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    Application of Gis & Fuzzy Technique for Order-Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (Topsis) in Siting Water Reservoires

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Jozaghi, ali (Author) ; Shamsai, Abolfazl (Supervisor)
    Sustainable agricultural development in the country without regard to water supply problems in terms of time and place is not possible. Construction of water storage tanks filled with water and seasonal use in dry seasons in the effective action in the optimal use of water in the climate of (low and irregular rainfall) is. The most important step in the construction of water storage tanks to choose the best point for the construction of the reservoir basin in order to reduce costs and increase efficiency. Chndmyarh different methods to decide the best option for finding a few options from there. Among these methods can be Tapsys two methods (TOPSIS) and hierarchical analysis (AHP) pointed... 

    Efficient Management of River Water Quality Based on Pollution Trading Approach

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Sarang , Amin (Author) ; Shamsai, Abolfazl (Supervisor)
    “Sustainable development” is a frequently used phrase, but the idiom has been experienced little since it was coined by the Brundtland, due to its intrinsic complications. The issue is going to compromise two key components; economy and ecology. One of the solutions based on concept of sustainable development that has been proposed for maintaining water quality at acceptable levels is to cap pollutant emissions at a sustainable level, then establish an economic market in which the right to discharge pollutants is traded according to market supply and demand mechanisms. Water quality trading or pollution trading is one such kind of market-based program that has also been described using names... 

    Laboratory Investigation of Hydraulic & Constructional Effect of Sills on Dissipation of Energy in the Stepped Spillway

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sedaghatnezhad, Sara (Author) ; shamsaee, Abolfazl (Supervisor)
    Chutes and stepped spillways are used to provide controlled release of flows and overflow in flood regimes from a dam into the downstream area. The main purpose of steps is to produce considerable energy dissipation along the chute and reduce the size of the required downstream energy dissipation basin. Many researches conducted on this matter and the effects of different factors like the height of steps, the number of steps, the different shapes of steps – mild step and end-sill step – influencing on energy dissipation have been studied. In this study, three different stepped spillway experimental models with different heights (5, 8 and 10 cm) and different number of steps developed, and... 

    Multicriteria Decision Making in Water Resources Planning and Management using Fuzzy Sets

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Alipour, Mohammad Hossein (Author) ; Shamsai, Abolfazl (Supervisor)
    Water resources planning and management projects are done in order to accomplish several goals. Moreover, social, environmental, political etc impacts of such projects increase the complexity of the problem of choosing the best alternative among others. The project of diversion of water form Zab Watershed into Lake Urmia Watershed is one of these projects which regarding water demands and problems in Lake Urmia Watershed and also Zab Watershed water resources that exceed its water demands has been considered. Therefore, after conducting research studies, five locations have been determined as potential places to build a dam on the Zab River and transferring its water to Lake Urmia Watershed.... 

    Assessment of Optimum Environmental Flows Using Economic Evaluation Methods

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mazdarani, Sohrab (Author) ; Shamsai, Abolfazl (Supervisor)
    One of the main challenges of Water Resources Planning and Management (WRPM) is to balance water allocation between different uses. Usually, due to political and economic power of other uses, ecosystem receives less attention. Environmental flow is the allocated flow to ecosystem. Ecosystem provides a wide range of services to humanity. Therefore, environmental flow is not exclusively a matter of sustaining ecosystem but also a matter of providing humans with better life. Several methods have been developed to determine the environmental flow but only a few consider its socio-economic aspects. Consideration of these aspects could assist decision-makers with determining the optimum flow and... 

    Numerical Study of Geotextile Application in Downstream Filter Zone of an Embankment Dam with Clay Core

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Maghsoodian, Maedeh (Author) ; Shamsaie, Abolfazl (Supervisor)
    Nowadays, applications of the synthetic materials are developing in civil engineering projects and widely used in these projects. Therefore, during previous years; use of the Geotextiles as one of the Geosynthetic materials in order to filtration, drainage, separation, soil protection, etc have developed ever-increasing. The goal of this research is modeling and studies of the Geotextiles application in the downstream filter zone of embankment dams in combination with granular materials using FLAC2D software. Gordeh Bin embankment dam situated in West Azerbaijan province has been chosen as case study. In this matter, different models have been made with changes in thickness of the inclined... 

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nazari, Fatemeh (Author) ; Shamsaei, Abolfazl (Supervisor)
    Entrance of air to close water conduits occurs in many ways. This phenomenon makes displeasing effects on water transport structures. Two-phase flows in closed conduits are studied experimentally, numerically and theoretically. Even after decades, due to the complexity of the subject, these studies still require development and reformation. Numerical and theoretical two-phase models are often limited to a special regime of flow."Volume Of Fluid"(VOF) is a model for non-mixing two-phase flows. "Fluent" software uses this model in this field of flows. Volume of fluid is used successfully in some problems like dam break or rising bubbles. Main disadvantage of this model is distribution of the... 

    Transient Diffusion of Drugs into the Intervertebral Disc using Finite Element Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Motaghinasab, Samira (Author) ; Parnianpour, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Hoviattalab, Maryam (Supervisor) ; Shirazi Adl, Abolfazl (Co-Advisor)
    In this study, transient diffusion of drug into the intervertebral disc is considered. The amount of Diffused drug from the blood into the intervertebral disc of dog is measured and concentration of drug is calculated for each region of the intervertebral disc including nucleus pulpous, inner annulus fibroses and outer annulus fibroses. Using finite element method, it is shown that the amount of drug diffusion into the intervertebral disc is affected by some parameters such as the type of drug, dose if drug and endplate calcification. This research is done in two parts: In first part, diffusion of drug (sulphate) into the dog intervertebral disc is investigated to compare the obtained... 

    Provide a Model for the Sitting of Hydroelectric Power Plants Using GIS and Multiple Criteria Decision FTOPSIS: A Case From Kelas Basin

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Darban Maghami, Alireza (Author) ; Shamsai, Abolfazl (Supervisor)
    Nowadays due to increasing environmental considerations and effort to reducing of the fossil fuels consumption, the necessity of hydroelectric power plants development is emerged. The purpose of this study is to suggest a method of spatial analysis for finding sites with appropriate potential for construction of these power plants, using TOPSIS and GIS. In this research, using the Python programming language, in software environment of Arc GIS version 9.3, local hydrological model was generated using the DEM layer and using of streams ordering methods, the overall situation along the river were processed. In the next step, with using of fuzzy TOPSIS algorithm implementation in software... 

    Assessment of waterlogging and provide risk maps by using RS, GIS and field data (case study: Qazvin plain)

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mansourian, Hamid (Author) ; Shamsaei, Abolfazl (Supervisor)
    Groundwater quality protection has a significant importance due to abundant applications of these resources in various fields such as agriculture, industry and drinking water. Removal of groundwater pollution is a time and money consuming process and often pollution is detected when improving the quality of groundwater is nearly impossible. For this vulnerability assessment there are three methods: Processing, Overlap-Index and Statistical Methods. Overlap-Index is composed of variety of maps such as Geology, Soil, Groundwater Depth and etc which uses in determining of vulnerability Index. In the present study for underground pollution potential determining, four indexes such as AVI، GOD،... 

    Review and Critique of the Philosophical Foundations of Enactment Environmemt Theory from the Perspective Islamic Thought with Emphasis on the Motahari View

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Taheri, Ali (Author) ; Mashayekhi, Alinaghi (Supervisor) ; Gaeeini, Abolfazl (Co-Advisor)
    There are six core concepts in the organization theories that theorists rely on. These six concepts are: environment , social structure, technology, culture, physical structure, power and control. the insights of theorists about each of these concepts lead to different theory in case, they argue. The enactment environment theory by carl weik, is one way of conceptualizing the organizational environment within the interpretive paradigm and offer an approach about the organization and its environment. The logic of the enactment environment theory based on the belief that organizational realities parallel to people interact and negotiate and make sense of their experiences are socially... 

    Hydraulic Evaluation and Pressure Estimation in Two-Phase Air-Water Slug Flow Using Soft Computing

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Akbarian, Hadi (Author) ; Borghei, Shamsai (Supervisor) ; Shamsaee, Abolfazl (Co-Advisor)
    Study of hydraulic characteristics of two-phase flow is one of the important issues in hydraulic engineering. Two-phase flows usually accur in hydraulic structures such as pressurized flow tunnels, culverts, sewer pipes, junctions, and similar conduits. Under certain conditions, air may also be introduced into pressurized intake systems, which may form large bubbles in portions of the pipe. The bubbles may, in turn, cause an unstable slug flow, or other flow patterns. Slug flow is one of the most probable patterns in these flows. Prediction of pressure in this situation is a complex subject which despite its great importance is rarely discussed. In this study, the results of a laboratory... 

    Comparison of River Daily Runoff Simulation Results using Time Series and IHACRES Rainfall-runoff Model

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rahsepar Tolouei, Talaye (Author) ; Shamsaei, Abolfazl (Supervisor)
    Hydrologic models are the best tools to reduce hydrological uncertainties in rivers runoff estimation. Considering structure of model and calibration of parameters, there are several approaches to extend. In this study, we try to simulate daily river runoff by using two different approaches and then compare the results of them with each other. In first approach, IHACRES model is used to simulate rainfall- runoff, which is a conceptual model based on rainfall, runoff and evapotranspiration or temperature data. This model uses conceptual part to estimate effective rainfall and also it uses a transformation function to transform effective rainfall to output flow. This model works in daily time... 

    groundwater level fluctuations forecasting using conjunction models of Wavelet - Neural-Fuzzy Network (WNF) and Wavelet-Neural Network (WNN) and linear model of ARIMA (case study: Qom plain

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Fathi, Bahman (Author) ; Shamsaei, Abolfazl (Supervisor)
    Prediction of groundwater level fluctuations is absolutely necessary for the proper manag ement of these precious resources. There are different methods to predict hydrological time series such as groundwater level. Linear models inefficiency in predicting nonlinear and n on-stationary time series cause researchers widely use artificial intelligence techniques such as Artificial Neural Networks (ANN), Fuzzy Inference System (FIS), Genetic Algorithm (GA) and their hybrid models such as Artificial Neural – Fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS). These smart models are capable to simulate nonlinear and non-stationary time series in suitable accu-racy using by a few time and data. By emersion of Wavelet... 

    Experimental Investigation of Mobility and Reactivity of Iron Nanoparticles in Porous Media and Application for in-Situ Groundwater Remediation

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Fadaei Tehrani, Mohammad Reza (Author) ; Shamsaei, Abolfazl (Supervisor) ; Vosoughi, Manoochehr (Supervisor)
    In the present study, synthesis, preparation, and application of bimetallic iron/nickel nano-particles were experimentally investigated with the aim of groundwater remediation. Firstly, iron/nickel nano-particles were synthesized according to chemical reduction and stabilization with starch biopolymer, and then characterized. Results confirmed the formation of bimetallic iron/nickel nano-particles with mean size of 75 nm that starch placed around of them. The more stability characteristic and also enough mobility ensure their diffusion through porous media. Secondly, reactivity of synthesized nano-particles for removal of various contaminants including nitrate, chromium, and lead were... 

    Control over Fading Channels

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sarmashghi, Shahabeddin (Author) ; Farhadi, Alireza (Supervisor) ; Motahari, Abolfazl (Supervisor)
    As latency reduction is a key objective of upcoming mobile standards such as 5G, control applications over such channels have become of high interest in recent years. In this thesis, we will consider the problem of control over fading channels modeled by finite-state Markov chains. We will combine communication and control theory aspects of the problem and study stability of linear discrete-time plants which communicate with the controller over such fading channels. Two different scenarios are assumed for channel state information availability at encoder side, and the sufficient condition of almost sure asymptotic stabilizability is derived for each scenario. We will then examine the... 

    GIS Based Procedure to Determine Location of Cascade Small Hydropower Plants Case Study, Nokhan Area

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Serpoush, Behrad (Author) ; Shamsai, Abolfazl (Supervisor)
    Coinciding with the worldwide environmental issues and increasing demand for clean energy sources, hydropower plants have highly attracted decision- makers attention. Low manufacturing costs and pollutions which are made by these plants in comparison with another types of powerhouses, could be reason of that. And so on, hydropower locating and evaluating studies have been highly increased recently, specifically in developing countries. From the point of operation procedure, hydropower plants are generally divided in two types, run-of-he-river and storage projects. This study has concentrated on run-of-he-river projects and due to spotting plant location, Sefidbarg river basin... 

    Investigation of bed Stability in Downstream for the Diversion dam under Scour (Mill & Moghan case study)

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Gorji, Faeze (Author) ; Shamsai, Abolfazl (Supervisor)
    Numerical simulations and large eddy simulations (LES) of turbulent flow downstream of diversion dam , pool-riffle bedform in different geometrical ratios (different lengths of riffle and pool) with flow Reynolds number of 3.0 E+04 to 3.3E+04, downstream of special case study "Mill and Moghan diversion dam" with Froude number of 0.5 are presented The calculations are performed using a computational fluid dynamics model, FLOW-3D, which solves the Navier-Stokes equations in three dimensions with finite volume method. Numerical simulations are validated by comparing the numerical results of time-averaged flow patterns downstream of pool-riffle sequence with that of the experimental... 

    Hydro-economical Method for the Optimal Capacity Design of Small Hydropower Plant (Case Study: Kohneh Lahijan Hydropower Plant)

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mehrvand, Shahryar (Author) ; Shamsai, Abolfazl (Supervisor)
    In this thesis, we determine the optimal capacity of the power plants considering site specifications and Flow Duration Curve and evaluating economic parameters. Finally a design with more sufficient economical and hydrualical performance would be selected. The optimization algorithm used in this thesis is called "Charged System search" that is one of the newest meta-heuristic algorithms. This algorithm is inspired by the coulomb and gauss's laws of electrostatics in physics and utilizes a number of charged particles which influence each other based on their fitness values and their separation distances considering the governing law of coulomb.The proposed method in this thesis can be... 

    Genome-Wide Association Study via Machine Learning Techniques

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Najafi, Amir (Author) ; Fatemizadeh, Emad (Supervisor) ; Motahari, Abolfazl ($item.subfieldsMap.e)
    Development of DNA sequencing technologies in the recent years magnifies the need for computational tools in genomic data processing, and thus has attracted inten- sive research interest to this area. Among them, Genome-Wide Association Study (GWAS) refers to discovering of causal relationships among genetic sequences of living organisms and the macroscopic phenotypes present in their physiological structure. Chosen phenotypes for genomic association studies are mostly vulnerability or im- munity to common genetic diseases. Conventional methods in GWAS consists of statistical hypothesis testing algorithms in case/control approaches; Most of which are based upon single-locus analysis and...