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    Three-dimensional bioprinting of functional skeletal muscle tissue using gelatin methacryloyl-alginate bioinks

    , Article Micromachines ; Volume 10, Issue 10 , 2019 ; 2072666X (ISSN) Seyedmahmoud, R ; Çelebi Saltik, B ; Barros, N ; Nasiri, R ; Banton, E ; Shamloo, A ; Ashammakhi, N ; Dokmeci, M. R ; Ahadian, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    MDPI AG  2019
    Abstract
    Skeletal muscle tissue engineering aims to fabricate tissue constructs to replace or restore diseased or injured skeletal muscle tissues in the body. Several biomaterials and microscale technologies have been used in muscle tissue engineering. However, it is still challenging to mimic the function and structure of the native muscle tissues. Three-dimensional (3D) bioprinting is a powerful tool to mimic the hierarchical structure of native tissues. Here, 3D bioprinting was used to fabricate tissue constructs using gelatin methacryloyl (GelMA)-alginate bioinks. Mechanical and rheological properties of GelMA-alginate hydrogels were characterized. C2C12 myoblasts at the density 8 × 106 cells/mL... 

    Network vulnerability analysis through vulnerability take-grant model (VTG)

    , Article 7th International Conference on Information and Communications Security, ICICS 2005, Beijing, 10 December 2005 through 13 December 2005 ; Volume 3783 LNCS , 2005 , Pages 256-268 ; 03029743 (ISSN); 3540309349 (ISBN); 9783540309345 (ISBN) Shahriari, H. R ; Sadoddin, R ; Jalili, R ; Zakeri, R ; Omidian, A. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2005
    Abstract
    Modeling and analysis of information system vulnerabilities helps us to predict possible attacks to networks using the network configuration and vulnerabilities information. As a fact, exploiting most of vulnerabilities result in access rights alteration. In this paper, we propose a new vulnerability analysis method based on the Take-Grant protection model. We extend the initial Take-Grant model to address the notion of vulnerabilities and introduce the vulnerabilities rewriting rules to specify how the protection state of the system can be changed by exploiting vulnerabilities. Our analysis is based on a bounded polynomial algorithm, which generates the closure of the Take-Grant graph... 

    Sequence dependence of the binding energy in chaperone-driven polymer translocation through a nanopore

    , Article Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics ; Volume 83, Issue 1 , January , 2011 ; 15393755 (ISSN) Abdolvahab, R. H ; Ejtehadi, M. R ; Metzler, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    We study the translocation of stiff polymers through a nanopore, driven by the chemical-potential gradient exerted by binding proteins (chaperones) on the trans side of the pore. Bound chaperones prevent backsliding through the pore and, therefore, partially rectify the polymer passage. We show that the sequence of chain monomers with different binding affinity for the chaperones significantly affects the translocation dynamics. In particular, we investigate the effect of the nearest-neighbor adjacency probability of the two monomer types. Depending on the magnitude of the involved binding energies, the translocation speed may either increase or decrease with the adjacency probability. We... 

    First passage time distribution of chaperone driven polymer translocation through a nanopore: Homopolymer and heteropolymer cases

    , Article Journal of Chemical Physics ; Volume 135, Issue 24 , 2011 ; 00219606 (ISSN) Abdolvahab, R. H ; Metzler, R ; Ejtehadi, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    Combining the advection-diffusion equation approach with Monte Carlo simulations we study chaperone driven polymer translocation of a stiff polymer through a nanopore. We demonstrate that the probability density function of first passage times across the pore depends solely on the Péclet number, a dimensionless parameter comparing drift strength and diffusivity. Moreover it is shown that the characteristic exponent in the power-law dependence of the translocation time on the chain length, a function of the chaperone-polymer binding energy, the chaperone concentration, and the chain length, is also effectively determined by the Péclet number. We investigate the effect of the chaperone size on... 

    Reply: Abedpour, asgari, and tabar

    , Article Physical Review Letters ; Volume 106, Issue 20 , 2011 ; 00319007 (ISSN) Abedpour, N ; Asgari, R ; Tabar, M. R. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011

    Irreversibility in response to forces acting on graphene sheets

    , Article Physical Review Letters ; Volume 104, Issue 19 , May , 2010 ; 00319007 (ISSN) Abedpour, N ; Asgari, R ; Tabar, M. R. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2010
    Abstract
    The amount of rippling in graphene sheets is related to the interactions with the substrate or with the suspending structure. Here, we report on an irreversibility in the response to forces that act on suspended graphene sheets. This may explain why one always observes a ripple structure on suspended graphene. We show that a compression-relaxation mechanism produces static ripples on graphene sheets and determine a peculiar temperature Tc, such that for T

    Analysis of design goals of cryptography algorithms based on different components

    , Article Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science ; Volume 23, Issue 1 , 2021 , Pages 540-548 ; 25024752 (ISSN) Molk, A.M.N.G ; Aref, M. R ; Khorshiddoust, R. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science  2021
    Abstract
    Cryptography algorithms are a fundamental part of a cryptographic system that is designed and implemented to increase information security. They are the center of attention of experts in the information technology domains. Although the cryptography algorithms are implemented to attain the goals such as confidentially, integrity, and authenticity of designing, but other matters that must be noticed by designers include speed, resource consumption, reliability, flexibility, usage type, and so on. For the useful allocation of hardware, software, and human resources, it is important to identify the role of each of the factors influencing the design of cryptographic algorithms to invest in the... 

    Conservation of statistical results under the reduction of pair-contact interactions to solvation interactions

    , Article Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics ; Volume 72, Issue 6 , 2005 ; 15393755 (ISSN) Radja, N.H ; Farzami, R. R ; Ejtehadi, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2005
    Abstract
    We show that the hydrophobicity of sequences is the leading term in Miyazawa-Jernigan interactions. Being the source of additive (solvation) terms in pair-contact interactions, they were used to reduce the energy parameters while resulting in a clear vector manipulation of energy. The reduced (additive) potential performs considerably successful in predicting the statistical properties of arbitrary structures. The evaluated designabilities of the structures by both models are highly correlated. Suggesting geometrically nondegenerate vectors (structures) as proteinlike structures, the additive model is a powerful tool for protein design. Moreover, a crossing point in the log-linear diagram of... 

    Multifunctional hyperelastic structured surface for tunable and switchable transparency

    , Article Applied Sciences (Switzerland) ; Volume 11, Issue 5 , 2021 , Pages 1-11 ; 20763417 (ISSN) Mahabadi, R. K ; Goudarzi, T ; Fleury, R ; Naghdabadi, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    MDPI AG  2021
    Abstract
    We leverage the crucial hyperelastic properties of a multifunctional structured surface to optimize the reconfigurability of the electromagnetic transmission under large nonlinear mechanical deformations. This multiphysics, multifunctional, hyperelastic structured surface (HSS) offers two simultaneous intriguing functionalities; tunability and switchability. It is made of copper reso-nators and a Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) substrate, which is one of the most favorable deformable substrates due to its hyperelastic behavior. The proposed HSS is fabricated via an original cost-effective technique and the multiphysics functionalities are captured in both experimental tests and numerical... 

    MaxHiC: A robust background correction model to identify biologically relevant chromatin interactions in Hi-C and capture Hi-C experiments

    , Article PLoS Computational Biology ; Volume 18, Issue 6 , 2022 ; 1553734X (ISSN) Alinejad Rokny, H ; Modegh, R. G ; Rabiee, H. R ; Sarbandi, E. R ; Rezaie, N ; Tam, K. T ; Forrest, A. R. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Public Library of Science  2022
    Abstract
    Hi-C is a genome-wide chromosome conformation capture technology that detects interactions between pairs of genomic regions and exploits higher order chromatin structures. Conceptually Hi-C data counts interaction frequencies between every position in the genome and every other position. Biologically functional interactions are expected to occur more frequently than transient background and artefactual interactions. To identify biologically relevant interactions, several background models that take biases such as distance, GC content and mappability into account have been proposed. Here we introduce MaxHiC, a background correction tool that deals with these complex biases and robustly... 

    SER of M-PSK modulation in incremental-selective decode-and-forward cooperative communications over Rayleigh fading channels

    , Article International Conference on Advanced Communication Technology, ICACT, 13 February 2011 through 16 February 2011 ; February , 2011 , Pages 432-437 ; 17389445 (ISSN) ; 9788955191554 (ISBN) Renani, R. A ; Saadat, R ; Aref, M. R ; Mirjalily, G ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    In this paper we consider a cooperative communication systems over Rayleigh fading channels. The system utilizes a combination of incremental and selective decode-and-forward (ISDF) relaying protocols. The symbol error rate (SER) of M-PSK modulation for the ISDF protocol is derived. Using an approximation of the SER expression, the optimal power allocation is investigated. In order to reduce the complexity of the receiver, we used a modified version of the ISDF protocol which does not use the storage or retransmission of the first phase signal. We also derived optimal power allocation coefficient for modified ISDF. It has been noted that for the optimal power allocation in the ISDF protocol,... 

    Power allocation for incremental-selective decode-and-forward cooperative communications over Rician fading channels

    , Article International Conference on Advanced Communication Technology, ICACT, 13 February 2011 through 16 February 2011 ; February , 2011 , Pages 730-734 ; 17389445 (ISSN) ; 9788955191554 (ISBN) Renani, R. A ; Saadat, R ; Aref, M. R ; Mirjalily, G ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    In this paper we consider a relaying communication system over Rician fading channels. In this system we assume simple Incremental-Selective Decode-and-Forward (ISDF) protocol, which is jointly combining incremental and selective DF relaying protocols. In this protocol, storage or retransmission of the first phase signal are not allowed. We analyze the symbol error rate (SER) performance of the recommended protocol with M-PSK modulation. We evaluate the performance of the protocol in the frequency nonselective slow Rician fading channels. Using the approximation of the SER expression, the optimal power allocation is investigated. Our results show that at least 50% of total power must be used... 

    Efficient and practical protocol for silylation of hydroxyl groups using reusable lithium perchlorate dispread in silica gel under neutral condition [electronic resource]

    , Article Journal of Organometallic Chemistry ; 2006, Volume 691, Issue 5, Pages 817–820 Azizi, N. (Najmodin) ; Yousefi, R ; Saidi, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    A very efficient and mild procedure for the trimethylsilylation of a wide variety of alcohols, including primary, allylic, benzylic, secondary, hindered secondary, tertiary, and phenols with hexamethyldisilazane on the surface of silica gel dispersed with LiClO4 in room temperature at few minutes in excellent yields under neutral conditions is reported. This procedure also allows the excellent selectivity under LP-SiO2 system for silylation of alcohols in the presence of amine and phenolic hydroxy groups  

    Modeling, estimation, and model predictive control for Covid-19 pandemic with finite security duration vaccine

    , Article 30th International Conference on Electrical Engineering, ICEE 2022, 17 May 2022 through 19 May 2022 ; 2022 , Pages 78-83 ; 9781665480871 (ISBN) Delavar, A ; Baghbadorani, R. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2022
    Abstract
    Spreading Covid19 has significantly impacted humans' affairs worldwide, either economically or in a sanitary manner. Besides social distance and hospitalization, making and introducing different vaccines help us ameliorate infection and mortality rates. In this research, we use a nonlinear dynamic model for Covid19, with eight states named susceptible, exposed, infected, quarantined, hospitalized, recovered, deceased, and insusceptible populations. Also, we use social distancing, hospitalization, and vaccination rate as three control inputs. This research aims to stop the Covid-19 from spreading worldwide and minimize exposed, infected and deceased populations using model predictive control.... 

    Search for turbulent gas through interstellar scintillation

    , Article Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union ; Volume 7, Issue S285 , 2011 , Pages 376-378 ; 17439213 (ISSN) ; 9781107019850 (ISBN) Moniez, M ; Ansari, R ; Habibi, F ; Rahvar, S ; Griffin R. E ; Hanisch R. J ; Seaman R. L ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    Stars twinkle because their light propagates through the atmosphere. The same phenomenon is expected when the light of remote stars crosses a Galactic - disk or halo - refractive medium such as a molecular cloud. We present the promising results of a test performed with the ESO-NTT, and consider its potential  

    Reactivity of a new aryl cycloplatinated(ii) complex containing rollover 2,2′-bipyridine: N -oxide toward a series of diphosphine ligands

    , Article New Journal of Chemistry ; Volume 42, Issue 11 , 2018 , Pages 9159-9167 ; 11440546 (ISSN) Shahsavari, H. R ; Babadi Aghakhanpour, R ; Hossein Abadi, M ; Kia, R ; Halvagar, M. R ; Raithby, P. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2018
    Abstract
    Reaction of the electron-rich complex cis-[Pt(p-Me-C6H4)2(SMe2)2] with 2,2′-bipyridine N-oxide, O-bpy occurred by rollover cyclometalation to afford complex [Pt(O-bpy)(p-Me-C6H4)(SMe2)], 1. The obtained complex was characterized using NMR spectroscopy and its solid state structure was determined by the single crystal X-ray diffraction method. The reaction of 1 with seven diphosphine ligands, 1,1-bis(diphenylphosphino)methane (dppm), 1,2-bis(diphenylphosphino)ethane (dppe), 1,3-bis(diphenylphosphino)propane (dppp), 1,4-bis(diphenylphosphino)butane (dppb), N,N-bis(diphenylphosphino)amine (dppa), 1,2-bis(diphenylphosphino)benzene (dppbz) and 1,1′-bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene (dppf), in... 

    Analysis of porosity distribution of large-scale porous media and their reconstruction by Langevin equation

    , Article Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics ; Volume 83, Issue 2 , February , 2011 ; 15393755 (ISSN) Jafari, G. R ; Sahimi, M ; Rasaei, M. R ; Tabar, M. R. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    Several methods have been developed in the past for analyzing the porosity and other types of well logs for large-scale porous media, such as oil reservoirs, as well as their permeability distributions. We developed a method for analyzing the porosity logs φ(h) (where h is the depth) and similar data that are often nonstationary stochastic series. In this method one first generates a new stationary series based on the original data, and then analyzes the resulting series. It is shown that the series based on the successive increments of the log y(h)=φ(h+δh)-φ(h) is a stationary and Markov process, characterized by a Markov length scale hM. The coefficients of the Kramers-Moyal expansion for... 

    Solvatochromic probes absorbance behavior in mixtures of 2-hydroxy ethylammonium formate with methanol, ethylene glycol and glycerol

    , Article Journal of Solution Chemistry ; Volume 39, Issue 10 , 2010 , Pages 1509-1519 ; 00959782 (ISSN) Salari, H ; Harifi Mood, A. R ; Elahifard, M. R ; Gholami, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2010
    Abstract
    Solute-solvent and solvent-solvent interactions were investigated for binary mixtures of an ionic liquid (IL) 2-hydroxy ethylammonium formate as with methanol, ethylene glycol and glycerol. The physicochemical properties of the solvent mixtures at 25 °C, over the whole range of mole fractions, were determined using solvatochromic probes. High normal polarity (ETN) in the alcohol-rich region confirms solute-solvent interactions in this medium. Dipolarity/polarizability (π *) show a different trend to ETN with a positive deviation from ideal behavior in IL-glycerol mixtures. However, these deviations for other solvent mixtures are insignificant. Contrary to what is observed for E TN and π*,... 

    An optimization study of a palm oil-based regional bio-energy supply chain under carbon pricing and trading policies

    , Article Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy ; Volume 20, Issue 1 , 2018 , Pages 113-125 ; 1618954X (ISSN) Memari, A ; Ahmad, R ; Abdul Rahim, A. R ; Akbari Jokar, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Verlag  2018
    Abstract
    Biomass residues due to their low bulk density typically require frequent transportation from biomass plantations in rural areas to conversion bio-energy power plants. This issue contrasts with environmental protection strategies, especially when power plants are facing different carbon reduction policies that enforce them to emit less than a given specific carbon amount. Although several researchers have investigated bio-energy supply chains concerning environmental policies, the majority of studies have been devoted to strategic decisions over a single planning period. This paper presents a multi-period bio-energy supply chain under carbon pricing (carbon tax) and carbon trading... 

    Phase behavior assessment of deposition compound (asphaltene) in heavy oil

    , Article 11th ADIPEC: Abu Dhabi International Petroleum Exhibition and Conference, Abu Dhabi, 10 October 2004 through 13 October 2004 ; 2004 , Pages 783-799 Tabibi, M ; Nikookar, M ; Ganbarnezhad, R ; Pazuki, G. R ; Hosienbeigi, H. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE)  2004
    Abstract
    In this paper, the soave-Redlich-Kwong (SRK) Eos is modified based on perturbation theory. The parameter of the new cubic equation of state considered reduced temperature and a centric factor dependent. The average of absolute deviations of predicted vapor pressure, vapor volume and saturated liquid density of 30 pure compounds are 0.814.2.G14 and 5.814%, respectively. Also comparison with the new equation of vaporization of pure compounds are given. The florry-Hugines (FH) model is similarly modified by an adjustable parameter. This parameter is defined based on molecular weight of asphaltene to molecular weight of heavy oil ratio in form of polynomial function. The phase behavior of...