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    Design, Simulation and Construction of a Microfluidic Device for the Purpose of Target Cells Separation and DNA Extraction

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Amani, Ali (Author) ; Shamloo, Amir (Supervisor) ; Nouri Borujerdi, Ali (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Today, microfluidic experiments have found wide applications in medical sciences, engineering, and chemistry. Because of their small size, microfluidic devices help us to be able to use very little amount of sample for the experiments and also easily control and observe the under-experiment fluid. One of the most important applications of these devices is the separation of cancer cells in blood for counting their number and DNA genetic studies. In the current project we have tried to do the separation of cancer cells from other cells by designing an inertia microchannel. For this purpose, in the first step a geometry for the channel is designed with analyzing the induced forces on the cells.... 

    Design and Fabrication of a Microfluidic Chip for Live and Dead Cell Separation

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Tajik, Parham (Author) ; Firouzbakhsh, Keykhosrow (Supervisor) ; Saeedi, Mohammad Saeed (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The recent breakthroughs in the lab-on-a-chip technology will not be directly used as clinical devices unless the specific applications are carefully tested and certified. As there is a growing trend towards microfluidic devices for biomedical research, an active microfluidic device was developed. Common microfabrication methods were used to develop a microchip to separate and concentrate live and dead cells based on the dielectrophoresis phenomenon. Unique capabilities of the dielectrophoresis phenomenon make it a powerful tool for micro particle manipulation in micro scale. In this research, geometry for the mentioned purpose is designed and optimized. Three-dimensional microelectrodes are... 

    Surface Modification of Ultrafiltration Membranes to Reduce Fouling in the Dairy Industry

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Jabari, Behnam (Author) ; Musavi, Abbas (Supervisor) ; Molaei Dehkordi, Asghar (Co-Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In the dairy industry, for the processing of raw milk, including the isolation of living bacteria and microorganisms from milk to increase the shelf life and improve the taste of milk, or the isolation of casein and whey proteins from milk for pHarmaceutical and medical purposes, as well as the production of low-lactose or lactose-free milk for patients with Digestive problems, use membrane processes, especially ultrafiltration and microfiltration, and the main problem in these methods is the fouling of the polymer membranes used, which results in the loss of flux or the reduction of product quality and system efficiency. With the help of bulk modification and surface modification of the... 

    Puzzle of Jobless Growth and Growthless Employment: Evidences from Iranian Labor Market

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hosseini, Kiarash (Author) ; Nili, Masoud (Supervisor) ; Joshaghani, Hossein (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    From 1384 to 1395, the labor market in Iran has experienced a mysterious behavior in total number of employment, which we call it puzzle of jobless growth and growthless employment. By studying only the net changes in total number of employment, some important information neglected in explaining this phenomenon. To this end, it is common in labor economics to use dynamic labor market indicators such as job flows and labor flows. In this research, we first calculate labor flows from 1384 to 1395 and job flows from 1382 to 1392 by economic sector, firm size, job classification, occupational insurance coverage, gender and job type. Then the following question will be answered: Is the... 

    Design and Fabrication of Water and Oil Separation Membranes Using Nano Technology and Wettability Properties of Surfaces

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Heydari, Mohammad Reza (Author) ; Moosavi, Ali (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Due to population growth, the demand for water supply has increased. This need has drawn attention to the use of consumed and treatable water resources. Organic pollutants are a key source of water pollution. On the other hand, petrochemical oil pollution and frequent oil accidents during oil production or maritime transport have become one of the environmental problems.There are different methods for water and oil separation and water purification that in the present project, selective separation can be achieved by using hydrophobic materials and surface roughness and creating surfaces with two properties: superhydrophobic and ultra-oil friendly. This method is also very effective, cheap... 

    Separation of Xylene Isomers

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Khademi, Mahmoud (Author) ; Molaei Dehkordi, Asghar (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Xylene isomers have similar boiling points and, therefore, their separation by conventional distillation is not practical. The industrial separation of these isomers is generally performed by adsorption or crystallization processes, which are very energy consuming. In this work, the various methods of the separation of these isomers have been reviewed and the equilibrium adsorption of these components in liquid phase using two commercial types of zeolite including Z-700 and Na-BETA as adsorbent at 15, 25, and 35 oC and an initial concentration range of up to 50 wt% as well as in single and binary solutions was investigated. It was found that Z-700 adsorbent has no selectivity for the binary... 

    Design and Fabrication of a Microfluidic System Based on Dielectrophoresis for Enrichment and Separation of Bioparticles

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rahmani, Ali (Author) ; Mohammadi, Ali Asghar (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The main purposes of this project are simulation, design, and fabrication of a microfluidic system based on dielectrophoresis (DEP) exploiting AC voltages for separation of microparticles. Generally, this project can be divided into two parts. First, the engineering section including design and fabrication of microchip, and second biological samples preparation for investigating the system performance. The main advantages of proposed system are eliminating joule heating, a significant problem in insulating based dielectrophoresis systems, overcoming problems related to metal contamination in biological samples, the main problem of conventional dielectrophoresis platforms, and removing... 

    CTC Cluster Separation on Microfluidics Chip

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rostami, Peyman (Author) ; Firouzabadi, Bahar (Supervisor) ; Saidi, Mohammad Said (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    According to statistics in 2012, around 14 million people worldwide have cancer, and 8 million have died that year, according to estimates, this number will increase to 21 millions new cancer case and 13 million mortality in 2030. Despite years of research on cancer, many questions about the mechanism of the spread of cancer in the body remain unanswered so far. The proposed models identify that the cells isolated from the primary tumor and transmit them to the circulatory system in the form of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) or in the form of clusters as responsible for the incidence of cancer. This process is called metastasis. Recent studies have reported the high potential of metastasis... 

    Fabrication of DEP-inertial Microfluidic Device for Focusing and Separation of Particles/Cells

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rezaei, Mohammad Reza (Author) ; Mohammadi, Ali Asghar (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Separation of particles and cells is one of the most important and practical methods in fields such as biomedicine, medicine and industry. In microfluidics There are various methods for particles and cells separation According to the source of them, they can be categorised as active and passive techniques. Active techniques rely on an external force field. The most important advantage of this method is controlling the force on the particles during the experiment. However, the flow speed is always limited because particles must be exposed to the outer force field for sufficient duration to achieve effective functionality. passive techniques depend entirely on the channel geometry or intrinsic... 

    Simulation of Clogging in Porous Media by Pore Network Model

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Razavy, Sina (Author) ; Jamshidi, Saeed (Supervisor) ; Raoof, Amir (Co-Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Clogging of the pores of the porous medium occurs in different processes such as geothermal injection pumps, hydrocarbon wells, and underground water extraction wells. We need a model that can simulate these blockages in order to predict how fundamental variables of the porous medium change under different flow regimes and different particle sizes in the fluid (for example, the relationship between porosity and permeability changes). The aim is to simulate clogging in a porous medium using a pore network model. Simulations should model pore clogging and show how the permeability of the sample changes due to pore clogging. In the pore network, there are often thousands (or millions) of pores... 

    Cell Separation via Nano-porous Molecularly Imprinted Polymer

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rahnema Falavarjani, Eiman (Author) ; Abdekhodaie, Mohammad Jafar (Supervisor) ; Nematollah Zade, Ali (Co-Advisor)
    Abstract
    Molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) with synthetic recognition sites are capable of detecting and separating chemical species in complex environments. These characteristics are of increasing interest for bioanalytical applications. The chief advantages of MIPs are mechanical and chemical stability, low cost, and ease of preparation. Recently, imprinting technology has been used for fabrication polymer thin films with recognition sites of proteins, plant viruses, and yeasts. Also few investigations applied lithography for synthesis of cell imprinted polymers targeting cell detection and observation of cell morphology.
    For the first time, we demonstrate surface imprinting for the... 

    Separation and Preconcentration of Gold and Silver Nanoparticles Using Cloud Point Extraction

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Zare-moghadam, Mousa (Author) ; Hormozi-Nezhad, M.R (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Separation and identification of metal nanoparticles in surface water samples such as river water is very important. Nanoparticles specially metal nanoparticles have small dimensions can easily pass through from the body's outer immune system and disrupt biological function. Most of the nanoparticles have active surface so environmental contaminants can be absorbed on their surface and then can penerated in the body, and they may cause disease. Therefore determination of nanoparticles type and concentrations and their separation from the surrounding environment, especially surface waters is important. Separation and preconcentration of metal nanoparticles was done by using cloud point... 

    Separation of Plasma from Blood Using a Dielectrophoresis-Assisted Microfluidic Device

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shams, Mehran (Author) ; Mohammadi, Ali Asghar (Supervisor) ; Soltanieh, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    % of human blood makes up of plasma, that this plasma is a rich source of proteins that can be used as biomarkers for a variety of clinical diseases and laboratory research, therefore, it is necessary that the plasma be separate by a high purity percentage. Using a centrifuge It is a common method used to separate plasma from blood, but because it requires large equipment and a large volume of blood, as well as stress caused by centrifugal force, increases the probability of damage to the biomarkers, so it has been tried today that Use methods that are easy to transport and require a small amount of blood. The idea of using the microfluidic device has been put forward for the purpose of... 

    Comparative Evaluation of Geometric Shapes for Aircrafts Standard Separation in Air Traffic Management

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Aliverdypour, Mohsen (Author) ; Malaek, Mohammad Bagher (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In today's complex engineering systems, any increase in efficiency naturally comes with concerns about accepted level of safety. As demand for aerial transportation is increasing, more researches are conducted to increase the capacity of current controlled airspaces; as the limited capacity of the so called "en-route" corridors appears to be the main concern in the industry. Meanwhile, a solution is expected to be in more efficient exploitation of the current airspace capacities via optimizing the standards related to maintaining Separation Minima (SM) among flying aircrafts. Current standards assume an aircraft to be at the center of a circle with a radius equal to 5 nm. In this work,... 

    Treatment of Triclosan Through Enhanced Microbial Biodegradation

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ghafouri, Mahsa (Author) ; Yaghmaei, Soheila (Supervisor) ; Ghobadi Nejad, Zahra (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Triclosan is widely used as an antibacterial agent in personal health care products, especially in recent years with the spread of the Coronavirus. This substance is one of the emerging contaminants, and due to its stable and toxic nature, this material cannot be destroyed in the process of biological wastewater treatment. In this research, a new bacterial strain was isolated and purified from industrial wastewater for the biological removal of triclosan. Based on 16S rRNA sequencing, it was found that the isolated strain belongs to the Enterobacter cloacae family and can grow in high concentrations of triclosan. It was observed that naphthalene dioxygenase and laccase enzymes are active... 

    Simulation of Droplet Sorting in Microfluidic Systems

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Fattahi, Hamid Reza (Author) ; Mousavi, Ali (Supervisor) ; Asghari, Mohsen (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    A new microfluidic device is introduced for sorting the particles based on the hydrodynamic resistance induced in a microchannel which is not needed for additional detection or sorting modules. Hydrodynamic resistance affects physical properties, such as size and deformability of the particle. This device could apply application in cell sorting for remedies, diagnostics, and industrial applications. The device design is performed using an equivalent resistance model, and also numerical simulations are performed. For validation of the results, they are compared with experimental results. Moreover, we will discuss threshold particle size and will introduce a way to approximate it to ... 

    Leaching, Solvent Extraction and Separation of Cerium, Lanthanum, Neodymium Rare Earth Elements from Apatite Concentrate of Chadormalu Mine

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Ferdowsi, Ali (Author) ; Youzbashizadeh, Hossein (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Waste of iron ore concentrate production plant of Chadormalu contains apatite mineral. The content of rare earths elements (REEs) in apatite concentrate of Chadormalu is about one percent. However, considering apatite deposite and production rate, extraction of REEs from apatite is one of valuable source for production of REEs. Lanthanum, cerium and neodymium which have most application amonge other REEs and have the highest frequency in the apatite. Due to their similar physical and chemical properties, it is difficult to separate individual rare earths from each other and the separation process are too complicated. In this study, in order to extract REEs from apatite, it was leached by... 

    Using Supported Ionic Liquid Membranes (SILMs) for Selective Separation of CO2/CH4

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology M.Barghi, Hamed (Author) ; Rashtchian ,Davood (Supervisor) ; Adibi, Mina (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Supported Ionic Liquid Membranes (SILMs) are fabricated by saturating the pores of a porous support with ionic liquids. To assess the performance of SILMS, it is necessary to obtain data about the properties of ionic liquids such as diffusivity, solubility, and etc. To accomplish this task, in this project the permeability and diffusivity of CO2 and CH4 through three immidazolium-based ionic liquids: [bmim][PF6], [hmim][Tf2N], and "1-methyl-3-(3- tri methoxi silil propyl) imidazolium bis (tri fluoro methyl solphonyl)" , in the temperature range between 27-45 ℃ and pressures within 10-50 kPa, are measured. It is shown in data validation section that the results of this study are in good... 

    Separation and Microfluidic Analysis of one Cancer Biomarker (Exosome) by Means of Microfluidic Chip Microfluidc Analysis Exosome Toward Liquid Biopsy for Cancer Tumor Cell

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Madani, Mohammad (Author) ; Saidi, Mohammad Said (Supervisor) ; Firouzabadi, Bahar (Co-Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The recent breakthroughs in the lab-on-a-chip technology will not be directly used as clinical devices unless the specific applications are carefully tested and certified. As there is a growing trend towards microfluidic devices for biomedical research, an active microfluidic device was developed. Common microfabrication methods were used to develop a microchip to separate and concentrate exosome and particular cell based on the dielectrophoresis phenomenon. Unique capabilities of the dielectrophoresis phenomenon make it a powerful tool for micro particle manipulation in micro scale. In this research, geometry for the mentioned purpose is designed and optimized. Three-dimensional... 

    Data Analysis of Gaia and OGLE Projects and Determination Properties of Gravitational Microlensing

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mozaheb, Saeed (Author) ; Rahvar, Sohrab (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    At the beginning of the 20th century, Albert Einstein introduced the equations of general relativity, opening a new avenue for investigating various phenomena. One of the predictions of these equations, gravitational lensing, was observed by Eddington during his lifetime, confirming the theory's ability to describe nature. Gravitational lensing can be categorized into three types: strong lensing, weak lensing, and microlensing. The current focus of research is on observing the separation phenomenon in gravitational microlensing. The observation of gravitational microlensing provides valuable insights into the composition of celestial bodies in the universe. Calculating the mass of different...