation into a new solvable system of linear ordinary differential equations. To that extent, the proposed solution proves to be applicable to plates made of any viscoelastic material and with various boundary... 

    Nonlinear Dynamic Analysis of PDMS Micro Sensors based on Strain Gradient Theory

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Taheran, Farshad (Author) ; Ahmadian, Mohammad Taghi (Supervisor) ; Firoozbakhsh, Keikhosrow (Supervisor)
    In this research, a viscoelastic microcantilever beam is analytically analyzed based on the modified strain gradient theory and the results are used in order to study micro pillar shear stress sensors. The abstract of this research can be divided to three sections:In the first section, applying Euler-Bernoulli inextensibility of the centerline condition via Hamilton’s principle, the nonlinear equation of motion and related boundary conditions are derived based on shortening effect theory and discretized by Galerkin method. Inner damping, nonlinear curvature effect, and nonlinear inertia terms are applied. First mode nonlinear frequency and time response of the viscoelastic microcantilever... 

    Compatibility Analysis of Surfactants Acid Additives and their Effect on the Reaction Rate

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Jamalpour, Abbas (Author) ; Fatemi, Mobeen (Supervisor) ; Bazargan, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Mohammadi, Saber (Supervisor)
    Well stimulation techniques are used to increase the productivity of oil and gas wells. One of the effective well stimulation methods, is matrix acidizing. During matrix acidizing, acidic solution is injected into the formation at pressure below the formation fracture pressure. Most of the time, acid needs to be reached to low permeability layers for more efficient damage removal. Divertors are used for diverting acid from high permeability to low permeability layers.Successful performance of a viscoelastic acid during an acid job, is highly dependent on the surfactant rheological properties. For a betaine viscoelastic surfactant, we have studied the effect of different parameters on the... 

    Smart Design of Viscoelastic Diverters for Carbonate Matrix Acidizing

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mohammad Alipour, Mahdi (Author) ; Bazargan, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Jamshidi, Saeed (Supervisor)
    One of the best stimulation methods for oil and gas wells is matrix acidizing in order to increase the near wellbore permeability. in acidizing, good acid coverage in different layers is one the main goals. so, various methods have been presented. important part in using these methods is to not damage formation and economic matters. modern methods utilize VES acids for this purpose. viscoelastic characteristics of these materials by formation of miscellaneous, increases the apparent viscosity by a large degree. for this reason, VES fluids can be used to improve acid divergence in acid injection operation. acid system based on viscoelastic surfactants that is changed to gel instantly, can be... 

    Plaque structure affects mechanical stress distribution within blood vessels

    , Article Proceedings of the IASTED International Conference on Biomedical Engineering, BioMed 2014 ; 2014 , pp. 239-243 Mohseni, M ; Mehboudi, N ; Abdollahi, M ; Shamloo, A ; Naghdabadi, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    The main goal of this study is to investigate the effects of plaque structure on its stress distribution. Rupture of plaque causes cerebrovascular diseases which lead to high mortality rates all over the world. Computers are powerful tools to understand the mechanism of plaque rupture. In this study, 3D fluid structure interaction simulation is constructed in ABAQUS 6.13 to clarify the relation between stress distribution of plaque and its structure. A model of common carotid artery with distributed stenosis was chosen for the simulation. To investigate the effects of plaque structure on stress distribution, thickness of fibrous cap and lipid core size were varied in the stenosis.... 

    A viscoelastic constitutive model for compressible polymers based on logarithmic strain and its finite element implementation

    , Article Finite Elements in Analysis and Design ; Volume 62 , 2012 , Pages 18-27 ; 0168874X (ISSN) Naghdabadi, R ; Baghani, M ; Arghavani, J ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this paper, employing the logarithmic (or Hencky) strain as a more physical measure of strain, the time-dependent response of compressible viscoelastic materials is investigated. In this regard, we present a phenomenological finite strain viscoelastic constitutive model, developed within the framework of irreversible thermodynamics with internal variables. The formulation is based on the multiplicative decomposition of the deformation gradient into elastic and viscoelastic parts, together with the use of the isotropic property of the Helmholtz strain energy function. Making use of a logarithmic mapping, we present an appropriate form of the proposed constitutive equations in the... 

    A finite deformation viscoelastic-viscoplastic constitutive model for self-healing materials

    , Article Smart Materials and Structures ; Volume 25, Issue 12 , 2016 , Pages 1DUMMY- ; 09641726 (ISSN) Shahsavari, H ; Naghdabadi, R ; Baghani, M ; Sohrabpour, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Physics Publishing  2016
    In this paper, employing the Hencky strain, viscoelastic-viscoplastic response of self-healing materials is investigated. Considering the irreversible thermodynamics and using the effective configuration in the Continuum Damage-Healing Mechanics (CDHM), a phenomenological finite strain viscoelastic-viscoplastic constitutive model is presented. Considering finite viscoelastic and viscoplastic deformations, total deformation gradient is multiplicatively decomposed into viscoelastic and viscoplastic parts. Due to mathematical advantages and physical meaning of Hencky strain, this measure of strain is employed in the constitutive model development. In this regard, defining the damage and healing... 

    A viscoelastic-viscoplastic constitutive model considering damage evolution for time dependent materials: Application to asphalt mixes

    , Article International Journal of Damage Mechanics ; Volume 25, Issue 7 , 2016 , Pages 921-942 ; 10567895 (ISSN) Shahsavari, H ; Naghdabadi, R ; Baghani, M ; Sohrabpour, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    SAGE Publications Ltd 
    In this paper, employing the definition of an effective configuration in the continuum damage mechanics, mechanical response of a compressible viscoelastic-viscoplastic material is investigated. We present a phenomenological viscoelastic-viscoplastic-viscodamage constitutive model, developed within the framework of irreversible thermodynamics. The formulation is based on the additive decomposition of the total strain into elastic, viscoelastic, and viscoplastic parts in the effective configuration. Thus, the Helmholtz energy is partitioned into elastic, elastic-viscoelastic, and viscoplastic parts. Then, each one is divided into deviatoric and volumetric energies. Considering the... 

    Electrical bending instability in electrospinning visco-elastic solutions

    , Article Journal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics ; Volume 54, Issue 11 , 2016 , Pages 1036-1042 ; 08876266 (ISSN) Shariatpanahi, S. P ; Bonn, D ; Ejtehadi, M. R ; Iraji Zad, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    John Wiley and Sons Inc 
    The electrical bending instability in charged liquid jets is the phenomenon determining the process of electrospinning. A model of this phenomenon is lacking however, mostly due to the complicated interplay between the viscosity and elasticity of the solution. To investigate the bending instability, we performed electrospinning experiments with a solution of polyethylene oxide in water/ethanol. Using a fast camera and sensitive multimeter, we deduced an experimental dispersion relation describing the helix pitch length as a function of surface charge. To understand this relation, we developed a theoretical model for the instability for a wide range of visco-elastic materials, from conducting... 

    Effects of viscoelastic supports on the behavior of bridges under moving vehicles

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 24, Issue 4 , 2017 , Pages 1751-1769 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Samanipour, K ; Vafai, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Sharif University of Technology  2017
    One of the most important problems facing structural engineers is the analysis of dynamic behavior of bridges subjected to moving vehicles. In addition, viscoelastic supports under bridges change their dynamic behavior under passing traffic loads. This paper presents how to model a bridge with viscoelastic supports and how the maximum dynamic stress of bridges changes during the passing of moving vehicles. Furthermore, this paper presents an algorithm to solve the governing equation of the bridge with viscoelastic supports as well as the equation of motion of a real European truck with different speeds, simultaneously. Using viscoelastic supports with appropriate characteristics can make a... 

    Relaxation of hardening in asphalt concrete under cyclic compression loading

    , Article Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering ; Volume 29, Issue 5 , 2017 ; 08991561 (ISSN) Jahangiri, B ; Karimi, M. M ; Tabatabaee, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)  2017
    The present experimental study investigated the behavior of hot-mix asphalt (HMA) under repetitive creep and recovery loading. Cylindrical samples of HMA were subjected to trapezoidal and haversine loading followed by unloading. Different amounts of unloading (stress reduction) and relaxation periods (rest periods in complete unloading) were tested. The measured vertical deformation was decomposed into viscoelastic and viscoplastic components. It was observed for cyclic loading that an increase in unloading and/or relaxation period increased the recovery of viscoelastic strain, which in turn increased the accumulated viscoplastic strain in subsequent loading cycles. It appears that... 

    Hydrodynamic dispersion by electroosmotic flow of viscoelastic fluids within a slit microchannel

    , Article Microfluidics and Nanofluidics ; Volume 22, Issue 1 , January , 2018 ; 16134982 (ISSN) Hoshyargar, V ; Talebi, M ; Ashrafizadeh, S. N ; Sadeghi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Verlag  2018
    The biofluids being manipulated in lab-on-a-chip devices usually contain elastic macromolecules. Accordingly, for an accurate modeling of the relevant flow physics one should invoke viscoelastic constitutive equations. In this paper, attention is paid toward the hydrodynamic dispersion by the fully developed electroosmotic flow of PTT viscoelastic fluids in slit microchannels of low zeta potential. Adopting the Taylor–Aris approach, analytical solutions are derived for late-time solute concentration and effective dispersion coefficient. Finite element-based numerical simulations are also conducted to monitor the broadening of an analyte band from the moment of injection. Both approaches are... 

    Mechanical characteristics of SPG-178 hydrogels: Optimizing viscoelastic properties through microrheology and response surface methodology

    , Article Iranian Biomedical Journal ; Volume 24, Issue 2 , 2020 , Pages 110-118 Seyedkarimi, M. S ; Mirzadeh, H ; Mohammadi, A ; Bagheri Khoulenjani, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Pasteur Institute of Iran  2020
    Background: SApeptides have growing applications in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. The application of SApeptide-based hydrogels depends strongly on their viscoelastic properties. Optimizing the properties is of importance in tuning the characteristics of the hydrogels for a variety of applications. Methods: In this study, we employed statistical modeling, conducted with the RSM and particle tracking microrheology, to investigate the effects of self-assembling SPG-178 peptide and added NaCl salt concentrations and milieu type (DI water or blood serum) on the viscoelastic properties of SPG-178 hydrogels. A central composite RSM model was employed for finding the optimum value of... 

    Computer simulation of flocs interactions: Application in fiber suspension

    , Article Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects ; Volume 292, Issue 2-3 , 2007 , Pages 99-109 ; 09277757 (ISSN) Jafari, A ; Zamankhan, P ; Mousavi, S. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2007
    The present effort is the development of a multiscale modeling, simulation methodology for investigating complex phenomena arising from flowing fiber suspensions. Specific consideration was given to dynamic simulations of viscoelastic fibers in which the fluid flow is predicted by a method that is a hybrid between Direct Numerical Simulations (DNS) and Large Eddy Simulation techniques (LES), and fluid fibrous structure interactions (FSI) will be taken into account. Numerical results are presented for which focus is on fiber floc deformation by hydrodynamic forces in turbulent flows. Dynamics of simple fiber networks in a shearing flow of water in a channel flow illustrate that the... 

    Multiscale modeling of fluid turbulence and flocculation in fiber suspensions

    , Article Journal of Applied Physics ; Volume 100, Issue 3 , 2006 ; 00218979 (ISSN) Jafari, A ; Zamankhan, P ; Mousavi, S. M ; Henttinen, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    A mathematically rigorous, multiscale modeling methodology capable of coupling behaviors from the Kolmogorov turbulence scale through the full scale system in which a fiber suspension is flowing is presented. Here the key aspect is adaptive hierarchical modeling. Numerical results are presented focus of which are on fiber floe formation and destruction by hydrodynamic forces in turbulent flows. Specific consideration was given to molecular-dynamics simulations of viscoelastic fibers in which the fluid flow is predicted by a method which is a hybrid between direct numerical simulations and large eddy simulation techniques, and fluid fibrous structure interactions were taken into account. The... 

    Parametrically excited vibration of a timoshenko beam on random viscoelastic foundation jected to a harmonic moving load

    , Article Nonlinear Dynamics ; Volume 45, Issue 1-2 , 2006 , Pages 75-93 ; 0924090X (ISSN) Younesian, D ; Kargarnovin, M. H ; Thompson, D. J ; Jones, C. J. C ; Sharif University of Technology
    The vibration response of a Timoshenko beam supported by a viscoelastic foundation with randomly distributed parameters along the beam length and jected to a harmonic moving load, is studied. By means of the first-order two-dimensional regular perturbation method and employing appropriate Green's functions, the dynamic response of the beam consisting of the mean and variance of the deflection and of the bending moment are obtained analytically in integral forms. Results of a field measurement for a test track are utilized to model the uncertainty of the foundation parameters. A frequency analysis is carried out and the effect of the load speed on the response is studied. It is found that the... 

    Frequency characteristics of a viscoelastic graphene nanoplatelet–reinforced composite circular microplate

    , Article JVC/Journal of Vibration and Control ; Volume 27, Issue 1-2 , 2021 , Pages 101-118 ; 10775463 (ISSN) Ghabussi, A ; Habibi, M ; NoormohammadiArani, O ; Shavalipour, A ; Moayedi, H ; Safarpour, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    SAGE Publications Inc  2021
    This is the first research on the frequency analysis of a graphene nanoplatelet composite circular microplate in the framework of a numerical-based generalized differential quadrature method. Stresses and strains are obtained using the higher order shear deformation theory. The microstructure is surrounded by a viscoelastic foundation. Rule of the mixture is used to obtain varying mass density and Poisson’s ratio, whereas the module of elasticity is computed by a modified Halpin–Tsai model. Governing equations and boundary conditions of the graphene nanoplatelet composite circular microplate are obtained by implementing Hamilton’s principle. The results show that outer to inner radius ratio... 

    An intelligent computer method for vibration responses of the spinning multi-layer symmetric nanosystem using multi-physics modeling

    , Article Engineering with Computers ; 2021 ; 01770667 (ISSN) Guo, J ; Baharvand, A ; Tazeddinova, D ; Habibi, M ; Safarpour, H ; Roco Videla, A ; Selmi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH  2021
    This article is the first attempt to employ deep learning to estimate the frequency performance of the rotating multi-layer nanodisks. The optimum values of the parameters involved in the mechanism of the fully connected neural network are determined through the momentum-based optimizer. The strength of the method applied in this survey comes from the high accuracy besides lower epochs needed to train the multi-layered network. It should be mentioned that the current nanostructure is modeled as a nanodisk on the viscoelastic substrate. Due to rotation, the centrifugal and Coriolis effects are considered. Hamilton’s principle and generalized differential quadrature method (GDQM) are presented...