Search for: deformation
Total 1109 records
Article Engineering Computations (Swansea, Wales) ; Volume 20, Issue 3-4 , 2003 , Pages 248-273 ; 02644401 (ISSN) ; Bakhshiani, A ; Mofid, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Emerald Group Publishing Ltd 2003
In this paper, a new rate type endochronic constitutive model is introduced to describe deformations in the finite strain range. A new material dependent objective rate of Cauchy stress is suggested based on the general form of spin tensors, defining objective stress rates. The endochronic constitutive equations are extended using the concept of corotational stress rates and additive decomposition of deformation rate. The constitutive relations are specialized for thin-walled tubes under torsion and a procedure for solving the ordinary differential equations for cases of simple and pure torsion is developed. The axial effects for various materials, subjected to simple and pure torsion, are...
Upper bound analysis of deformation and dynamic ageing behavior in elevated temperature equal channel angular pressing of Al-Mg-Si alloys, Article Metals and Materials International ; Volume 16, Issue 3 , June , 2010 , Pages 363-369 ; 15989623 (ISSN) ; Karimi Taheri, A ; Seop Kim, H ; Sharif University of Technology
In the present study, the plastic deformation and dynamic strain ageing behavior of Al-6082 (Al-Mg-Si) alloy treated with elevated temperature equal channel angular pressing (ECAP) were investigated using upper bound analyses. Tensile tests were carried out over wide ranges of temperature and strain rate in order to evaluate the dynamic ageing conditions. ECAP processing was then experimentally performed at temperatures from room temperature up to 200 °C under various strain rates ranging between 10-4 s-1 and 10-1 s-1 . The upper bound analysis solutions and the experimental results are comparable. A theoretical dynamic ageing region was found to be in the temperature range of 90 °C to 260...
Elastic-plastic modeling of kinematic hardening materials based on F = FeFp decomposition and the logarithmic strain tensor, Article Proceedings of the 7th Biennial Conference on Engineering Systems Design and Analysis - 2004, Manchester, 19 July 2004 through 22 July 2004 ; Volume 1 , 2004 , Pages 337-342 ; 0791841731 (ISBN); 9780791841730 (ISBN) ; Naghdabadi, R ; Sharif University of Technology
American Society of Mechanical Engineers 2004
In this paper, based on the multiplicative decomposition of the deformation gradient tensor an elastic-plastic modeling of kinematic hardening materials is introduced. In this model, the elastic constitutive equation as well as the flow rule and hardening equation are expressed in terms of the corotational rate of the elastic and plastic logarithmic strains. As an application, the simple shear problem is solved and the stress components are plotted versus shear displacement for a kinematic hardening material
Article Journal of Applied Polymer Science ; Volume 87, Issue 13 , 2003 , Pages 2171-2176 ; 00218995 (ISSN) ; Bagheri, R ; Seyed Reihani, S. M ; Forunchi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
A great amount of work has been done over the past few years to understand the structure-properties relationship in polypropylene/glass fiber composites. This is because of the very fast-growing rate of polypropylene applications in the automotive and other industries. This work focused on the role of glass fibers and fiber-matrix adhesion on deformation mechanism. Composites with different fiber content, with and without adhesion promoter, were fabricated. Tensile tests and microscopy techniques were conducted. Based on the results, a physical model has been proposed that illustrates the initiation and growth of the damage under static loading condition. According to this work, the...
Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 7, Issue 1 , 2000 , Pages 41-49 ; 10263098 (ISSN) ; Simchi, A ; Moradkhani, D ; Ashtari, M ; Khorsand, H ; Davami, P ; Sharif University of Technology
Sharif University of Technology 2000
In this study, microstructural aspects that control fracture and deformation resistance of P/M materials are evaluated. Several low-alloy steels were produced under both experimental and commercial conditions for achieving different matrix phases and porosity levels with varying shape factors. A 'porosity map' was constructed and used for a quantified study of the dominant mechanism controlling mechanical behaviors. The role of inclusion gathering and secondary pores, as well as sintering mechanism and alloying method is considered and discussed. The mechanism assessment was performed by using microstructure examination through optical and scanning electron microscopy. The results...
Article Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science ; Volume 44, Issue 13 , December , 2013 , Pages 5853-5860 ; 10735623 (ISSN) ; Taheri, A. K ; Kim, H. S ; Sharif University of Technology
The current study proposes a simple constitutive model that integrates the kinetics of precipitation during static aging and the kinetics of precipitate dissolution during preheating to deformation temperature to predict the hot flow behavior of AA6063 alloy. The model relates the flow behavior of the age-hardenable alloy to the alloy chemistry, thermal history as well as deformation temperature, strain, and strain rate by means of a physically based model. Different aging conditions, including supersaturated solid solution and overaging conditions with different deformation parameters, were assessed. Each part of the model was in good agreement with those of experimental and other model...
Article Iranian Journal of Mathematical Sciences and Informatics ; Volume 6, Issue 2 , 2011 , Pages 33-41 ; 17354463 (ISSN) ; Sharif University of Technology
This paper is devoted to deformation theory of "anabelian" representations of the absolute Galois group landing in outer automorphism group of the algebraic fundamental group of a hyperbolic smooth curve defined over a number-field. In the first part of this paper, we obtained several universal deformations for Lie-algebra versions of the above representation using the Schlessinger criteria for functors on Artin local rings. In the second part, we use a version of Schlessinger criteria for functors on the Artinian category of nilpotent Lie algebras which is formulated by Pridham, and explore arithmetic applications
Article Iranian Journal of Mathematical Sciences and Informatics ; Volume 6, Issue 1 , 2011 , Pages 35-52 ; 17354463 (ISSN) ; Sharif University of Technology
To a hyperbolic smooth curve defined over a number-field one naturally associates "ananabelian" representation of the absolute Galois group of the base field landing in outer automorphism group of the algebraic fundamental group. In this paper, we introduce several deformation problems for Lie-algebra versions of the above representation and show that, this way we get a richer structure than those coming from deformations of "abelian" Galois representations induced by the Tate module of associated Jacobian variety. We develop an arithmetic deformation theory of graded Lie algebras with finite dimensional graded components to serve our purpose
Article Applied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing ; Volume 105, Issue 4 , 2011 , Pages 875-880 ; 09478396 (ISSN) ; Sarvari, R ; Sharif University of Technology
A new method for modeling and analysis of deformed carbon nanotubes (CNTs) using Green's function, is presented in this paper, for the first time. Using the proposed method, a new circuit model is obtained for the deformation region of a deformed single-walled CNT (SWCNT), which the values of its elements depend on the type of deformation and also the deformation parameters such as the coupling matrices and the energy variations of deformation region. The comparison between the obtained results from the analysis of proposed model and the literature gives a good match which approves the accuracy and correctness of the proposed model
Article Journal of Materials Processing Technology ; Volume 155-156, Issue 1-3 , 2004 , Pages 1905-1911 ; 09240136 (ISSN) ; Sharif University of Technology
In this paper, results of an investigation on the strain hardening responses of superalloy MP35N with two average grain sizes of 38 and 1 μm, during room temperature tensile testing are reported. The microstructural evolution of the deformed samples was studied using optical and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) techniques. The strain hardening behavior of the 38 μm material was rather similar to that previously reported for low stacking fault energy (SFE) fee alloys. The plastic behavior of the fine grain material, however, was unexpected. In the strain range of 0.1-0.4, the work hardening rate of the fine grain size sample was evidently lower than that of the large grain size...
Article Materials and Design ; Volume 25, Issue 3 , 2004 , Pages 247-250 ; 02613069 (ISSN) ; Bagheri, R ; Lazzeri, A ; Serajzadeh, S ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2004
The main goal of this study is to further understanding of the role of rubber particles on deformation mechanisms in PP/EPR blend. For doing this standard tensile specimens were produced using injection molding. The results of microscopic evaluation of tensile specimen after some stretching show that damage forms in some points and then propagates in different directions. Also some elongated voids are observed, those are probably formed due to cavitation of rubber particles or debonding at the interface. With regard to achieved micrographs one may conclude that the deformation mechanism in PP/EPR blend can be massive dilatational shear banding due to repeated cavitation. © 2003 Elsevier Ltd....
Article International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture ; Volume 43, Issue 14 , 2003 , Pages 1487-1495 ; 08906955 (ISSN) ; Sharif University of Technology
In this study, a mathematical model is presented for predicting temperature and velocity fields together with dynamic and static microstructural changes during hot rod rolling utilizing a finite element model. For doing so, heat transfer and plasticity equations are coupled with the additivity rule and Avrami rate-equation to consider the dynamic and static microstructural changes as well as to evaluate the effects of temperature and strain rate variations on flow stress of rolling metal. To verify the results of the employed model, a comparison is made between the measured surface temperature during rod rolling and the predicted data that confirms the validity of the model. © 2003 Elsevier...
Article Proceedings of the Eight International Conference on Civil and Structural Engineering Computing, Vienna, 19 September 2001 through 21 September 2001 ; 2001 , Pages 75-76 ; 0948749768 (ISBN) ; Sharif University of Technology
The individual and combined effect of shear deformation and rotary inertia on the columns was discussed. It was shown that the shear deformation effect always tends to reduce the buckling load. It was observed that rotary inertia for supported columns has no effect on the buckling load. The critical buckling load of perfect columns subjected to static axial loading was calculated using the Euler-Bernoulli theory
Article Metals and Materials International ; Volume 24, Issue 2 , 2018 , Pages 401-414 ; 15989623 (ISSN) ; Kazeminezhad, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Korean Institute of Metals and Materials 2018
The annealed 1050-aluminum sheets were initially subjected to the severe plastic deformation through two passes of constrained groove pressing (CGP) process. The obtained specimens were post-deformed by friction stir processing at room and cryogenic temperature cooling media. The microstructure evolutions during mentioned processes in terms of grain structure, misorientation distribution, and grain orientation spread (GOS) were characterized using electron backscattered diffraction. The annealed sample contained a large number of “recrystallized” grains and relatively large fraction (78%) of high-angle grain boundaries (HAGBs). When CGP process was applied on the annealed specimen, the...
Article International Journal of Solids and Structures ; Volume 44, Issue 22-23 , 2007 , Pages 7457-7467 ; 00207683 (ISSN) ; Naghdabadi, R ; Sharif University of Technology
In this paper some expressions for stresses conjugate to two-point deformation tensors are derived. These expressions are offered in both the component and basis-free forms. Although, the material time rate of a two-point deformation tensor is not an objective quantity, the stress tensor conjugate to it may be determined. The component-form expressions are obtained by using the notion of conjugacy together with the objectivity of the stress power. The component-form expressions are then extended to a unified basis-free form, using a theorem established for this purpose. The specific results are provided for all different cases of distinct and coalescent principal stretches in a...
Dependency modeling of steady state grain size on the stacking fault energy through severe plastic deformation, Article Materials Letters ; Volume 159 , November , 2015 , Pages 410-412 ; 0167577X (ISSN) ; Kazeminezhad, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Recent investigations have shown that the steady state grain size of severely deformed materials is dependent on the stacking fault energy. In this paper, a model is presented to investigate such a dependency which uses thermodynamics based calculations. The present model shows that the relationship between the steady state grain size and the stacking fault energy of material is in power law form, directly. Furthermore, the model shows that the steady state grain size has an exponential relationship with the self-diffusion activation energy and a decrease in the self-diffusion activation energy increases the steady state grain size. The model predictions are in good agreement with the...
Kinematics and kinetics description of thermoelastic finite deformation from multiplicative decomposition of deformation gradient viewpoint, Article Mechanics Research Communications ; Volume 37, Issue 6 , 2010 , Pages 515-519 ; 00936413 (ISSN) ; Kargarnovin, M. H ; Sharif University of Technology
In this paper, using the multiplicative decomposition of the deformation gradient into mechanical and thermal parts, both kinematic and kinetic aspects of finite deformation thermoelasticity are considered. At first, the kinematics of the thermoelastic continua in the purely thermal process of nonisothermal deformation is investigated for finite deformation thermoelasticity. Also, a linear relation between the thermal expansion tensor and the rate of the thermal deformation tensor is presented. In order to model the mechanical behavior of thermoelastic continua in the stress-producing process of nonisothermal deformation, an isothermal effective stress-strain equation based on the...
Article Materials Transactions ; Volume 51, Issue 1 , 2010 , Pages 46-50 ; 13459678 (ISSN) ; Nagasekhar, A. V ; Yoo, J. H ; El Aal, M. I. A ; Vaseghi, M ; Kim, H. S ; Sharif University of Technology
In current studies, equal channel angular pressing process (ECAP) and modified ECAP processes are simulated under ideal conditions to compare the deformation characteristics. The deformation behaviour is more complicated and the strain induced during the processes is highly non-uniform in the modified ECAP processes except in the equal channel multi-angular pressing (ECMAP) process with Route C. The strain homogeneity is more of a possibility with ECAP and ECMAP with Route C processes. The deformation stress state is widely distributed in nature in modified ECAP processes than in conventional ECAP. In addition, the load requirements are also higher in modified ECAP processes with that of the...
Article Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids ; Volume 145 , 2020 ; Naghdabadi, R ; Sohrabpour, S ; Li, Y ; Hu, Y ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2020
In the present study, for the first time, a thermodynamically consistent large deformation theory is developed to model the multi physics problem of axonal swelling which is the hallmark of most of the brain diseases. To this end, the relevant axonal compartments are first explained and the corresponding model parts are introduced. Next, the problem is formulated as an open thermodynamic system and the corresponding constitutive and evolution equations are extracted utilizing the balance laws. Here, a multiplicative decomposition of the deformation gradient is used to capture the active behavior of the axonal actin cortex. Specific free energy functions are given for the model parts to...
Article Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance ; Volume 26, Issue 3 , 2017 , Pages 1311-1324 ; 10599495 (ISSN) ; Kazeminezhad, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Springer New York LLC 2017
Flow stress and ductility behaviors of the annealed and severely deformed Al were investigated at warm deformation temperatures. Constrained groove pressing (CGP) method as a severe plastic deformation process was used. The tensile test was carried out at the temperature range of the 298-573 K and strain rate range of 0.001-0.1 s−1 to present the elevated temperature deformation behavior utilizing hyperbolic sine constitutive equation. The flow stress of the CGPed sample is increased with the number of CGP passes and decreased with temperature. Dynamic recovery and strain softening are found as main restoration mechanisms. Flow stress amounts are not remarkably affected by the strain rate....