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    Characterization of Lithium Presence in Brine and Extraction of Lithium from Brine Resources of Iran

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Moazeni Afarani, Maryam (Author) ; Askari, Masoud (Supervisor) ; Nusheh, Mohammad (Co-Advisor)
    Abstract
    One of the basic resources for lithium extraction is brine which is very abundance in Iran. It is important to characterize these brines and their compositions to select a suitable method for lithium recovery from them. By investigation of the local brines and determining lithium and other alkali metals composition in them, the ion exchange process using titanium dioxide ion-sieve with nanotube morphology is suggested as highly effective method for lithium extraction from Iranian brines. Due to high advantages of hydrothermal process, TiO2 nanotubes were produced by this method and the optimum parameters of hydrothermal reactions were reported. In this way, hydrogen titanate nanotubes with... 

    Lithium Recovery from Brine Sources of Iran by Precipitation Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Jandaghi, Mohammad Reaz (Author) ; Askari, Masoud (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Lithium is one of the most commonly used metals in industry with a wide variety of applications including batteries, lubricating grease and pharmaceutical products. Demand for lithium is expected to rise with the increasing adoption of electric vehicles. Market reports have predicted that world lithium demand will increase by 2.5 times from 2010 to 2020. Therefore, there is a pressing need to develop new sources of lithium to support this anticipated increase in demand. Lithium can be extracted from salt brine and lithium containing minerals as lithium compounds.
    Salt brines are the most abundant lithium sources available in the world, comprising about 60% of all known lithium deposits.... 

    Recovery of Pure Magnesium Oxide from Brine Sources

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Bahadori, Babak (Author) ; Askari, Masoud (Supervisor) ; Nosheh, Mohammad (Co-Advisor)
    Abstract
    Today a significant portion of the world magnesia supply is produced by approximately 20 manufacturers by precipitation of magnesium hydroxide either from seawater or brine sources, which amounts to about 14% of the world magnesia production. The first synthetic magnesia production occurred along the French coast of the Mediterranean Sea, near Aiques-Mortes, operating sometime before 1885. Magnesium hydroxide was precipitated from seawater by reacting it with milk of lime in a continuous fashion using three sequential agitated reactors. Because of the abundance of brine resources enrich in Magnesium in our country, in this project, was tried to precipitate Magnesium Hydroxide from brine... 

    Environmental Impacts Assessment of Desalination Plants Operating in the kish Island and Outlines Improvements

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Naghavi, Ali Asghar (Author) ; Hashemian, S.Jamal (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The subject of this thesis to assessment environmental impacts of active desalination plants in Kish Island, which explains the problems derived from concentrate discharges in to the sea, sewage network, absorbing wells and ground surface.
    It also studies its impacts on land and marine ecosystem and underground aquifers that are strategic resources in Kish Island. In addition, the environmental studies done in other countries, the existing regulations and by laws in the field of environmental impacts of desalination plants and concentrate discharges are re-mentioned. Concentrates contain chemicals, which are used in pre-filtration of MED and Ro systems, which are dangerous for marine... 

    Investigation on Wettability Alteration of Reservoir Rock During Adsorption of Organic Component of Crude Oil

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Monjezi, Reza (Author) ; Ghotbi, Siroos (Supervisor) ; Jafari Behbahani, Taraneh (Supervisor) ; Baghalha, Morteza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    This study investigates the dynamic adsorption of asphaltene-in-toluene solutions on pack of wet calcite. All experiments were performed on mineral packs in sand-pack with mesh sizes between 100 to 140 (105 to 150 micron) and porosities between 40 to 46 percent. A UV–vis spectrophotometer was used to monitor the outlet concentration of asphaltenes. Experiments were performed for seven ionic strength of sodium chloride (6 to 1500 mM), five ionic strength of sodium sulfate (6 to 2400 mM) and four ionic strength of these salts mixture (12 to 3300 mM). In previous experiments the asphaltene concentration is 500 mg/l. Also two experments were performed with asphaltene concentration of 2000... 

    Lithium Adsorption on TiO2 Ion-sieve from Magnesium Treated Brine Sources

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Naji Toosi, Alireza (Author) ; Asgari, Masoud (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Brines are one of the main resources for lithium extraction and Iran has got many high magnesium and low lithium brine resources. In order to extract lithium, it is required to carefully identify these resources and their associated compounds and then an appropriate method can be adopted to extract lithium. Among the Previous researches, Bahadori, Jandaghi and Moazeni developed methods for removal of undesirable brines elements, Deposition of lithium from refined brine and lithium adsorption anatase ion-sieves membrane respectively; in this study it has been tried to investigate the optimization of the adsorption process, onto the TiO2-B ion sieve with nanotube morphology. TiO2-B nanotubes... 

    Water Recycling from Output Residual Flow of Reverse Osmosis Membranous Units

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ghashghaei Nezhad, Hossein (Author) ; Moosavi, Abbas (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this research, we focus on reduction of solutes in left out water from reverse osmosis membranous units (brine) with reduction of scaling factors of membrane. This research is important from that perspective that the out put brine from reverse osmosis membranous unit After purification by this method, enter into membranous system in order to increase in recovered water volume and also minimization of out put waste from membranous system and decrease the environmental damages. The method used in this research, is three processes of cooling, chemical desalination and seeding by crystal material. In this research is investigated the type and amount of matter for chemical desalination and... 

    Experimental Investigation of Brine Salinity Effect on Relative Permeability Curve in Tight Reservoir

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Zeinolabedin, Roham (Author) ; Shad, Saeed (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    An experimental study was conducted to investigate the reduction of relative permeability caused by salt precipitation. Series of isothermal sand pack flood experiments were conducted on a sand pack composed of several minerals and relative permeability of the involved phases were determined. This compose was taken south of Iranian reservoir properties. A stainless steel sand-pack of 2.5cm internal diameter and 19.2 cm long was designed and built for experimental procedure. There are is different methods to determine relative permeability of porous media, According to available facilities in the lab and objective of this study unsteady state have been chosen to determine relative... 

    Forward Osmosis in High Saline Water Desalination

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ahmadipuya, Salman (Author) ; Soltanieh, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Musavi, Abbas (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Due to population growth, per capita change and heterogeneous distribution of water resources, forecasts demonstrate that more than 66% of the world's population will experience water scarcity by 2025. The major concern of desalination is their management of brine, with concentrations and their associated components more than twice the input concentration. Also, when extracting oil, per 1 oil barrel, about 7 to 10 barrels of high saline water are produced. One of the most common methods for disposing of brine is direct discharge into the environment, which, due to its destructive effects, creates serious threats to marine ecosystems. Therefore, it is necessary to desalting these high saline... 

    Repeatability of Lithium Adsorption and Desorption on TiO2 Nanotubes from Brines

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Safarzadeh, Amin (Author) ; Askari, Masoud (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Today, recycling lithium as a valuable metal from brine plays an important role in various applications such as battery manufacturing, computers, aerospace and automobiles. Among the aqueous methods available for the extraction of the lithium element in brines, ion exchange by TiO2 nanosorbents is one of the most efficient methods. In this study, first the titanium dioxide nanotubes were well synthesized by anodizing method and the nanograss created after the anodizing process were completely eliminated. Then, the effect of three cathodes of aluminum, graphite and stainless steel in order to select the best cathode and achieve a regular morphology as well as their replacement with platinum... 

    Investigation of Interface Phenomena in Low Salinity/Smart Waterflooding by Applying Molecular Dynamics Simulation

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Badizad, Mohammad Hassan (Author) ; Ayatollahi, Shahab (Supervisor) ; Ghazanfari, Mohammad Hossein (Supervisor) ; Koleini, Mhammad Mehdi (Co-Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Low salinity/smart waterflooding is simple to apply and a promising enhanced oil recovery method in which ion-tuned saltwater is injected into subsurface oil reservoirs. Many aspects of this operation, in particular those pertaining to nano-scale, are not yet fully understood. The present dissertation is an attempt to shed light on the microscopic properties and behavior of rock/brine/oil interfaces throughout low salinity/smart waterflooding. Several simulations were carried out for oil/brine and calcite/brine categories each containing various ions and hydrocarbons compounds. The surface contribution of non-functional oil compounds (aromatics and aliphatics) near brine medium was... 

    Extraction of Lithium Salts From Brine Containing Lithium Ion with Low Concentration

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Akbari Ziarani, Payam (Author) ; Molai Dehkordi, Asghar (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    This research aims to extract lithium from brines with low concentrations. Aluminum hydroxide has been chosen as a suitable and selective adsorbent. This absorbent is made by combining one of the aluminum salts in an alkaline environment. Due to the high cost of providing the raw materials for making the absorbent and sensitivity to the pH value and environmental harm, it is suggested that the absorbent be made by hydrolysis of water by aluminum particles. The manufacturing method has shown promising results in such a way that with the combination of NaCl+CaO and aluminum and activation by ball mill, the amount of extraction is 97% at a temperature of 40 ˚C; in two days, the molar ratio of...