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    Beamforming for 5G Wireless Communication Systems using Machine Learning Methods

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sadeghi, Ali (Author) ; Behroozi, Hamid (Supervisor) ; Fakharzadeh, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The significant growth in wireless data traffic over the past few years has necessitated the use of new frequency bands for wireless communications. With the advent of the fifth-generation mobile network (5G), millimeter wave band will be widely employed for the purpose of wireless data transmission, increasing in channel bandwidth and data rate. Due to high propagation loss, severe vulnerability to blockage and poor reflection in millimeter wave frequencies, beamforming for antenna arrays is being considered a key enabler for millimeter wave applications in 5G. Beamforming contributes significantly to maintaining channel stability and capacity through enhancing Signal-to-Noise-Ratio (SNR)... 

    Robust Reconstruction of Medical Ultrasound Images in The Presence of Transducer Faults

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Zare Dehabadi, Mohammad Saeed (Author) ; Jahed, Mehran (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Medical ultrasound imaging is one of the common imaging methods in modern medicine, which is used to diagnose and even treat some diseases due to its cheapness and harmlessness. Medical ultrasound transducer arrays have a significant error rate. They are a major cause of failure in ultrasound imaging systems. This problem causes a noticeable decrease in the quality of the images and medical misdiagnoses. The topics of accurate detection of the location and severity of the error or failure, as well as the compensation for weak transducers by signal processing methods, have received less attention from predecessor researchers. In this thesis, an innovative method for accurate error detection... 

    Optimal Scheduling in Wirelessly-powered Communication Networks

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Movahednasab, Mohammad (Author) ; Pakravan, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this thesis, we study optimal scheduling in a multi-hop wirelessly-powered network. We propose an online control policy for energy transfer from the energy access point to the wireless nodes and for data transfer among the nodes. With our proposed control policy, all data queues of the nodes are stable, while the average energy consumption of the network is shown to be within a bounded gap of the minimum energy required for stabilizing the network. Our proposed policy is designed using a quadratic Lyapunov function to capture the limitations on the energy consumption of the nodes imposed by their bachery levels. We show that under the proposed control policy, the bachlog level in the data... 

    Increasing Operating Range of Wideband Reconnaissance Receivers, by Using Antenna Arrays

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Sobhani, Ghasem (Author) ; Behnia, Fereidoon (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Passive wideband reconnaissance receivers, listen to the radio and radar signals in the environment and estimate their important parameters such as direction of arrival (DOA). The wideband attribute for these receivers is to refer to their ability to receive wideband signals.Due to the use of processing gain, LPI radars reduce their transmitted signal power to see and not to be seen. On the other hand reconnaissance receivers can not have much processing gain, because they do not know the nature of the transmitted signal; Therefore, to increase the operational range of these systems, it is necessary to increase the signal to noise power ratio (SNR). This thesis examines the use of antenna... 

    Design of a Phased Array Receiver for 5G Applications

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Tahbaz Alli, Parsa (Author) ; Sharif Bakhtiar, Mehrdad (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Next-generation wireless communication requires phased-array systems to ensure Gb/s data communication. This work demonstrates a four-element phased array receiver based on N-path filters for the 5G-FR1 frequency band. The behaviour of the circuit including non-idealities and effects due to mismatch in the paths is modeled and verified via simulations. As the time-variant nature of the N-path filter introduces multiple frequency translations, third harmonic selection of the switching frequency rather than the fundamental helps to reduce the input frequency of the multiphase clock generator by a factor of three. Therefore, the proposed structure is capable of third harmonic reception as well... 

    A Deep Learning MIMO Communication System Based on Auto-encoder Design

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mirzaee, Ali (Author) ; Hossein Khalaj, Babak (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Today, the use of deep learning algorithms in the design of communication systems has received much attention. One of these areas is the partial or total design of these systems using deep networks. The overall design of a communication system using deep networks allows for global optimization and can provide better performance in cases where classical methods have suboptimal performance without significantly increasing the computational load. In this research, a comprehensive architecture for designing communication systems based on Auto-encoder neural networks is presented. This architecture has the same functionality as classical systems, considering all parts of these systems including... 

    A Novel Simultaneous Frequency and Spatial Filtering Methodology for Beam-forming and Null-steering in Integrated Phased-Array Systems Using N-path technique

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Karami, Poorya (Author) ; Atarodi, Mojtaba (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In the communication systems, there are two types of blockers: in-band and out-of-band. High frequency pre-filters and band-pass filters can be used to suppress the out-of band blockers. However, using these methods does not affect the in-band interferers. Spatial filtering by means of phased array antennas and using frequency filtering can suppress both types of interferers. In a typical phased array receiver, all of the received signals pass through active blocks (such as LNAs, active phase shifters, driver amplifiers, etc.) that amplify the interferers before canceling them. Therefore, because of the high strength of the interferers, the dynamic range of the front-end blocks preceding... 

    Beamforming in SAR Satellites for Nadir Echo Suppression

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Khosravi, Mahdi (Author) ; Bastani, Mohammad Hassan (Supervisor) ; Fakharzadeh, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In synthetic aperture radar (SAR) satellites, the nadir echo is defined as the backscattered signal from the point directly below the satellite on the earth surface. If the timing of the radar is such that the nadir echo arrives at the receiver while the receiver is turned on for receiving the desired signal, it could damage the receiver or disrupt the resulting SAR image, unless it is suppressed enough by proper design of antenna radiation pattern. In current SAR satellites, ”avoiding” this phenomenon is associated with two problems: 1) limiting the swath width, 2) imposing stringent restrictions on the selection of pulse repeatition frequency (PRF). Therefore, ”suppressing” the nadir echo,... 

    Fusion of Audio and Visual Occurrences using Fuzzy Logic for Improving Perception Quality of Events

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Faraji, Mohammad Mahdi (Author) ; Bagheri Shouraki, Saeed (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The ability of human to analyze the environment around them has been an inspiring source for event analysis research. Since human perception of the environment is formed in a multi-modal space, many efforts have been made to fuse information to create an intelligent fusion. In this study, we want to better understand the environment using information fusion. For this purpose, fuzzy fusion of audio and video signals based on ink drop spread operator is performed for recognizing and tracking of the targets using several scenarios of the AV16.3 dataset. We then focused on the fusion of audio data for sound source localization, one of the most important applications in evaluating fusion... 

    Design and Simulation of mmWave Antenna Arrays with Novel 3D Geometries for 5G Wireless Applications

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ahmadi, Nima (Author) ; Farzaneh, Forouhar (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In the new generations of mobile communication systems, smart antennas are used to achieve higher capacities. Since these systems have the ability to form a radiation pattern where the desired signal is received with minimum distortion and inteferers are received with a significant attenuation therefore their application makes it possible to have a large signal to inteference ratio. In addition by setting the main beam direction towards the desired signal, it is conceivable to realize the the communication with a lower power. The optimal methods for angle-of-arrival estimation and beamforming in one and two dimensional structures has been studied in the literature, but the three dimensional... 

    Secure Communication via Cooperation and Cooperative Jamming

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hatami, Mohammad (Author) ; Behroozi, Hamid (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The broadcast nature of wireless communications makes the propagation medium vulnerable to security attacks such as eavesdropping and jamming from adversarial or unauthorized users. Applying physical layer secrecy approaches will enable the exchange of confidential messages over a wireless medium in the presence of unauthorized eavesdroppers, without using any secret keys. However, physical layer security approaches are typically feasible only when the source-eavesdropper channel is weaker than the source-destination channel. Cooperative jamming can be used to overcome this challenge and increase the secrecy rate. In this thesis, the security of two-phase relaying system with multiple... 

    Analysis and Design of a Multi-Beam Millimeter-Wave Antenna

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kazemi, Hamid Reza (Author) ; Borji, Amir (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    So far, Investigations have shown that microstrip antennas (MSA) offer a lot of advantages at microwave and millimeter wave frequencies. These advantages include small size, large impedance bandwidth, high radiation efficiency, ease of fabrication, low price, and simple and easy excitation (such as probe coupling,aperture coupling or proximity coupling).Microstrip antennas are fabricated in many different shapes such as square,rectangle, circle, etc. The proposed antenna in this dissertation is a multi-beam millimeter wave antenna with annular ring strip. This antenna is a multi-beam antenna with the ability to switch between different beams. Beam direction switches by changing the position... 

    Design and Simulation of Smart Patch Antenna Array in 2.4 GHz band

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hosseini, Mahdi (Author) ; Farzaneh, Forouhar (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Over the past few years , demand for wireless communication services have grown at a formidable rate. As such we need to find new ways to support more and more wireless users in a confined space. this means that the capacity of networks should be significantly increased to overcome formidable rate of subscribers growth. That is why the smart antennas have become very popular in communication systems. Smart antennas are a kind of adaptive antenna arrays with smart signal processing algorithms used to find direction of arrival(DOA) of the signal, and use it to calculate suitable weights to direct the antenna beam on the desired user and nulling interferences. In this thesis, DOA estimation... 

    Beamforming Through Array Thinning

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Tohidi, Ehsan (Author) ; Nayebi, Mohammad Mahdi (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Modern communication and space systems such as satellite communication devices, radars, SAR and radio astronomy interferometers are realized with large antenna arrays since this kind of radiating systems are able to generate radiation patterns with high directivity and resolution. In such a framework, conventional arrays with uniform inter-element spacing could be not satisfactory in terms of costs and dimensions. An interesting alternative is to reduce the array elements obtaining the so called ‘ thinned arrays’. Large thinned arrays have been exploited because of their advantages in terms of weight,consumption, hardware complexity, and cost over the... 

    Interference Avoidance Algorithms in Cognitive Radio Networks and Performance Analysis

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mohammadbeiki, Akram (Author) ; Nasiri Kenari, Masoumeh (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Cognitive radio faces specific challenges due to its special spectrum access scheme. Providing required QoS and preventing irrecoverable interference on the primary users is among the crucial requirements. Beam forming is one of the interference avoidance schemes utilized in MIMO networks. Most of the studies on this scheme assume that each symbol is transmitted via vectors in order to grant desired beam forming and specific combinations in the receiver. Since transmitting multiple symbols at every transmission can provide higher data rates, it seems necessary to exploit beam forming through matrixes instead of vectors. In this thesis, by neglecting the interference of the secondary user,... 

    Direction of Arrival Estimation and Digital Beamforming in the Presence of Mutual Coupling Effects and Implementation

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Emadi, Mohammad (Author) ; Haj Sadeghi, Khosrow (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Different beamforming methods are prevalent in wireless and mobile communication systems. However, a lot of practical issues, such as the quality of these methods in compact arrays and the huge computational burden are the major defects of the proposed methods. These problems restrict most of the algorithms to the theoretical domain and render them anappropriate for commercial applications. Therefore, the major focus of this thesis is on the practical issues in the implementation of the digital beam steering and direction of arrival estimation systems for linear, circular and random array configurations. To do so, compact arrays with super directivity are presented and considered. Different... 

    Distributed Transmission in Relay Coordinated Multi-point (COMP) Networks

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Pilaram, Hossein (Author) ; Hossein Khalaj, Babak (Supervisor) ; Behroozi, Hamid (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Time offset (TO) at an orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) system destroys orthogonality of subcarriers and causes interchannel interference (ICI) and inter symbol interference (ISI). This problem is more challenging in multi-user multi-input multi-output (MU-MIMO) OFDM systems such as coordinated multi-point (CoMP) uplink transmission where joint processing is performed at base stations (BSs) and different delays form users to BSs cannot be compensated by timing strategies. In this thesis, we use delay-amplify and forward relays and post processing at receivers to decrease signal to interference plus noise ratio (SINR) degradation due to large TOs at insufficient cyclic prefix... 

    MIMO Radars Waveform Design

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shadi, Kamal (Author) ; Behnia, F (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    MIMO radar is a next generation radar which transmits arbitrary waveforms at each one of its apertures. It has been shown that design of waveforms for MIMO radars in order to synthesize a desired spatial beampattern, is mapped into a waveform correlation matrix (R) design in the narrowband case. Therefore, waveform design in MIMO radar for beamforming could be broken into two steps, namely correlation matrix design and waveform synthesis for achieving given R. As of now, given a desired beampattern or estimated location information of targets, calculating R has been modeled as an optimization problem like SDP. Also, in some special cases like rectangular beampattern, close form solutions for... 

    Interference Reduction and Cancellation by Beamforming in Cognitive Radios

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Gavili Gilan, Adnan (Author) ; Nasiri Kenari, Masoumeh (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Cognitive Radio (CR), as a new concept to efficiently utilize a licensed spectrum, and this has received intensive attension in recent years. By applying the cognitive technique, an unlicensed user (the secondary user (SU)) is allowed to transmit at the Primary User’s (PU) spectrum band under some conditions. Different approaches have been introduced to be utilized by the SU in order to be able to efficiently transmit at the PR’s spectrum without any sustainsial destructive effects on PR transmission and reception, which one of them is using multiple antenna in the cognitive transmitter. Hereby, CR is able to increase its throughput without substansial harmfull effect on PR’ transmission by... 

    Dynamic Resource Access Algorithms in Cognitive Radio Networks by Game Theory

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Louni, Alireza (Author) ; Hossein Khalaj, Babak (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Analysis of traditional spectrum allocation schemes shows underutilization of radio spectrum. This is main motivation behind deployment of cognitive radios and improving spectrum efficiency. One of the most important issues in cognitive radio networks is to guarantee quality of service (QoS) constraints for the primary users. Another problem which must be considered during network design is to design distributed algorithm with few amount of control messages. However, there is a tradeoff between to be distributed of algorithm and to be efficient. We have used game theory to analyze convergence, effectiveness and uniqueness of stable point of network.
    This thesis is organized in two parts....