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    One-pot synthesis of 1H-indazolo[2,1-b]-phthalazinetrione catalazed by magnetic room temperature dicationic ionic liquid under solvent-free conditions

    , Article Heterocycles ; Volume 87, Issue 3 , 2013 , Pages 559-570 ; 03855414 (ISSN) Godajdar, B. M ; Kiasat, A. R ; Hashemi, M. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    The efficient one-pot condensation of aldehyde, dimedone, and phthalhydrazide has been achieved in the presence of a catalytic amount of Fe(III)-based dicationic ionic liquid, [C4(mim)2] (FeCl4)2, as a novel environmentally benign magnetic catalyst under solvent-free conditions. The catalyst was easily separated after completion of the reaction and was recycled four times without affecting the catalytic property  

    Synthesis, characterization and application of magnetic room temperature dicationic ionic liquid as an efficient catalyst for the preparation of 1,2-azidoalcohols

    , Article Journal of Molecular Liquids ; Volume 183 , 2013 , Pages 14-19 ; 01677322 (ISSN) Godajdar, B. M ; Kiasat, A. R ; Hashemi, M. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    An environmentally benign, aqueous synthesis of 1,2-azidoalcohols via regioselective ring opening of their epoxides using magnetic imidazolium based dicationic room temperature ionic liquid, [pbmim](FeCl4)2, as an efficient magnetic phase transfer catalyst in water has been described. The present approach offers the advantages of clean reaction, simple methodology, short reaction time, high yield, easy purification and reusable catalyst  

    BF3·SiO2: an efficient reagent system for the one-pot synthesis of 1,2,4,5-tetrasubstituted imidazoles

    , Article Tetrahedron Letters ; Volume 49, Issue 16 , 2008 , Pages 2575-2577 ; 00404039 (ISSN) Sadeghi, B ; Mirjalili, B. B. F ; Hashemi, M. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2008
    Abstract
    Silica-supported boron trifluoride (BF3·SiO2) is an efficient, readily available and reusable catalyst for the synthesis of 1,2,4,5-tetrasubstituted imidazoles using benzil, an aromatic aldehyde and an amine in the presence of ammonium acetate. This one-pot procedure is very simple, affording good to excellent yields. © 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved  

    Application of Bhattacharyya distance as a dissimilarity index for automated prediction of epileptic seizures in rats

    , Article 2010 International Conference on Intelligent and Advanced Systems, ICIAS 2010, 15 June 2010 through 17 June 2010 ; 2010 ; 9781424466238 (ISBN) Niknazar, M ; Vosoughi Vahdat, B ; Shamsollahi, M. B ; Sayyah, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2010
    Abstract
    Seizures are defined as manifest of excessive and hypersynchronous activity of neurons in the cerebral cortex and represent a frequent malfunction of the human central nervous system. Therefore, the search for precursors and predictors of a seizure is of utmost clinical relevance and may even guide us to a deep understanding of the seizure generating mechanisms. In this study we analyzed invasive electroencephalogram (EEG) recordings in rats with experimentally induced generalized epilepsy with a nonlinear method called, dissimilarity index. In order to predict epileptic seizures automatically, Bhattacharyya distance between trajectory matrix of reference window, during an interval quite... 

    Correlation for Nusselt number in pure magnetic convection ferrofluid flow in a square cavity by a numerical investigation

    , Article Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials ; Volume 322, Issue 22 , November , 2010 , Pages 3607-3613 ; 03048853 (ISSN) Ashouri, M ; Ebrahimi, B ; Shafii, M. B ; Saidi, M. H ; Saidi, M. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    2010
    Abstract
    Magnetic convection heat transfer in a two-dimensional square cavity induced by magnetic field gradient is investigated numerically using a semi-implicit finite volume method. The side walls of the cavity are heated with different temperatures, the top and bottom walls are isolated, and a permanent magnet is located near the bottom wall. Thermal buoyancy-induced flow is neglected due to the nongravity condition on the plane of the cavity. Conditions for the different values of non-dimensional variables in a variety of ferrofluid properties and magnetic field parameters are studied. Based on this numerical analysis, a general correlation for the overall Nusselt number on the side walls is... 

    Fetal electrocardiogram R-peak detection using robust tensor decomposition and extended Kalman filtering

    , Article Computing in Cardiology ; Volume 40 , 2013 , Pages 189-192 ; 23258861 (ISSN) ; 9781479908844 (ISBN) Akhbari, M ; Niknazar, M ; Jutten, C ; Shamsollahi, M. B ; Rivet, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    In this paper, we propose an efficient method for R-peak detection in noninvasive fetal electrocardiogram (ECG) signals which are acquired from multiple electrodes on mother's abdomen. The proposed method is performed in two steps: first, we employ a robust tensor decomposition-based method for fetal ECG extraction, assuming different heart rates for mother and fetal ECG; then a method based on extended Kalman filter (EKF) in which the ECG beat is modeled by 3 state equations (P, QRS and T), is used for fetal R-peak detection. The results show that the proposed method is efficiently able to estimate the location of R-peaks of fetal ECG signals. The obtained average scores of event 4 and 5 on... 

    Alterations of the electroencephalogram sub-bands amplitude during focal seizures in the pilocarpine model of epilepsy

    , Article Physiology and Pharmacology ; Volume 16, Issue 1 , 2012 , Pages 11-20 ; 17350581 (ISSN) Motaghi, S ; Niknazar, M ; Sayyah, M ; babapour, V ; Vahdat, B. V ; Shamsollahi, M. B ; Sharif University of Technology
    2012
    Abstract
    Introduction: Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is the most common and drug resistant epilepsy in adults. Due to behavioral, morphologic and electrographic similarities, pilocarpine model of epilepsy best resembles TLE. This study was aimed at determination of the changes in electroencephalogram (EEG) sub-bands amplitude during focal seizures in the pilocarpine model of epilepsy. Analysis of these changes might help detection of a pre-seizure state before an oncoming seizure. Methods: Rats were treated by scopolamine (1mg/kg, s.c) to prevent cholinergic effects. After 30 min, pilocarpine (380 mg/kg, i.p) was administered to induce status epilepticus (SE) and 2 hours after SE, diazepam (20 mg/kg,... 

    Analytical solution for creeping motion of a viscoelastic drop falling through a Newtonian fluid

    , Article Korea Australia Rheology Journal ; Vol. 26, issue. 1 , 2014 , pp. 91-104 ; ISSN: 1226119X Vamerzani, B. Z ; Norouzi, M ; Firoozabadi, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    2014
    Abstract
    In this paper, an analytical solution for steady creeping motion of viscoelastic drop falling through a viscous Newtonian fluid is presented. The Oldroyd-B model is used as the constitutive equation. The analytical solutions for both interior and exterior flows are obtained using the perturbation method. Deborah number and capillary numbers are considered as the perturbation parameters. The effect of viscoelastic properties on drop shape and motion are studied in detail. The previous empirical studies indicated that unlike the Newtonian creeping drop in which the drop shape is exactly spherical, a dimpled shape appears in viscoelastic drops. It is shown that the results of the present... 

    Theoretical and experimental study on the motion and shape of viscoelastic falling drops through Newtonian media

    , Article Rheologica Acta ; Volume 55, Issue 11-12 , 2016 , Pages 935-955 ; 00354511 (ISSN) Vamerzani, B. Z ; Norouzi, M ; Firoozabadi, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Verlag  2016
    Abstract
    In this paper, creeping motion of a viscoelastic drop falling through a Newtonian fluid is investigated experimentally and analytically. A polymeric solution of 0.08 % xanthan gum in 80:20 glycerol/water and silicon oil is implemented as the viscoelastic drop and the bulk viscous fluids, respectively. The shape and motion of falling drops are visualized using a high speed camera. The perturbation technique is employed for both interior and exterior flows, and Deborah and capillary numbers are considered as perturbation parameters up to second order. The product of Deborah and capillary numbers is also used as a perturbation parameter to apply the boundary condition on the deformation on the... 

    SnCl4/SiO2: an efficient heterogeneous alternative for one-pot synthesis of β-acetamidoketones

    , Article Journal of the Chinese Chemical Society ; Volume 56, Issue 2 , 2009 , Pages 386-391 ; 00094536 (ISSN) Mirjalili, B. B. F ; Mahmoodi Hashemi, M ; Sadeghi, B ; Emtiazi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    2009
    Abstract
    Enolizable ketones have been reacted in a one-pot method with aromatic aldehydes, acetyl chloride and acetonitrile at room temperature in the presence of SnCl4/SiO2 to furnish the corresponding β-acetamidoketones in improved yields. Acetylation of an aromatic hydroxyl group was observed while using 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde or vanillin and the corresponding β-acetamidoketones were isolated in an excellent yield  

    Energy and delay efficient strategies for content distribution using mobile-to-mobile cooperation

    , Article 6th IFIP/IEEE Wireless Days Conference, WD 2013, Valencia, 13 November 2013 through 15 November 2013 ; 2013 ; 21569711 (ISSN); 9781479905423 (ISBN) Bagheri, H ; Salehi, M. J ; Barua, B ; Khalaj, B. H ; Katz, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    IEEE Computer Society  2013
    Abstract
    In this paper we consider the content distribution to a set of mobile users interested in the same content. We use the concept of mobile clouds, which exploits cooperation between mobile terminals over the low-power short-range links. We propose, formulate and investigate the energy efficiency and delay of four realistic cooperative content delivery strategies. The derived results, through analysis of mathematical models and simulations, demonstrate around 65% to 95% energy saving gain in mobile cloud strategies compared to conventional multicasting. We also show that using mobile clouds, content distribution delay can be reduced for up to 85%  

    A distributed locality-aware neighbor selection algorithm for P2P video streaming over wireless mesh networks

    , Article 2012 6th International Symposium on Telecommunications, IST 2012 ; 2012 , Pages 639-643 ; 9781467320733 (ISBN) Moayeri, F ; Akbari, B ; Khansari, M ; Ahmadifar, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    2012
    Abstract
    Nowadays, deployment of peer-to-peer video streaming systems over wireless mesh networks has attained raising popularity among large number of users around the world. In this paper, we present an efficient peer-to-peer live video streaming architecture over multi-hop wireless mesh networks. In our proposed architecture, we take the physical topology of network into account and based on a distributed distributed locality-aware neighbor selection algorithm in the overlay construction phase, we generate an efficient mesh-based overlay on top of wireless mesh networks. In locality-aware neighbor selection algorithm, instead of choosing randomly, peers find their best neighbors based on their... 

    Novel method for cancer cell apoptosis by localized UV light with gold nanostructures: A theoretical investigation

    , Article Nano ; Volume 5, Issue 6 , 2010 , Pages 325-332 ; 17932920 (ISSN) Sasanpour, P ; Rashidian, B ; Rashidian, B ; Vossoughi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2010
    Abstract
    A novel approach for phototherapy is proposed. The proposed method is based on cell apoptosis according to halting activation of cancer cell membrane receptor by exposure to UV light pulses without any side effect. In the proposed method, gold nanoparticles are directed to cancerous cells by conjugating their surface with specific ligands. UV light is created locally adjacent to cells around the gold nanoparticles. UV light is generated due to nonlinear interaction of visible light with gold nanoparticles because of enhancement in third order nonlinear effects. For example, by using 780 nm laser, 260 nm UV will be generated around the nanoparticle because of third harmonic generation... 

    A portable culture chamber for studying the effects of hydrostatic pressure on cellular monolayers

    , Article Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science ; 2018 ; 09544062 (ISSN) Kiyoumarsioskouei, A ; Saidi, M ; Mosadegh, B ; Firoozabadi, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    SAGE Publications Ltd  2018
    Abstract
    Hydrostatic pressure is one of the most fundamental and common mechanical stimuli in the body, playing a critical role in the homeostasis of all organ systems. Kidney function is affected by high blood pressure, namely hypertension, by the increased pressure acting on the glomerular capillary walls. This general effect of hypertension is diagnosed as a chronic disease, but underlying mechanistic causes are still not well understood. This paper reports a portable and adaptive device for studying the effects of hydrostatic pressure on a monolayer of cells. The fabricated device fits within a conventional incubation system and microscope. The effects of various pressures and durations were... 

    Oxidation of benzylic alcohols to carbonyl compounds with hydrogen peroxide catalysed by manganeses chloride supported on montmorillonite K10

    , Article Journal of Chemical Research ; Issue 8 , 2005 , Pages 484-485 ; 03082342 (ISSN) Hashemi, M. M ; Khalili, B ; Eftekhari-sis, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Scientific Reviews Ltd  2005
    Abstract
    Manganeses(II) chloride supported on montmorillonite K10 was found to be an efficient catalysts for the oxidation of alcohols to carbonyl compounds with hydrogen peroxide as oxidant  

    Biosignals: A general approach for analysis

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 12, Issue 1 , 2005 , Pages 83-89 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Niknam, K ; Shamsollahi, M. B ; Vahdat, B. V ; Sharif University of Technology
    Sharif University of Technology  2005
    Abstract
    In this paper, a biosignal analysis approach to determine the relation between a typical cell action current (potential) and its resulted biosignals is presented. This relation is a logical result that can be obtained from the electrophysiological concepts governing the biosignals generating phenomena and can tell us some facts about its generating organ. Therefore, one has an input (Action Current or AC), an output (biosignal) and an unknown system (black box) relating them together. In this study, a linear system modeling is proposed to identify that relationship. This system acts as a transfer function (or generating function) that generates different forms of biosignal from a unique... 

    Wireless optical CDMA lAN: digital design concepts [electronic resource]

    , Article IEEE Transaction on Communication ; Vol. 56, No. 12, PP. 2145-2155, December 2008 Ghaffari, B. M. (Babak M.) ; Matinfar, M ; Salehi, J. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    In this paper we study and present an in-depth analysis on the operability and the viability of a typical wireless optical CDMA (OCDMA) local area network. Three receiver structures for OCDMA systems, using optical orthogonal codes (OOC) with minimum auto and cross-correlations as signature sequence, namely, correlation, correlation with hard-limiter, and chip-level detection are studied and proposed for such a network. For the synchronization circuit design the performance of two algorithms for OOC based OCDMA networks, namely, simple serial-search and multiple-shift in the context of wireless OCDMA LAN are studied. Furthermore, we study a synchronization method based on matched filtering... 

    A new dissimilarity index of EEG signals for epileptic seizure detection

    , Article Final Program and Abstract Book - 4th International Symposium on Communications, Control, and Signal Processing, ISCCSP 2010, 3 March 2010 through 5 March 2010 ; March , 2010 ; 9781424462858 (ISBN) Niknazar, M ; Mousavi, S. R ; Vosoughi Vahdat, B ; Shamsollahi, M. B ; Sayyah, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2010
    Abstract
    Epileptic seizures are generated by an abnormal synchronization of neurons. Since epileptic seizures are unforeseeable for the patients, epileptic seizures detection is an interesting issue in epileptology, that novel approaches to understand the mechanism of epileptic seizures. In this study we analyzed invasive electroencephalogram (EEG) recordings in patients suffering from medically intractable focal epilepsy with a nonlinear method called, dissimilarity index. In order to detect epileptic seizures Bhattacharyya distance between trajectory matrix of reference window during an interval quite distant in time from any seizure and trajectory matrix of present window is employed to measure... 

    Radiative heat transfer modeling in numerical simulation of a heavy duty steam generator

    , Article 54th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting, 2016, 4 January 2016 through 8 January 2016 ; 2016 ; 9781624103933 (ISBN) Darbandi, M ; Abrar, B ; Barezban, M. B ; Schneider, G.E ; Shamsaei, Y ; Nematollahi, M ; Sharif Universty of Technology
    American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA  2016
    Abstract
    The proper modeling of radiation is of great importance in numerical simulation of combustion processes. A simple gray weighted-sum-of-gray-gases (WSGG) model has been intensively used in CFD simulations of industrial combustion applications, mainly because of its low computational costs. However, the gray assumption is far from the real behavior of non-gray combustion gases. This could consequently affect the accuracy of temperature field and heat flux distribution predictions. On the other hand, modern non-gray global radiation models such as the standard spectral line-based weighted-sum-od-gray-gases (SLW) model are still computationally expensive for many engineering purposes. To... 

    Rotary magnetohydrodynamic micropump based on slug trapping valve

    , Article Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems ; Volume 20, Issue 1 , December , 2011 , Pages 260-269 ; 10577157 (ISSN) Moghadam, M. E ; Shafii, M. B ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    A novel rotary magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) (RMHD) micropump is presented in this paper in order to both benefit exclusive advantages from the MHD micropumps and eliminate the current obstacles in their implementation. Lorentz force, which is the actuation mechanism in RMHD, is used to propel a mercury slug in a circular microchannel in order to suck the working fluid from the inlet and pump it to the outlet. This idea is integrated with a valve which prevents the working fluid from passing through, while allowing the mercury slug to pass, during each pumping loop. The performance of a fabricated RMHD is evaluated, considering parameters such as pressure difference, running duration, electric...