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    Axiomatic Design Science: Application in reducing Design Complexities of Special Structures

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Fazli, Noroddin (Author) ; Abedian, Ali (Supervisor) ; Malaek, Mohammad Bagher (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    This research aims to study fundamentals of design as a science for possible use in special structures. Special structures are referred to those structures that designers’ knowledge for which are insufficient. Designs of such structures are complex in the sense that we lack all necessary elements of design matrix; as well as proper steps to reach the unknowns. Introducing appropriate design strategy for such structures; we show how a design could be developed without specific needs for trial and errors. In this work, various design methodologies and especially “Axiomatic Design” have been examined. In addition, functional requirement and associated design parameters for structural design are... 

    Biclique Cryptanalysis of Lightweight Block Ciphers

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ahmadi, Siavash (Author) ; Aref, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor) ; Mohajeri, Javad (Co-Advisor)
    Abstract
    Along with the proliferation of pervasive systems such as RFID systems and sensor networks, the demand for the low-cost, secure-enough primitives has continued to rise. Symmetric-key algorithms especially block ciphers still play an important role as secure ciphers that can be also consistent with the inherent restrictions of pervasive systems. Recently, a lot of block ciphers tailored for these conditions have been designed, such as Present, PrintCipher, Piccolo, and Twine. Biclique attack introduced in AsiaCrypt 2011 is the first and the only method that could break all versions of AES faster than brute-force attack in the single key model. Afterwards, the efficiency of this attack on some... 

    Holography and Quantum Information Theory: Complexity and T T Deformation

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Zolfi, Hamed (Author) ; Karimipour, Vahid (Supervisor) ; Naseh, Ali (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this thesis we are going to show various relations between AdS/CFT correspondence and quantum information theory. For this aim we have a brief review about this correspondence and describe how one can derive linearized Einstein's equations using holographic prescription of entanglement entropy. It is explained how the quantum error correction concept can help us to solve the paradoxes due to extrapolate dictionary. After introducing $ T\overline{T} $ deformation and complexity, we use the path integral optimization approach of Takayanagi and collaborators to find the time slice of geometries dual to states in the $ T\overline{T} $-deformed two dimensional conformal field theories... 

    A Mixed-Method Investigation into the Effects of Planning Conditions on EFL Writing Quality: Learners’ Planning Strategies and Point of View Adoption under the Spot Light

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Aaj, Foozieh (Author) ; Jahangard, Ali (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Adopting a mixed-methods research approach, this study investigated the impacts of four task planning conditions, i.e. online planning (OLP), pre-task planning (PTP), combined pre-task planning and online planning (PTP+OLP), and no planning (NP) on written narrative output which was elicited by means of a picture composition from 80 female advanced EFL learners. The narratives were analyzed in terms of complexity, accuracy, and fluency (CAF). Moreover, in the qualitative part of this study, how learners planned during pre-task planning time and the content of their narratives were analyzed. The results of the one-way ANOVAs showed that the PTP+OLP group produced significantly more complex,... 

    A System Dynamic Simulation Approach to Investigate Economic And Environment Factors Based on VUCA framework: A Case Study in Petrochemical Industry

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Monfaredi Jafarbagi, Aoun (Author) ; Hassannayebi, Erfan (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    To maintain adaptability, businesses should anticipate changes in their environment. The commonly employed forecasting method within corporate circles is the bottom-up approach, which relies on historical data for projecting future trends. However, research suggests that this approach often falls short of accurately reflecting real-world events. This has led to the adoption of dynamic systems modeling, a technique grounded in the assumption of stable conditions. This method effectively replicates the system's current state, thereby assisting in predicting future behaviors over a longer timeframe. The dynamic systems modeling approach was employed in this study, underscoring the imperative... 

    Differences of the Brain’s Surprise Response Due to the Habituation Effect in Neurodegenerative Patients and Healthy People

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hosseinpour Khaledian, Kamyab (Author) ; Karbalaei Aghajan, Hamid (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The brain is constantly placed in stochastic environments. This leads to the brain developing a probabilistic model for the environment. However, sometimes unexpected events occur that lead to surprise and a need for updating the probabilistic model. It can be concluded from this argument that reduction in brian’s surprise is a sign of learning. On the other hand, a probability distribution obtained from a probabilistic model contains an amount of uncertainty. Reducing this uncertainty can also be considered a sign of learning. Surprise and uncertainty can be obtained from a probability distribution using information theory concepts. Another important issue in learning is habituation, which...