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    Estimation of Gasoline Demand Elasticity in Iran

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Tavakoli, Amir Hossein (Author) ; Rahmati, Mohammad Hossein (Supervisor) ; Vesal, Mohammad ($item.subfieldsMap.e)
    The price elasticity of gasoline demand is a key parameter in evaluation of various policy options. However, most of the literature uses aggregate data to identify this elasticity. Temporal and spatial aggregation make elasticity estimates unreliable. We employ a unique dataset of all gasoline transactions in Iran during a four-month period around an unexpected exogenous price change to identify price elasticity. After controlling for date and individual fixed effects we estimate a robust significant price elasticity of -0.127. Aggregation of the same data by week, month, and city yields an estimate of -0.3 indicating a significant bias in earlier studies. We also identify a significant... 

    Numerical Modeling of Ethanol & Gasoline Direct Injection Spary in an Combustion Chamber

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Naghizadeh, Mohammad Mehdi (Author) ; Saidi, Mohammad Hassan (Supervisor) ; Mozafari, Ali Asghar (Supervisor)
    First studies in internal combustion engines have focused on increasing engine power and efficiency, reducing engine volume and improving fuel quality. However, nowadays most studies are concentrated on decreasing exhaust emissions and usage of regenerative fuels while maintaining engine size, efficiency and power. Surveying fuel type in direct injection engines, requires investigation of microscopic and macroscopic spray characteristics including spray tip penetration, spray cone angle, spray area and sauter mean diameter, since these parameters determine air-fuel mixture quality. In this study, spray of ethanol as a regenerative fuel that reduces emissions such as NOx and CO is... 

    Investigation of Fuel Physical Properties Change Effects on Performance of Fuel Delivery Systems of Si Engine

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Abdolalinejad Shiramin, Majid (Author) ; Hosseini, Vahid (Supervisor)
    Ethanol is a promising alternative fuel in terms of addressing future energy and environmental problems, so we can use ethanol as a fuel in passenger cars to eliminate enviremental problems. in this study, the CEV13-038 injector from ACRUS company is modeled. the research purpose is focused on the effect of ethanol , geometrical parameters, and the fuel type on the injected mass quantity and on turning the fuel supply system from a gasoline based system to ethanol based one.
    In the first step of this study, The effect of ethanol, fuel temperature, needle lift, nozzle diameter and number of nozzles... 

    Institutional Analysis on Impediments over Fuel Consumption Reduction at Iran's Transportation Niches

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Saket, Mohammad Javad (Author) ; Maleki, Abbas (Supervisor)
    The transportation sector is the largest oil consumer sector in the world. Iran is no exception to this, and the transportation sector, especially road transport, has a large share of oil and energy consumption in Iran. Diesel supply security in The road transport system has been implemented but it has not been properly managed for gasoline, as the country has been an importer of gasoline for many years and large cities suffering the pollution caused by light duty vehicles. Analyze the transportion of light duty vehicle by the game theory method can detect the barriers to reducing fuel consumption. For this purpose, the main Actors affecting the transport of light duty vehicles - people,...