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    A new approach based on ant algorithm for Volt/Var control in distribution network considering distributed generation

    , Article Iranian Journal of Science and Technology, Transaction B: Engineering ; Volume 29, Issue 4 , 2005 , Pages 385-398 ; 03601307 (ISSN) Niknam, T ; Ranjbar, A. M ; Shirani, A. R ; Ostadi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2005
    Abstract
    Recently, in many countries, power systems are moving towards creating a competitive structure for trading electrical energy. These changes, along with the numerous advantages of the Distributed Generators (DGs), have created more incentives for distribution companies to use these kinds of generators more than ever before. The Volt/Var control is one of the most important control schemes in distribution networks, which can be affected by DGs. This paper presents a new approach for the Volt/ Var control in distribution networks. The output reactive powers of the DGs, Static Var Compensators (SVCs), Load Tap Changers (LTCs) and the settings of the local controllers are chosen as the control... 

    Dynamic Gossip

    , Article Bulletin of the Iranian Mathematical Society ; Volume 45, Issue 3 , 2019 , Pages 701-728 ; 10186301 (ISSN) van Ditmarsch, H ; van Eijck, J ; Pardo, P ; Ramezanian, R ; Schwarzentruber, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer International Publishing  2019
    Abstract
    A gossip protocol is a procedure for spreading secrets among a group of agents, using a connection graph. The goal is for all agents to get to know all secrets, in which case we call the execution of the protocol successful. We consider distributed and dynamic gossip protocols. In distributed gossip, the agents themselves instead of a global scheduler determine whom to call. In dynamic gossip, not only secrets are exchanged but also telephone numbers (agent identities). This results in increased graph connectivity. We define six such distributed dynamic gossip protocols, and we characterize them in terms of the topology of the graphs on which they are successful, wherein we distinguish... 

    Reliability improvement of distribution systems using SSVR

    , Article ISA Transactions ; Volume 48, Issue 1 , 2009 , Pages 98-106 ; 00190578 (ISSN) Hosseini, M ; Shayanfar, H. A ; Fotuhi Firuzabad, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2009
    Abstract
    This paper presents a reliability assessment algorithm for distribution systems using a Static Series Voltage Regulator (SSVR). Furthermore, this algorithm considers the effects of Distributed Generation (DG) units, alternative sources, system reconfiguration, load shedding and load adding on distribution system reliability indices. In this algorithm, load points are classified into 8 types and separated restoration times are considered for each class. Comparative studies are conducted to investigate the impacts of DG and alternative source unavailability on the distribution system reliability. For reliability assessment, the customer-oriented reliability indices such as SAIFI, SAIDI, CAIDI... 

    Multistage expansion co-planning of integrated natural gas and electricity distribution systems

    , Article Energies ; Volume 12, Issue 6 , 2019 ; 19961073 (ISSN) Jooshaki, M ; Abbaspour, A ; Fotuhi Firuzabad, M ; Moeini Aghtaie, M ; Lehtonen, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    MDPI AG  2019
    Abstract
    This paper focuses on expansion co-planning studies of natural gas and electricity distribution systems. The aim is to develop a mixed-integer linear programming (MILP) model for such problems to guarantee the finite convergence to optimality. To this end, at first the interconnection of electricity and natural gas networks at demand nodes is modelled by the concept of energy hub (EH). Then, mathematical model of expansion studies associated with the natural gas, electricity and EHs are extracted. The optimization models of these three expansion studies incorporate investment and operation costs. Based on these separate planning problems, which are all in the form of mixed-integer nonlinear... 

    Multistage expansion co-planning of integrated natural gas and electricity distribution systems

    , Article Energies ; Volume 12, Issue 6 , 2019 ; 19961073 (ISSN) Jooshaki, M ; Abbaspour, A ; Fotuhi Firuzabad, M ; Moeini Aghtaie, M ; Lehtonen, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    MDPI AG  2019
    Abstract
    This paper focuses on expansion co-planning studies of natural gas and electricity distribution systems. The aim is to develop a mixed-integer linear programming (MILP) model for such problems to guarantee the finite convergence to optimality. To this end, at first the interconnection of electricity and natural gas networks at demand nodes is modelled by the concept of energy hub (EH). Then, mathematical model of expansion studies associated with the natural gas, electricity and EHs are extracted. The optimization models of these three expansion studies incorporate investment and operation costs. Based on these separate planning problems, which are all in the form of mixed-integer nonlinear... 

    Developing a hierarchical scheme for outage management in multi-microgrids

    , Article IEEE Eindhoven PowerTech, PowerTech 2015 ; 2015 ; 9781479976935 (ISBN) Farzin, H ; Fotuhi Firuzabad, M ; Moeini Aghtaie, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    This paper investigates the performance of a smart distribution system comprised of multi-microgrids during emergency conditions. It also proposes a hierarchical scheme for outage management in such a system to enhance the security of supply during contingencies. This goal is achieved through sharing the available generation and storage capacities among different microgrids. In this regard, at first, a well-organized framework is devised in order to introduce the roles and tasks of each player in operation stage of a multi-microgrids system. Based on this framework, the general optimization model that needs to be evaluated in the proposed outage management scheme is formulated. Then, various... 

    Hardening strategy to boost resilience of distribution systems via harnessing a proactive operation model

    , Article 2019 Smart Gird Conference, SGC 2019, 18 December 2019 through 19 December 2019 ; 2019 ; 9781728158945 (ISBN) Taheri, B ; Jalilian, A ; Safdarian, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2019
    Abstract
    Nowadays, large-scale power outages induced by ever-growing natural disasters are increasing at a galloping rate. In this regard, this paper aims at improving the resilience of power distribution systems in facing high impact low probability (HILP) events in the planning phase of the system. To this end, optimal switch placement along with the optimal distribution line hardening strategies is proposed to mitigate the repercussions of the natural calamities. So, decreasing the failure probability of the distribution lines alongside the optimal placement of remote-controlled switches (RCSs) to increase the maneuvering capability of the system, the system operator would be able to strengthen... 

    Optimization-based distribution system reliability evaluation: An enhanced MILP model

    , Article 4th International Conference on Smart Energy Systems and Technologies, SEST 2021, 6 September 2021 through 8 September 2021 ; 2021 ; 9781728176604 (ISBN) Jooshaki, M ; Lehtonen, M ; Fotuhi Firuzabad, M ; Munoz Delgado, G ; Contreras, J ; Arroyo, J. M ; University of Vaasa ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2021
    Abstract
    Standard mathematical-programming-based models have attracted considerable attention for optimizing distribution system planning and operation due to their salient advantages. More specifically, mixed-integer linear programming (MILP) has proven very effective in modeling such problems. The availability of optimization software for efficiently solving MILP problems with guaranteed convergence to optimality while providing a measure of the distance to the optimal solution has made MILP models more popular. Although a plethora of efficient MILP formulations have been proposed for planning and operating studies of distribution grids, incorporating reliability into such models is still... 

    Reliability evaluation in power distribution system planning studies

    , Article 2016 International Conference on Probabilistic Methods Applied to Power Systems, PMAPS 2016 - Proceedings, 16 October 2016 through 20 October 2016 ; 2016 ; 9781509019700 (ISBN) Heidari, S ; Fotuhi Firuzabad, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2016
    Abstract
    In distribution system planning studies, reliability evaluation is performed during optimization procedure to calculate the interruption cost, DISCO's income and to check the viability of constraints related to reliability indices. In each iteration of the optimization algorithm a special plan is evaluated that is different from other plans. So the configuration and specification of the network which is one of the input information for reliability evaluation is changing continuously that makes difficulties for this evaluation. To solve these difficulties, this paper presents a systematic method for reliability evaluation in distribution planning studies. The proposed approach can be... 

    Role of outage management strategy in reliability performance of multi-microgrid distribution systems

    , Article IEEE Transactions on Power Systems ; 2017 ; 08858950 (ISSN) Farzin, H ; Fotuhi Firuzabad, M ; Moeini Aghtaie, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    This paper develops a general framework for reliability assessment of multi-microgrid (MMG) distribution systems. It also investigates reliability impacts of coordinated outage man-agement strategies in a MMG distribution network. According to the proposed reliability evaluation framework, which is based on sequential Monte Carlo simulation method, distribution system is divided into smaller sections/microgrids based on protection sys-tem configuration and operating measures are efficiently simulat-ed considering different operation modes. In order to demonstrate the role of outage management strategy in reliability performance of MMG distribution systems, at first, the required features of... 

    Resilience-based framework for switch placement problem in power distribution systems

    , Article IET Generation, Transmission and Distribution ; Volume 12, Issue 5 , March , 2018 , Pages 1223-1230 ; 17518687 (ISSN) Zare Bahramabadi, M ; Abbaspour, A ; Fotuhi Firuzabad, M ; Moeini Aghtaie, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institution of Engineering and Technology  2018
    Abstract
    Optimal placement of switches can play a key role in providing resilience to power distribution systems against major faults caused by natural disasters. This study presents a resilience-based framework for optimal switch placement in distribution systems being consistent with the expansion plans of distributed generation units. At first, the impact of hurricanes on distribution system components is modelled using the geographic information system of distribution grid and the strength of components against extreme weather-related events. Then, a new resiliency index is proposed to assess the resilience of distribution grids. This index is involved in a mathematical model of the switch... 

    Distribution System Resilience Enhancement through Restoration Paths between DERs and Critical Loads

    , Article 24th Electrical Power Distribution Conference, EPDC 2019, 19 June 2019 through 20 June 2019 ; 2019 , Pages 1-5 ; 9781728133850 (ISBN) Bahrami, M ; Vakilian, M ; Farzin, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2019
    Abstract
    Hardening and operational measures in electrical distribution systems (EDSs) aim at improving the resilience of EDS in case of natural disasters. This paper proposes a novel two-stage framework for establishing optimal restoration paths for supplying critical loads (CLs) in the aftermath of a natural disaster that will improve the resilience of EDSs. To this end, in the first stage, an algorithm is introduced to find all possible candidate paths between available distributed energy resources (DERs) and CLs, the output of which is applied to the second stage, as the inputs. Subsequently, in the second stage, the problem of finding the optimal restoration paths is modeled as a mixed integer... 

    Modeling and optimizing recovery strategies for power distribution system resilience

    , Article IEEE Systems Journal ; Volume 15, Issue 4 , 2021 , Pages 4725-4734 ; 19328184 (ISSN) Arjomandi Nezhad, A ; Fotuhi Firuzabad, M ; Moeini Aghtaie, M ; Safdarian, A ; Dehghanian, P ; Wang, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2021
    Abstract
    Both frequency and intensity of natural disasters have intensified in recent years. It is, therefore, essential to design effective strategies to minimize their catastrophic consequences. Optimizing recovery tasks, including distribution system reconfiguration (DSR) and repair sequence optimization (RSO), are the key to enhance the agility of disaster recovery. This article aims to develop a resilience-oriented DSR and RSO optimization model and a mechanism to quantify the recovery agility. In doing so, a new metric is developed to quantify the recovery agility and to identify the optimal resilience enhancement strategies. The metric is defined as 'the number of recovered customers divided... 

    GDCluster: A general decentralized clustering algorithm

    , Article IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering ; Volume 27, Issue 7 , 2015 , Pages 1892-1905 ; 10414347 (ISSN) Mashayekhi, H ; Habibi, J ; Khalafbeigi, T ; Voulgaris, S ; Van Steen, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    IEEE Computer Society  2015
    Abstract
    In many popular applications like peer-to-peer systems, large amounts of data are distributed among multiple sources. Analysis of this data and identifying clusters is challenging due to processing, storage, and transmission costs. In this paper, we propose GDCluster, a general fully decentralized clustering method, which is capable of clustering dynamic and distributed data sets. Nodes continuously cooperate through decentralized gossip-based communication to maintain summarized views of the data set. We customize GDCluster for execution of the partition-based and density-based clustering methods on the summarized views, and also offer enhancements to the basic algorithm. Coping with... 

    A hierarchical scheme for outage management in multi-microgrids

    , Article International Transactions on Electrical Energy Systems ; Volume 26, Issue 9 , 2016 , Pages 2023-2037 ; 20507038 (ISSN) Farzin, H ; Moeini Aghtaie, M ; Fotuhi Firuzabad, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    John Wiley and Sons Ltd  2016
    Abstract
    This paper investigates the operation of a smart distribution system comprised of multiple microgrids during emergency conditions. It proposes a two-stage hierarchical scheme for outage management in such a system to enhance the security of supply during contingencies. This goal is achieved through sharing the available generation and storage capacities among different microgrids. In doing so, a well-organized framework is devised in order to introduce the roles and tasks of each player in operation stage of a multi-microgrids system. Based on this framework, the general optimization model that needs to be evaluated at each stage of the proposed outage management scheme is formulated. In... 

    Dynamical hybrid observer for pressure swing adsorption processes

    , Article IFAC-PapersOnLine ; Volume 50, Issue 1 , 2017 , Pages 10196-10201 ; 24058963 (ISSN) Fakhroleslam, M ; Boozarjomehry, R. B ; Fatemi, S ; Fiore, G ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    A dynamical hybrid observer is proposed for online reconstruction of the active mode and continuous states of Pressure Swing Adsorption (PSA) processes as an integral part of a hybrid control system. A mode observer is designed for estimation of the active mode, and the continuous spatial profiles are estimated by a Distributed and Decentralized Switching Kalman Filter. The proposed hybrid observer has been applied, in silico, for a two-bed, six-step PSA process. The active mode of the process along with the continuous spatial profiles of its adsorption beds have been estimated quite accurately based on very limited number of noise corrupted temperature and pressure measurements. © 2017  

    Distributed generation planning for losses, voltage profile, line congestion and total system cost improvement

    , Article International Review of Electrical Engineering ; Volume 4, Issue 3 , 2009 , Pages 434-440 ; 18276660 (ISSN) Porkar, S ; Poure, P ; Abbaspour Tehrani fard, A ; Saadate, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    2009
    Abstract
    The main goal of this paper is to obtain the optimal Distributed Generation (DG) investments as well as purchase additional power from Transmission Companies (TRANSCOs). To do this, a new mathematical modeling and a new software package interfacing between the two powerful softwares MATLAB and GAMS are used. The proposed model optimizes total system planning costs and consequently costumers' bills, reduces total system losses, guaranties system voltage profiles and prevents feeders' congestion. This new model and software package have been executed in two different cases depending if system voltage profiles are in their permissible margin or not; in each case, three different scenarios are... 

    Modeling of Static Series Voltage Regulator (SSVR) in distribution systems for voltage improvement and loss reduction

    , Article Leonardo Electronic Journal of Practices and Technologies ; Volume 7, Issue 12 , 2008 , Pages 61-82 ; 15831078 (ISSN) Hosseini, M ; Shayanfar, H. A ; Fotuhi Firuzabad, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2008
    Abstract
    This paper introduces the modeling of Static Series Voltage Regulator (SSVR) in the load flow calculations for steady-state voltage compensation and loss reduction. For this approach, an accurate model for SSVR is derived to use in load flow calculations. The rating of this device as well as direction of required reactive power injection to compensate voltage to the desired value (1p.u.) is derived, discussed analytically, and mathematically using phasor diagram method. Since performance of SSVR varies when it reaches to its maximum capacity, modeling of SSVR in its maximum rating of reactive power injection is derived. The validity of the proposed model is examined using two standard... 

    Adaptive-passive structural vibration attenuation using distributed absorbers

    , Article Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part K: Journal of Multi-body Dynamics ; Volume 216, Issue 3 , 2002 , Pages 223-235 ; 14644193 (ISSN) Jalili, N ; Esmailzadeh, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    Professional Engineering Publishing  2002
    Abstract
    A distributed dynamic vibration absorber with adaptive capability is presented to improve vibration suppression characteristics of harmonically excited structures. A double-ended cantilever beam carrying intermediate lumped masses forms the absorber subsection. The adaptive capability is achieved through concurrent adjustment of the positions of the moving masses, along the beam, to comply with the desired optimal performance. The necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of periodic oscillatory behaviour, along with some physical bounds placed on the absorber parameters, form a constrained optimization problem for the optimum tuning strategy. Through numerical simulations it is... 

    Integrated Planning of Electrical and Natural Gas Distribution System for Enhancing the Resilience after Occurrence of Earthquake

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Zare, Amir Reza (Author) ; Eshraghniaye Jahromi, Abdolhamid (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The ever-growing prevalence of gas-fired power plants has paved the way for significant changes in the electrical energy network applications in recent years. As a result, the mutual dependency between natural gas distribution systems and electrical energy distribution systems has been intensified. Thus, the integrated gas and electrical distribution system is faced with notable threats from natural disasters that can lead to disruptions in meeting the critical demands of the consumers as well as high monetary costs. The occurrence of unpredicted natural disasters such as floods, earthquakes, and hurricanes affects the performance of energy infrastructures. Given the low possibility of these...