Search for: nitrogen
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    Experimental Investigation of Enhanced Oil Recovery Using N2 Alternating CO2 Gas Injection

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rezaei, Morteza (Author) ; Vossoughi, Manoochehr (Supervisor) ; Shadizadeh, Reza (Supervisor) ; Kharrat, Riaz (Supervisor) ; Ghazanfari, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    Gas injection is a well-known enhanced recovery method which can improve recovery using two different displacement processes, miscible and immiscible. Typical non-hydrocarbon gases which have been utilized in these processes are carbon-dioxide and nitrogen. These gases are usually injected separately and have been rarely utilized together as a tertiary recovery process.
    In this paper, we have focused on sequential carbon-dioxide and nitrogen gas injection as a novel EOR method. The periodic injections of carbon-dioxide and nitrogen have been repeated for six injection pore volumes. Sensitivity analysis of injection pressure, injection volume and injection rate have been also investigated... 

    An Investigation on Photocatalytic Behavior of N-doped and N-V-doped TiO2 Thin Film, Coated on Glass Surface by Sol-gel Dip Coating Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Khatibnezhad, Hediyeh (Author) ; Faghihi Sani, Mohammad Ali (Supervisor)
    In this study, the photocatalytic activity and hydrophilicity of coat improved using Nitrogen and Vanadium elements as dopant in TiO2 coating. By using vanadium and nitrogen elements and silica prelayer, a titania coating was deposited on the soda-lime glass substrate by sol-gel dip coating method to produce self-cleaning surface. XRD and FTIR analyses were done on the powders after heat treating at in 450˚C for 30 min. XPS analysis was done for investigation of N replacement in titania structure. The band-gap energy of formed anatase was derived using UV-Vis analysis. The coating morphology and thickness were also investigated by SEM. Hydrophilicity of coatings was determined by measuring... 

    Control of Eutrophication in Anzali Wetland by Artificial Floating Islands

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shahrouz Ebrahimi, Pouneh (Author) ; Abrishamchi, Ahmad (Supervisor)
    Anzali wetland, in the Caspian Sea, northern Iranian province of Gilan, ranges from fresh near the tributary streams to brackish near the mouth into the harbor and the sea. Anzali wetland has faced with the serious levels of eutrophication because on the other hand, the lagoon has decreased in size during current century, to less than a quarter of its former extent and on the other hand, this wetland is faced with entering a huge amount of nutrient elements due to human activities in its watershed. Discharge of industrial wastewater, animal wastes, timber harvesting and the most important entering, rice farms irrigated wastewater are of the considerable causes of eutrophication in wetland.... 

    Design and Preparation of Gas sensor for Binary Gas Mixtures on the Base of Polymeric Membranes

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shabani, Ehsan (Author) ; Musavi, Abbas (Supervisor) ; Shojaei, Akbar (Supervisor)
    There are different types of sensors for measuring the concentration of gases that usually have high prices because of their complicated method of production. We can produce much cheaper sensors in special conditions by using polymer membranes. Different gases can be separated by using appropriate polymer membranes and the difference between diffusion rate of these gases is the basis of the separation method and gases pass through the membrane with different flow rates in the specific entrance pressure. The flow rate of total gas which flows will be different for a binary gaseous mixture at specific temperature and pressure with different concentrations because the flow rate is relative to... 

    Enhanced Photocatalytic Activity of Nano-scaled TiO2 Co-doped with N and Ag by Sol-gel Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Azimi, Zahra (Author) ; Dolati, Abolghasem (Supervisor)
    Transparent coatings with self-cleaning property in visible light spectrum, UV radiation resistance and antimicrobial are highly desirable. Titanium dioxide (TiO2) is used in this research has been widely studied as an efficient photocatalyst by researchers. In this research enhanced visible-light photocatalytic activity is gained with N and Ag co-doped titania. All samples were annealed at 450℃. Finally AgI was loaded TiO2 coating and the results were investigated. Peaks of XRD pattern wereattributed to different diffraction planes of anatase TiO2. Morphology of coatings were analyzed with using FE-SEM. Nano granis size of TiO2 and AgI loaded TiO2 were observed in FE-SEMimages. Nitrogen... 

    Study and Fabrication of Dye Sensitized Solar Cells Based on Nitrogen and Neodymium Doped Titanium Dioxide Photoelectrodes

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Shogh, Shiva (Author) ; Iraji Zad, Azam (Supervisor) ; Mohammadpour, Raheleh (Co-Advisor) ; Taghavinia, Nima (Co-Advisor)
    In this thesis, we focus on studying and fabrication of doped titanium dioxide electrodes and their application in nanostructured dye sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). For this purpose, non-metallic nitrogen (N) and metallic neodymium (Nd) elements were selected. N-doped titanium dioxide nanoparticles were synthesized via solvothermal method and their structural and optoelectrical properties were investigated in comparison to undoped titanium dioxide synthesized by the same method. Based on the obtained results, doping of titanium dioxide by nitrogen resulted in shifting the Fermi level up-ward, increase in charge carriers density, shift of optical absorbance to higher wavelength, and decrease... 

    Effect of Variations in Flux Composition on Mechanical Properties and Microstructure of Weld Metal of Self-shielded Flux-cored arc Welding

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Khazaee, Moein (Author) ; Kokabi, Amir Hossein (Supervisor)
    Flux-cored arc welding has become prevalent in the recent decades worldwide. One of the variants of this welding method is self-shielded welding which requires no external shielding, neither with mineral flux nor with shielding gases. In this study, the variation of microstructure and mechanical properties of flux-cored self-shielded welds was investigated and optimization of this properties was also carried out. For this purpose, a basic combination of powders was chosen from the literature to fabricate the flux-cored wire. These powders contain fluorine, calcium carbonate, aluminum, magnesium and iron. Then, same amount of alloying elements such as molybdenum and nickel was added to this... 

    Biological Treatment of Dairy Wastewater (Anaerobic/Anoxic/Aerobic)

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Yaghoobinezhad, Farnaz (Author) ; Alemzadeh, Iran (Supervisor) ; Vosoughi, Manouchehr (Supervisor)
    In this research, start-up, performance and stability of a A2O system (Anaerobic/ Anoxic/ Oxic) combined with a Moving Bed Bio Reactor (MBBR), using Kaldnes packings, have been investigated in treating synthetic dairy wastewater. Also the effect of influent Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Hydroulic Retention Time (HRT) and Ruturn Activated Sludge (RAS) ratio on removing pollutants such as COD, Total Nitrogen and Total Phosphorous have been studied. The experiments have been designed using ‘Design Of Experiments’ software, and at the end the results have been optimized based on desired terms. The performance and capability of the reactor in removing pollutants in 8, 12 and 16 hours of HRT,...