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    Study the Effect of Nano Particles on Biodegradability of Starch Biopolymers

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ostadi, Hadi (Author) ; Vossoughi, Manoochehr (Supervisor) ; Alemzadeh, Iran (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Nowadays, Food generation has gained great importance, not only in economic view but also in political. Food reservation is as important as food generation. Synthetic polymer films has widespread use in packaging industries, that is because of its features like easily forming, low price, lightness, etc. The increase of oil resources prices and severe environmental pollution by synthetic polymers, are notable cases which led researchers to find ways in using bio polymers. Starch is one of the bio polymers which is cheap and totally degradable. Using starch in bio degradable leads to high decrease in the mix features. Nano particles are used to solve the problem.
    In this study, the effect... 

    Enzyme Immobilization on Biopolymer Carrier by Microencapsulation Technique

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hemmati, Mostafa (Author) ; Aalemzadeh, Iran (Supervisor) ; Vossoughi, Manouchehr (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    β-galactosidase enzyme is immobilized from Kluyveromyces lactis by Microencapsulation method in various compositions of sodium alginate and Carboxymethyl cellulose. Optimum stabilization was gained at 1.85% sodium alginate, 0.9% carboxymethyl cellulose and 2% calcium chloride through applying Surface response methodology. Yield of immobilization and activity was 54.94% and 65.27%. variation of yield of immobilization versus alginate concentration was a quadratic curve with the maximum. When alginate's concentrations is low, the cavities diameter is great, so the enzyme leaks from capsule while immobilizing. At high concentrations of alginate, despite the smaller cavities, immobilization... 

    Improving Temperature Stability of Drilling Fluids Polymers Using Nano Particles

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Halali, Mohamad Amin (Author) ; Ghotbi, Siroos (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Water base drilling fluids are the most common drilling fluids in oil and gas operations and biopolymers are the requisite additives used in such kind of fluids frequently. Unfortunately, at harsh conditions of HPHT the polymers undergo thermal degradation which cause serious loss in fluid rheological and filtration properties. Accordingly, this will induce operational pitfalls and tremendous cost. The power of economy along with environmental regulations force us to search for reasonable chemically benign additives to fulfill this need. Nanoparticles are the most promising additives proposed in this study to address this challenge. Regarding their unique exclusive properties, they are able... 

    Biopolymeric based Interpenetrating Polymer Network for Extending the Microextraction Techniques

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Veisi, Nazila (Author) ; Bagheri, Habib (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this study, gelatin/polyvinylpyrrolidone semi interpenetrating polymer network scaffold was synthesized in presence of glutaraldehyde as a cross linker and a porous structure was obtained by freeze drying method. The biocompatible network with properties like huge porosity, good thermal stability and establishing different interactions, was employed as an extractive phase in needle trap device and used for evaluation of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene (BTEX) in conjugation with gas chromatography-flame ionization detector. For investigating semi interpenetrating polymer network efficiency, Different ratios of gelatin and polyvinylpyrrolidone (gelatin/polyvinylpyrrolidone: 1:0,... 

    Immobilization Heavy Metal Ions and Nanoparticles (Au, Cu, Pd) on Biopolymers and Their Catalytic Activities in the Organic Reactions

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Habibi, Zahra (Author) ; Pourjavadi, Ali (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Recently, biopolymers such as alginate, cellulose, chitosan, gelatine, starch and wool have been used as supports for catalytic applications. Several interesting features of the biopolymers for example, bio-degradable, environmentally safe, high sorption capacity, physical and chemical versatility make them attractive to use as supports. This study, the four functionalized biopolymer-based composites were designed and synthesized as well as heterogeneous catalysts used in the synthesis of 1,2,3-triazoles, oxidation of alcohol, reduction of nitroarenes and carbon-carbon coupling reactions.A novel cellulose supported copper NHC complex has been prepared by the reaction of cellulose supported... 

    Study of Viscoelastic Properties of Biopolymer Solutions

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shahmoradi, Mohammad Reza (Author) ; Seyed Reihani, Nader (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Properties of viscoelastic of biopolymers have important role in cells structure; for example: cell motility depends on viscoelastic propertie of Actin polymer. therefore according to its importance ,in this thesis we intend to examine the viscoelastic modulus using Optical tweezers and dissipation theorem.this method is benefits than methods of active microrheology. for example this method can be used for low concentrations; because in the low concentrations, the exerting force will cause changing in the state of matter that here we investigate destructive force effect. we investigate viscoelastic of water for method accuracy then obtain viscoelastic of Kelcogel  

    Preparation of Nanobiocomposites Based on Halloysite Nanotubes-Zein and Evaluation of their Performance for Thin Film Microextraction

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Gordan, Hasti (Author) ; Bagheri, Habib (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this work, a biocompatible sorbent based on halloysite nanotubes-zein bionanocomposite for direct-immersion thin film microextraction (DI-TFME) is introduced. Zein as a biodegradable, low cost and accessible polymer was used to prepare a flexible thin film with the possession of different interactions and good adsorption capacity. To improve the mechanical and chemical resistance of the film, halloysite nanotubes were combined with zein to prepare the thin film sorbent. The film was used for TFME of 16 pesticides from different chemical classes, including organochlorines and organophosphates followed by gas chromatography with electron capture detector (GC-ECD). To achieve the maximum... 

    Scaffold Fabrication for Corneal Regeneration

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Mahdavi Salimi, Sharareh (Author) ; Abdekhodaie, Mohammad Jafar (Supervisor) ; Mashayekhan, Shohreh (Supervisor) ; Baradaran Rafiei, Alireza (Co-Supervisor)
    Abstract
    3D bioprinting technology is a promising approach for corneal stromal tissue regeneration. At first, two different concentrations of GelMA macromer (7.5% and 12.5%) were tested for corneal stroma bioprinting. Due to high macromer concentrations, 12.5% GelMA was stiffer than 7.5% GelMA, which made it easier to handle. In terms of water content and optical transmittance of the bioprinted scaffolds, we observed that scaffold with 12.5% GelMA concentration was closer to the native corneal stroma tissue. Subsequently, cell proliferation, gene and protein expression of human corneal stromal cells encapsulated in the bioprinted scaffolds were investigated. Cytocompatibility in 12.5% GelMA scaffolds...