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    Application of silver nanoparticles and principal component-artificial neural network models for simultaneous determination of levodopa and benserazide hydrochloride by a kinetic spectrophotometric method

    , Article Spectrochimica Acta - Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy ; Volume 82, Issue 1 , November , 2011 , Pages 25-30 ; 13861425 (ISSN) Tashkhourian, J ; Hormozi Nezhad, M. R ; Khodaveisi, J ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    A multicomponent analysis method based on principal component analysis-artificial neural network model (PC-ANN) is proposed for the simultaneous determination of levodopa (LD) and benserazide hydrochloride (BH). The method is based on the reaction of levodopa and benserazide hydrochloride with silver nitrate as an oxidizing agent in the presence of PVP and formation of silver nanoparticles. The reaction monitored at analytical wavelength 440 nm related to surface plasmon resonance band of silver nanoparticles. Differences in the kinetic behavior of the levodopa and benserazide hydrochloride were exploited by using principal component analysis, an artificial neural network (PC-ANN) to resolve... 

    A novel photometric glucose biosensor based on decolorizing of silver nanoparticles

    , Article Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical ; Volume 158, Issue 1 , November , 2011 , Pages 185-189 ; 09254005 (ISSN) Tashkhourian, J ; Hormozi Nezhad, M. R ; Khodaveisi, J ; Dashti, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    A novel glucose biosensor based on chromophore (silver nanoparticles) decolorizing for the photometric determination of glucose was developed. Silver nanoparticles are directly synthesized in the sol-gel matrix by a one-step method based on the reduction of the inorganic precursor AgNO3 and were used for the preparation, characterization and calibration of a highly sensitive and cost-effective localized surface plasmon resonance-based glucose biosensor. In the presence of glucose oxidase (GOx) and due to the enzyme-substrate (glucose) reaction, H2O2 was produced and silver nanoparticles in the sol-gel glass have the ability for the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide. Due to the degradation... 

    Localized surface plasmon resonance sensor for simultaneous kinetic determination of peroxyacetic acid and hydrogen peroxide

    , Article Analytica Chimica Acta ; Volume 762 , 2013 , Pages 87-93 ; 00032670 (ISSN) Tashkhourian, J ; Hormozi Nezhad, M. R ; Khodaveisi, J ; Dashti, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    A new sensor for simultaneous determination of peroxyacetic acid and hydrogen peroxide using silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) as a chromogenic reagent is introduced. The silver nanoparticles have the catalytic ability for the decomposition of peroxyacetic acid and hydrogen peroxide; then the decomposition of them induces the degradation of silver nanoparticles. Hence, a remarkable change in the localized surface plasmon resonance absorbance strength could be observed. Spectra-kinetic approach and artificial neural network was applied for the simultaneous determination of peroxyacetic acid and hydrogen peroxide. Linear calibration graphs were obtained in the concentration range of (8.20×10-5 to... 

    Silver nanoparticles modified carbon nanotube paste electrode for simultaneous determination of dopamine and ascorbic acid

    , Article Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry ; Volume 633, Issue 1 , 2009 , Pages 85-91 ; 15726657 (ISSN) Tashkhourian, J ; Hormozi Nezhad, M. R ; Khodavesi, J ; Javadi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2009
    Abstract
    A novel modified carbon-paste electrode was employed for the simultaneous determination of dopamine (DA) and ascorbic acid (AA) with good selectivity and high sensitivity. Silver nanoparticle and carbon nanotube modified carbon-paste electrode (Ag/CNT-CPE) displayed excellent electrochemical catalytic activities towards dopamine (DA) and ascorbic acid (AA). The oxidation overpotentials of DA and AA were decreased significantly compared with those obtained at the bare CPE. Differential pulse voltammetry was used for the simultaneous determination of DA and AA. The peak separation between DA and AA was 67 mV. The calibration curves for DA and AA were obtained in the range of 8.0 × 10-7-6.4 ×... 

    Optical detection of phenolic compounds based on the surface plasmon resonance band of Au nanoparticles

    , Article Spectrochimica Acta - Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy ; Volume 71, Issue 1 , 2008 , Pages 199-203 ; 13861425 (ISSN) Hormozi Nezhad, M. R ; Alimohammadi, M ; Tashkhourian, J ; Razavian, S. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2008
    Abstract
    An indirect colorimetric method is presented for detection of trace amounts of hydroquinone (1), catechol (2) and pyrogallol (3). The reduction of AuCl4- to Gold nanoparticles (Au-NPs) by these phenolic compounds in the presence of cetyltrimethylammonium chloride (CTAC) produced very intense surface plasmon resonance peak of Au-NPs. The plasmon absorbance of Au-NPs allows the quantitative colorimetric detection of the phenolic compounds. The calibration curves derived from the changes in absorbance at λ = 568 nm were linear with concentration of hydroquinone, catechol and pyrogallol in the range of 7.0 × 10-7 to 1.0 × 10-4M, 6.0 × 10-6 to 2.0 × 10-4 M and 6.0 × 10-7 to 1.0 × 10-4 M,... 

    Optical detection of some hydrazine compounds based on the surface plasmon resonance band of silver nanoparticles

    , Article Spectroscopy Letters ; Volume 46, Issue 1 , 2013 , Pages 73-80 ; 00387010 (ISSN) Tashkhourian, J ; Hormozi Nezhad, M. R ; Fotovat, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    An indirect colorimetric method is presented for spectrophotometric determination of hydrazine, phenylhydrazine, and isoniazid. Reduction of silver ions to silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) by these analytes as active reducing agents in the presence of polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) and also cetyltrimethylammonium chloride (CTAC) as a stabilizer is the basis of the proposed method. The changes in plasmon absorbance of the AgNPs at λ = 415 nm in the presence of PVP were proportional to concentration of hydrazine, phenylhydrazine, and isoniazid in the ranges of 4.0-150.0 μM, 1.0-55.0 μM, and 2.0-30.0 μM, respectively, and the detection limit obtained was 0.79 μM. In the presence of CTAC, the linear... 

    Construction of a modified carbon paste electrode based on TiO2 nanoparticles for the determination of gallic acid

    , Article Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry ; Volume 17, Issue 1 , 2013 , Pages 157-165 ; 14328488 (ISSN) Tashkhourian, J ; Nami Ana, S. F ; Hashemnia, S ; Hormozi Nezhad, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    A modified carbon paste electrode was prepared by incorporating the TiO2 nanoparticles in the carbon paste matrix. The electrochemical behavior of gallic acid (GA) is investigated on the surface of the electrode using cyclic voltammetry and differential pulse voltammetry. The surface morphology of the prepared electrode was characterized using the scanning electron microscopy. The results indicate that the electrochemical response of GA is improved significantly at the modified electrode compared with the unmodified electrode. Furthermore, the capabilities of electron transfer on these two electrodes were also investigated by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Under the optimized... 

    Functional compartmentalization in the hemocoel of insects

    , Article Scientific Reports ; Volume 9, Issue 1 , 2019 ; 20452322 (ISSN) Pendar, H ; Aviles, J ; Adjerid, K ; Schoenewald, C ; Socha, J. J ; Sharif University of Technology
    Nature Publishing Group  2019
    Abstract
    The insect circulatory system contains an open hemocoel, in which the mechanism of hemolymph flow control is ambiguous. As a continuous fluidic structure, this cavity should exhibit pressure changes that propagate quickly. Narrow-waisted insects create sustained pressure differences across segments, but their constricted waist provides an evident mechanism for compartmentalization. Insects with no obvious constrictions between segments may be capable of functionally compartmentalizing the body, which could explain complex hemolymph flows. Here, we test the hypothesis of functional compartmentalization by measuring pressures in a beetle and recording abdominal movements. We found that the... 

    Linear index coding via graph homomorphism

    , Article Proceedings - 2014 International Conference on Control, Decision and Information Technologies, CoDIT 2014 ; 2014 , pp. 158-163 ; ISBN: 9781479967735 Ebrahimi, J. B ; Siavoshani, M. J ; Sharif University of Technology
    2014
    Abstract
    In [1], [2] it is shown that the minimum broadcast rate of a linear index code over a finite field Fq is equal to an algebraic invariant of the underlying digraph, called minrankq. In [3], it is proved that for F2 and any positive integer k, minrankq(G) ≤ k if and only if there exists a homomorphism from the complement of the graph G to the complement of a particular undirected graph family called 'graph family {Gk}'. As observed in [2], by combining these two results one can relate the linear index coding problem of undirected graphs to the graph homomorphism problem. In [4], a direct connection between linear index coding problem and graph homomorphism problem is introduced. In contrast to... 

    Emerging OCDMA communication systems and data networks [electronic resource]

    , Article Journal of Optical Networking ; Volume 6, Issue 9, 1 September 2007, Pages 1138-1178 Salehi, J. A ; Sharif University Of Technology
    Abstract
    I present an in-depth review of the trends and the directions taken by researchers worldwide in optical code-division multiple-access (OCDMA) systems. I highlight those trends and features that I believe are essential to the successful introduction of various OCDMA techniques in communication systems and data networks in the near future. In particular I begin by giving a comprehensive review of the construction of optical orthogonal codes (OOCs). Specifically I discuss the recently developed algorithms that are based on matrix algebra, which simplify and enhance the efficiencies of algorithms in OOC generation. In communication systems studies I first focus on and discuss various OCDMA... 

    Network delay analysis of a (σ, ρ) - Regular traffic stream over multiple paths in a network of fair-queuing servers

    , Article 2013 Iran Workshop on Communication and Information Theory ; May , 2013 , Page(s): 1 - 6 ; 9781467350235 (ISBN) Ashar, J. K ; Golestani, S. J ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    In this paper, we analyze the worst-case delay performance of a network of fair queuing servers in case of multiple-paths between source-destination pairs. In order to develop worst-case delay analysis for the multiple-path scenario, two challenging events should be addressed: merging different sub-streams of a session as well as distributing a traffic stream among different paths (traffic partitioning). Specifically, we propose to merge incoming sub-streams of a session to a node according to a limited rate Fair Queuing (FQ) scheme. Although the merged stream is treated as a unity, this approach results in a guaranteed level of service to each sub-stream. In addition, an algorithm is... 

    Effects of tool rake angle and tool nose radius on surface quality of ultraprecision diamond-turned porous silicon

    , Article Journal of Manufacturing Processes ; Volume 37 , 2019 , Pages 321-331 ; 15266125 (ISSN) Heidari, M ; Akbari, J ; Yan, J ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2019
    Abstract
    This paper presents an investigation of the effects of tool rake angle and nose radius on the surface quality of ultraprecision diamond-turned porous silicon. The results showed that as rake angle decreases, the high-stress field induced by the tool edge increases, causing microcracks to propagate extensively near the pore walls. As a result, the ductile-machined areas shrank under a negative tool rake angle. On the other hand, brittle fracture occurred around pores released cutting pressure significantly. These trends of rake angle effects are distinctly different from those in the cutting of non-porous silicon. Finite element simulation of stress in the cutting area agreed with the... 

    Effects of tool rake angle and tool nose radius on surface quality of ultraprecision diamond-turned porous silicon

    , Article Journal of Manufacturing Processes ; Volume 37 , 2019 , Pages 321-331 ; 15266125 (ISSN) Heidari, M ; Akbari, J ; Yan, J ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2019
    Abstract
    This paper presents an investigation of the effects of tool rake angle and nose radius on the surface quality of ultraprecision diamond-turned porous silicon. The results showed that as rake angle decreases, the high-stress field induced by the tool edge increases, causing microcracks to propagate extensively near the pore walls. As a result, the ductile-machined areas shrank under a negative tool rake angle. On the other hand, brittle fracture occurred around pores released cutting pressure significantly. These trends of rake angle effects are distinctly different from those in the cutting of non-porous silicon. Finite element simulation of stress in the cutting area agreed with the... 

    Precipitate strengthening of pyramidal slip in Mg–Zn alloys

    , Article Materials Science and Engineering A ; Volume 804 , 2021 ; 09215093 (ISSN) Alizadeh, R ; Wang, J ; LLorca, J ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2021
    Abstract
    The mechanical properties of Mg-4wt.% Zn alloy single crystals along the [0001] orientation were measured through micropillar compression at 23 °C and 100 °C. Basal slip was dominant in the solution treated alloy, while pyramidal slip occurred in the precipitation hardened alloy. Pyramidal dislocations pass the precipitates by forming Orowan loops, leading to homogeneous deformation and to a strong hardening. The predictions of the yield stress based on the Orowan model were in reasonable agreement with the experimental data. The presence of rod-shape precipitates perpendicular to the basal plane leads to a strong reduction in the plastic anisotropy of Mg. © 2020 Elsevier B.V  

    Precipitate strengthening of pyramidal slip in Mg–Zn alloys

    , Article Materials Science and Engineering A ; Volume 804 , 2021 ; 09215093 (ISSN) Alizadeh, R ; Wang, J ; LLorca, J ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2021
    Abstract
    The mechanical properties of Mg-4wt.% Zn alloy single crystals along the [0001] orientation were measured through micropillar compression at 23 °C and 100 °C. Basal slip was dominant in the solution treated alloy, while pyramidal slip occurred in the precipitation hardened alloy. Pyramidal dislocations pass the precipitates by forming Orowan loops, leading to homogeneous deformation and to a strong hardening. The predictions of the yield stress based on the Orowan model were in reasonable agreement with the experimental data. The presence of rod-shape precipitates perpendicular to the basal plane leads to a strong reduction in the plastic anisotropy of Mg. © 2020 Elsevier B.V  

    Comparative study on the microstructures and properties of wire+arc additively manufactured 5356 aluminium alloy with argon and nitrogen as the shielding gas

    , Article Additive Manufacturing ; Volume 34 , August , 2020 Li, S ; Zhang, L. J ; Ning, J ; Wang, X ; Zhang, G. F ; Zhang, J. X ; Na, S. J ; Fatemeh, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B. V  2020
    Abstract
    This research explored the influences of shielding gases on the appearance of weld beads and the microstructures and mechanical properties of thin-wall samples using conventional gas metal arc welding as the heat source by using 5356 aluminium alloy welding wire as the raw materials and nitrogen (N2) and argon (Ar) as the shielding gases. The results showed that under the same parameters and after mono-layer single-bead welding was performed using N2 as the shielding gas, the bead height was higher, the bead width was narrower, and the penetration depth was shallower. The grain size of the thin-wall sample protected by N2 was 43.5–47.8 % smaller than that obtained under Ar protection.... 

    Solid products characterization in a multi-step mineralization process

    , Article Chemical Engineering Journal ; Vol. 252 , 2014 , Pages 210-219 ; ISSN: 13858947 Hemmati, A ; Shayegan, J ; Sharratt, P ; Yeo, T. Y ; Bu, J
    2014
    Abstract
    In this paper, we describe a carbon dioxide mineralization process and its associated solid products. These solid products include amorphous silica, iron hydroxides and magnesium carbonates. These products were subjected to various characterization tests, and the results are published here. It was found that the iron hydroxides from this process can have different crystalline properties, and their formation depended very much on the pH of the reaction conditions. Different forms of magnesium carbonate were also obtained, and the type of carbonate precipitated was found to be dependent on the carbonation temperature. Hydromagnesite was obtained mainly at low temperatures, while dypingite was... 

    Experimental and numerical investigation of pulse-shaped split Hopkinson pressure bar test

    , Article Materials Science and Engineering A ; Volume 539 , 2012 , Pages 285-293 ; 09215093 (ISSN) Naghdabadi, R ; Ashrafi, M. J ; Arghavani, J ; Sharif University of Technology
    2012
    Abstract
    Employing a proper pulse shaper in the conventional split Hopkinson pressure bar (SHPB) test helps to achieve dynamic equilibrium condition and to fulfill a constant strain rate condition in the test specimen. To this end, the parameters affecting the incident pulse shape, i.e., pulse shaper thickness, pulse shaper diameter, striker bar length and striker bar velocity are experimentally studied. Moreover, simulation results, validated by experimental data together with wave propagation analysis, are exploited to provide general guidelines to properly design a pulse shaper. It is recommended to use a relatively large diameter pulse shaper for testing work-hardening materials. Also, for... 

    Investigating and modeling the cleaning-in-place process for retrieving the membrane permeate flux: Case study of hydrophilic polyethersulfone (PES)

    , Article Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers ; Volume 62 , May , 2016 , Pages 150–157 ; 18761070 (ISSN) Hedayati Moghaddam, A ; Shayegan, J ; Sargolzaei, J ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers  2016
    Abstract
    In this work the effects of backwash pressure, duration of acid and sodium hydroxide backwashing, sodium hydroxide concentration, and the duration of forward washing on performance of permeate flux recovery (PFR) were investigated. A two-level fractional factorial design (FFD) was used to design the experiments. The ability of back propagation neural network (BPNN) and radial basis function neural network (RBFNN) in predicting the performance of cleaning-in-place (CIP) of hydrophilic polyethersulfone (PES) membrane were investigated. It is found that BPNN has better ability in predicting the PFR performance than RBFNN. The best architecture of BPNN was a network consisting of 1 hidden layer... 

    Development of DESHIMA: A redshift machine based on a superconducting on-chip filterbank

    , Article Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering ; Volume 8452 , 2012 ; 0277786X (ISSN) ; 9780819491534 (ISBN) Endo, A ; Baselmans, J. J. A ; Van Der Werf, P. P ; Knoors, B ; Javadzadeh, S. M. H ; Yates, S. J. C ; Thoen, D. J ; Ferrari, L ; Baryshev, A. M ; Lankwarden, Y. J. Y ; De Visser, P. J ; Janssen, R. M. J ; Klapwijk, T. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2012
    Abstract
    Distant, dusty and extremely luminous galaxies form a key component of the high redshift universe, tracing the period of intense cosmic activity that ultimately gave rise to the present-day universe. These highly luminous galaxies, first detected in the ground-based submillimeter region, are however optically very faint, which hampers identification of the optical counterpart and the measurement of a redshift. We are developing a new direct-detection submm spectrograph DESHIMA. By taking advantage of the rapidly advancing technology of superconducting microresonators, DESHIMA will revolutionize the appearance and capabilities of a submm spectrograph. There will no longer be large grating...