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    An Integrated Land-Use and Transportation Model for the Evaluation of Urban Development Decisions

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ghiasi, Amir (Author) ; Poorzahedy, Hossain (Supervisor)
    Land-use and transportation are inter-related, such that land-use may be used to control transportation. This study aims to design a suitable combination of the residential and service land-use on one side, and the transportation system on the other side. The model presented in this study has two external and internal levels, and its objective is to minimize the cost of residence, receiving goods and services, and transportation. The performance of any combination of spatial allocation of population and employment, as well as transportation, is evaluated by the internal level of the model which determines the interaction between population, employment, and transportation. This is done by a... 

    Characterization of Urban Stormwater-borne Solids in Tehran Metropolitan City, Iran

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kazemi Parkouhi, Fatemeh (Author) ; Tajrishy, Massoud (Supervisor)
    Stormwater-borne solids are a major contributor to water quality degradation. A large portion of water quality impaired surface waters is located in urban areas and stormwater runoff is a major source of contamination. Sediments have been identified as the most widespread pollutant in urban river and streams. Water quality of urban streams in Tehran was characterized by determining the PSD, total phosphorus (TP), orthophosphate, NO3, NO2, NH3, TSS, TDS, heavy metals and turbidity in six storm events and base flow. A total of 45 road-deposited sediment (RDS) samples were collected from three different land-use types (residential, intense traffic and educational) in Tehran for characterization... 

    A Systems Approach Towards Sustainable Development of Airport Cities, Using Design Structure Matrix (DSM) and Queuing Theory

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mahrooz, Mohammad Hossein (Author) ; Malaek, Mohammad Bagher (Supervisor)
    The objective of this research is to develop a mathematical model for analysis and design of airport cities. In this model, the interactions among the elements of an airport city -regarded as a complex system- will be analyzed, and the impact of the stakeholders’ requirements on the functional and physical architecture of the airport city will be investigated. So as the first step, the stakeholders of the system and their requirements are identified and classified. Second, the concept of operation of the airport city is investigated, and then the architecture of the system is modeled as a queuing network. So that each element of the airport city is regarded as a service center, including the... 

    Travel Behavior and 4D's as measures of Built Environment

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Salehi, Masoud (Author) ; Kermanshah, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    The relationship between travel behavior and Built Environment has been context of variety of research during past decades. Many modern urban development theories such as new-urbanism and smart growth are commonly based on interactions between these two concepts. This research is aiming to analyze the effects of built environment on household trip generation, mode and destination choice as specific indices of travel behavior, based on travel diary data of Shiraz city. Multiple Linear Regression and Multinomial Logit Model concepts are used to analyze aforementioned travel behaviors in two levels. Base models predict socio-economic variables importance and expanded models are used to test... 

    The Effect of Land Use Change on Water Cycle in Forested and Deforested Areas in Australia

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Tavakoli, Nazanin (Author) ; Moghim, Sanaz (Supervisor)
    Forested areas can cause positive impacts on ecosystems and water supply for agriculture, electricity generation, industry, and human. On the other hand, large-scale deforestation affects the water and energy budget on a regional and global scale. Considering the importance of this issue, this study evaluates the impact of land use and land cover changes (LULC) on the water cycle components, including precipitation, evapotranspiration, runoff, and hydroclimatic variables such as soil moisture, air temperature, soil temperature, and sensible heat flux in southeastern Australia using an ecosystem model called Integrated Biosphere Simulator (IBIS). For this purpose, a two-year time span with...