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    Molecular dynamics simulation of orientation dependency in the shock-induced phase transition of C60 fullerene single crystals into amorphous diamond

    , Article Phase Transitions ; Vol. 87, Issue. 3 , 2014 , Pages 271-285 ; ISSN: 01411594 Mahnama, M ; Naghdabadi, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2014
    Abstract
    A molecular dynamics simulation of the shock-wave propagation in the face-centered cubic (FCC) structured C60 fullerene along the <100>, <110> and <111> crystallographic directions is performed. For this purpose, the response of the material under different shock-wave loadings is studied through Hugoniot curves. Three regimes of the material behavior have been observed from fully elastic to elastic-plastic to plastic. The Hugoniot elastic limit and the phase transition are also investigated along different crystallographic directions. It is shown that the shock wave travels faster along the <110> and <111> directions than in the <100> direction in the material. Comparing the results with the... 

    Application of FEM simulation of chip formation to stability analysis in orthogonal cutting process

    , Article Journal of Manufacturing Processes ; Volume 14, Issue 3 , 2012 , Pages 188-194 ; 15266125 (ISSN) Mahnama, M ; Movahhedy, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2012
    Abstract
    Models for chatter prediction in machining often use a mechanistic force model that calculate the force as the product of a material dependent cutting constant and chip area. However, in reality, the forces are the result of complex interaction between the tool and the chip, and are affected by many factors. The effects of these complex, and often nonlinear, factors on the machining dynamics may only be included in chatter prediction if the chip formation process is simulated concurrently with simulation of the machining dynamics. In this paper, finite element simulation of the chip formation process is combined with simulation of chatter dynamics and the inter-relationship between the chip... 

    Prediction of machining chatter based on FEM simulation of chip formation under dynamic conditions

    , Article International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture ; Volume 50, Issue 7 , July , 2010 , Pages 611-620 ; 08906955 (ISSN) Mahnama, M ; Movahhedy, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2010
    Abstract
    Machining chatter is an inherently nonlinear phenomenon that is affected by many parameters such as cutting conditions, tool geometry e.g., nose radius and clearance angle and frictional conditions at the tool/workpiece interface. Models for chatter prediction often ignore nonlinearities or introduce them through simple models for friction and geometry. In particular, the effect of chiptool interaction on the occurrence of chatter is not investigated thoroughly. This paper presents a novel approach for prediction of chatter vibration and for investigation of the effects of various conditions on the onset of chatter. This approach uses finite element simulation to investigate the... 

    Atomistic investigation of phase transition in solid argon induced by shock wave transmission

    , Article Phase Transitions ; Volume 86, Issue 8 , 2013 , Pages 838-853 ; 01411594 (ISSN) Mahnama, M ; Naghdabadi, R ; Movahhedy, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    A molecular dynamics (MD) simulation is employed to study the phase transition process in argon induced by shock wave transmission. Deriving the relation between the shock and piston velocities, the theoretical equation of state for argon is presented. Also, argon equation of state is obtained by measuring the quantities directly from simulations to be able to detect the phase transitions. The phase transition is also detected by using argon phase diagram and free energy calculations. A comparison shows good agreement between the theoretical and MD results for the phase transitions. Based on these simulations, it is concluded that under a shock wave transmission with suitable energy, the... 

    Sintering of Metal Matrix Nanocomposites Under Shock Wave by Coarse Grained Molecular Dynamics

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Tavakol, Mahdi (Author) ; Naghdabadi, Reza (Supervisor) ; Mahnama, Maryam ($item.subfieldsMap.e)
    Abstract
    Nowadays, metal matrix composites due to their magnificent properties, has met diverse applications in automobile, aerospace and military industries. Decreasing the reinforcement size from micro-meter to nano-meter, properties of these structures will be improved significantly. Better properties will lead to better applications for them in the future. Thus, the main objective of the current project was investigation on the mechanical properties of metal matrix nanocomposites produced with shock wave sintering. In order to gain this aim, first the sintering of nanoparticles was modeled. A new model was proposed to consider the neighboring particles effects. Using the model, sintering of many... 

    Preparation of Gelatin/Pva Porous Scaffolds by Chemical and Gamma Irradiation Methods for Skin Cell Culture

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mahnama, Hossein (Author) ; Frounchi, Masoud (Supervisor) ; Dadbin, Susan (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The goal of this research project was to prepare gelatin/PVA porous scaffolds by chemical and gamma irradiation methods to be used for human dermal fibroblast cell culture. First, the polymers were dissolved in hot water and mixed properly to achieve a homogenous solution. The mixture was then frozen at -200C and immersed in ethanol/ glutaraldehyde solution at -200C for 48 hours in order to extract ice crystals and also form chemical crosslinks in gelatin by glutaraldehyde. After being rinsed with distilled water the samples were lyophilized. The effects of polymers solution concentration, gelatin/PVA ratio and glutaraldehyde /gelatin ratio were investigated on characteristics of the... 

    Preparation of biodegradable gelatin/PVA porous scaffolds for skin regeneration

    , Article Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine and Biotechnology ; 2016 , Pages 1-8 ; 21691401 (ISSN) Mahnama, H ; Dadbin, S ; Frounchi, M ; Rajabi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Ltd  2016
    Abstract
    Porous scaffolds composed of gelatin/poly (vinyl alcohol), (Gel/PVA), were prepared using combination of freeze gelation and freeze drying methods. The effect of polymer concentration, gelatin/PVA ratio, and glutaraldehyde/gelatin ratio (GA/Gel) was investigated on morphology of pores, swelling ratio, biodegradation, and skin cell culture. At optimum preparation conditions the scaffolds had uniform pore size distributions showing high swelling ratio of 23.6. The scaffolds were of biodegradable nature and almost degraded in 28 days. Human dermal fibroblast cells (HDF) were cultured on the scaffolds and MTS assay was conducted to evaluate the influence of PVA on growth and proliferation of the... 

    Preparation of biodegradable gelatin/PVA porous scaffolds for skin regeneration

    , Article Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine and Biotechnology ; Volume 45, Issue 5 , 2017 , Pages 928-935 ; 21691401 (ISSN) Mahnama, H ; Dadbin, S ; Frounchi, M ; Rajabi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Ltd  2017
    Abstract
    Porous scaffolds composed of gelatin/poly (vinyl alcohol), (Gel/PVA), were prepared using combination of freeze gelation and freeze drying methods. The effect of polymer concentration, gelatin/PVA ratio, and glutaraldehyde/gelatin ratio (GA/Gel) was investigated on morphology of pores, swelling ratio, biodegradation, and skin cell culture. At optimum preparation conditions the scaffolds had uniform pore size distributions showing high swelling ratio of 23.6. The scaffolds were of biodegradable nature and almost degraded in 28 days. Human dermal fibroblast cells (HDF) were cultured on the scaffolds and MTS assay was conducted to evaluate the influence of PVA on growth and proliferation of the... 

    A molecular dynamics study of bond strength and interface conditions in the Al / Al 2 O 3 metal-ceramic composites

    , Article Computational Materials Science ; Volume 109 , November , 2015 , Pages 200-208 ; 09270256 (ISSN) Sazgar, A ; Movahhedy, M. R ; Mahnama, M ; Sohrabpour, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2015
    Abstract
    Abstract High ductility of metals as well as high strength of ceramics has made the metal/ceramic composites an attractive material for many applications requiring high strength to weight ratios. An important issue in using this material is the behavior of the material and its ceramic-metal interface under various loading, especially at high strain rate. To provide a better understanding of the interface conditions, in this work, a molecular dynamics study of the interface behavior in Al/α-Al2O3 composite as the result of tensile and shear loadings is presented. For this purpose, the reactive force field (ReaxFF) potential function is utilized. The effects of... 

    Development of a molecular dynamic based cohesive zone model for prediction of an equivalent material behavior for Al/Al2O3 composite

    , Article Materials Science and Engineering A ; Volume 679 , 2017 , Pages 116-122 ; 09215093 (ISSN) Sazgar, A ; Movahhedy, M. R ; Mahnama, M ; Sohrabpour, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    2017
    Abstract
    The interfacial behavior of composites is often simulated using a cohesive zone model (CZM). In this approach, a traction-separation (T-S) relation between the matrix and reinforcement particles, which is often obtained from experimental results, is employed. However, since the determination of this relation from experimental results is difficult, the molecular dynamics (MD) simulation may be used as a virtual environment to obtain this relation. In this study, MD simulations under the normal and shear loadings are used to obtain the interface behavior of Al/Al2O3 composite material and to derive the T-S relation. For better agreement with Al/Al2O3 interfacial behavior, the exponential form... 

    Molecular Dynamics Simulation of Nano-Diamond Synthesis by Shock Wave

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Mahnama, Maryam (Author) ; Naghdabadi, Reza (Supervisor) ; Movahhedy, Mohammad Reza (Co-Advisor)
    Abstract
    In the field of high-pressure material science, diverse carbon systems under pressure have been intensively studied with interest in synthesizing new phases. A variety of these synthetic phases which have met various applications in today technology are called the amorphous diamond. The pressure-induced structural transition of carbonaceous material to amorphous diamond is realized by shock compression and rapid quenching. The shock compression and rapid quenching generate the high pressure (several GPa) and the temperature (several hundred K) in a fraction of a microsecond.Since the mechanical and electrical properties of the synthetic diamond are severely sensitive to the atomic structure,... 

    Multi-scale Modeling to Obtain an Equivalent Homogeneous Material for Al6061-T6/Al2 O3 Composite and its Application in Machining Simulation

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Sazgar, Amjad (Author) ; Movahedy, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor) ; Sohrabpour, Saeed (Supervisor) ; Mahnama, Maryam ($item.subfieldsMap.e)
    Abstract
    In this study, an equivalent homogenous material model is proposed for Al6061-T6/Al2O3 metal matrix composite using the hierarchical multi-scale modeling, and the capability of this model in simulation of machining process of this composite is investigated. Molecular dynamic study of the Al/Al2O3 interface is used to obtain the effect of crystallographic orientations and terminations on the tensile and shear strengths at the interface. The Reaxff potential function is employed to estimate the traction-separation relations at Al/Al_2 O_3 interface at temperatures of 300, 400, and 500 K. Next, a cohesive zone model is used at the micro-scale to simulate the interface between the matrix and... 

    Nonlinear interstory drift contours for idealized forward directivity pulses using "modified fish-bone" models

    , Article Advances in Structural Engineering ; Volume 18, Issue 5 , May , 2015 , Pages 603-627 ; 13694332 (ISSN) Khalo, A. R ; Khosravi, H ; Jamnani, H. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Multi-Science Publishing Co. Ltd  2015
    Abstract
    Four 5-, 10-, 20- and 30-story moment frames, representing low-, mid-, and two high-rise structures, were subjected to a great number of idealized directivity pulses. The amplitudes and periods of pulses vary from 0.02 g to 1.0 g and 0.5 to 12 sec, respectively. Over 1400 nonlinear dynamic analyses of low- to high-rise moment frames were performed which were feasible through using modified fish-bone model. The distribution of interstory drift along the height was studied and two applied contours were proposed: (i) the maximum interstory drift contour, and (ii) the critical story contour. These contours were demonstrated versus the ratio of natural period of the structure to the pulse period... 

    Analysis of singularities of a 3DOF parallel manipulator based on a novel geometrical method

    , Article 8th Biennial ASME Conference on Engineering Systems Design and Analysis, ESDA2006, Torino, 4 July 2006 through 7 July 2006 ; Volume 2006 , 2006 ; 0791837793 (ISBN); 9780791837795 (ISBN) Pendar, H ; Sadeghian, H ; Roozbehani, H ; Zohoor, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    2006
    Abstract
    In this article singular points of a parallel manipulator are obtained based on a novel geometrical method. Here we introduce the constrained plain method (CPM) and some of its application in parallel mechanism. Given the definition of constraint plane (CP) and infinite constraint plane (ICP) the dependency conditions of constraints is achieved with the use of a new theorem based on the Ceva geometrical theorem. The direction of angular velocity of a body is achieved by having three ICPs with the use of another theorem. Finally, with the use of the above two novel theorems singularities of the 3UPF_PU mechanism are obtained. It should be emphasized that this method is completely geometrical,... 

    Melting enthalpy and entropy of freestanding metallic nanoparticles based on cohesive energy and average coordination number

    , Article Journal of Physical Chemistry C ; Volume 115, Issue 35 , August , 2011 , Pages 17310-17313 ; 19327447 (ISSN) Omid, H ; Delavari H., H ; Madaah Hosseini, H. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    An analytical model is proposed to study the effect of particle size on melting enthalpy and entropy of metallic nanoparticles (NPs). The Mott's and Regel's equations for melting entropy in the combination of core average coordination number (CAC) and surface average coordination number (SAC) of freestanding NPs are considered. Clusters of icosahedral (IC), body centered cubic (BCC), and body centered tetragonal (BCT) structure without any vacancies and defects are modeled. Using the variable coordination number made this model to be in good agreement with experimental and molecular dynamic (MD) results of different crystal structures. The model predicts melting entropy and enthalpy of... 

    On the temperature and residual stress field during grinding

    , Article WCE 2010 - World Congress on Engineering 2010, 30 June 2010 through 2 July 2010 ; Volume 2 , 2010 , Pages 1196-1200 ; 9789881821072 (ISBN) H-Gangaraj, S. M ; Farrahi, G. H ; Ghadbeigi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    2010
    Abstract
    Grinding is widely used for manufacturing of components that require fine surface finish and good dimensional accuracy. In this study a thermo-mechanical finite element analysis is conducted to find out how grinding parameters can affect temperature and residual stress distribution in the workpiece. Results of parametric study presented in this work indicate, by carefully selecting the grinding parameters, minimum thermal and mechanical damage can be achieved. Higher workpiece velocities produce higher surface residual stress. By increasing depths of cut, depth of tensile residual stresses increases. Convection heat coefficient does not have any considerable effect on surface residual stress... 

    A new lattic LP-based post filter for adaptive noise cancellers in mobile and vehicular applications

    , Article Proceedings of the 8th IEEE International Symposium on Signal Processing and Information Technology, ISSPIT 2008, 16 December 2008 through 19 December 2008, Sarajevo ; 2008 , Pages 407-412 ; 9781424435555 (ISBN) Khorram, S ; Sameti, H ; Veisi, H ; Abutalebi, H. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2008
    Abstract
    Adaptive Noise Cancellation (ANC) is a well-known technique for background noise reduction in automobile and vehicular environments. The noise fields in automobile and other vehicle interior obey the diffuse noise field model closely. On the other hand, the ANC does not provide sufficient noise reduction in the diffuse noise fields. In this paper, a new multistage post-filter is designed for ANC as a solution to diffuse noise conditions. The designed post-filter is a single channel Linear Prediction (LP) based speech enhancement system. The LP is performed by an adaptive lattice filter and attempts to extract speech components by using intermediate ANC signals. The post-filter has no... 

    Finite element analysis of shot-peening effect on fretting fatigue parameters

    , Article Tribology International ; Volume 44, Issue 11 , 2011 , Pages 1583-1588 ; 0301679X (ISSN) H-Gangaraj, S. M ; Alvandi Tabrizi, Y ; Farrahi, G. H ; Majzoobi, G. H ; Ghadbeigi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    Shot peening is widely used to improve the fretting fatigue strength of critical surfaces. Fretting fatigue occurs in contacting parts that are subjected to fluctuating loads and sliding movements at the same time. This paper presents a sequential finite element simulation to investigate the shot peening effects on normal stress, shear stress, bulk stress and slip amplitude, which are considered to be the controlling parameters of fretting damage. The results demonstrated that among the modifications related to shot peening, compressive residual stress has a dominant effect on the fretting parameters  

    Mechanically activated synthesis of single crystalline MgO nanostructures

    , Article Journal of Alloys and Compounds ; Volume 506, Issue 2 , September , 2010 , Pages 715-720 ; 09258388 (ISSN) Nusheh, M ; Yoozbashizadeh, H ; Askari, M ; Kobatake, H ; Fukuyama, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    2010
    Abstract
    One-dimensional (1D) MgO structures were successfully synthesized via carbothermic reduction of mechanically activated mixture of MgO and graphite. Mechanical activation of source materials before carbothermic reduction can substantially enhance the formation of MgO products at a temperature (1000 °C) relatively lower than that required in previous approaches (≥1200 °C). However, the morphology of MgO formed is dependent on the degree of mechanical activation and the condition of the subsequent carbothermic reduction. Two distinctive morphologies were found for MgO products synthesized using our method: single crystalline nanorods with rectangular cross-sections whose diameters range from 50... 

    Boundary control design for vibration suppression and attitude control of flexible satellites with multi-section appendages

    , Article Acta Astronautica ; Volume 173 , 2020 , Pages 22-30 Ataei, M. M ; Salarieh, H ; Nejat Pishkenari, H ; Jalili, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2020
    Abstract
    Attitude and vibration control of a general form of flexible satellites is addressed in this paper. Partial differential dynamic equations are derived considering new details such as multi sectioned solar panels and elastic connections between main hub and solar panels. Boundary control approach is adopted to eliminate simplification errors of discrete models, using just one actuator in the hub. Asymptotic stability of attitude dynamics is proved for a group of boundary controllers and necessary conditions for asymptotic stability of vibrations are discussed. Being independent of modeling accuracy and using easily measurable feedbacks are among advantages of the proposed class of...