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    Hydroxyapaptite Coating on Zirconia Toughened Alumina Nanocomposite by Biomimetic Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Esfahani, Hamid (Author) ; Nemati, Ali (Supervisor) ; Salahi, Esmaeil (Co-Advisor)
    Abstract
    Zirconia toughened alumina (ZTA) Nanocomposites were prepared using nano sized Zirconia (ZrO2) powders doped with 3% mol of yttria (Y2O3) nanopowders and the sintering behavior at different temperature (1450 °C, 1550 °C and 1650 °C) were studied. The ZTA composite with different amount of partially stabilized Zirconia (PSZ)(5, 10, 15 and 20% mol) were prepared via axial pressing and then sintered to achieve maximum densification. After that phase changes of the samples were monitored. SEM was used for microstructural study and hardness and fracture toughness were determined by means of Vickers indentation. X-ray diffraction pattern showed that at constant composition, tetragonal zirconia... 

    The Synthesis of Iron Aluminide Nano Composite/Alumina by in Situ Procedure Based on Mechanical Alloying and Surveying Some of its Mechanical Characteristics

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Fareghi, Arash (Author) ; Purazaang, Kazem (Supervisor) ; Salahi, Esmail (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this study, first nano structure powders of Fe3AL / Al2o3 by different percentages of reinforcement phases (10, 20 and 50 percent of volume) based on mechanical milling procedure was created. To do so, iron, Al and iron oxide (hematite) pure powder based on special weight percentages mixed with each other and milled in 20 to 100 hour periods based on two different weights of ball toward powder: 10 and 20. Morphological variations, particles sizes and powder densities, lattice strain and phase variations in different timing periods of mechanical milling process was studied by Scanning Electron Microscopy(SEM) , analyzing apparatus of particles sizes by laser , gaseous picnometer and X-ray... 

    Kinetic Modeling of Coke Formation and Deactivation in Catalytic Dehydrogenation of Propane

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Niknaddaf, Saeid (Author) ; Khorasheh, Farhad (Supervisor) ; Nazeran, Iraj (Co-Advisor)
    Abstract
    The study on the propane dehydrogenation process has been receiving significant attention due to the growing demand for propylene. Many efforts have been made to enhance the propylene yield by developing new catalysts with high-activity, high-stability and high-selectivity. Among these, platinum supported catalysts have been reported widely. Firstly, the current study mentions related work in the modeling of coke formation and deactivation of catalyst, experimental setup and catalysts which are conventionally used for propane dehydrogenation reaction. Then, a monolayer–multilayer mechanism is proposed for modelling the coke formation. In addition, the reaction rate of coke formation and its... 

    Preparation of Claus Nanocatalyst for Replacing the Commercial Catalyst

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rezaee, Mohammad (Author) ; Kazemini, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Rashidi, Ali Morad (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Selective oxidation of H2S to elemental sulfur in a fixed bed reactor over seven nanocatalysts has been investigated and compared to commercial claus catalyst. Among them, Al2O3-supported sodium oxide nanocatalyst prepared with wet chemical technique and Al2O3 nanocatalyst prepared with spray pyrolysis method were the most active catalysts for selective oxidation of H2S to elemental sulfur. The remaining nanocatalysts were deactivated, mainly due to the interaction with H2S and conversion into sulfides. For synthesis of Al2O3 with spray pyrolysis method we use statistical design of experiments (box-behnken design) in order to screen the effects of significant synthesizing parameters  

    Preparation of Calcium Phosphate Alumina Nano Biocomposites

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Moshkforoush, Arash (Author) ; Nemati, Ali (Supervisor) ; Behnam, Ghader (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study was aimed to evaluate the effect of Alumina on the sintering, phase development, mechanical properties and biocompatibility of fluoridated hyroxyapatite sintered via conventional furnace and microwave assisted oven. Green compacts having 30wt% Alumina nanoparticles were sintered without pressure at various temperatures (1000-1400°C) for one hour in conventional furnace. Phase composition, thermal behavior and morphological analyses were performed using X-ray diffraction (XRD), simultaneous thermogravimetry and differential thermal analysis (STA), and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), respectively. With the increase in temperature and the Alumina content, severe... 

    Investigation on Mechanical Properties of Alumina Spinel Zirconia Nanocomposites Fabricated Through Gelcasting Process

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Khoshkalam, Mohamad (Author) ; Faghihi Sani, Mohammad Ali (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Zirconia Toughened Alumina (ZTA) is a well-known ceramic matrix composite due to its high fracture toughness and good mechanical properties. Addition of spinel (MgAl2O4) to ZTA inhibits alumina grain growth and produces phase boundaries with low strength. This phenomenon leads to formation of a ceramic matrix composite with special mechanical properties such as high temperature super plastic deformation. However, the room temperature mechanical properties of alumina-spinel-zirconia (AMZ) composite such as fracture toughness were rarely investigated by researchers. In this research the AMZ nanocomposite powders were synthesized via solution combustion method. The dense AMZ composite samples... 

    Fluoride Removal from Radioactive Wastewater of UCF Plant by Adsorption

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rezaei Hajideh, Maryam (Author) ; Samadfam, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Sepehrian, Hamid (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this research, a review on fluoride adsorption revealed that the modification of the adsorber surface with ions like Ca2+ results in great enhancement of the fluoride adsorption. It seems that the enhancement in fluoride adsorption by the modified adsorber, is mainly due to the selective chemical binding of the fluoride ion with the surface-bound ion (Ca2+), regardless of the base material itself. In order to confirm this hypothesis, two different adsorber materials namely, γ-alumina (a material, conventionally used for fluoride removal from water and wastewater) and Micro-silica (a mineral with small adsorption capacity for fluoride) were selected for further study. It was found that the... 

    A Comparison of the Effects of Additives Alumina Nanoparticles and Microparticles on Microstructure and Properties of Magnesia-Doloma Refractory

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shahraki, Aziz (Author) ; Nemati, Ali (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Magnesia-Doloma refractories has advantages such as stability in alkaline environments, clean steel production, resistance to acid slag, good cement kiln coating flexibility, low production cost. It also has some weaknesses such as low resistance to thermal shock and quick hydration. In the present study using Birjand Mines Magnesite powders and Dolomites from Zefreh, Esfahan, Magnesia-Doloma clinkers were pressed under the pressure 90 MP and prepared at 1650⁰C in furnace under air atmosphere. The effect of adding 0, 2, 4, 6, and 8% of the Microparticles and Nanoparticles of α-Alumina on microstructure, physical properties, hydration resistance and Thermal shock resistance was studied. Phase... 

    Characterization and Properties of Red Mud and Utilization of it in Ceramics

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Zandi Shafagh, Navid (Author) ; Yuzbashi Zade, Hossein (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this project, after studies about red mud, a product of the Bayer process in production of Alumina, its properties, and characteristics, red mud samples, taken from Jajarm Alumina production unit, were studied, tested, and processed. After primary preparation, characteristic determination experiments were performed on these wastes that contain iron oxide, TiO2, Al2O3, etc., and some of their physical, chemical and mineralogical characteristics were determined. These experiments include chemical analysis, XRD, XRF, compressive strength measurement, grain size distribution, prosity, etc. Considering the properties of this substance and its ceramic usages, processess of making ceramic... 

    Desion an Appropriate Supported transition Metals Oxide Over Alumina Catalyst for Deep Oxidation of Cyclohexane in Air

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Jafari, Masoumeh (Author) ; Khorashe, Farhad (Supervisor) ; Kazemini, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) have become an important source of air pollution due to their extended use as solvents in many industrial processes. Aliphatic and aromatic VOC removal from contaminated air can be achieved by a variety of methods including catalytic oxidation, adsorption, and biological treatment. Catalytic oxidation is often the preferred process due to its low cost and high efficiency. Supported transition metal catalysts are effective and inexpensive catalysts for VOC removal from contaminated air. The objective of this project was to prepare low cost transition metal catalysts (Fe, Ni, Co, and Cu) supported on alumina for catalytic oxidation of cyclohexane (as a... 

    Synthesis of Silica Nanoparticles Modified with Alumina and Its Performance in Compressive Strength of Concrete

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Karbalaee, Omid (Author) ; Sajadi, Ali Akbar (Supervisor) ; Ghanbari, Bahram (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Silica nanoparticles is one of the most important mineral particles. In this study, Sodium silicate, Sulfuric acid and Sodium aluminate is used in order to synthesis of the modified Silica nanoparticles. The effects of temperature, reaction time and the molar ratio of regents were tested and optimized. Synthesized nanoparticles were characterized by use of XRD, FT-IR and SEM techniques. The results show that by controlling the reaction conditions, nanoparticles with an average size of 26.2 nm is obtained. The increase of temperature and reaction time alters the structure of the particles of amorphous state to a crystalline needles. The particle surface modification process was performed by... 

    Characterization of Elecroless Ni-P-Al2O3-SiO2 Nano-composite Coating on Aluminium

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rahemi Ardekani, Saeed (Author) ; Afshar, Abdollah (Supervisor) ; Dolati, Abolghasem (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this study Ni-P-Al2O3-SiO2 nano composite coating developed on aluminium alloy 6061 using electroless method. Due to oxidation of aluminium, a double zincate pretreatment performed to obtain proper adhesion of coating on substrate. Effect of solution temperature and heat treatment on thickness and property of nano composite coating was studied. Furthermore, effect of concentration of nano particles in electroless solution on thickness, morphology, micro hardness, wear behavior, corrosion resistance and particle content in coating were investigated. Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM, Hitachi S-4160) with energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) was used to evaluate morphology... 

    Properties and Applications of Red Mud in Ceramic Industry

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Afzalimehr, Maryam (Author) ; Uzebashizadeh, Hossein (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Red mud, one of the most important industrial wastes, is produced from the Bayer process during the production of alumina and called as wastes. Red mud is usually composed of iron oxides, titanium, aluminum, silisium, calcium, sodium and etc. the presented work is based on the components of red mud and their applications in the preparation of ceramics and its purpose is to recover the bauxite waste and to use it in the preparation of ceramic compounds as an inexpensive source of starting material. To this end, in order to phase recognition of the produced compounds and to examine the presented compounds, XRD analysis and XRF analysis was used, respectively. Then, TGA and DSC analyses were...