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    Combined action of Casimir and electrostatic forces on nanocantilever arrays

    , Article Acta Mechanica ; Volume 212, Issue 3-4 , July , 2010 , Pages 305-317 ; 00015970 (ISSN) Ramezani, A ; Alasty, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2010
    Abstract
    Cantilever arrays with nearest-neighbor interactions are considered to obtain the pull-in parameters. The interactions between the neighboring beams are a combination of the Casimir force and the electrostatic force with the first-order fringing field correction. A set of coupled nonlinear boundary value problems and a set of coupled nonlinear equations arise in the distributed and lumped parameter modeling of the array, respectively. The models are simulated numerically to obtain the pull-in parameters of the arrays with different number of beams. The pull-in parameters of large arrays converge to constant values, which are independent of the number of beams in the array. The constants... 

    Instability of nanocantilever arrays in electrostatic and van der waals interactions

    , Article Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics ; Volume 42, Issue 22 , 2009 ; 00223727 (ISSN) Ramezani, A ; Alasty, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2009
    Abstract
    The structural instability of an array of cantilevers, each of which interacts with two neighbouring beams through electrostatic and van der Waals forces, is studied. Distributed and lumped parameter modelling of the array result in a set of coupled nonlinear boundary value problems and a set of coupled nonlinear equations, respectively. These coupled nonlinear systems are solved numerically for different numbers of beams in the array to obtain the pull-in parameters. The pull-in parameters converge to constant values with an increase in the number of beams in the array. These constants, which are important in the design of cantilever arrays, are compared for the distributed and lumped... 

    Challenges in trust and security by implementation of E-CRM among banks and financial institution: A case study of e-banking in iran"

    , Article International Journal of Information Science and Management ; Volume 10, Issue SPL.ISSUE , 2012 , Pages 99-118 ; 20088302 (ISSN) Miremadi, A. R ; Ghalamakri, S ; Ramezani, A. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2012
    Abstract
    The advancement in technology, information and communication has forced banks and financial institutions into hard competition. In this new era technology, people and customer are the elements which the banks are concentrating on them to manage customer relationship and success of banking in customer satisfaction. Electronic customer relationship management (e-CRM) is seen to arise from the consolidation of traditional CRM with the e-business applications marketplace and has created a flurry of activity among companies. The purpose of this study is to examine the competitive advantages on e-CRM in financial institutions and banks and obtain better understanding of the e-CRM benefits. A... 

    Preparation of highly rubber-toughened nylons

    , Article Iranian Polymer Journal (English Edition) ; Volume 16, Issue 7 , 2007 , Pages 459-468 ; 10261265 (ISSN) Bordbar, H ; Yousefi, A. A ; Ramezani saadatabadi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2007
    Abstract
    Nylon 6 and 66 were toughened with EPDM-g-MA and SEBS-g-MA and steadystate rheological behaviour of rubbers, nylons and their blends and mechanical properties of nylons and their rubber-toughened blends were investigated. The EPDM maleic grafting preparation was performed In the framework of this study where SEBS-g-MA was obtained from a commercial source. The results showed the ultratoughened SEBS-g-MA blends, whereas EPDM blends under the same blending conditions did not show a significant improvement in toughness. In case of EPDM toughened blends an average of some micrometers was observed for the dispersed EPDM particles. Impact and tensile properties of the toughened blend with 20% of... 

    Analytical investigation and numerical verification of Casimir effect on electrostatic nano-cantilevers

    , Article Microsystem Technologies ; Volume 14, Issue 2 , 2008 , Pages 145-157 ; 09467076 (ISSN) Ramezani, A ; Alasty, A ; Akbari, J ; Sharif University of Technology
    2008
    Abstract
    In this paper, the two-point boundary value problem (BVP) of the nano-cantilever deflection subjected to Casimir and electrostatic forces is investigated using analytical and numerical methods to obtain the instability point of the nano-beam. In the analytical treatment of the BVP, the nonlinear differential equation of the model is transformed into the integral form by using the Green's function of the cantilever beam. Then, closed-form solutions are obtained by assuming an appropriate shape function for the beam deflection to evaluate the integrals. The pull-in parameters of the beam are computed under the combined effects of electrostatic and Casimir forces. Electrostatic microactuators... 

    Closed-form approximation and numerical validation of the influence of van der Waals force on electrostatic cantilevers at nano-scale separations

    , Article Nanotechnology ; Volume 19, Issue 1 , 2008 ; 09574484 (ISSN) Ramezani, A ; Alasty, A ; Akbari, J ; Sharif University of Technology
    2008
    Abstract
    In this paper the two-point boundary value problem (BVP) of the cantilever deflection at nano-scale separations subjected to van der Waals and electrostatic forces is investigated using analytical and numerical methods to obtain the instability point of the beam. In the analytical treatment of the BVP, the nonlinear differential equation of the model is transformed into the integral form by using the Green's function of the cantilever beam. Then, closed-form solutions are obtained by assuming an appropriate shape function for the beam deflection to evaluate the integrals. In the numerical method, the BVP is solved with the MATLAB BVP solver, which implements a collocation method for... 

    Closed-form solutions of the pull-in instability in nano-cantilevers under electrostatic and intermolecular surface forces

    , Article International Journal of Solids and Structures ; Volume 44, Issue 14-15 , 2007 , Pages 4925-4941 ; 00207683 (ISSN) Ramezani, A ; Alasty, A ; Akbari, J ; Sharif University of Technology
    2007
    Abstract
    In this paper, a distributed parameter model is used to study the pull-in instability of cantilever type nanomechanical switches subjected to intermolecular and electrostatic forces. In modeling of the electrostatic force, the fringing field effect is taken into account. The model is nonlinear due to the inherent nonlinearity of the intermolecular and electrostatic forces. The nonlinear differential equation of the model is transformed into the integral form by using the Green's function of the cantilever beam. Closed-form solutions are obtained by assuming an appropriate shape function for the beam deflection to evaluate the integrals. The pull-in parameters of the switch are computed under... 

    Pull-in parameters of cantilever type nanomechanical switches in presence of Casimir force

    , Article 8th Biennial ASME Conference on Engineering Systems Design and Analysis, ESDA2006, Torino, 4 July 2006 through 7 July 2006 ; Volume 2006 , 2006 ; 0791837793 (ISBN); 9780791837795 (ISBN) Ramezani, A ; Alasty, A ; Akbari, J ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Society of Mechanical Engineers  2006
    Abstract
    In this paper, the influence of the Casimir force on two main parameters describing an instability point of cantilever type nanomechanical switches, which are the pull-in voltage and deflection are investigated by using a distributed parameter beam model. The nonlinear differential equation of the model is transformed into the integral form by using the Green's function of the cantilever beam. The integral equation is solved analytically by assuming an appropriate shape function for the beam deflection. The detachment length and the minimum initial gap of the cantilever type switches are given, which are the basic design parameters for NEMS switches. The pull-in parameters of micromechanical... 

    Pull-in parameters of cantilever type nanomechanical switches in presence of Casimir force

    , Article Nonlinear Analysis: Hybrid Systems ; Volume 1, Issue 3 , 2007 , Pages 364-382 ; 1751570X (ISSN) Ramezani, A ; Alasty, A ; Akbari, J ; Sharif University of Technology
    2007
    Abstract
    In this paper, the effect of the Casimir force on pull-in parameters of cantilever type nanomechanical switches is investigated by using a distributed parameter model. In modeling of the electrostatic force, the fringing field effect is taken into account. The model is nonlinear due to the inherent nonlinearity of the Casimir and electrostatic forces. The nonlinear differential equation of the model is transformed into the integral form by using the Green's function of the cantilever beam. The integral equation is solved analytically by assuming an appropriate shape function for the beam deflection. The pull-in parameters of the switch are computed in three cases including nanoactuators... 

    Continuous quantum clock with high precision and long recurrence time

    , Article Physical Review A ; Volume 106, Issue 2 , 2022 ; 24699926 (ISSN) Ramezani, M ; Nikaeen, M ; Bahrampour, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Physical Society  2022
    Abstract
    Continuous clocks, i.e., clocks that measure time in a continuous manner, are regarded as an essential component of sensing technology. Precision and recurrence time are two basic features of continuous clocks. In this paper, in the framework of quantum estimation theory various models for continuous quantum clocks are proposed, and all tools of quantum estimation theory are employed to seek the characteristics of clocks with high precision and long recurrence time. Then, in a resource-based approach, the performances of the proposed models are compared. It is shown that quantum clocks based on an n two-qubit system not only can have better precision than quantum clocks based on a 2n... 

    Influence of van der Waals force on the pull-in parameters of cantilever type nanoscale electrostatic actuators

    , Article 8th Biennial ASME Conference on Engineering Systems Design and Analysis, ESDA2006, Torino, 4 July 2006 through 7 July 2006 ; Volume 2006 , 2006 ; 0791837793 (ISBN); 9780791837795 (ISBN) Ramezani, A ; Akbari, J ; Alasty, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2006
    Abstract
    In this paper, the influence of the van der Waals force on two main parameters describing an instability point of cantilever type nanomechanical switches, which are the pull-in voltage and deflection are investigated by using a distributed parameter beam model. The nonlinear differential equation of the model is transformed into the integral form by using the Green's function of the cantilever beam. The integral equation is solved analytically by assuming an appropriate shape function for the beam deflection. The detachment length and the minimum initial gap of the cantilever type switches are given, which are the basic design parameters for NEMS switches. The pull-in parameters of... 

    Effects of rotary inertia and shear deformation on nonlinear free vibration of microbeams

    , Article Journal of Vibration and Acoustics, Transactions of the ASME ; Volume 128, Issue 5 , 2006 , Pages 611-615 ; 10489002 (ISSN) Ramezani, A ; Alasty, A ; Akbari, J ; Sharif University of Technology
    2006
    Abstract
    In this paper, the large amplitude free vibration of a doubly clamped microbeam is considered. The effects of shear deformation and rotary inertia on the large amplitude vibration of the microbeam are investigated. To this end, first Hamilton's principle is used in deriving the partial differential equation of the microbeam response under the mentioned conditions. Then, implementing the Galerkin's method the partial differential equation is converted to an ordinary nonlinear differential equation. Finally, the method of multiple scales is used to determine a second-order perturbation solution for the obtained ODE. The results show that nonlinearity acts in the direction of increasing the... 

    Influence of van der Waals force on the pull-in parameters of cantilever type nanoscale electrostatic actuators

    , Article Microsystem Technologies ; Volume 12, Issue 12 , 2006 , Pages 1153-1161 ; 09467076 (ISSN) Ramezani, A ; Alasty, A ; Akbari, J ; Sharif University of Technology
    2006
    Abstract
    In this paper, the influence of the van der Waals force on two main parameters describing an instability point of cantilever type nanomechanical switches, which are the pull-in voltage and deflection are investigated by using a distributed parameter model. The fringing field effect is also taken into account. The nonlinear differential equation of the model is transformed into the integral form by using the Green's function of the cantilever beam. The integral equation is solved analytically by assuming an appropriate shape function for the beam deflection. The detachment length and the minimum initial gap of the cantilever type switches are given, which are the basic design parameters for... 

    Synthesis and characterization of chitosan coating of NiFe2O4 nanoparticles for biomedical applications

    , Article Journal of the Iranian Chemical Society ; Volume 13, Issue 11 , 2016 , Pages 2069-2076 ; 1735207X (ISSN) Ramezani, S ; Ghazitabar, A ; Sadrnezhaad, S. K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Verlag  2016
    Abstract
    Nickel ferrite nanoparticle is a soft magnetic material whose appealing properties as well as various technical applications have rendered it as one of the most attractive class of materials; its technical applications range from its utility as a sensor and catalyst to its utility in biomedical processes. The present paper focuses first on the synthesis of NiFe2O4 nanoparticles through co-precipitation method resulting in calcined nanoparticles that were achieved at different times and at a constant temperature (773 k). Afterward, they were dispersed in water that was mixed by chitosan. Chitosan was bonded on the surface of nanoparticles by controlling the pH of media. In order to assess the... 

    Fluctuation relation for heat exchange in Markovian open quantum systems

    , Article Physical Review E ; Volume 97, Issue 4 , April , 2018 ; 24700045 (ISSN) Ramezani, M ; Golshani, M ; Tayefeh Rezakhani, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Physical Society  2018
    Abstract
    A fluctuation relation for the heat exchange of an open quantum system under a thermalizing Markovian dynamics is derived. We show that the probability that the system absorbs an amount of heat from its bath, at a given time interval, divided by the probability of the reverse process (releasing the same amount of heat to the bath) is given by an exponential factor which depends on the amount of heat and the difference between the temperatures of the system and the bath. Interestingly, this relation is akin to the standard form of the fluctuation relation (for forward-backward dynamics). We also argue that the probability of the violation of the second law of thermodynamics in the form of the... 

    Community detection using diffusion information

    , Article ACM Transactions on Knowledge Discovery from Data ; Volume 12, Issue 2 , 2018 ; 15564681 (ISSN) Ramezani, M ; Khodadadi, A ; Rabiee, H. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Association for Computing Machinery  2018
    Abstract
    Community detection in social networks has become a popular topic of research during the last decade. There exist a variety of algorithms for modularizing the network graph into different communities. However, they mostly assume that partial or complete information of the network graphs are available that is not feasible in many cases. In this article, we focus on detecting communities by exploiting their diffusion information. To this end, we utilize the Conditional Random Fields (CRF) to discover the community structures. The proposed method, community diffusion (CoDi), does not require any prior knowledge about the network structure or specific properties of communities. Furthermore, in... 

    Development of mechanistic engineering code for combustion instability prediction in LRE

    , Article 44th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit, Hartford, CT, 21 July 2008 through 23 July 2008 ; June , 2008 ; 9781563479434 (ISBN) Ramezani, A. R ; Fatehi, H ; Amanpour, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    2008
    Abstract
    The prevention of combustion instability is unquestionably the greatest technical challenge and can be a significant cost driver in new engine development programs. In order to meet challenge, a predictive stability code is required. The main objective of this work is to develop a mechanistic engineering code for analysis of high frequency combustion instability in LRE. The developed MEchanistic Combustion Stability COmputer Program (MECSCOP), evaluates combustion stability using the transfer function approach, whereby the ability of the chamber to dissipate acoustic oscillations is compared to the oscillatory combustion driving mechanisms. The driving mechanisms are classified by the source... 

    Rattle noise source prediction for instrument panel of a car using hybrid sea-fem analysis

    , Article 20th International Congress on Sound and Vibration 2013, ICSV 2013 ; Volume 4 , July , 2013 , Pages 2883-2890 Beigmoradi, S ; Jahani, K ; Ramezani, A ; Hajabdollahi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    International Institute of Acoustics and Vibrations  2013
    Abstract
    Squeak and rattle (S&R) noises are important in-cabin sources of annoyance for occupants. Originally, S&R is generated as a result of colliding and slamming of car's trim and body structure which in turn occurs because of the dynamic displacements of components excited by road and power-train. Squeak noise is interpreted as periodic stick and slip phenomena in the contact boundary of two neighbor surfaces. While rattle noise is the emitted noise when adjacent surfaces collide and impact. Squeak noise takes place at low frequency while rattle phenomenon happens in high-frequency range, even though the excitation sources (road and power-train line) works in low frequency range. In practice,... 

    Spectral clustering approach with sparsifying technique for functional connectivity detection in the resting brain

    , Article 2010 International Conference on Intelligent and Advanced Systems, ICIAS 2010, 15 June 2010 through 17 June 2010 ; 2010 ; 9781424466238 (ISBN) Ramezani, M ; Heidari, A ; Fatemizadeh, E ; Soltanianzadeh, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    2010
    Abstract
    The aim of this study is to assess the functional connectivity from resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data. Spectral clustering algorithm was applied to the realistic and real fMRI data acquired from a resting healthy subject to find functionally connected brain regions. In order to make computation of the spectral decompositions of the entire brain volume feasible, the similarity matrix has been sparsified with the t-nearestneighbor approach. Realistic data were created to investigate the performance of the proposed algorithm and comparing it to the recently proposed spectral clustering algorithm with the Nystrom approximation and also with some well-known... 

    Synthesis and characterization of poly(L-lactide)-block-poly(ε-caprolactone)-grafted titanium dioxide nanoparticles via ring-opening in situ grafting polymerization

    , Article Polymer Composites ; Volume 42, Issue 8 , 2021 , Pages 3722-3731 ; 02728397 (ISSN) Ebrahimi, H ; Sharif, F ; Ramezani Saadat Abadi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    John Wiley and Sons Inc  2021
    Abstract
    The synthesis of nanocomposites via in situ grafting polymerization due to its ability to produce polymeric materials with promising microscopic and macroscopic characteristics is becoming very attractive. In this paper, different poly(L-Lactide)-block-poly(ε-caprolactone) (PLLA-b-PCL) copolymers were in situ synthesized in the presence of modified titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles (mTNP) as the initiator and stannous octoate as the catalyst. The surface of TiO2 was modified by grafting aminopropyl trimethoxy silane to improve initiator efficiency. Copolymers with 90/10, 70/30, and 50/50 mass ratio of L-lactide/ ε-caprolactone and 5 wt% of mTNP (proportional to ε-caprolactone) were...