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    Investigation of Electrocatalytic Activity of Metal-based Nanocomposites in the Reaction of Carbon Dioxide Reduction

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hatami, Homayoun (Author) ; Bastani, Darioush (Supervisor) ; Taherinia, Davood (Supervisor)
    Emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) from fossil fuels are a potential issue for the global climate. One way to meet this challenge is to electrochemically convert CO2 molecules to reduced carbon species such as formates, alcohols, hydrocarbons, etc., which is a difficult process due to the poor kinetics of CO2 reduction. Therefore, the use of catalysts, while preventing undesirable side reactions, can also play an important role in reducing CO2. In this study, a two-step synthesis of CuS (1, 5, 12, 24 hr) @ Cu-MOF has been reported as an advanced electrocatalyst for CO2 reduction in neutral pH environments. Bismuth has been used to improve the electrocatalytic properties of the samples. Bi-CuS... 

    Investigation of the Effect of Various Electrolyte Additives to Increase the Overpotential of the Hydrogen and Oxygen Evolution Reactions in Lead-Acid Batteries

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mohammadvand, Ali (Author) ; Taherinia, Davood (Supervisor)
    Lead-acid batteries have been used for over 150 years as a reliable means of storing electrical energy. These batteries have a variety of applications due to their high safety, reliable performance, and relatively easy manufacturing process, including in car starters, car lighting and combustion, electric vehicles (especially electric bicycles), and the resulting electrical energy storage. From renewable sources or pulsed power supplies in hybrid electric vehicles. Despite increasing advances in the performance and design of these batteries, there are still problems in this area. One of the most important of these is the electrolysis of water as a side reaction, which leads to the production... 

    Optimizing Co Nanoflakes Growth Parameters and Modifying Their Electro-catalytic Performance Using Carbon Nanostructures for Water Oxidation Reaction

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Pourreza, Mohammad (Author) ; Naseri, Naimeh (Supervisor)
    Ease of solar hydrogen production using water splitting and its environmental benefits, distinct hydrogen from other energy carriers. Hydrogen is the most abundant material in the world that make up more than 90% of the world compounds. So applying this material as a clean fuel is the best way to prevent environmental problems caused by fossil fuels. For efficient hydrogen production from water, a suitable electrocatalyst with low overpotential, high mechanical strength and reasonable catalytic activity must be utilized. In this research, cobalt based electrocatalyst was used considering that electrodepositon conditions play an important role in its final efficiency. On the other hand,...