Loading...
Search for: pourbaba--m
0.135 seconds

    Shear Capacity of Ultra-High Performance Concrete Rectangular Beams

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Pourbaba, Masoud (Author) ; Joghataie, Abdolreza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The application of ultra-high performance concrete (UHPC) as an alternative to conventional/ normal concrete (NC) has grown rapidly in recent years. However, there is limited knowledge on its shear behavior, which is essential for developing design guidelines for structural applications. A detailed parametric study was conducted on 38 beam specimens, half of which were made of UHPC and the other half made of NC. To ensure applicability of findings, two types of UHPC mixes were used, a proprietary and a generic mix. Eighteen of the beams were prepared and tested in Tabriz, Iran, while the other 20 were made and tested in Miami, FL. Test parameters included type of concrete (UHPC and NC),... 

    Determining shear capacity of ultra-high performance concrete beams by experiments and comparison with codes

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 26, Issue 1A , 2019 , Pages 273-282 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Pourbaba, M ; Joghataie, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Sharif University of Technology  2019
    Abstract
    In this research, 19 specimens of ultra-high performance fiber-reinforced concrete rectangular beams were made and their shear resistance was determined experimentally. The results were compared with estimations by ACI 318, RILEM TC 162-TDF, Australian guideline, and Iranian national building regulations. To compare the code estimations, the ratio of experimental shear strength to predicted shear strength was calculated for each code. This ratio is in fact a measure of safety factor on the one hand and a measure of precision of the estimation on the other hand. Based on the results of both studies, the authors concluded that the Australian guideline, with the amount of 2.5, provided the... 

    Determining shear capacity of ultra-high performance concrete beams by experiments and comparison with codes

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 26, Issue 1A , 2019 , Pages 273-282 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Pourbaba, M ; Joghataie, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Sharif University of Technology  2019
    Abstract
    In this research, 19 specimens of ultra-high performance fiber-reinforced concrete rectangular beams were made and their shear resistance was determined experimentally. The results were compared with estimations by ACI 318, RILEM TC 162-TDF, Australian guideline, and Iranian national building regulations. To compare the code estimations, the ratio of experimental shear strength to predicted shear strength was calculated for each code. This ratio is in fact a measure of safety factor on the one hand and a measure of precision of the estimation on the other hand. Based on the results of both studies, the authors concluded that the Australian guideline, with the amount of 2.5, provided the... 

    Photocatalytic mechanism of action of apatite-coated Ag=AgBr=TiO 2 on phenol and Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis bacteria under various conditions

    , Article Progress in Reaction Kinetics and Mechanism ; Volume 36, Issue 1 , February , 2011 , Pages 38-52 ; 14686783 (ISSN) Elahifard, M. R ; Rahimnejad, S ; Pourbaba, R ; Haghighi, S ; Gholami, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    Multi-component photocatalysts based on apatite-coated Ag=AgBr=TiO 2 were prepared by the deposition method. The effects of various kinds of apatites, with hydroxyl and fluoro substituents, on photocatalytic activity were investigated. The antibacterial processes in the dark, and under visible light, on two types of bacteria indicate that the multi-composites can inhibit the growth of bacteria by two different mechanisms. TEM images and optical microscopic data demonstrate that by attaching the nanosize catalyst to the outer membrane of the cell, the bacteria could not derive nourishment from surrounding media, i.e. this component acts as bacteria-static. The mechanism for deactivation of... 

    Shear behavior of ultra-high performance concrete

    , Article Construction and Building Materials ; Volume 183 , 2018 , Pages 554-564 ; 09500618 (ISSN) Pourbaba, M ; Joghataie, A ; Mirmiran, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2018
    Abstract
    The application of ultra-high performance concrete (UHPC) as an alternative to conventional/normal concrete (NC) has grown rapidly in recent years. However, there is limited knowledge on its shear behavior, which is essential for developing design guidelines for structural applications. A detailed parametric study was conducted on 38 beam specimens, half of which were made of UHPC and the other half made of NC. To ensure applicability of findings, two types of UHPC mixes were used, a proprietary and a generic mix. Eighteen of the beams were prepared and tested in Tabriz, Iran, while the other 20 were made and tested in Miami, FL. Test parameters included type of concrete (UHPC and NC), shear... 

    Photocatalytic mechanism of action of apatite-coated Ag=AgBr=TiO 2 on phenol and Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis bacteria under various conditions

    , Article Progress in Reaction Kinetics and Mechanism ; Vol. 1 , Vol.36 (1) , 2011 , pp.38-52 Elahifard, M. R. (Mohammad Reza) ; Gholami, M. R. (Mohammad Reza) ; Rahimnejad, S. (Sara) ; Pourbaba, R. (Reza) ; Haghighi, S.(Saeed) ; Sharif University Of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    Multi-component photocatalysts based on apatite-coated Ag/AgBr/TiO(2) were prepared by the deposition method. The effects of various kinds of apatites, with hydroxyl and fluoro substituents, on photocatalytic activity were investigated. The antibacterial processes in the dark, and under visible light, on two types of bacteria indicate that the multi-composites can inhibit the growth of bacteria by two different mechanisms. TEM images and optical microscopic data demonstrate that by attaching the nanosize catalyst to the outer membrane of the cell, the bacteria could not derive nourishment from surrounding media, i.e. this component acts as bacteria-static. The mechanism for deactivation of... 

    Probability of missed detection as a criterion for receiver placement in MIMO PCL

    , Article IEEE National Radar Conference - Proceedings, 7 May 2012 through 11 May 2012, Atlanta, GA ; 2012 , Pages 0924-0927 ; 10975659 (ISSN) ; 9781467306584 (ISBN) Majd, M. N ; Chitgarha, M. M ; Radmard, M ; Nayebi, M. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    IEEE  2012
    Abstract
    Using multiple antennas at the transmit and receive sides of a passive radar brings both the benefits of MIMO radar and passive radar. However one of the obstacles arisen in such configuration is the receive antennas placement in proper positions so that the radar performance is improved. Here we just consider the case of positioning one receiver among multiple illuminators of opportunity. Indeed it is a start for the solution of optimizing the geometry of the multiple receivers in a passive radar  

    An efficient method for the ring opening of epoxides with aromatic amines by Sb(III) chloride under microwave irradiation

    , Article Journal of Chemical Research ; Issue 4 , 2008 , Pages 220-221 ; 03082342 (ISSN) Ghazanfari, D ; Hashemi, M. M ; Mottaghi, M. M ; Foroughi, M. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2008
    Abstract
    SbCl3 supported on montmorillonite K-10 is an efficient catalyst for the ring opening of epoxides with aromatic amines under solvent-free conditions and microwave irradiation to give the corresponding b-amino alcohols in high yields with high regioselectivity  

    MIMO radar signal design to improve the MIMO ambiguity function via maximizing its peak

    , Article Signal Processing ; Volume 118 , 2016 , Pages 139-152 ; 01651684 (ISSN) Chitgarha, M. M ; Radmard, M ; Nazari Majd, M ; Karbasi, S. M ; Nayebi, M. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2016
    Abstract
    One of the important obstacles in MIMO (Multiple Input Multiple Output) radars is the issue of designing proper transmit signals. Indeed, the capability of signal design is a significant advantage in MIMO radars, through which, the system can achieve much better performance. Many different aspects of this performance improvement have been considered yet, and the transmit signals have been designed to attain such goal, e.g., getting higher SNR or better detector's performance at the receiver. However, an important tool for evaluating the radar's performance is its ambiguity function. In this paper, we consider the problem of transmit signal design, in order to optimize the ambiguity function... 

    Detection-localization tradeoff in MIMO radars

    , Article Radioengineering ; Volume 26, Issue 2 , 2017 , Pages 581-587 ; 12102512 (ISSN) Nazari Majd, M ; Radmard, M ; Chitgarha, M. M ; Bastani, M. H ; Nayebi, M. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2017
    Abstract
    Two gains play key roles in recently developed MIMO wireless communication systems: "spatial diversity" gain and "spatial multiplexing" gain. The diversity gain refers to the capability to decrease the error rate of the MIMO channel, while the multiplexing gain implicitly refers to the amount of increase in the capacity of the MIMO channel. It has been shown that there is a fundamental tradeoff between these two types of gains, meaning interplay between increasing reliability (via an increase in the diversity gain) and increasing data rate (via an increase in the multiplexing gain). On the other hand, recently, MIMO radars have attracted much attention for their superior ability to enhance... 

    Antenna placement and power allocation optimization in MIMO detection

    , Article IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems ; Vol. 50, Issue 2 , April , 2014 , pp. 1468-1478 Radmard, M ; Chitgarha, M. M ; Majd, M. N ; Nayebi, M. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2014
    Abstract
    It is a well known fact that using multiple antennas at transmit and receive sides improves the detection performance. However, in such multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) configuration, proper positioning of transmitters and receivers is a big challenge that can have significant influence on the performance of the overall system. In addition, determining the power of each transmitter under a total power constraint is a problem that should be solved in order to enhance the performance and coverage of such a system. In this paper, we design the Neyman-Pearson detector under the Rayleigh scatter model and use it to introduce a criterion for the antenna placement at both transmit and receive... 

    Ambiguity function of MIMO radar with widely separated antennas

    , Article Proceedings International Radar Symposium ; 16 -18 June , 2014 ; ISSN: 21555753 Radmard, M ; Chitgarha, M. M ; Nazari Majd, M ; Nayebi, M. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2014
    Abstract
    There has been much interest, recently, towards exploiting the Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) technique in radar. It is shown that using multiple antennas at transmit and receive sides can improve the performance of the system. However, in order to analyze the system's performance, its ambiguity function, i.e. the ambiguity function of a MIMO radar, is needed to be defined. In this paper, beginning from the information theoretic definitions, we derive such function, specifically for a MIMO radar with widely separated antennas  

    Choosing the position of the receiver in a MISO passive radar system

    , Article European Microwave Week 2012: "Space for Microwaves", EuMW 2012, Conference Proceedings - 9th European Radar Conference, EuRAD 2012 ; 2012 , Pages 318-321 ; 9782874870293 (ISBN) Chitgarha, M. M ; Majd, M. N ; Radmard, M ; Nayebi, M. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2012
    Abstract
    By combining the two ideas of MIMO (Multiple Input Multiple Output) and PCL (Passive Coherent Location) in radar, one can achieve the advantages of both recently developed techniques simultaneously. While using multiple antennas at the receive side provides a spatial diversity of the object to be detected, using multiple illuminators of opportunity, most importantly, makes the radar covert to the interceptors. One obstacle in such MIMO configuration is choosing the positions of the receive antennas. In this paper, after analyzing the Neyman-Pearson detector for the DVB-T based PCL, we introduce the probability of missed detection as a criterion to place the receive antenna. Here, we only... 

    Adaptive filtering techniques in passive radar

    , Article Proceedings International Radar Symposium, Dresden ; Volume 2 , June , 2013 , Pages 1067-1078 ; 21555753 (ISSN) ; 9783954042234 (ISBN) Chitgarha, M. M ; Radmard, M ; Majd, M. N ; Nayebi, M. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    One of the most important obstacles in passive radar applications is removing the direct signal from the target channel. Otherwise, week echoes from the targets in the target channel would be ignored due to the limited dynamic range of the system. One of the most effective techniques in this field is using adaptive filters. In this paper various adaptive filters are introduced and their performances are shown and compared  

    Ambiguity function based receiver placement in multi-site radar

    , Article 2016 CIE International Conference on Radar, RADAR 2016, 10 October 2016 through 13 October 2016 ; 2017 ; 9781509048281 (ISBN) Radmard, M ; Chitgarha, M. M ; Nazari Majd, M ; Nayebi, M. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2017
    Abstract
    It has been shown that using multiple antennas in a radar system improves the performance considerably, since multiple target echoes are received from different aspect angles of the target. In this way, the target detection is improved. However, when using multiple antennas, some problems, such as designing the transmit signals, synchronization, etc. emerge that should be solved. One of such problems is the receiver placement. Receiver placement deals with choosing a proper position for the receive antenna in order to optimize the whole system's performance. In this paper, a receiver placement procedure based on improving the radar ambiguity function is proposed for the case of a multisite... 

    Improving MIMO radar's performance through receivers' positioning

    , Article IET Signal Processing ; Volume 11, Issue 5 , 2017 , Pages 622-630 ; 17519675 (ISSN) Chitgarha, M. M ; Radmard, M ; Nazari Majd, M ; Nayebi, M. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institution of Engineering and Technology  2017
    Abstract
    By employing the MIMO (multiple-input-multiple-output) technology in radar, some new problems emerged, that, in order to benefit the MIMO gains in radar, it was necessary to solve them suitably. One of such obstacles is determining the positions of receive antennas in a MIMO radar system with widely separated antennas (WS MIMO radar), since it is shown that the antennas' positions affect the whole system's performance considerably. In this study, a proper receivers' positioning procedure is proposed. To do this end, four criteria are developed based on the proposed MIMO detector and the MIMO ambiguity function. The simulations verify that the proposed positioning procedure improves the... 

    Silylation of hydroxy groups with HMDS under microwave irradiation and solvent-free conditions

    , Article Phosphorus, Sulfur and Silicon and Related Elements ; Volume 177, Issue 2 , 2002 , Pages 289-292 ; 10426507 (ISSN) Mojtahedi, M. M ; Saidi, M. R ; Bolourtchian, M ; Heravi, M. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2002
    Abstract
    Phenols and alcohols are silylated with hexamethyldisilazane (HMDS) under microwave irradiation in solvent-free condition in good to excellent yields  

    Dynamic analysis of carbon nanotubes under electrostatic actuation using modified couple stress theory

    , Article Acta Mechanica ; Vol. 225, Issue 6 , June , 2014 , pp. 1523-1535 ; Online ISSN: 1619-6937 Fakhrabadi, M. M. S ; Rastgoo, A ; Ahmadian, M. T ; Mashhadi, M. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2014
    Abstract
    Modified couple stress theory is a size-dependent theorem capturing the micro/nanoscale effects influencing the mechanical behaviors of the micro- and nanostructures. In this paper, it is applied to investigate the nonlinear vibration of carbon nanotubes under step DC voltage. The vibration, natural frequencies and dynamic pull-in characteristics of the carbon nanotubes are studied in detail. Moreover, the effects of various boundary conditions and geometries are scrutinized on the dynamic characteristics. The results reveal that application of this theory leads to the higher values of the natural frequencies and dynamic pull-in voltages  

    White space regions

    , Article Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), 22 January 2011 through 28 January 2011, Novy Smokovec ; Volume 6543 LNCS , 2011 , Pages 226-237 ; 03029743 (ISSN) ; 9783642183805 (ISBN) Ehsani, S ; Fazli, M ; Ghodsi, M ; Safari, M ; Saghafian, M ; Tavakkoli, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    We study a classical problem in communication and wireless networks called Finding White Space Regions. In this problem, we are given a set of antennas (points) some of which are noisy (black) and the rest are working fine (white). The goal is to find a set of convex hulls with maximum total area that cover all white points and exclude all black points. In other words, these convex hulls make it safe for white antennas to communicate with each other without any interference with black antennas. We study the problem on three different settings (based on overlapping between different convex hulls) and find hardness results and good approximation algorithms  

    Utilization of hybrid nanofluids in solar energy applications: A review

    , Article Nano-Structures and Nano-Objects ; Volume 20 , 2019 ; 2352507X (ISSN) Ahmadi, M. H ; Ghazvini, M ; Sadeghzadeh, M ; Alhuyi Nazari, M ; Ghalandari, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2019
    Abstract
    Hybrid nanofluids have several advantages compared with the conventional types due to their modified properties. Their enhanced thermophysical and rheological properties make them more appropriate for solar energy systems. In this review paper, an overview of solar energy systems is represented, and afterwards, applications of hybrid nanofluids in various solar technologies, especially solar thermal, are reviewed. Comparison between the nanofluidic systems, and the conventional ones is performed in order to gain a deeper insight into the advantages of using nanofluids. According to the results of the reviewed studies, the most important reason for performance enhancement of nanofluidic solar...