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    Bioactivity of Surface Modified Titanium Alloy Ti-6Al-4V ELI by Pack Siliconizing in Simulated Body Fluid

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rezvani, Alireza (Author) ; Ekrami, Ali Akbar (Supervisor) ; Ziaei Moayyed, Ali Akbar (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Titanium alloy Ti-6Al-4V ELI with high biocompatibility and corrosion resistance, has a lot of applications in biomedical engineering. Disadvantage of this alloy is it’s disability to create a fast and good contact with the host/bone environment, after implanting in the body. Beside that it has low wear resistance. Nowadays to optimize the wear resistance, bioactivity and osteoconduction of surface of implants which are made from this alloy, the surface morphology are optimized in size and distribution. Different surface treatments are used for producing rough and porous surfaces to improve bioactivity along with wear resistance. In this study, surface modification of Ti-6Al-4V ELI was done... 

    Hydroxy Apatite/Titania Nanostructure Biocoating on Ti-6Al-4V Alloy by Sol-Gel Dip-Coating

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Dabir, Fatemeh (Author) ; Faghihi Sani, Mohammad Ali (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Ceramic coatings on metallic substrates are used in many different applications. In biomaterials science, hydroxyapatite coating due to its similarity to the mineral part of bone structure is used to modification of implants surface. In this research, the HA/TiO2 double layer was coated on Ti-6Al-4V by sol- gel dip-coating method. After preparation of stable TiO2 sol, the Ti-6Al-4V substrate was dipped into the TiO2 sol. The speed of dipping was 10cm/min. After drying at 80°C, the TiO2 layer heat-treated at different temperature (350-500°C) for 1h. The HA outer layer was coated by dipping of Ti-6Al-4V substrate with TiO2 layer into HA sol, followed by heat-treatment at different temperatures... 

    Production of Porous Ti and Ti-26Nb-1Si Via Powder Metallurgy Method andInvestigation Some of Their Physical and Mechanical Properties

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Zamani, Mohammad Hasan (Author) ; Abachi, Parvin (Supervisor) ; Ziaei Moayyed, Ali Akbar (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Porous titanium and titanium alloys products are proper to use as implants which because of good properties such as high corrosion resistance, good biocompatibility, high strength to weight ratio and low elastic modulus. Porosity induces a decrease in elastic modulus and an increase of bioactivity. In present work, porous specimens of pure titanium and Ti-26Nb-1Si alloy were produced via conventional powder metallurgy route by applying low pressure. The influence of TiH2 Powder addition on some physical and mechanical properties of samples was investigated. The amount of TiH2 powder was used in the range of 0-40 weight percent. The powders were firstly mixed for 3 hours and then compacted... 

    Effect of Surface Treatment on Bioactivity of Ti-6Al-4V Alloy

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Omidi Razani, Abbas Ali (Author) ; Asgari, Sirous (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this research Ti-6Al-4V samples were surface treated with acid, alkali and sandblasting treatment. Alkali treatment parameter was the NaOH concentration. The results of roughness measurement demonstrate that increase in NaOH Concentration results in rougher surface. Sandblasting produces rough surfaces in the scale of 1 to 10 micrometers. Acid treatment reduces initial roughness and the resultant roughness is in the under micrometer scale. After surface treatment, samples were soaked in simulated body fluid for invitro assessment. Results of this analysis indicate that sample with sandblasting+chemical treatment has the best invitro bioactivity. Chemical+sandblasting treated sample shows... 

    Effect of Bioglass Particle Size and Titania Morphology on the Bioactivity and Kinetics of Tissue Growth in Three-Dimensional Poly(ɛ-Caprolactone) Scaffolds with Controlled Pore Structure Produced by 3D-Printing Process

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Tamjid Shabestary, Elnaz (Author) ; Bagheri, Reza (Supervisor) ; Vossoughi, Manouchehr (Supervisor) ; Simchi, Abdolreza (Co-Advisor)
    Abstract
    Polycaprolactone (PCL) scaffolds and its composites containing bioactive glass particles (45S5) and TiO2 nanostructures with pre-defined and controlled external and internal architecture were prepared via an indirect three-dimensional (3D) printing process. The scaffolds had an interconnected structure with macro- (400-500 μm) and micro- (~25 μm) pores. Bioactivity, mechanical behavior and kinetics of tissue growth in 3D scaffolds were studied. The size effect of biogactive glass particles (6 μm, 250 nm, <100 nm) and morphology of titania nanostructures (spherical, tube, leaf-like, and flower-like particles) were elaborated. The biogactive glass particles with different sizes were prepared... 

    Bioglass Coating on 316L Stainless Steel

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Pourhashem, Sepideh (Author) ; Afshar, Abdollah (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Bioactive glasses are able to bond to soft and hard tissues in living body and their application as coating on metallic implants like 316L stainless steel has two important effects: (1) intimate link between bone and materials and (2) corrosion protection of metallic implant in body fluid and protection from tissues in front of corrosion products. Therefore, in this research, 45S5 bioactive glass prepared via sol- gel method was dip coated on 316L stainless steel substrates and its characteristics was investigated.Results of phase analysis showed that by sintering 45S5 bioglass at 600 ˚C for 5 h, an amorph sample with small amount of Na2Ca2Si3O9 was obtained. So, the bioglass coated samples... 

    Design and Construction of PCL Nanofiber Scaffold for Bladder Tissue Engineering

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Vakilian, Saeed (Author) ; Yaghmaei, Soheyla (Supervisor) ; Mashayekhan, Shohreh (Co-Advisor)
    Abstract
    In this project, a novel system of bioactive electrospun scaffold for bladder tissue engineering , has been investigated to control in vitro cell differentiation, and utilize in in vivo vascularization and tissue formation. This method doesn’t have custom bioactive scaffolds problems such as, protein instability, technical complexity and, difficulties in accurate kinetics prediction. First of all, protein loaded chitosan nanoparticles based on ionic gelation interaction between chitosan and Sodium tripolyphosphate were prepared. Maximum protein loading efficiency (80% for BSA & 99% for TGF-beta1) in chitosan nanoparticles was obtained at mean diameter of 51nm. Moreover polycaprolactone... 

    Study & Synthesis of Biocompatible Scaffolds for Animal Cell Cultures

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Riazi Esfahani, Bahar (Author) ; Vosoughi, Manouchehr (Supervisor) ; Alemzadeh, Iran (Co-Advisor) ; Pajoum Shariati, Ramin (Co-Advisor)
    Abstract
    Natural tissues of body consist of Extra Cellular Matrix (ECM) and cells. Scaffold produces a temporary matrix for cells and facilitates oxygen and nutrients transport which enhances tissue regeneration. Therefore, attempts in regeneration of tissues and organs by scaffolds attracted great interest in today’s researchs. Choosing scaffold fabrication method and its polymer type, play a key role in scaffold specifications as they determine scaffold properties. In this project electrospinning was chosen as the scaffold fabrication method which is because of the unique properties of scaffolds fabricated by this method and also its ability in producing micro and nano fibers. At first set of... 

    Fabrication and Characterization of Bioactive PLGA- TiO2 Nanocomposite Scaffold by Air-liquid Foaming for Bone Tissue Engineering

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Pelaseyed, Sogol (Author) ; Madaah Hosseini, Hamid Reza (Supervisor) ; Samadi Kuchaksaraei, Ali (Co-Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Poly (lactate-co-glycolate) is a typical biocompatible and biodegradable synthetic polymer. Addition of TiO2 nanoparticles improved compressive modulus of PLGA scaffolds and reduced fast degradation. Porous 3D scaffolds, which are synthesized using biocompatible and biodegradable materials, could provide suitable microenvironment and mechanical support for optimal cell growth and function. A novel method has been applied to fabricate PLGA/TiO2 scaffolds without using any organic solvent or porogen for nucleation compared to former ways, with aim of improving the biocompatibility, macroscale morphology and well inter-connected pores efficacy: Air-Liquid Foaming. Adjustment of the foaming... 

    Fabrication and Characterization of Modified Polyether Ether Ketone/Carbon Nanofiber Nanocomposite for Bone Application

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ali Mohammadi, Mohammad Reza (Author) ; Ramazani Saadatabadi, Ahmad (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The use of polyether ether ketone (PEEK) in bone implants is limited due to a lack of cell adhesion and proliferation. Therefore, in this study, we modified the surface of PEEK with a nanocomposite coating containing piezoelectric and bioactive properties. Sulfonated PEEK with suitable mechanical and hydrophilic properties along with polyvinylidene fluoride was used as a biocompatible polymer with piezoelectric properties for coating. Also, nanohydroxyapatite was used as a bioactive material, and carbon nanofibers with significant mechanical and electrical properties were used in the nanocomposite. The surface was sulfonated as an intermediate layer to improve the connection between the...