Search for: microchannel
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    Simulation of Residual Oil Displacement at the Pore-scale

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Farrokhnia Hamedani, Bahareh (Author) ; Moosavi, Ali (Supervisor) ; Shafii, Mohammad Behshad (Supervisor)
    EOR (oil enhanced recovery) is very important as oil is a nonrenewable resource. Depending on the characteristics of the rock formation, primary production can result in the recovery of up to 20% of the oil originally in the rock. This means that at least 80% of the oil may remain in the rock unless additional technology is used to increase the recovery. Before finding best way to do for EOR, scientists must study properties of different porous media that oil is trapped between its grains. Most of research and studies investigate networks of porous media but this work focused on oil movement through a pore space in porous media lonely not in network by waterflooding. Studying a pore space is... 

    Numerical Simulation of a Micro-Fluidic Fuel Cell

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mirjamali, Mohammad (Author) ; Sadrhosseini, Hani (Supervisor) ; Moosavi, Ali (Co-Advisor)
    The microfluidic fuel cell or laminar flow-based fuel cell is a membrane-less fuel cell which typically consists of two electrodes mounted within a T- or Y-shaped microchannel. Aqueous fuel and oxidant are introduced from the two inlets of the channel and flow together side-by-side toward the end of the channel. The Reynolds number in the microchannel is low, and hence viscous forces are dominant over the inertial forces. This causes the anolyte and catholyte form a co-laminar flow inside the microchannel which is required to maintain the separation of the fuel and oxidant and limit the reactions to the appropriate electrodes. In this work, a comprehensive numerical model of the microfluidic... 

    Phase Extraction in Segmented Flow

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Amini, Mohammad (Author) ; Moosavi, Ali (Supervisor)
    The formation of droplets at a T-junction in a micro channel network is primarily influenced by the pressure difference across the interface in the squeezing regime. Accurate measurements of droplet velocity and pressure profiles are difficult to obtain experimentally, yet these are the basic parameters required. Droplet micro fluidics has shown great potential for biological assays, chemical reactions and polymer emulsions. High stability allows the droplets to work as stable and isolated reactors that open up for parallel and serial reactions where each droplet can be screened individually. The purpose was to fabricate such systems, establish stable droplet generation where droplet volumes... 

    Design and Fabrication of a Ferrofluidic Miniature Pump

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Ashouri, Majid (Author) ; Shafii, Mohammad Behshad (Supervisor) ; Moosavi, Ali (Supervisor)
    This thesis presents the prototype design and fabrication of magnetically actuated miniature pumps which utilize self-sealing capability of ferrofluid-covered permanent magnets in both pumping and valving mechanisms. The contactless external actuation feature of the design enables integration of the pump with other PMMA-based microfluidic systems with low cost and disposability. The body of the 1st fabricated prototype pump consists of three nozzle/diffuser elements and two pumping chambers connected to the ends of a flat-wall pumping cylinder. A cylindrical permanent magnet placed inside the pumping cylinder acts as a piston which reciprocates by using an external magnetic actuator driven... 

    Simulation of Fluid Flow on Superhydrophobic Surfaces

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Abdollahzadeh, Mohammad Javad (Author) ; Moosavi, Ali (Supervisor)
    Today, with rapid developments and advances in science and technology, different ways have been studied to reduce energy consumption in various industries. Reducing the drag force and thus reducing the friction force is one of these methods which has many applications (e. g, in submarine construction industries). Creating some microgrooves in the microchannels is one of the most effective methods in order to reduce the friction force in microchannels that has recently been studied. In this method the air is trapped within the microgrooves and when the fluid (e. g, water) enters the channel passes over the trapped air within these microgrooves instead of touching the channel walls (solid... 

    Simulation of Compressible Rarefied Gas Flow using High-Order WENO Finite-difference Lattice Boltzmann Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Zamani Ashtiani, Shaghayegh (Author) ; Hejranfar, Kazem (Supervisor)
    The goal of the present study is to simulate the compressible rarefied gas flow by using a high-order finite-difference lattice Boltzmann method. Here, a weighted essentially non-oscillatory lattice Boltzmann method (WENO-LBM) is applied for the solution of the compressible form of the LB equation with the Kataoka-Tsutahara model. The solution procedure is based on the discretization of the convection terms of the LB equation using the fifth-order finite-difference WENO scheme and the temporal term using the third-order explicit total variation diminishing Runge-Kutta scheme for both the continuum and rarefied gas flows. The treatment of implementing the no-slip and slip boundary conditions... 

    Numerical Modeling of Electroosmotic Flow of Viscoelastic Fluids in Hydrophobic Microducts

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Abdoli Farzaneh, Hassan (Author) ; Saeedi, Mohammad Hassan (Supervisor) ; Kazemzadeh Hannani, Siamak (Co-Advisor)
    The integrated development of small-scale electronic and mechanical systems has drawn attention, since they lead to increase in speed and decrease in volume of industry dimensions in the manufacturing sector. That is why microelectromechanical systems are highly considered. MEMS are widely used in Microfluidic systems that can be used in medicine, biology and drug injection. Due to the fact that consistent fluid velocity is necessary in biological applications, electroosmotic flow is more important than ever. To investigate the behavior of biofluids, Newtonian models cannot be used and it is required to use models that predict the behavior of these fluids accurately. In this research... 

    Drag Reduction Using Geometrically Structured Surfaces for Non-newtonian Multi-phase Fluids

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Javaherchian, Javaneh (Author) ; Moosavi, Ali (Supervisor)
    With the advancement of the industry, microscale devices use due to its unique characteristics. On the other hand, it is essential to find ways to reduce drag inside microchannels because of The importance of energy. One of the methods is to optimize the contact surface using structured geometric surfaces. These hydrophobic surfaces reduce drag by trapping the air in roughness and creating a two-phase flow. The purpose of this project is to reduce the drag within the microchannel using structured geometric surfaces for non-Newtonian and multiphase flows. In most previous studies, with simplification, Newtonian and two-phase flows have been investigated. While most industrial fluids show... 

    Simulation of Flow Drag Reduction through Air Injection from the Porous Wall

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Boyerahmadi, Amirhossein (Author) ; Moosavi, Ali (Supervisor) ; Sadrhosseini, Hani (Supervisor)
    The effect of using backpressure of air injection in a microchannel on internal flow pressure drop were investigated in this study. Multiphase flows are commonly encountered in gas and oil industries. Flow fields in production operations are often complex and include multiphase flows of gas and liquid. Previously, because of their complex nature, these flow patterns have been mostly investigated only experimentally and empirical correlations based on the experimental data. From another point of view, it is almost impossible to experimentally realize all the flow conditions for each of the flow patterns. Nowadays computer facilities provide the tool to construct and use large-scale... 

    Numerical Investigation of Surface Wettability Effect on Liquid-Liquid Two-Phase Flow Heat Transfer in Microchannels

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Moezzi, Mahsa (Author) ; Kazemzadeh Hannani, Siamak (Supervisor) ; Farhanieh, Bijan (Co-Supervisor)
    It is aimed in this study to numerically investigate the effect of contact angle on the heat transfer coefficient in oil-water two-phase flow. For this purpose, the finite element method (FEM) is used to solve the unsteady Navier-Stokes and energy equations. The level set method is also used to capture the interface between the phases. In the first part of the study, two-phase flow of the water and calibration oil is considered in a T-junction geometry at contact angles of 5°, 40°, and 75°. It is observed that the flow patterns formed in the microchannel depend on the initial flow condition which results in the hysteresis phenomenon. Investigating the effect of wall contact angle on the... 

    Analysis of Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow in Partial Porous Microchannel

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shamsoddini Lori, Mohammad (Author) ; Nouri Brorujerdi, Ali (Supervisor)
    In this study, heat transfer and fluid flow inside a rectangular microchannel with partial porous media is simulated numerically. Darcy-Brinkman-Forchheimer equations are used to model the porous media. The effect of height of porous media, permeability (Darcy number), porosity and inlet velocity (Reynolds number) on Hydrodynamic and heat transfer performance are examined. At different values of height of porous media 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8, and 1 mm the Nusselt number of microchannel are 1.72, 1.78, 1.86, 1.94, and 2.02 compared to the microchannel without porous media. And the porous drop are 1.09, 1.2, 1.49, 1.76, and 2.15 compared to the microchannel without porous media. And FOM are 1.78,... 

    Production of Liquid Metal Micro-droplets and Electrical Control of their Size and Rate of Formation

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Asiabi Mollahaji, Arezoo (Author) ; Kebriaee, Azadeh (Supervisor)
    The use of liquid metal droplets due to their high electrical and thermal conductivity are used in various industries today. One of the methods of producing these micro-droplets is the flow focusing method, which is widely used to produce integrated and monodispersed droplets. Liquid metals have high surface tension and these micro-droplets are formed only if there is sufficient shear force between the liquid metal and a continuous fluid phase. In the past, they used several different methods such as pressure fluctuations and changes in continuous phase flow rate to control the shear force and produced polymer, gas, etc. micro-droplets.In this research, use the electric potential to control... 

    Dynamics and Heat transfer of Two-phase Non-Newtonian Fluids in Superhydrophobic Channels

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shahsavari, Arghavan (Author) ; Moosavi, Ali (Supervisor)
    When the fluid passes through the microchannel, some energy is lost due to drag force and pressure drop. One of the methods used in the last few decades to optimize energy consumption is creating superhydrophobic surfaces in microchannels. These surfaces, with their features such as increasing the contact angle and reducing the contact angle hysteresis, can reduce energy loss, which is due to the presence of unevenness on the surface, and by trapping air and creating a two-phase flow, they reduce the drag force. On the other hand, the air trapped inside these irregularities will also affect the heat transfer of the passing fluid in the microchannel, which by creating resistance in the...