Search for: cell-activation
0.005 seconds

    Phase identification of singlephase customers and PV panels via smart Meter data

    , Article IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid ; Volume 12, Issue 5 , 2021 , Pages 4543-4552 ; 19493053 (ISSN) Heidari-Akhijahani, A ; Safdarian, A ; Aminifar, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2021
    With proliferation of single-phase rooftop photovoltaic (PV) panels, phase balancing in low voltage (LV) distribution feeders becomes the point of concern. In this way, identification of the hosting phase of connected single-phase customers and PV panels is a prerequisite. This paper proposes an optimization model for the phase identification problem. The objective is to minimize the summation of the absolute error between estimated and measured variables. Smart meters (SMs) data including active and reactive power absorptions/injections, nodal voltage magnitudes, and network configuration data form the input of the model. Potential errors in the input data are captured in the model while... 

    Theoretical modeling of actin-retrograde-flow passing clusters of confined T cell receptors

    , Article Mathematical Biosciences ; Volume 283 , 2017 , Pages 1-6 ; 00255564 (ISSN) Ghasemi V., A ; Firoozabadi, B ; Saidi, M. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Inc  2017
    Through the activation process of T cells, actin filaments move from the cell periphery toward the cell center. The moving filaments engage with T cell receptors and thus contribute to transportation of the signaling molecules. To study the connection between the moving actin filaments and T cell receptors, an experiment available in the literature has measured filaments flow velocity passing over a region of confined clusters of receptors. It shows that flow velocity decreases in the proximity of the receptors, and then regains its normal value after traversing the region, suggesting a dissipative friction-like connection. In this work, we develop a minimal theoretical model to re-examine... 

    The effects of recombination lifetime on efficiency and JV characteristics of InxGa1-xN/GaN quantum dot intermediate band solar cell

    , Article Physica E: Low-Dimensional Systems and Nanostructures ; Volume 42, Issue 9 , July , 2010 , Pages 2353-2357 ; 13869477 (ISSN) Es'Haghi Gorji, N ; Movla, H ; Sohrabi, F ; Hosseinpour, A ; Rezaei, M ; Babaei, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    We introduce a new third generation of solar cell structure which inserts different-sized quantum dots in the active region of a pin structure. Generating an intermediate band in the bandgap of the host material makes a good overlap with a part of solar spectrum. The effect of the recombination mechanisms on efficiency and currentvoltage characteristics of this intermediate band solar cell is calculated. We deduce that the increase in recombination lifetime of the excited carriers can improve the characteristics of this structure. This result can be a route which helps us to take the effect on solar cell characteristics into consideration  

    Type V collagen in scar tissue regulates the size of scar after heart injury

    , Article Cell ; Volume 182, Issue 3 , 2020 , Pages 545-562.e23 Yokota, T ; McCourt, J ; Ma, F ; Ren, S ; Li, S ; Kim, T. H ; Kurmangaliyev, Y. Z ; Nasiri, R ; Ahadian, S ; Nguyen, T ; Tan, X. H. M ; Zhou, Y ; Wu, R ; Rodriguez, A ; Cohn, W ; Wang, Y ; Whitelegge, J ; Ryazantsev, S ; Khademhosseini, A ; Teitell, M. A ; Chiou, P. Y ; Birk, D. E ; Rowat, A. C ; Crosbie, R. H ; Pellegrini, M ; Seldin, M ; Lusis, A. J ; Deb, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Cell Press  2020
    Scar tissue size following myocardial infarction is an independent predictor of cardiovascular outcomes, yet little is known about factors regulating scar size. We demonstrate that collagen V, a minor constituent of heart scars, regulates the size of heart scars after ischemic injury. Depletion of collagen V led to a paradoxical increase in post-infarction scar size with worsening of heart function. A systems genetics approach across 100 in-bred strains of mice demonstrated that collagen V is a critical driver of postinjury heart function. We show that collagen V deficiency alters the mechanical properties of scar tissue, and altered reciprocal feedback between matrix and cells induces...