Search for: hydrophobicity
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    Drag Reduction Ability of Liquid-Infused Surfaces

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Pakzad, Hossein (Author) ; Nouri Borujerdi, Ali (Supervisor) ; Moosavi, Ali (Supervisor)
    The present study's main aim is to investigate the drag-reduction ability of liquid-infused surfaces inspired by the pitcher plant. The present study can be divided into experimental and numerical sections. In the numerical section, the drag reduction ability of these surfaces was investigated in the internal flows. For this purpose, the effect of different parameters, such as Reynolds number, viscosity and density ratio of working fluid and lubricant, overlayer film thickness, and Ohnesorge number representing the interfacial tension, on the drag reduction was investigated. The results revealed that the variation in density ratio and Ohnesorge number had insignificant impact on drag... 

    Hydrophobocity Prediction of Molecules Using Graph Neural Networks

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Feili, Mohammad (Author) ; Shamloo, Amir (Supervisor)
    Prediction of the hydrophobicity of molecules using graph neural networks is one of the advanced methods for analyzing the physicochemical properties of molecules. In this method, the molecular graph structure and its features are used as inputs to neural networks to provide predictions about the hydrophobicity of molecules. This method is currently applied in the pharmaceutical industry, green chemistry, and other research fields. By using this approach, molecules with strong hydrophobic properties can be identified and used in the development of new drugs. Generally, graph neural networks are highly suitable for predicting the properties of molecules and other various applications in the... 

    Deposition and Properties of ZIF-8/SiO2 Hydrophobi Anti-Corrosion Coating

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Tajaslan, Parisa (Author) ; Dolati, Abolghasem (Supervisor)
    In this research, a coating was created on the steel surface using the network structure of zeolite imidazolate-8 (ZIF-8) and its effect on the corrosion behavior of steel was investigated. Then, the effect of two coupling agents, mercaptopropyltriethoxysilane (MPTES) and aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) on the coating and its anti-corrosion properties was investigated. Then, in order to make a hydrophobic coating, the substrate was first coated with ZIF-8 and then a combination of silica nanoparticles plus hexamethyldisilazane (HMDS) and polymethylhydrogensiloxane (PMHS) was added to the initial solution and then coating was done. As a result of this process, the contact angle of water... 

    Produce of Antibacterial Composite Coating of PTFE+Ag+TiO2 On 316SS and Study Its Properties

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sheikhzadeh, Mohammad Sajjad (Author) ; Afshar, Abdollah (Supervisor)
    This research investigated the corrosion and antibacterial properties of PTFE+TiO2/Ag coating and its adhesion to 316L stainless steel. To increase adhesion, polydopamine coating was created as an intermediate layer by chemical deposition method on stainless steel, then PTFE + TiO2 coating was created on the sample by immersion method, and then silver nanoparticles were applied as the third layer by chemical deposition method. According to the polarization curves, the most corrosion-resistant coatings with corrosion current density of 3.34×10-5 and 3.25×10-4 μA are coatings PTFE+TiO2 and PTFE/PTFE+TiO2/Ag respectively. In terms of antibacterial activity, according to the non-growth halo... 

    Corrosion Behavior of Hydrophobic Silane Coating Prepared by Sol–gel Method on Carbon Steel

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Vaez Ghasemi, Fariba (Author) ; Dolati, Abolghasem (Supervisor)
    This project aims to study corrosion protection performance of silane coating based on tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS), (3-Mercaptopropyl) trimethoxysilane (MPTS) and Hexamethyldisilazane (HMDS) on carbon steel substrate. Water contact angle (WCA) were measured to study hydrophobicity. The water contact angle increased from 60 degrees in carbon steel to 134.8 degrees in the sample containing 0.35 MPTS and 1.25 HMDS. Surface morphology was studied using Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and chemical analysis was conducted using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). Corrosion resistance was studied by means of Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) and tafel... 

    Re-Creation of Lost Gas Layer on Superhydrophobic Surfaces with Micro/Nanostructures

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Jabari Farokhi, Salar (Author) ; Mosavi, Ali (Supervisor)
    Due to their unique characteristics, such as drag reduction, anti-fouling, and enhancing condensation, hydrophobic and superhydrophobic surfaces have attracted a lot of attention in the past decades. Since approximately 4% of the fossil fuel usage and 14-19% of the air pollution (including greenhouse gases, sulfur, and so forth) are attributed to naval activities, and the dominant form of drag on vessels is friction, drag reduction will not only reduce the cost and usage of fossil fuels, but it will also have numerous environmental benefits  

    Application of Salt Fog Test and Lifetime Evaluation of Silicone Rubber Insulators in Atmospheric Conditions with Contamination and Humidity

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Eshaghi Maskouni, Mahdi (Author) ; Vakilian, Mehdi (Supervisor)
    Electricity distribution companies always strive to operate the power network efficiently and reliably so that their network be able to satisfy the growing needs for electricity. To achieve these goals in a power network, a comprehensive asset management plan with a sound policy for inspection, periodic maintenance, replacement, and disposal of depreciated equipment is required. One of the high-risk sectors of the electricity grid is the insulation section of distribution and transmission lines. In recent years, composite insulators have been used more widely because of their desirable characteristics such as: hydrophobicity, lower price, and lower weight if compared with the another... 

    In Situ Preparation of Acrylamide-Styrene- Maleic Anhydride Nano Hydrogels and Investigation of their Properties

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Lalehgani, Zahra (Author) ; Ramazani Saadatabadi, Ahmad (Supervisor)
    Among the methods for increasing chemical oil extraction,the polymeric flood method has the most commercialization capability.However,most commonly used polymers such as Hydrolyzed Polyacrylamide (HPAM) are not able to withstand high levels of salinity and high temperatures.To overcome these problems,in this project,new types of polymer nanostructures were synthesized with hydrophobic groups consisting of styrene (hydrophilic monomer) and malic anhydride (hydrophilic monomer) acrylamide (hydrophilic monomer). These polymers were synthesized by reversible mini-emulsion by adjusting the synthesis conditions for the purpose of producing the terpolymer with suitable conditions for tolerating... 

    The Impact of Temperature on Surface Activity and Stability of Surface Modified Nano Particles

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Masoudi, Ghasem (Author) ; Mohammadi, Ali Asghar (Supervisor)
    Surface modification is an important property of nano particles. In this project surface of silica nano particles modified with hydrophobic and hydrophilic groups to imrprove surface activity of nano particles. Purpose of this project is to study surface activity of surface modified silica nano particles in different temperatures from 20 to 70 degree centigrade. Also effect of salt and time on the surface activity is studied. At first nano particles modified just with haydrophobic groups and then just with hydrophilic groups (hydrophobic and hydrophilic nano particles) and after that, the surface modification done with both hyadrophilic and hydrophobic groups (amphiphilic nanoparticles).... 

    Development of Particulate Zinc-Iron/PTFE Composite and Nanocomposite Coatings Using Electrodeposition

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mohagheghi Fard, Omid (Author) ; Ghorbani, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    Electrodeposition is an old, well known and conventional science surface modification method to improve the surface characteristics, decorative and functional, of a wide variety of materials. This science is considered in nanotechnology as a bottom-up method for fabrication of one, two and three-dimensional nanomaterials. A great variety of secondary components can be added to plating baths resulting in metallic matrix composite and nanocomposite coatings production. Low amounts of iron addition for alloying zinc coatings, significantly increases the corrosion resistance of this generally used metal economically. Superhydrophobic coatings on metallic substrates have shown, during the past... 

    Experimental Investigation of Water and Oil Based Colloidal Gas Aphron Drilling Fluid Performance Containing Nanoparticles in Formation Damage Reduction

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hassani, Amir Hossein (Author) ; Ghazanfari, Mohammad Hossein (Supervisor) ; Rashtchian, Davood (Supervisor)
    In recent years, utilizing the colloidal gas aphron (CGA) drilling fluids is getting more and more commonplace due to their little formation damage and filtration loss. This study tries to investigate the effect of presence of nanoparticles and their type (hydrophobicity) on stability and performance of water and oil based CGA drilling fluids. This is done through analyzing stability, filtration, rheology, and pore blockage tests. Water and oil based CGA drilling fluids consisted of stabilizer, surfactant, and nanoparticles are generated and through examining of the effects of polymer, surfactant, and nanoparticle concentrations, the optimum formulation is obtained. High pressure-high... 

    Numerical Modeling of Electroosmotic Flow of Viscoelastic Fluids in Hydrophobic Microducts

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Abdoli Farzaneh, Hassan (Author) ; Saeedi, Mohammad Hassan (Supervisor) ; Kazemzadeh Hannani, Siamak (Co-Advisor)
    The integrated development of small-scale electronic and mechanical systems has drawn attention, since they lead to increase in speed and decrease in volume of industry dimensions in the manufacturing sector. That is why microelectromechanical systems are highly considered. MEMS are widely used in Microfluidic systems that can be used in medicine, biology and drug injection. Due to the fact that consistent fluid velocity is necessary in biological applications, electroosmotic flow is more important than ever. To investigate the behavior of biofluids, Newtonian models cannot be used and it is required to use models that predict the behavior of these fluids accurately. In this research... 

    Synthesis and Application of Acidic and Hydrophobic Ionic Liquids in Mannich Reaction and Esterification of Fatty Acids

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Karbalaie Reza, Mina (Author) ; Mahmoodi Hashemi, Mohammed (Supervisor)
    The current study deals with application of a surfactant-like Brønsted acidic ionic liquid (IL) 1-dodecyl-3-methylimidazolium hydrogensulfate (catalys 1) for Mannich reaction at room temperature. The reaction has been efficiently proceeds in water as solvent without using any harmful and expensive organic additives. Our observation has been shown that the reaction is selective for cyclohexanone and no product was observed by using cyclopentanone at room temperature. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations were performed to provide evidence about the nature of reactivity of the cyclohexanone/cyclopentanone. The activity of the catalyst 2 (1-dodecyl-2,3-dimethylimidazolium... 

    Synthesis and Investigation on the Properties of Silica-Graphene Oxide Nanocomposite Coating

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Afzali, Neda (Author) ; Dolati, Abolghasem (Supervisor)
    The investigations on hydrophobic surfaces have attracted lots of intrests in science and technology. Silica sols have been used extensively in the area of producing hydrophobic coatings. On the other hand, carbon-based materials have attracted of a great deal of scientific interest in recent years. The purpose of this research is synthesis and investigation on the properties of Silica- Graphene Oxide nanocomposite coating.Graphene Oxide synthesized by using Hummer’s method. Silica nanoparticles were prepared using sol-gel process and tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS) as precursor. The surface hydroxyl groups of silica nanoparticles are replaced with Methyl groups by treatment with... 

    PVDF/SiO2 Nanocomposite Coating with Different Wettability in Contact with Oil and Water for phase Separation Propose

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hassani, Mohammad Ebrahim (Author) ; Dolati, Abolghasem (Supervisor)
    increased cohesion up to 4H pencil. Results of immersion test in water showed stability of coatings. Polarization test in naphtha and water mixture for stainless steel, copper and aluminum meshes demonstrated 98.89%, 86.25% and 66.6% protection efficiency respectively. In order to study of oil and water separation efficiency, mixtures of water and naphtha with different content of naphtha were used. Separation test for 200μm St.St mesh in different slopes demonstrated that changing of slop increase separation efficiency up to 95.5% for water and up to 100% for naphtha. Separation test for meshes with different pore size demonstrated that meshes with small pore size are more appropriate for... 

    Investigating Asphaltene Biodegradability by Microorganism Considering Oil-Water Interface

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Iraji, Shohre (Author) ; Ayatollahi, Shahab (Supervisor) ; Taghikhani, Vahid (Supervisor)
    Asphaltine particle precipitation may lead to serious problems in petroleum industry; including wellbore transmissibility reduction. One of the proposed remedial methods is to make a use of the microorganisms which are able to consume the heavy hydrocarbon chains.
    Hydrophobicity of a cell surface is one of the parameters which greatly affect the microorganism adhesion to water insoluble hydrocarbons, in which results a higher hydrocarbon biodegradation. Consequently as the hydrophobicity of a cell surface increases; the microorganism tendency to bond with the hydrocarbon molecule enhances. The presence of a surface active agent, as an instance a chemical surfactant, will affect the... 

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Bakhtiari, Fatemeh (Author) ; Mosavi, Abbas (Supervisor) ; Shojaei, Akbar (Co-Advisor)
    In this work nanocomposite CNT/polysulfone and CNT/polyethersulfone membranes for membrane contactor application in gas separation were fabricated. The two types of CNTs used for chemical and physical separation of H2S from a mixture of CH4 an H2S, had the outer diameter of 20-30nm and 50-100nm. One of the greatest concerns about using membrane contactors for gas separation applications is the wetting of membranes which consequently leads to decrease in separation performance. The aim of this study is to enhance the hydrophobicity of membranes by mixing hydrophobic carbon nanotubes in the polymeric matrix. The effect of factors like type of the polymer, diameter of the carbon nanotube and... 

    Synthesis, Characterization and Hydrophobicity of Teflon Coated Tungsten Nanostructure Thin Films

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Bayat, Amir (Author) ; Moshfegh, Ali Reza (Supervisor) ; Azimirad, Rouhollah (Supervisor)
    Hydrophobic and superhydrophobic surfaces find many applications in different fields of science. The aerospace industry is one such field that can take the advantage of superhydrophobicity for anti-icing coatings. In order to make hydrophobic and superhydrophobic surfaces on hydrophilic materials, two-step process is usually need, at first, making a rough surface and then modifying it with hydrophobic coatings with low surface free energy. In this research, we have used glancing angle deposition (GLAD) RF sputtering technique to fabricate Teflon coated tungsten on glass substrate for obtaining hydrophobic surface. GLAD approach is a method to grow structures such as nanorods and zigzag...