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    Analyzing the Interplay of Power Management and Communication Reliability of Wireless Networks in Embedded Applications

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hosseini, Elahe Sadat (Author) ; Ejlali, Alireza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Due to safety critical applications of the embedded systems, reliability is one of the most important properties of these systems. Wireless networks also have error prone data transmission channels and limited power consumption. Therefore reliability and power conservation are two vital characteristics of the wireless network especially in embedded applications. Since achieving to a desirable level of data reliability is power consuming, we must consider a trade-off between power consumption and data reliability. In wireless networks power consumption can be categorized into: power consumption in wireless devices and power consumption in data transmission. For decrement of wireless devices... 

    Modeling and Evaluating Reliability in Wireless Sensor Networks

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Yousefi, Hamed (Author) ; Jahangir, Amir Hossein (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Recent advancement in wireless communications, electronics, low power design and also tendency to use high performance low cost products have led to emergence of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). As the main purpose of a WSN is information gathering and it’s transmission to the sink node, the main problem is to deliver information correctly with minimum energy consumption. Besides, whereas the majority of developed applications for WSNs are event-critical applications, achieving reliable data transfer as the main factor of dependability and quality of service seems vital. However, data transmission is unreliable over multi-hop WSN due to the unreliability of wireless links and node failures. ... 

    Reliability Model of Wind Turbine System with BDFG

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Arabian, Hooman (Author) ; Oraee, Hashem (Supervisor) ; Fotuhi Firouzabad, Mahmud (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Considerable attention has been given in recent years to renewable energy sources due to concerns about dwindling fuel reserves and the potential impact of conventional energy systems on the environment. Wind power is one form of renewable energy resources and also considered as Dispersed Generation (DG). Widespread utilization of wind power imposes many effects on planning and operation of power system. In other side, reliability evaluation and enhancement is an important factor in modern power system planning and operation. So, reliability assessment of wind turbines is of great importance and will receive more attention in the future according to increase of WT utilization. The... 

    Overhead Line Dynamic Thermal Rating Using Fuzzy Method and its Effect on Power System Reliability

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shaker Ardakani, Hamid (Author) ; Fotuhi Firuzabad, Mahmoud (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In recent years, because of power system restructuring and load growth, much of transmission lines are reaching to their maximum capacity. Therefore, it is so essential to upgrade existing transmission system. However, constructing new lines is a very expensive and time consuming method. Dynamic thermal rating of overhead line is an alternative solution for upgrading transmission system capacity. In this method, allowable current capability of line in the next duration is calculated according to the environmental conditions. A method should be developed to perfectly model these environmental changes. Fuzzy method is a powerful tool that models uncertainties and measurement errors in a simple... 

    Seismic Design of Substation Structures with Consideration of IEEE-693

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shams, Mohammad (Author) ; Mofid, Massoud (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The Reliability of substation structures with consideration of earthquake uncertainties is one of the most important subjects in structural analysis in recent years. In this project we first introduce IEEE-693-2005, which is the most effective and comprehensive seismic design code for electronic substations. Also in second chapter the rudimentary aspects of Reliability Theory and methods for evaluating the reliability of substation structures is introduced. Then with modeling the most common and most important electronic substation devices in Iran, with consideration of all seismic parameters and their uncertainties, the reliability of these structures evaluated. In this project for... 

    Data Recovery Analysis of Real-Time Sensor Networks

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Samimi Bayat, Ali (Author) ; Jahangir, Amir Hossein (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    There are several applications of wireless sensor networks wherein the data collected by the sensors in the network are critical and hence have to be reliably transported to the sink, example of such applications are fire detection in a forest or controlling vibration on body of dam. Reliable communication in wireless sensor networks is hard to achieve efficiently using methods in conventional systems like Internet. End-to-end retransmission is inefficient, or in some cases impossible. It is well-known that Reed-Solomon codes may be used to provide error correction for multiple failures in RAID-like systems. To the coding theorists, this technique is a straight forward extension to a basic... 

    Improving the Maintenance Productivity of RAJA Passenger Train CO

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rezvani Zaniani, Mohammad; Valibeigloo, Mahmoud; Asghari, Mehdi (Author) ; Kumar, Edi (Supervisor) ; Barabadi, Javad (Supervisor)

    Method of Implementation of MSG-3 for Boeing 747

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Arefi, Saideh (Author) ; Eshraghniaye Jahromi, Abdolhamid (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Many airlines operate different fleets under different service conditions. These aircraft fleets need to be maintained in service. Safety, reliability and economic reasons motivate manufacturers, airlines and airworthiness authorities to investigate about different approaches to aircraft maintenance. At first, corrective maintenance which was developed for other industries was used by the aircraft industry but due to increasing complexity of aircrafts and their systems the industry started using time based maintenance. After years of operation and fleet experience, this industry started developing a program of its own i.e., MSG-1, MSG-2 and MSG-3. These maintenance programs have been evolved... 

    The Effect of Travel Time Reliability on Morning Peak Travellers route choice in Large Metropolitan Area

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sadat Mirjafari, Parisa (Author) ; Poorzahedy, Hossein (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Data collected from street networks show that travel time in urban street networks is a stochastic variable, whose range of variation increases with the congestion level. Work and school trips comprise the major part of morning peak volumes, whose common characteristic is that they need to be made on time. For this reason, these travelers are pessimistic in their route choice, and try to choose routes which are more reliable. Travel time standard deviation is one of the common measures for estimating travel time reliability that is related to properties of day-to-day travel time distribution on a particular route. Based on the empirical data collected from Tehran street network, this paper... 

    Analyzing the Energy Consumption of Error Control Mechanisms in Wireless Sensor Networks

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Khodadoustan, Safieh (Author) ; Beigy, Hamid (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Nowadays wireless technology is widespread all over the world, because of extensive and successful application of low cost, low power, multifunctional tiny sensor nodes that can be grouped to make up of a wireless sensor network (WSN). Some of Wireless sensor network technologies include Zigbee, EnOcean, Personal area network, Ultra-Wideband and Bluetooth which this thesis focuses on the last one. Scalability, mobility, reliability and energy efficiency are some of the requirements and challenges of WSNs, which among them reliability and reducing energy consumption are two important objectives in wireless sensor networks. Since each sensor node has limited energy to consume, overcoming the... 

    Determining Response Quantities in Yielding Structures with Viscous Damping

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rahmatabadi, Payman (Author) ; Khaloo, Alireza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In recent decades, considerable attention has been paid to application of passive energy dissipation systems in design of new buildings as well as in seismic rehabilitation of existing ones. The increased application of these devices in structures will depend on the availability of simplified methods for their analysis and design. In this study, considering high viscously damped single-degree-of-freedom systems, an equivalent linear system with new effective parameters is introduced which has capability to predict maximum displacement and maximum inertia force of the structure simultaneously. Effective mass and effective damping ratio as pair of effective parameters instead of the effective... 

    Energy Loss Reduction Through Flaring in Refineries

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Almasi Nahanjeh, Nasrin (Author) ; Sattari, Sorena (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Overpressure protection and flare loading network are critical challenges faced by the Oil & Gas and chemical industries. Whether they are new facilities or aging ones, integrity management of overpressure and flaring systems remain significant throughout the life of the planet. One of the most important ways for protection of over pressure and depressurizing to flare header through pressure safety valve is implementation of safety instrument system (SIS). Application of safety instrumented systems for the process industries causes significant reduction of flaring load and loss prevention of valuable materials through increase protection layer availability and over pressure risk reduction.... 

    Planning Before, and Emergency Response After, Disaster in Transportarion Networks

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Edrissi, Ali (Author) ; Nasiri, Habibollah (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Natural disasters claim major losses in human lives and belongings, as well as national infrastructures. Taking major earthquake as an example, the study has considered two sides of the problem, both before and after the incident. The former side is formulated as a multipartite optimization problem, in which each party’s activities are directed toward the long-term solution of the original problem. A heuristic method to solve the multipartite problem, and solve three example problems to show the applicability of the method was proposed. The solutions of example problems show that a directed problem solution reaches a better solution (in terms of the objective function value) than the... 

    Estimating the Seismic Reliability of the Structures Based on Modal Nonlinear Probabilistic Analysis

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Zarfam, Panam (Author) ; Mofid, Massoud (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Concerning the variety of existing buildings and the diversity in the factors which affect the behaviors of structures, subjected to earthquakes, presenting a definite method for studying their seismic vulnerabilities has not been realized yet. Selecting a method which covers all mentioned necessities is extremely wide and complex. From one side, the capacity of structural system should be determined based on its strength and deformability. On the other hand, the nonlinear behavior of structure should be predicted by selecting the probable effects of earthquake on the region. Then, the force or acceleration which causes damage of structure's components, and the whole structural system,... 

    Analysis of Communication Infrastructure Failures in a Power System and Their Impacts on System Reliability

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hedayati Mehdiabadi, Mojgan (Author) ; Abbaspour Tehrani Fard, Ali (Supervisor) ; Fotouhi Firouzabad, Mahmoud (Co-Advisor)
    Abstract
    The development of communication infrastructure in power systems has provided the grid with the availability of accurate information and has increased the reliability of the grid and its responsibility to disturbances. However, there have been some concerns about the negative impacts of the reliance on the information infrastructure. Inadequacies in the control and communication systems have been reported to be the contributing factors to situations that led to major blackouts. The functionality and reliability of the power grid is undoubtedly influenced by its communication infrastructure. In this thesis we are trying to model and analyze the failures that may occur in a power system and... 

    Smart Home Incorporating Load Control

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rastegar, Mohammad (Author) ; Fotuhi Firuzabad, Mahmoud (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Smart grid brings miscellaneous concepts and advantages; increasing power quality, decreasing outages, motivating the consumers to participate in power system plans, and accommodating distributed generations (DG) are the most important purposes of smart grid implementation. Appearance of modern technologies makes operators devise better operation function. The effect of these technologies on the power system should be probed by sufficient criterions. In addition, preventing undesirable consequences of new technologies operation in the grid is the requirement of having smarter grid. In this thesis, based on the smart home concept two issues are discussed. In the first issue, a new algorithm... 

    Crosstalk Fault Modeling and Mitigation in System-on-Chips

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shafaei Moghaddam, Mansour (Author) ; Miremadi, Ghassem (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Use of nano-scale VLSI technologies in the fabrication of System-on-Chips (SoCs) makes reliability as one of the major issues in the design and implementation of these products. SoCs are susceptible to several fault sources such as crosstalks, cosmic particle strikes, electromagnetic interferences, and power supply disturbances. Among the mentioned fault sources, crosstalks have the major contribution in threatening the reliability of SoCs. This thesis addresses the modeling and mitigation of crosstalk faults. In this regard, two analytical models and three crosstalk reduction methods have been introduced. The proposed analytical models, which have been introduced in the fourth chapter of... 

    Configurable Description of Memory Organization for Low-Energy and Fault-Tolerant Embedded Processors

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Taheri, Somayye (Author) ; Ejlali, Alireza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Memory organization plays an important role in embedded systems. Among the various component, memories as principle of consumption large amount of energy, are more important in power consumption, real time feature and fault tolerant of system.so that depend on system application, various configuration of memory organization are used…………. Memory organization issues include memory size, memory management methods, hardware management unit, cache, SPM and theirs subject and so on. This thesis discussed important topics related to energy consumption, real time and fault tolerant feature in memory organization and purposed a Configurable Description of Memory Organization for Low-Energy and... 

    Energy-Efficient Reliable Data Aggregation in Wireless Sensor Neworks

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ashouri, Majid (Author) ; Hemmatyar, Ali Mohammad Afshin (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Data aggregation is an efficient method to conserve energy by reducing packet transmissions in Wireless Sensor Networks. However, providing end-to-end data reliability is a major challenge when the network uses data aggregation. In this case a packet loss can miss a complete subtree of values, so greatly affect final results. Data transmission in multiple paths can tolerate this problem, but it may incur some computational error for duplicate-sensitive aggregates when aggregating individual sensor values multiple times. In this thesis, we have proposed a reliable data Aggregation protocol which uses the available path redundancy to deliver a correct aggregate result to the sink with a high... 

    Hardware Redundancy in Fault-Tolerant Digital Systems: A VHDL Approach to Evaluate TMR Robustness

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Samsami Khodadad, Farshid (Author) ; Jahed, Mehran (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Triple Module redundancy (TMR) is a commonly used approach to increase reliability in space applications. Applying this method, triple modules and voting circuits are implemented in a field programmable gate array (FPGA). In TMR systems when a single event upset (SEU) occurs, the voting circuit neglects the failure value of a module receiving the SEU and takes a correct value from the other two modules. The present TMR approach utilized for the combinational and sequential logic on the gate level shows that it is possible to write hardware description language (VHDL) code in a structured yet high level coding style to obtain the required redundancy. However using VHDL, the level of required...