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    Feasibility Study of Economically Recovery of Residue from Terephthalic Acid Production Unit in the Tondgooyan Petrochemical Company

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rezaei, Vahid (Author) ; Sajadi, Ali Akbar (Supervisor) ; Matloubi Moghaddam, Firouz (Co-Advisor)
    In this work we intend toeconomically recovery of residual from terephthalic acid production unit in the Tondgooyan petrochemical company. Major component of this residual is catalysts, benzoic acid and amount of terephthalic acid product. Catalysts contains of cobalt, manganese and bromide which recycled by water extraction. Effective variable on extraction process is dilution ratio of water to residue, extraction temperature and time. Optimum condition of catalystsrecovery consist of dilution ratio of water to residue 6:1, extraction temperature and time is 45 C° and 40 minrespectively. Recovery yield of cobalt, manganese and bromide in this optimum condition is 91.21, 91.89 and 92.53... 

    Characterization of Warm Mix Asphalt Containing Reclaimed Asphalt Binders

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Safazadeh, Faramarz (Author) ; Tabatabaei, Nader (Supervisor)
    Utilization of RAP in HMA reduces the initial costs, conserves natural sources and avoids disposal problems. Aged binder from RAP will have some effects on resultant binder. To date, solvent extraction and recovery is the only method that physically separates the RAP binder from the RAP aggregate for characterization. Time consuming for recovery, altering the physical properties of the recovered asphalt binder like binder hardening and the possibility that Asphalt binder is not completely extracted from the aggregate are the weak points of this method. Addressing the need for non-solvent based RAP binder characterization; procedures for low temperature characterization of RAP binder... 

    Recycling of Cobalt with the form of Cobalt Nano Oxide from Spent Li-ion Batteries

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ashrafi Nasrabadi, Ali (Author) ; Askari, Masoud (Supervisor)
    One of the most important methods for recycling of spent Li-ion batteries is acid leaching that various parameters affect it. In this work, influences of effective parameters on the percent of cobalt and lithium recovery with application of design of experiments (response surface methodology-central composite) were investigated and then cobalt nano oxide as the by-product synthesized by pulsing lectrolysis. In the first Phase, effects of parameters such as sulfuric acid oncentration: 2-6 molar, hydrogen peroxide volume percent: 5-10%, S/L ratio: 20-50 g/L and temperature: 50-80°C on cobalt and lithium recovery were investigated and finally an adequate model presented. For all experiments,... 

    Fluoride Removal from Sludge's of Evaporation Lagoons of Isfahan’s UCF Plant

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Khayambashi, Afshin (Author) ; Samadfam, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Firouz Zare, Mahmoud (Co-Advisor) ; Ghasemi, Mohamad Reza (Co-Advisor)
    Nuclear energy is one of the most important sources of energy from the economical point of view and also in terms of cleanliness and safety. Hence, strategically, uranium is one of the most basic elements of the earth and nowadays, the importance of this element is more marked due to the nuclear industry developement. Therefore, uranium recovery from the wastes generated during nuclear fuel production in Isfahan’s uranium conversion plant- in which yellow cake is converted to uranium hexafluoride- is quite pivotal. In this experimental research, we have to remove Fluoride from waste after dissolution by several methods like precipitation. After that uranium is extracted from the sludge of... 

    Sustainable Reverse Logistics Network for Separated Recyclable Household Waste

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Amini, Sasan (Author) ; Akbari Jokar, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
    In this study we addressed the problem of separated waste management. Investigating the literature on location routing problem, reverse logistics, waste management, and countries’ performance in the field, we proposed a novel method for gathering household waste that inspired from prosperous metropolises and took into account the particular situations of developing countries. As a matter of fact, the proposed method is an extension of location routing problem; it’s a bi-echelon network of facilities and multi-compartment vehicles connected via reverse cross docks. The problem is formulated using a mixed-integer linear model with 3 economic, social, and environmental functions; with respect... 

    Investigating the Effect of Softening Agent on the Performance Characterization of Asphalt Concrete Mixture with High RAP Content

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Majidifard, Hamed (Author) ; Tabatatabee, Nader (Supervisor)
    Recycling of asphalt pavements has received much attention in recent years for its environmental and economical benefits. Because of increase in costs of raw materials and energy carriers, reuse of a high portion of reclaimed asphalt pavements (RAP) eliminates an enormous amount of waste and reduces the cost of hot-mix asphalt (HMA) mixtures. There are some problems in high-RAP mixtures such as high content of fine aggregate and filler, low temperature cracking potential because of higher stiffness of RAP binder, and low mixture workability. In this research, RAP fractionation was used to sort out and eliminate fine aggregate and filler. An organic-based softening agent was used to improve... 

    Investigation of Longitudinal Tabs Effects on Compound Triple Jets Configuration in Film Cooling, Applying Large Eddy Simulation Approach

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mehrjoo, Amir Reza (Author) ; Taeibi Rahni, Mohamad (Supervisor) ; Ramezanizadeh, Mehdi (Supervisor)
    In the present work, large eddy simulation approach was employed to investigate flows such as backward facing step and internal channel flow, using Smagorinsky and explicit algebraic subgrid-scale models (EASSM) in OpenFOAM software. For this purpose, an explicit algebraic subgrid-scale model was added to OpenFOAM. Coupling pressure and velocity fields were applied to the PISO-SIMPLE (PIMPLE) algorithm. The focus of the present study was to assess various subgrid scale models, in order to predict the behavior of several flows, as well as their extensive numerical study. The results were compared to available experimental data showning that the EASSM results were more accurate than... 

    Regeneration LiNi0.5Co0.2Mn0.3O2 Material from Spent Lithium-ion Batteries by Co-precipitation

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Karimi Rahjerdi, Sajad (Author) ; Askari, Masoud (Supervisor)
    In the present study, the process of recycling spent lithium batteries by co-precipitation method has been investigated. The process of regeneration of lithium batteries by co-deposition method consists of four stages. In the first stage, the cathodic material is separated from the aluminum foil using NMP solution, and then the cathodic material is heat treated at a temperature of 700 degrees. In the second stage, using sulfuric acid and hydrogen peroxide, the cathode material is leached at 60 ° C, pulp density 55 g / l, time 100 minutes, sulfuric acid concentration 3.25 M and volume percentage of hydrogen peroxide. 10% More than 99% of lithium, nickel, cobalt and manganese are leached. In... 

    Solving a Flexible, Multi-Objective Multi-Depot VRP and IRP Considering 3DP and Sustainability with Several Levels in the Transportation Network

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Esfahani, Behdad (Author) ; Haji, Alireza (Supervisor) ; Fatahi Valilai, Omid (Supervisor)
    A sustainable supply chain requires constant sustainable changes in the design and performance of its steps. The main characteristic of sustainability is the consideration of social, environmental and economic criteria in strategic and operational decisions. Due to the great importance of the sustainability in transportation network, proper planning and careful design for this issue in recent years has been considered and welcomed by relevant researchers. In this research we want to provide an integrated frame work for transportation network design toward sustainability. In this regard, we also use 3D printing technology as our innovation in operations. Our main issue is the Inventory...