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Total 99 records

#### Hydroxyapaptite Coating on Zirconia Toughened Alumina Nanocomposite by Biomimetic Method

, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Nemati, Ali (Supervisor) ; Salahi, Esmaeil (Co-Advisor)
Abstract

Zirconia toughened alumina (ZTA) Nanocomposites were prepared using nano sized Zirconia (ZrO2) powders doped with 3% mol of yttria (Y2O3) nanopowders and the sintering behavior at different temperature (1450 °C, 1550 °C and 1650 °C) were studied. The ZTA composite with different amount of partially stabilized Zirconia (PSZ)(5, 10, 15 and 20% mol) were prepared via axial pressing and then sintered to achieve maximum densification. After that phase changes of the samples were monitored. SEM was used for microstructural study and hardness and fracture toughness were determined by means of Vickers indentation. X-ray diffraction pattern showed that at constant composition, tetragonal zirconia...

#### Network Coding Approach to Cooperative Communication

, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Nasiri Kenari, Masoumh (Supervisor)
Abstract

In recent years, Network Coding has received a great attention as an effective approach to increase the network throughput. Due to its promising advantages, in this thesis, we consider cooperative protocols based on Network Coding in two basic channels, namely MAC and MARC. We propose three cooperative transmission protocols for these channels along with their proper receivers at the destination node. The first one is for a typical two-user MAC, in which direct conventional network coding (i.e., XORing the packets of the users) is used. The proposed protocol requires the transmission of only one additional (repeated) packet for any arbitrary number of information packets transmitted by the...

#### Experimental Investigation of the Effect of Vertical Variation of Stem Density on Flow and Vertical Transport

, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Jamali, Mirmosaddegh (Supervisor)
Abstract

Presence of emergent vegetation can change the governing forces in flow through such systems and affects the turbulence structure and scalar transport. On the other hand, vertical variation of physical characteristics of stems, which is fairly observed in reality, leads to variation in frontal area and the called vertical density difference. In this study we experimentally investigate the effect of vertical density difference on both flow and vertical transport of mass. The results will be compared with theoretical predictions.

Using rigid emergent model of cylinders as stems with step density variation in depth I simmulate field conditions considering actual variation of frontal area....

Using rigid emergent model of cylinders as stems with step density variation in depth I simmulate field conditions considering actual variation of frontal area....

####
The Particle-Field Theory On The Possibility of New Formulation of Micro-phenomena

,
M.Sc. Thesis
Sharif University of Technology
;
Shafiee, Afshin
(Supervisor)
Abstract

In this thesis we are going to explore a new formalism in micro domain which describes quantum phenomena in a realistic casual fashion by introducing an unified concept of matter, energy, and Information. In this theory, a micro-entity, e.g. an electron, is a combination of a particle and its associated field integrated to a new entity called particle-field. The dynamics of such system will be analyzed. Then, some quantum examples which have controversial aspects will be discussed within the new theory. In a generalized form of formalism, the non-linear Schrödinger Equation is introduced, which enables us to predict some experimental data for common Quantum Mechanical stationary systems....

#### Technology Roadmap for High Altitude Airship, Based on Conceptual Design of an Airship System

, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Mazaheri, Karim (Supervisor)
Abstract

The main focus of this project is to define necessary technologies in design and production of a high altitude airship and provide a roadmap that show how appropriate actions can be conducted toward technology, product and market in the next ten years in Iran. Here, we have surveyed the role of design parameters in the performance of high altitude airship. In the sequel according to the specific final mission, the required technologies and infrastructures are defined.The case of airship technology acquisition for Iran basically can be adapted to the “Technology Catchup”. Hence, we propose a new methodology to provide a technology roadmap with the “technology catchup” approach, then develop...

#### Formal Analysis of Ad Hoc Network Protocols Using Process Algebra

, Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology ; Movaghar Rahimabadi, Ali (Supervisor)
Abstract

Wireless Ad hoc Networks (MANET) are decentrilized networks, without any static infrastructure.In these networks, nodes communicate directly or indirectly via other nodes. They could move arbitrary, which makes the underlying topology dynamic. Therefore, MANET protocols not only should operate correctly, but they should be able to tolerate faults that

may arise due to unreliable wireless communication and unexpected changes in the underlying topology, while the quality of service metrics in benchmarks are satisfied. Therefore a unified framework for verification and evaluation of MANET protocols would alleviate the design process of such protocols.In this thesis, we provide a formal...

may arise due to unreliable wireless communication and unexpected changes in the underlying topology, while the quality of service metrics in benchmarks are satisfied. Therefore a unified framework for verification and evaluation of MANET protocols would alleviate the design process of such protocols.In this thesis, we provide a formal...

#### Multipartite Entanglement

, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Karimipour, Vahid (Supervisor) ; Memarzadeh Esfahani, Laleh (Supervisor)
Abstract

Entanglement is one of the most important concepts in quantum information science. Aer playing a significant role in the foundations of quantum mechanics, it has been discovered as a new physical resource with potential commercial applications such as teleportation, dense coding and so on. Perhaps one of the most important problems in studying the properties of entangled states is the quantification of entanglement. There are many measure of entanglement that all of them has to satis some conditions. The structure of entanglement in multipartite systems is much richer than that in the case of bipartite systems and is an open problem in quantum information theory. Graph states are special...

#### A Counting Formula for the Kervaire Semi-Characteristic

, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Esfahani Zadeh, Mustafa (Supervisor)
Abstract

Similar to the classical Poincare-Hopf index formula for the Euler characteristic, Zhang gave a counting formula for the Kervaire semi-characteristic of a 4q+1 manifold. We first study Witten deformation techniques in the proof of the Poincare-Hopf formula. Then we will represent Zhang’s formula which uses similar analysis. Both these formulas establish a connection between topological and geometrical data on a manifold. Both proofs will be analytical. Index theory will play the ’bridge’ between the topology and analysis. We begin with an analytic interpretation of the topologically defined quantities as indices of differential operators. We deform the operators with respect to appropriate...

#### Reconstruction of 3D Images in Integral Imaging by Using Fourier Optics

, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Mehrany, Khashayar (Supervisor)
Abstract

In this thesis, the unwanted effects of diffraction and defocus aberration in three-dimensional (3D) integral imaging are taken into account by using the principles of Fourier optics approach. First, the indirect reconstruction of 3D images is simulated by using the geometrical optics and then the direct reconstruction process is simulated via Fourier optics. The role of diffraction and defocus aberration in deterioration of the depth of field is studied for both real/virtual and focused modes of integral imaging. The extent of image deterioration in 3D integral imaging is compared against the extent of deterioration in conventional single lens imaging. The field of view of the 3D integral...

#### To Investigate Existence of Equity Premium Puzzel in Tehran Stock Exchange By Stochastic Dominance Method

, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Keshavarz Haddad, Gholamreza (Supervisor)
Abstract

In the last 4 years, while the annual investment return on 5 years bank deposits was 25 percent; the total index of Tehran Stock Exchange on average grew by 155 percent. Why the investors are not so willing to invest in the stock market? This research deals with existence of equity premium puzzle in Tehran Stock Exchange. Therefore, the Total Price Index of exchange market is considered as a risky asset and the return on long-term (5 years) deposit is a proxy for risk free asset. Data is monthly and covers the first month of 1380 (Persian Calendar) to the beginning of the second month of 1391 (equivalent to Aug 2010 to Jan 2013); which is converted to real term using monthly inflation rate....

#### Discussing the Behavior of the Boundary Theory Caused by Kalb-Ramond Field Perturbation in the Bulk, Using AdS/CFT Correspondence

, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Arfaei, Hessamaddin (Supervisor)
Abstract

In this thesis we have used the low energy effective action of the string theory to find an asymptotic Anti-de sitter metric with a non-vanishing H field. Then we have used the AdS/CFT correspondence to study the effects of the added Kalb_Ramond field on two calculations in the boundary theory. The first one was the calculation of the drag force exerted on a moving quark in the quark-gluon plasma. In the second calculation we observed the effect of the added field on the confinement-de confinement phase transition

#### Design and Manufacturing a Wearable Measuring System for Trunk Movements

, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Parnianpour, Mohamad (Supervisor) ; Narimani, Roya (Supervisor) ; Moshiri, Behzad (Co-Advisor) ; Hoviattalab, Maryam (Co-Advisor)
Abstract

Measurement of human movement during work, sport as daily activities has important effects for rehabilitation and biomechanics experts.

Recently, several researches are concentrated on this technology significantly because of new progress in sensors and fusion sensors. In the near future, wearable and ambulatory devices will be used considerably in biomedical applications. In this study, we reviewed some methods about wearable measuring system then introduced and designed innovative wearable clothing for this purpose. Some specifications and advantages of our system in comparison with relevant researches are; using textile sensors that are manufactured through nano electro active polymer...

Recently, several researches are concentrated on this technology significantly because of new progress in sensors and fusion sensors. In the near future, wearable and ambulatory devices will be used considerably in biomedical applications. In this study, we reviewed some methods about wearable measuring system then introduced and designed innovative wearable clothing for this purpose. Some specifications and advantages of our system in comparison with relevant researches are; using textile sensors that are manufactured through nano electro active polymer...

#### Reliability Estimation in the Presence of Censored Data A Case Study in an Automotive Part Manufacturing System

, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Eshraghniaye Jahromi, Abdolhamid (Supervisor)
Abstract

In this study a brief definition of the basic concepts of the reliability and censoring data is given as well as the literature review of the censored data and introduction to concept of robust. In order to find suitable distribution by considering censored data, the goodness of fit test, Chi-squared test, and Anderson-Darling approaches are used. Moreover to estimate Parameter of the reliability distribution, Maximum Likelihood estimation (MLE) is given. A case study in an automotive part manufacturing system is presented and the distributions of reliability parameters of several critical components (i.e. reliability, hazard rate, etc.) have been estimated. Considering all data, and...

#### Gravity in Noncommutative Geometry

, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Esfahani Zadeh, Mostafa (Supervisor)
Abstract

In this thesis, the aim is to stating some of the noncommutative geometry(NCG) applications in formulating and describing the gravity. So, in the first chapter, we will work on some of metric aspects of NCG. In this chapter, we will review elements of the spin geometry, specifically we will define the Dirac operator which is the most important object in this thesis. Then, we will try to find counterparts of some of Riemannian geometric notions like integral and distance in the NCG framework. We will define some notions such as noncommutative infinitesimals, Dixmier trace, Wodzicki residue, noncommutative integral and spectral triples. Then, in the second chapter, we will work on some of the...

#### Coupling 3D-1D for Blood flow Simulation in Carotid Bifurcation

, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Firoozabadi, Bahar (Supervisor) ; Saeedi, Mohammad Saeed (Supervisor)
Abstract

Recently, many investigations are done in the field of the modeling of the cardiovascular system. For the purpose of understanding of this system, mainly the location of formation and development of atherosclerosis, these investigations are so vital. The multi-scale modeling is an appropriate method to reduce the cost of calculation and also, this method simplifies the complicated model of cardiovascular system. This research presents a multi-scale 1D-3D modeling of cardiovascular system. In this model, the three dimensional geometry of carotid bifurcation is coupled with a one dimensional full model of cardiovascular system. We used some user defined function in the Fluent software for...

#### Low-Temperature Coherence Properties of Z2 Quantum Memory

, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Karimipour, Vahid (Supervisor) ; Memarzadeh Esfahani, Laleh (Supervisor)
Abstract

Quantum memory which stores the coherent information of logical qubits, is an essential ingredient of quantum information processings. Each logical basis should be encoded on macroscopically distinct physical states since otherwise the indistinguishability of logical bases is easily destroyed by local errors.On the other hand, the memory must be able to have superposition of macroscopically distinct states of physical qubits. To maintain such superposition is very difficult. First, if the size of the memory is infinite, such macroscopic superposition is impossible since superposition of different phases is just a classical mixture of them in an infinite system. Second, even in finite...

#### Ricci Curvature on Graphs

, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Esfahani Zadeh, Mostafa (Supervisor) ; Daneshgar, Amir (Supervisor)
Abstract

In the present study, the Ricci curvature is defined on the graphs by using two methods and the lower bounds are obtained. In the first method, which is related to Bakry and Emery, a definition for Ricci curvature and lower bounds would be obtained by using Curvature-Dimension inequalities.The second method which is related to Ollivier, is based on the fact that in Riemannian Geometry,the Ricci Curvature controls the velocity of convergence and divergence of emanated geodesics from a same source. Next, the more Curvature-Dimension inequalities for Ricci curvature would be obtained by using local clustering. Finally, the Bonnet-Myers theorem would be proved on the graphs.

#### The Geometry of the Group of Symplectic Diffeomorphisms

, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Eftekhary, Eiman (Supervisor) ; Esfahani Zadeh, Mostafa (Supervisor)
Abstract

In this thesis, we first define the pseudo-distance p on the group of Hamiltonian diffeomorphisms.Using the concept of displacement energy, we show that the pseudo-distance p is degenerate and if the manifold is closed, p will be zero for each p = 1; 2; 3; : : : Then, we introduce Lagrangian submanifolds and prove that if L R2n is a rational Lagrangian submanifold, we have the following inequality e(L) ≥ 1γ(L). : Finally, using the above inequality and the concept of displacement energy, for M = R2n we prove that 1 is non-degenerate. Therefore, the hypothesis for 1 to be a metric, are satisfied. This metric is called Hofer’s metric

#### Discrete Exterior Calculus

, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Esfahani Zadeh, Mostafa (Supervisor) ; Daneshgar, Amir (Supervisor)
Abstract

In this thesis, a discrete exterior calculus is studied. Discrete exterior calculus is an attempt to create a discrete analogy of differential geometry and topology which is potentially applicable in computer science and physics. At first, simplicial complexes are presented as approximation of smooth manifolds. Then discrete forms and discrete exterior derivative are defined. We will observe that Stokes, theorem can be stated and proved in discrete analogy too. We will obtain Hodge operator by using dual complex and after that discrete Laplacian and Heat kernel will be calculated by using Hodge operator. In addition, we will define discrete vector field independent of discrete forms and then...

#### Molybdenum(VI) Complexes and Palladium Nanoparticles in Ionic Liquid-Liquid Biphasic and Supported Ionic Liquid phase (SILP) Catalysis, and Green Catalytic Processes using Polymeric Ionic Liquids (PILs

, Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology ; Bagherzadeh, Mojtaba (Supervisor)
Abstract

In this thesis, ionic liquids and polymeric ionic liquids were investigated as solvent and support for immobilization of molybdenum and palladium catalysts. Three newly synthesized room temperature ionic liquids containing molybdate anion, [DMIm][MoO2(NCS)4], [RPy][MoO2(NCS)4] (R = butyl or decyl), and previously reported [BMIm][MoO2(NCS)4] were used as catalysts for the reduction of sulfoxides. For facilitating the recyclability of the catalysts, the ionic liquid solvents, [RMIm][PF6] and [RPy][PF6] (RMIm=1-n-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium, RPy= 1-n-alkylpyridinium), were applied to immobilize molybdenum catalysts. These catalysts showed high catalytic activity for sulfoxide reduction in this...