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    Creating a Protective Coating Against Corrosion and Erosion on the Surface of the Parts using in Sour Environments

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ghasemi Tabasi, Hossein (Author) ; Kokabi, Amir Hossein (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    A concern in the production sour oil and gas is the corrosion caused by the acid gas H2S. Even though corrosion resistant alloys (CRA) have long been available as a material selection option that mitigates H2S corrosion, the carbon steel is in general more cost-effective for oil and gas facilities. The aim of this study is to investigate the mechanical properties of 410NiMo cladding on a low alloy steel substrate. In this investigation, two successive layers of ER410NiMo were clad on low alloy steel substrates. To reduce the likelihood of Hydrogen Induced Cracking (HIC) and producing stable hydrogen traps, Post Weld Heat Treatment (PWHT) was used. To characterize the mechanical properties of... 

    Lanthanum Chromite Coating on Stainless Steel by sol–Gel Dip Coating Technique

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rashtchi, Hamed (Author) ; Faghihi Sani, Mohammad Ali (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Because of the high operating temperature, interconnect surface tends to be oxidized and Cr2O3 oxide layer will be created on the surface. This phenomenon is undesirable due to decreasing electrical conductivity, so a preservative coating is needed to improve the interconnect properties. In this paper, a dense perovskite thin film was successfully synthesized on a ferritic stainless steel (type 430) substrate by a sol-gel dip coating method. This coating improved chemical stability, oxidation behavior of the substrate and decreased cathode poisoning. The lanthanum chromite was coated on the substrate by sol-gel dip coating process. First, during a hydrolyze process, a stable sol was made up... 

    Fabrication and Evaluation of Anti-Corrosion Properties of Epoxy/Modified Graphitic Carbon Nitride (g-3N4) Nanocomposite on Mild Steel

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hassanzadeh, Abolfazl (Author) ; Ramazani Saadatabadi, Ahmad (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In order to protect the corrosion of steel, a self-healing epoxy nanocomposite containing modified graphite carbon nitride (g-C3N4) and ZIF-67 was made along with benzotriazole (BTA) and cerium inhibitors. To increase the efficiency and also to increase the duration of use of inhibitors, it is better to load these inhibitors on containers such as MOFs. One of the useful MOFs for this purpose is ZIF-67, which has a high specific surface area that allows the transport of inhibitors with high capacity. But these containers fail after some time, so to improve the physical properties of the coating systems, g-C3N4 was also used as a mineral material, which of course was also used as a filler.... 

    Estimation of Chitgar Lake Evaporation and the Impact of Chemical Coverings on its Reduction

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nejatian, Amir (Author) ; Tajrishy, Masoud (Supervisor) ; Irajizad, Azam (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Reducing water evaporation is one of the ways to overcome the low precipitation and drought conditions in water reservoirs. For this purpose, extensive studies have been investigated on physical and chemical coatings on lakes and reservoirs. Physical methods often involve the use of floating covers on the water surface to block evaporation by shading, most of which are only suitable for reservoirs with surface areas smaller than 5 hectares. In chemical methods, the evaporation can be decreased by nanomaterial coating, usually, containing long-chain molecules, which by spraying them on the surface, molecular monolayers are formed. In this study, the effect of nanometer coatings on the surface... 

    Deposition and Properties of ZIF-8/SiO2 Hydrophobi Anti-Corrosion Coating

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Tajaslan, Parisa (Author) ; Dolati, Abolghasem (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this research, a coating was created on the steel surface using the network structure of zeolite imidazolate-8 (ZIF-8) and its effect on the corrosion behavior of steel was investigated. Then, the effect of two coupling agents, mercaptopropyltriethoxysilane (MPTES) and aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) on the coating and its anti-corrosion properties was investigated. Then, in order to make a hydrophobic coating, the substrate was first coated with ZIF-8 and then a combination of silica nanoparticles plus hexamethyldisilazane (HMDS) and polymethylhydrogensiloxane (PMHS) was added to the initial solution and then coating was done. As a result of this process, the contact angle of water... 

    Investigating Different Methods of Coating the Polyaniline on Anode Electrode and its Effect on Microbial Fuel Cell Performance

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ghasemi, Behzad (Author) ; Yaghmaei, Soheila (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this research, different methods of coating polyaniline on the anode electrode and its performance in a microbial fuel cell, and a chemical method for making polyaniline / graphene catalyst on a cathode electrode and its performance in microbial electrolysis cell electrode were investigated. There are two main goals in this study. First, the production of polyaniline and the comparison of the surface morphology of this fiber with other forms of polyaniline on the surface of the electrode and its effect on the performance of the microbial fuel cell and the second, the production of polyaniline / graphene catalyst in the cathode electrode and its comparison with the platinum catalyst in the... 

    Characterization of Nanohydroxyapatite-Carbon Nanotube on Stainless Steel 316L Produced by Sol-Gel Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mohamadi, Pouya (Author) ; Nemati, Ali (Supervisor) ; Sadeghian, Zahra (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this investigation, hydroxyapatite-carbon nanotube nano composite coatings were applied on the 316L stainless steel implants. After polishing with 1200 sand paper, stainless steel implants were coated via dip coating method. The specimens were heat treated at 350˚C after being coated with HAP and HAP-CNTs composite. In vitro test was done in simulated body fluid (SBF) in 1 to 4 weeks periods. XRD evaluation of powder obtained from sol-gel process, showed the presence of HAP and CNTs in the powders. Comparison of XRD results of HAP and HAP-CNTs powders showed the better crystalinity of composite hydroxyapatite. After in vitro tests, specimens were studied with atomic force microscope (AFM)... 

    Fabrication and Evaluation of Mechanical and Anti-corrosion Properties of Epoxy Resin/Carbon Nanofibers Containing Organic Corrosion Inhibitors

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ghaderi, Mohammad (Author) ; Ramazani Saadat Abadi, Ahmad (Supervisor) ; Mahdavian Ahadi, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    To protect mild steel against corrosion, an intelligent self-healing epoxy (EP) coating including carbon nanofiber (CNF) modified with polydopamine (PDA)-La (III) complex was successfully fabricated. The high aspect ratio and unique thermal and electrical characteristics of CNF made it an ideal physical barrier against the penetration of corrosive ions. Due to the poor dispersion of CNF, its surface was modified using PDA. PDA, which contains functional groups such as catechol, amine, and imine, can mitigate corrosion reaction by generating the Fe-Catechol complex and also boost the coating's adherence to the metal surface, in addition to anchoring La3+ inorganic corrosion inhibitor.... 

    Preparation and Characterization of ZrO2 Antistatic Coatings on Glass

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Naderi, Armaghan (Author) ; Dolati, Abolghasem (Supervisor) ; Afshar, Abdollah (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this study, the zirconia antistatic coating was synthesized by dip coating sol-gel route on glass substrate. The solution contains ZrCl4 as precursor and isopropanol as solvent to synthesize zirconium oxide. The effects of environmental humidity and solution concentration on the coating characterization were analyzed. MPTS and primer binder were added as binding agents in the solution to observe the effect of binding agents on the coating adhesion. Solution stability and antistatic coating characterization were analyzed by zita potential test, FTIR spectroscopy, EDX analysis, FESEM and AFM microscopy, pencil hardness test, thickness test, antidust ability and spectrophotometer. The... 

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Javidi Sofiani, Mahyar (Author) ; Ramezani Saadat, Ahmad (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Polymer flooding can yield considerable increase in percentage recovery. However, there are limitations with the existing polymer flooding technology, such as thermal, mechanical, bacterial degradation, surface absorption and undesirable plugging. A novel nanocore shell structure of polyacrylamide and polystyrene designed and prepared to intellectually control mobility ratio in oil reservoirs and overcome weakness and limitations of classical polymer flooding. Polyacrylamide particles have been obtained using spray drying of dilute solution of polyacrylamide. Then, polystyrene shell has been produced on polyacryamide particles by in-situ polymerization of styrene monomer in hydrophobic... 

    An investigation on the Microstructure and Properties of Alumina-Carbon Nanotube (CNT) Nanocomposite Produced by Conventional and Microwave Sintering

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ghobadi, Hossein (Author) ; Nemati, Ali (Supervisor) ; Sadeghian, Zahra (Supervisor) ; Ebadzadeh, Toraj ($item.subfieldsMap.e)
    Abstract
    Carbon nanotubes were coated with boehmite nanoparticles by sol gel method. According to the TGA analysis, formation of gamma-alumina from boehmite was at 500 . SEM investigation revealed the uniform coverage of gamma-alumina nanoparticles on the surface of CNTs. Composite powders containing 1, 2 and 3vol% of coated CNTs were produced by mixing the coated CNTs with alumina suspension. Phase analysis of composite powder calcined at 500 showed the complete decomposition of boehmite and formation of gamma-alumina. Samples were shaped by cold isostatic pressing at the pressure of 180MPa and sintering was performed using two different methods of conventional and microwave. Existance of the CNTs... 

    Effect of Fluorine Addition on Properties of Electrodeposited Fluorine-doped Hydroxyapatite Coating on AZ31 alloy

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Amirloo, Hossein (Author) ; Afshar, Abdollah (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Magnesium and its alloys are potentialy biodegradable implant materials due to their attractive biological properties. But their poor corrosion resistance may result in sudden failure of the implants. Recently, many researchers have focused on applications of fluorine-doped hydroxyapatiteCa10(PO4)6(OH)2−xFx (FHA, x is the degree of fluoridation) as a bioactive coating to provide early stability and long-term performance. In comparison with pure HA coating,FHA coating could provide significant dissolution-resistant property, better apatite-like layer deposition, better protein adsorption, better cell attachment and improved alkaline phosphatase activity in cell culture. In this... 

    Investigation and Optimization of Ni-P-Zn Electroless Alloy Coatings

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kordijazi, Amir (Author) ; karam, SaeedAllah (Supervisor) ; Dolati, Abolghasem (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    An optimization condition for obtaining Ni-Zn-P electroless alloy coating has been developed. The sulphate bath with sodium hypophosphate as a reducer and sodium citrate and ammonium chloride as complexing agents were used. The effect of variation in the pH level , temperature , time of deposition and reactants concentration on stability of bath, coating composition, microstructure, microhardness and corrosion resistance of coatings was investigated. The composition of coatings was obtained by using the EDAX analysis. To investigate coating morphology, SEM images were taken and to study the corrosion behavior of coatings potentidynamic polarization, Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy... 

    Finite Element Formulation for Thermo-elastic Analysis of Functionally Graded Coating on Axisymmetric Shell Structures

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ahmadi Kazemabadi, Abolfazl (Author) ; Hosseini Kordkheili, Ali (Supervisor) ; Zabihollah, Abolghasem (Co-Advisor)
    Abstract
    In this paper, a finite element formulation is presented to study the thermoelastic behavior of Functionally Graded (FG) axisymmetric coating in shell structures. The power law distribution model is assumed for the composition of the constituent materials in thickness direction. The Plasma Spray with multi steps coating method is considered for coating method. The procedure adopted to derive the finite element formulation contains the analytical through-the-thickness integration inherently. So the explicit through-the-thickness integration becomes possible after defining a two-noded, three parameters degenerated axisymmetric FG element. The nonlinear heat transfer equation is used for... 

    Formation and Investigation of Zinc-Nickel Two Cathionic Electrophospahte Coating Properties on Galvanized Steel

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Barati Darband, Ghasem (Author) ; Afshar, Abdollah (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    By using electrophoaphating treatment in the metal coating process, the operating temperature of chemical phosphating bath is decrease and also difficulties with the use of high temperature bath is eliminated. The aim of this study is investigate the effect of operating parameter on coating properties and also investigation the deposition mechanism of Zn-Ni electrophosphate coating. Coating properties such as morphology, corrosion resistance and porosity of the coating characterized using SEM, polarization test and electrochemical method respectively. The values used for pH effect was 1.6,1.8,2 and 2.2 results indicated that by increasing the pH value from 1.6 to 1.8 the icorr decrease from... 

    A Microfluidic Platform for Mercaptane Removal from Liquefied Petroleum Gas

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Azizzadeh, Ali (Author) ; Mohammadi, Ali Asghar (Supervisor) ; Soltanieh, Mohammad ($item.subfieldsMap.e)
    Abstract
    Gas pollutants are included volatile inorganic compositions and odorous materials, which are harmful and dangerous for environment and human health. There are several methods for removing gas pollutants such as physical, chemical and biological methods. In this work, we discuss about ethyl-mercaptan adsorption in LPG by ZSM-5 zeolite and in use of micro systems (micro channels). This work is also concerned about micro channel coating by ZSM-5 and NaY zeolites on glass and the method of coating with (3-Chloropropyl) trimethoxysilane linker. After selecting the appropriate method for zeolite coating, we proceed to micro channel coating. In this research, four different designs of micro channel... 

    Aqueous Phase Reforming of Biomass Using Micro-reactor

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Entezary, Behzad (Author) ; Kazemeini, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Mohammadi, Aliasghar (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Consumption of oil and gas as energy carrier leads to irreversible environmental effects related to greenhouse gases emission. Hence, for the reduction in greenhouse gas emission, a shift to renewable resources for energy supply is recommended. However, in recent years, hydrogen has emerged as the most promising clean energy carrier for generating electrical power through fuel cells. Nevertheless, production of renewable hydrogen is the main barrier to the development of hydrogen as an energy carrier. Aqueous phase reforming of oxygenated hydrocarbon is developed by Dumesic for producing renewable hydrogen-rich gas with low CO. Since it is expected that, use of new technology such as the... 

    Cathodic Disbonding in Steel Structures and the Effect of Paint Type and Environment

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sharbatdar, Meghdad (Author) ; Ghorbani, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Although using cathodic protection in addition to coating with paint will extend the life of pipelines drastically, it can also accelerate disbondment of coating at coating defects. In this research four usual pipeline coating systems have been examined from applicational aspects and the best coating system among them has been introduced. The four coating systems were consisted of: epoxy coal tar 212 with epoxy 155 primer, solvent free polyamine epoxy 474HG without primer, glasscote 440 witout primer and glasscote 440 with epoxy 155 primer. According to ASTM G8, cathodic disbondment test was accomplished for eight samples simultaneously. During the tests cathodic protection current and... 

    Preparation and Characterisation of Titania-hydroxyapatite-carbon
    Nanotube Nanostructured Bioceramics by Sol-gel Process

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Majidnia, Elahe (Author) ; Mohammadi, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Hydroxyapatite (HA) is an attractive biomaterial due to its close chemical composition to bone and teeth. However, HA is brittle and has low strength under bearing loads, resulting in limition for orthopedic and dental applications. Two creative approaches have been developed to overcome this problem, using bioactive HA as coatings on metallic implants or as ceramic/metal composites. Carbon nanotubes (CNT) possess excellent mechanical properties to play the role as reinforcement for imparting strength and toughness to brittle hydroxyapatite (HA) bioceramic coating. Moreover, The addition of TiO2 to HA coatings has attracted considerable attention, since TiO2 is capable of increasing the... 

    Production of Vegetable Oil Biodiesel by Heterogeneous Catalytic Trans-Esterification Method in Micro-Reactor

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Piran, Samira (Author) ; Kazemeini, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Mohammadi, Ali Asghar (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to study heterogeneous nanocatalysts for the production of biofuels by the method of exchange of styrene using oil and methanol as a fossil fuel alternative. Preparation of nanocatalysts, performing characteristic tests and investigating the reaction in different operating conditions in the batch reactor has already been studied. Therefore, in this study, the production of biodiesel fuel using the trans-esterification of canola oil with nanocatalysts in the micro-reactor reactor will be discussed. Previously, a heterogeneous catalyst (lithium based on calcium-lanthanum) was constructed using a co-incineration method and a wet inoculum, and as active and stable...