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    Numerical Simulation of Dynamic Stall of Consecutive Wind Turbine Blades' Airfoil

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shojaa, Mohammad Ali (Author) ; Taeibi-Rahni, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    Today energy sources, in any kind, have their special situation in human’s life and we must use our knowledge to manage them for effective usage by decreasing losses and finding modern renewable sources. One of the best way to achieve this purpose is increasing efficiency and improve energy generator performances under different environmental conditions. In spite of the fact that wind turbines stall dynamics behavior is under investigation for 6 years, study of dynamic stall phenomenon especially over series blades still needed. By addition to this phenomenon, improper wind turbine arrange decreases efficiency too. As a matter of fact, scrutiny of dynamics stall of wind turbines serial... 

    Wind Farm Layout Optimization

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kiamehr, Koosha (Author) ; Kazemzadeh Hannani, Siamak (Supervisor)
    In this work, wind farm layout optimization problem is dealt with a new approach. The aim of this work is maximizing the output power of a wind farm by considering wake loses. Layout optimization minimizes the wake loses regarding the wind direction. Three different wind scenarios including different wind direction angles, wind direction blowing probabilities and Weibull distribution parameters for wind speed are assumed. Since, the problem is nonlinear and constrained, imperialist competitive algorithm is used as a modern and powerful algorithm for continuous optimization problems. The optimization outcomes indicate that imperialist competitive algorithm yields promising results.... 

    Low voltage ride-through of DFIG and brushless DFIG: Similarities and differences

    , Article Electric Power Systems Research ; Vol. 110 , May , 2014 , p. 64-72 ; ISSN: 03787796 Tohidi, S ; Tavner, P ; McMahon, R ; Oraee, H ; Zolghadri, M. R ; Shao, S ; Abdi, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    The brushless doubly fed induction generator (BDFIG) has been proposed as a viable alternative in wind turbines to the commonly used doubly fed induction generator (DFIG). The BDFIG retains the benefits of the DFIG, i.e. variable speed operation with a partially rated converter, but without the use of brush gear and slip rings, thereby conferring enhanced reliability. As low voltage ride-through (LVRT) performance of the DFIG-based wind turbine is well understood, this paper aims to analyze LVRT behavior of the BDFIG-based wind turbine in a similar way. In order to achieve this goal, the equivalence between their two-axis model parameters is investigated. The variation of flux linkages,... 

    Comparison between different DPC methods applied to DFIG wind turbines

    , Article International Journal of Renewable Energy Research ; Volume 3, Issue 2 , 2013 , Pages 446-452 ; 13090127 (ISSN) Tavakoli, S. M ; Pourmina, M. A ; Zolghadri, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this paper the direct power control methods of doubly fed induction generator in wind turbine applications are studied. In the methods under study, the proper voltage space vector of the rotor side converter is selected using a switching table which is derived from flux position and the difference between the measured and reference stator active and reactive powers. Various simulations are performed in Matlab/Simulink software on a DFIG system in order to investigate the dynamic performance and robustness of the proposed control methods against machine internal parameters variations  

    Influence of model simplifications and parameters on dynamic performance of grid connected fixed speed wind turbines

    , Article 19th International Conference on Electrical Machines, ICEM 2010, 6 September 2010 through 8 September 2010, Rome ; 2010 ; 9781424441754 (ISBN) Tohidi, S ; Rabiee, A ; Parniani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    With the rising penetration of wind power into electric power systems, more accurate and comprehensive studies are required to identify the interaction between wind farm(s) and power system. This requires accurate models of different types of wind turbine-generators. This paper describes modeling and small signal analysis of a grid connected fixed speed wind turbine generator (FSWTG). A complete model of FSWTG is derived and some reduced-order models are deduced. Eigenvalues and participation factors of the system for these models are calculated. Then, using the eigen analysis results, the models are compared and the simplifying assumptions which have been considered in the literatures are... 

    Small-Signal stability analysis of DFIG-based wind turbines equipped with auxiliary control systems under variable wind speed

    , Article 2020 IEEE International Conference on Environment and Electrical Engineering and 2020 IEEE Industrial and Commercial Power Systems Europe, EEEIC / I and CPS Europe 2020, 9 June 2020 through 12 June 2020 ; 2020 Ravanji, M.H ; Parniani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2020
    Providing ancillary services such as frequency support and power operating reserve by doubly fed induction gener-ator-based wind turbines has received considerable attention in the recent years, and several auxiliary controllers have been proposed to provide these services. In this paper, small-signal stability of wind turbines equipped with these controllers is assessed in presence of a frequency event and varying wind speed conditions. For this purpose, first, several auxiliary controllers are discussed, and a unified auxiliary controller (UAC) is proposed, which can represent all of these controllers simultaneously. Then, the overall transfer function from the wind speed to the wind... 

    Experimental investigation of unsteady wake behind a section of a wind turbine blade

    , Article 25th AIAA Applied Aerodynamics Conference, 2007, Miami, FL, 25 June 2007 through 28 June 2007 ; Volume 2 , 2007 , Pages 870-876 ; 10485953 (ISSN) ; 1563478986 (ISBN); 9781563478987 (ISBN) Soltani, M.R ; Mahmoudi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    A series of experiments were carried out to study the unsteady wake phenomenon behind an oscillating airfoil. The airfoil is a section of a wind turbine blade oscillating in pitch about the quarter chord axis at various reduced frequencies, oscillation amplitude and mean angles of attack. Streamwise velocity profiles were obtained by real time and instantaneous measurements at 35 vertically aligned points behind the airfoil via two similar rakes. One of rakes has only static pressure probes and the other is equipped with total pressure ones. An estimation of the variation of linear momentum defect during the oscillation is obtained and has been compared with the corresponding static one. The... 

    Oscillation Frequency and Reynolds Number Effects on a Contaminated Wind Turbine Blade Section

    , Article 25th AIAA Applied Aerodynamics Conference, 2007, Miami, FL, 25 June 2007 through 28 June 2007 ; Volume 2 , 2007 , Pages 1203-1207 ; 10485953 (ISSN) ; 1563478986 (ISBN); 9781563478987 (ISBN) Soltani, M. R ; Birjandi, A. H ; Goreishi, S. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    A series of unsteady low speed wind tunnel tests on a section of a 660 Kw wind turbine blade which is under construction were conducted to examine the effects of distributed surface contamination on its performance characteristics. Model was tested at three mean angles of attack, 5, 10 and 18 degrees at the fixed oscillation domain of 5 degrees. Results show that contamination decreases the maximum lift coefficient more than 40 percent. However Reynolds number and oscillation frequency increase, have a positive effect on the maximum lift coefficient in the contaminated model and it decreased the difference between maximum lift coefficient in the clean airfoil and the contaminated one  

    Effect of reduced frequency and surface roughness on an airfoil in plunging motion

    , Article 45th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting 2007, Reno, NV, 8 January 2007 through 11 January 2007 ; Volume 2 , 2007 , Pages 860-869 ; 1563478900 (ISBN); 9781563478901 (ISBN) Soltani, M. R ; Rasi Marzabadi, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    An extensive experimental investigation to study the effect of the reduced frequency and surface grit roughness on an airfoil oscillating in plunging motion has been conducted. The application of surface grit roughness simulates surface irregularities that occur on the wind turbine blades. Data were taken at a Reynolds number of 0.42*10* and at a range of reduced frequencies, k=0.03-0.1. Tests were conducted at plunging amplitudes of ±10cm and ±15cm and at mean angles of attack of 0°, 10° and 18°. It was found that the width of the hysteresis loop, position of the figure-8 shape, slope of the lift coefficient curve and maximum lift force have been influenced by both oscillation frequency and... 

    Site specific optimization of wind turbines energy cost: Iterative approach

    , Article Energy Conversion and Management ; Volume 73 , September , 2013 , Pages 167-175 ; 01968904 (ISSN) Rezaei Mirghaed, M ; Roshandel, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    The present study was aimed at developing a model to optimize the sizing parameters and farm layout of wind turbines according to the wind resource and economic aspects. The proposed model, including aerodynamic, economic and optimization sub-models, is used to achieve minimum levelized cost of electricity. The blade element momentum theory is utilized for aerodynamic modeling of pitch-regulated horizontal axis wind turbines. Also, a comprehensive cost model including capital costs of all turbine components is considered. An iterative approach is used to develop the optimization model. The modeling results are presented for three potential regions in Iran: Khaf, Ahar and Manjil. The optimum... 

    Formulating directional industry strategies for renewable energies in developing countries: The case study of Iran's wind turbine industry

    , Article Renewable Energy ; Volume 39, Issue 1 , 2012 , Pages 299-306 ; 09601481 (ISSN) Bagheri Moghaddam, N ; Mousavi, S. M ; Moallemi, E. A ; Nasiri, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    This study seeks a method for formulating directional strategy of wind turbine industry in Iran. To this end, by initially evaluating various economic viewpoints concerning the development of industries, the necessity of government intervention is recognized. By defining the concepts of national industry policy, firm technology strategy, and national technology strategy, the role of directional industry strategy is then made clear. Furthermore, the six assumptions of emphasis on formulating strategy (rather than on formulating policy), emphasis on formulating directional strategy, model's prescriptivism, emphasis on formulating the strategy at the level of industry, Iran's being a developing... 

    Effect of surface contamination on the performance of a section of a wind turbine blade

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 18, Issue 3 B , 2011 , Pages 349-357 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Soltani, M. R ; Birjandi, A. H ; Seddighi Moorani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    A series of low speed wind tunnel tests were conducted on a section of a 660 kW wind turbine blade to examine the effects of distributed surface contamination on its performance characteristics. The selected airfoil was tested with a clean surface, two types of zigzag roughness, strip tape roughness and distributed contamination roughness. The straight and zigzag leading edge roughness models simplify the contamination results in an early turbulence transition. In this study, surface contamination was simulated by applying 0.5 mm height roughness over the entire upper surface of the airfoil. The distribution density varied from the leading edge to the trailing edge of the model. Our data... 

    Robust control of the variable speed wind turbines in the presence of uncertainties: A comparison between H∞ and PID controllers

    , Article Energy ; Volume 90 , October , 2015 , Pages 1508-1521 ; 03605442 (ISSN) Moradi, H ; Vossoughi, G ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2015
    To achieve a cost-effective and reliable use of wind power generation, advanced control techniques are required. In this paper, the application of two control strategies for the improvement of wind turbine power output is investigated in the presence of model/environmental uncertainties. Rotational speed of the wind turbine and consequently its power output are controlled via manipulation of blades pitch angle (at a constant generator torque). First, the classical PID controller is designed based on root locus analysis while in the second scheme, an H∞-robust controller is designed via μ-synthesis based on DKiteration algorithm. Performance of the two controllers in tracking of the desired... 

    Vibration monitoring of wind turbine blade using fiber bragg grating

    , Article Wind Engineering ; Volume 34, Issue 6 , 2010 , Pages 721-731 ; 0309524X (ISSN) Fattahi, S. J ; Zabihollah, A ; Zareie, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Rapid growth in generating power from wind turbines led to application of long laminated composite blades. However, as the length of blades increases, the risk of failure due to excessive vibration increases. Therefore, a reliable wind power generator requires an efficient and accurate, yet economical structural health monitoring system to detect vibration and apply a reliable control to prevent from unpredicted failure. This paper presents an optimal, low cost and continuous vibration monitoring system for laminated composite blades using Fiber Bragg Grating (FBG). Utilizing a layerwise displacement theory, the Finite Element (FEM) model has been developed for the wind turbine blade. The... 

    Experimental investigation of transition on a plunging airfoil

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 17, Issue 6 B , NOVEMBER-DECEMBER , 2010 , Pages 468-479 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Soltani, M. R ; Rasi Marzabadi, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Extensive tests were carried out on a section of a wind turbine blade. The effect of reduced frequency on the boundary layer transition point of the model oscillating in plunge has been investigated. The spatial-temporal progressions of the transition point and the state of the unsteady boundary layer were measured using multiple hot-film sensors. The measurements showed that reduced frequency highly affects variations of the transition point and results in a hysteresis loop in the dynamic transition locations. The dominated frequencies of the boundary layer are found to be a function of the reduced frequency and mean angle of attack  

    Wind turbine productivity considering electrical subassembly reliability

    , Article Renewable Energy ; Volume 35, Issue 1 , 2010 , Pages 190-197 ; 09601481 (ISSN) Arabian-Hoseynabadi, H ; Oraee, H ; Tavner, P.J ; Sharif University of Technology
    This paper proposes a reliability model for the electrical subassemblies of geared wind turbine systems with induction generators. The model is derived considering the failure of main subassemblies and their parameters are calculated. A productivity comparison is performed between the selected wind turbine systems including reliability issues. Two methods of modification for variable-speed wind turbines with Doubly Fed Induction Generators (DFIG) to improve their availability are finally suggested  

    Simulation of DBD plasma actuator effect on aerodynamic performance improvement using a modified phenomenological model

    , Article Computers and Fluids ; Volume 140 , 2016 , Pages 371-384 ; 00457930 (ISSN) Mazaheri, K ; Omidi, J ; Chaharlang Kiani, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2016
    An improved phenomenological model is presented for numerical simulation of a Dielectric Barrier Discharge (DBD) plasma actuator for separation control of high angle of attack flow over a wind turbine airfoil. Based on existing numerical models and experimental measurements, a new model is proposed for prediction of the length of a plasma extent which is more consistent with previous observations. The electrical and hydrodynamic solvers used in the present study are validated against published experimental data. Then the applicability of a DBD actuator, mounted on a DU 91-W2-250 airfoil is extensively analyzed for a wide range of operating voltages and frequencies. The analysis is completely... 

    Aero-structural design and optimization of a small wind turbine blade

    , Article Renewable Energy ; Volume 87 , 2016 , Pages 837-848 ; 09601481 (ISSN) Pourrajabian, A ; Nazmi Afshar, P. A ; Ahmadizadeh, M ; Wood, D ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd 
    The study develops a methodology for the aero-structural design including consideration of the starting of a small wind turbine blade. To design a fast-starting blade, starting time was combined with output power in an objective function and the blade allowable stress was considered as a constraint. The output power and the starting time were calculated by the blade-element momentum theory and the simple beam theory was employed to compute the stress and deflection along the blade. A genetic algorithm was employed to solve the constrained objective function, finding an optimal blade for which the starting time was small and output power was high while the stress limitation was also met.... 

    An adaptive feedback linearization approach to inertial frequency response of wind turbines

    , Article IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy ; Volume 8, Issue 3 , 2017 , Pages 916-926 ; 19493029 (ISSN) Toulabi, M ; Dobakhshari, A. S ; Ranjbar, A. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2017
    Synthetic inertial frequency response has attracted increasing attention due to the paradigm shift in power generation from synchronous generators toward wind turbines. This paper presents a novel nonlinear controller to enable inertial response of a variable speed wind turbine (VSWT). The VSWT has a nonlinear model which cannot efficiently be dealt with by linear control techniques as it may experience large deviations from its operating point during the frequency support period. To design the controller, a nonlinear model for the wind turbine together with power system is utilized. The output power of the wind turbine is expressed in terms of the state variables, and its exact Taylor... 

    Atmospheric icing effects of S816 airfoil on a 600 kW wind turbine's performance

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 25, Issue 5B , 2018 , Pages 2693-2705 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Ebrahimi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Sharif University of Technology  2018
    This study investigates the aerodynamic loads and energy losses of a typical 600 kW wind turbine with S816 airfoil blade under two different icing conditions. Three sections at different radial positions were considered to estimate the icing effect along the blade. Ice accretion simulations in wet and dry regimes were carried out using the NASA LEWICE 3.2 computer program. The airflow simulations were performed with CFD method and SST k -ω turbulence model. The results of these simulations, including streamlines, surface pressure, skin friction, lift, and drag coefficients, were inspected for both clean and iced airfoils. In the case of wet iced airfoil, a separation bubble was created in...