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    Voltammetric determination of dopamine at the surface of TiO2 nanoparticles modified carbon paste electrode

    , Article International Journal of Electrochemical Science ; Volume 5, Issue 1 , 2010 , Pages 147-157 ; 14523981 (ISSN) Mazloum-Ardakani, M ; Rajabi, H ; Beitollahi, H ; Mirjalili, B.B.F ; Akbari, A ; Taghavinia, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    2010
    Abstract
    In the present paper, the use of a novel carbon paste electrode modified by N,N'(2,3-dihydroxybenzylidene)-1,4-phenylenediamine (DHBPD) and TiO2 nanoparticles prepared by a simple and rapid method for the determination of dopamine (DA) was described. In the first part of the work, cyclic voltammetry was used to investigate the redox properties of this modified electrode at various solution pH values and at various scan rates. A linear segment was found with slope value of about 48 mV/pH in the pH range 2.0 -12.0. The apparent charge transfer rate constant (ks) and transfer coefficient (α) for electron transfer between DHBPD and TiO2 nanoparticles-carbon paste electrode were calculated. In... 

    Laccase activity assay using surface plasmon resonance band of gold nanoparticles formed by dopamine

    , Article Plasmonics ; 2017 , Pages 1-7 ; 15571955 (ISSN) Pashangeh, Kh ; Hormozi Nezhad, M. R ; Akhond, M ; Absalan, G ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    A simple, fast, and sensitive colorimetric technique for determination of laccase activity using dopamine (DA) induced growth of colloidal gold nanoparticles is proposed. It was found that the reduction of AuCl4 − to colloidal gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) by dopamine (DA) in the presence of citrate ion as stabilizing agent produced a very intense surface plasmon resonance peak of AuNPs at 530 nm. As the activity of laccase (at fixed concentration of DA) increases, the oxidation of DA to dopamine-o-quinone (DOQ) is enhanced. The latter product could not act as the reducing agent for the reduction of AuCl4 − to AuNPs. So, as the activity of laccase increases, the absorbance characteristic to the... 

    Laccase activity assay using surface plasmon resonance band of gold nanoparticles formed by dopamine

    , Article Plasmonics ; Volume 13, Issue 4 , 2018 , Pages 1409-1415 ; 15571955 (ISSN) Pashangeh, K ; Hormozi Nezhad, M. R ; Akhond, M ; Absalan, G ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer New York LLC  2018
    Abstract
    A simple, fast, and sensitive colorimetric technique for determination of laccase activity using dopamine (DA) induced growth of colloidal gold nanoparticles is proposed. It was found that the reduction of AuCl4 − to colloidal gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) by dopamine (DA) in the presence of citrate ion as stabilizing agent produced a very intense surface plasmon resonance peak of AuNPs at 530 nm. As the activity of laccase (at fixed concentration of DA) increases, the oxidation of DA to dopamine-o-quinone (DOQ) is enhanced. The latter product could not act as the reducing agent for the reduction of AuCl4 − to AuNPs. So, as the activity of laccase increases, the absorbance characteristic to the... 

    Electrochemical synthesis of polypyrrole in the presence of congo red; application to selective voltammetric determination of dopamine in the presence of ascorbic acid

    , Article Electroanalysis ; Volume 21, Issue 2 , 2009 , Pages 157-164 ; 10400397 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Zare Mehrjardi, H. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2009
    Abstract
    The electrosynthesis of polypyrrole (PPy) film has been achieved on glassy carbon electrode (GCE) in aqueous medium of Congo red (CR) by means of cyclic voltammetry (CV). The modified electrode exhibits high electrocatalytic activity toward dopamine (DA) oxidation, with drastic enhancement of the reversibility and peak currents. This modified electrode, due to electrostatic interactions, is capable to mask the response of ascorbic acid (AA) completely and provide an effective method for the detection of minor amounts of dopamine in the presence of high concentrations of AA. The electrochemical response of the film modified electrode is strongly dependent to the switching potential applied in... 

    Thermodynamic complexation of dopamine with magnesium (II) in media with different dielectric constants

    , Article Main Group Metal Chemistry ; Volume 31, Issue 1-2 , 2008 , Pages 81-91 ; 07921241 (ISSN) Bagheri, A ; Boghaei, D. M ; Monajjemi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Walter de Gruyter GmbH  2008
    Abstract
    The solution equilibria of magnesium (II) complex formed with bidentate ligand of dopamine in acidic media (pH=∼4-∼6) have been studied in cosolvent systems at 15, 25, 35 ± 0.1° C and 1=0.2 mol.dm-3 sodium chloride, using phosphate buffer, with spectrophotometric methods. Evidence for the 2:1 complex was not observed for magnesium. The stability constant of the complex was determined KMg(HL)+ = ∼9 and the resulting free-energy changes obtained. The protonation constant of dopamine was determined under the above conditions. The results are discussed in terms of the effect of solvent on protonation and complexation  

    Ultrathin carbon nanoparticle composite film electrodes: distinguishing dopamine and ascorbate

    , Article Electroanalysis ; Volume 19, Issue 10 , 2007 , Pages 1032-1038 ; 10400397 (ISSN) Amiri, M ; Shahrokhian, S ; Marken, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    2007
    Abstract
    Ultrathin carbon nanoparticle-poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) films (CNP-PDDAC films) are formed on tin-doped indium oxide (ITO) electrodes in a layer-by-layer electrostatic deposition process employing 9-18 nm diameter carbon particles. Transparent and strongly adhering films of high electrical conductivity are formed and characterized in terms of their electrochemical reactivity. When immersed in aqueous 0.1 M phosphate buffer pH 7, each layer of CNP-PDDAC (of ca. 5-6 nm average thickness) is adding an interfacial capacitance of ca. 10 μF cm-2. Absorption into the CNP-PDDAC nanocomposite film is dominated by the sites in the PDDAC cationomer and therefore anionic molecules such as... 

    A smartphone-based fluorescent electronic tongue for tracing dopaminergic agents in human urine

    , Article ACS Chemical Neuroscience ; Volume 12, Issue 17 , 2021 , Pages 3157-3166 ; 19487193 (ISSN) Shahdost Fard, F ; Bigdeli, A ; Hormozi Nezhad, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Chemical Society  2021
    Abstract
    The importance of tracing dopaminergic agents in the progression assessment of Parkinson's disease has boosted the demand for fast, sensitive, and real-time multi-analyte detection. Herein, visual and fingerprint fluorimetric patterns have been created by an optical sensor array to simultaneously detect and discriminate among levodopa, carbidopa, benserazide, and entacapone, as important dopaminergic agents. A dual emissive nanoprobe consisting of red quantum dots and blue carbon dots with an overall pink emission has been fabricated to provide unique emission patterns in the presence of the target analytes. The sensor elements in the array come from it's differential response in the absence... 

    Gold electrode modified with self-assembled monolayer of cysteamine-functionalized mwcnt and its application in simultaneous determination of dopamine and uric acid

    , Article Electroanalysis ; Volume 24, Issue 2 , February , 2012 , Pages 425-432 ; 10400397 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Mahdavi Shakib, A ; Ghalkhani, M ; Saberi, R. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    The voltammetric behavior of dopamine (DA) and uric acid (UA) on a gold electrode modified with self-assembled monolayer (SAM) of cysteamine (CA) conjugated with functionalized multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) was investigated. The film modifier of functionalized SAM was characterized by means of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and also, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) using para-hydroquinone (PHQ) as a redox probe. For the binary mixture of DA and UA, the voltammetric signals of these two compounds can be well separated from each other, allowing simultaneous determination of DA and UA. The effect of various experimental parameters on the voltammetric responses of DA and... 

    Electrochemical oxidation of dopamine in the presence of sulfhydryl compounds: Application to the square-wave voltammetric detection of penicillamine and cysteine

    , Article Electrochimica Acta ; Volume 51, Issue 20 , 2006 , Pages 4271-4276 ; 00134686 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Bozorgzadeh, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    2006
    Abstract
    Electro-oxidation of dopamine at a glassy carbon electrode was investigated in the presence of some biologically important thiols (R-SH), e.g. cysteine and penicillamine. Results of cyclic voltammetric studies together with the spectrophotometric foundations via Ellman's test during the controlled-potential coulometry show a nucleophilic addition/reduction of thiol to the electrochemically generated dopaminoquinone by a 1 + 4 Michael addition. The resulting ring substituted substrate (as RS-form) is more easily oxidized leading to an increase in the anodic current of dopamine, which is proportional to the concentration of thiol. The square-wave voltammetry (SWV) were applied as a very... 

    Individual differences in nucleus accumbens dopamine receptors predict development of addiction-like behavior: A computational approach

    , Article Neural Computation ; Volume 22, Issue 9 , 2010 , Pages 2334-2368 ; 08997667 (ISSN) Piray, P ; Keramati, M. M ; Dezfouli, A ; Lucas, C ; Mokri, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2010
    Abstract
    Clinical and experimental observations show individual differences in the development of addiction. Increasing evidence supports the hypothesis that dopamine receptor availability in the nucleus accumbens (NAc) predisposes drug reinforcement. Here, modeling striatal-midbrain dopaminergic circuit, we propose a reinforcement learning model for addiction based on the actor-critic model of striatum. Modeling dopamine receptors in the NAc as modulators of learning rate for appetitive-but not aversive-stimuli in the critic-but not the actor-we define vulnerability to addiction as a relatively lower learning rate for the appetitive stimuli, compared to aversive stimuli, in the critic. We... 

    Application of thionine-nafion supported on multi-walled carbon nanotube for preparation of a modified electrode in simultaneous voltammetric detection of dopamine and ascorbic acid

    , Article Electrochimica Acta ; Volume 52, Issue 22 , 2007 , Pages 6310-6317 ; 00134686 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Zare Mehrjardi, H. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2007
    Abstract
    A modified carbon-paste electrode (CPE) is prepared by incorporating thionine-nafion supported on multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT). The electrochemical behavior of dopamine (DA) and ascorbic acid (AA) on the surface of the modified electrode is investigated by cyclic voltammetry (CV). The results show that thionine effectively immobilized in the matrix of the paste by using an appropriate mixture of nafion/MWCNT under the ultrasonic condition. On the other hand, presence of nafion enhances the stability of the thionine supported by MWCNT in the composite electrode and improves the reproducibility of the surface of the modified electrode under renewing process by polishing. The results of... 

    Synthesis and Study of Electron Transport through a Self-Assembled Monolayer of Thiol-End-Functionalized Tetraphenylporphyrines and Metalo-Tetraphenylporphyrines and Electrochemical Analysis of Dopamine and Ascorbic Acid with this SAMs

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sanaei, Mahsa (Author) ; Mohammadi Boghaei, Davar (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Self-Assembled Monolayer (SAM) is the first step in all surface engineering and assembly processes. It is used in sensor fabrication, memories and molecular recognition and optoelectronic devises as an active surface for patterning and chemical architecting of solid substrates. Tetraphenyl porphyrins because of their high stability and uniqe electronic and optic properties, that comes from their conjugate π electrons, easily can be used in these monolayers. Moreover they have a wide application because of their ability for coordination with metals and accepting substituents with electron donating and withdrawing properties. Electron transport through these layars which attach to the surface... 

    Fabrication of a Sensor, Based on TiO2 Nanotubes Modified with Metal Nanoparticles and Carbon and its Application for Detection of Dopamine in Presence of Uric Acid and Ascorbic Acid

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Mahshid, Sara (Author) ; Askari, Masoud (Supervisor) ; Dolati, Abolghasem (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The present work describes sensing application of modified TiO2 nanotubes towards detection of dopamine. The TiO2 nanotubes electrode was prepared using anodizing method at different conditions, among which NaF/ NaHSO4 solution and voltage of 15 V was chosen as the optimum condition. In order to improve the performance, surface modification with metal nanoparticles (Pd, Pt and Au) and carbon is required using “pulse electrodeposition” and “decomposition of polyethylene glycol at 600 °C” respectively. Carbon was deposited by decomposition of polyethylene glycol in a tube furnace to improve the conductivity. In this regard two type of electrodes were proposed: Pd-Pt-Au-TiO2 and C-Ni(Pt)-TiO2.... 

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mahdavi Shakib, Akbar (Author) ; Shahrokhian, Saeed (Supervisor)
    Abstract

    This experimental work is of two parts. First, self-assembled monolayers of cysteamine was formed on the gold electrode surface which leaded to the formation of amine groups on the surface; then amine bond was formed between these amine groups and the carboxylic acid groups of acid treated multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs). The modified electrode was used for voltammetric determination of dopamine in the presence of uric acid. In the second part, acid treated MWCNTs were decorated with ruthenium nanoparticles; then the resulting composite was used for surface modification with the exact same procedure as the first part. Ruthenium nanoparticles on the electrode surface were... 

    Mining the potential of label-free biosensors for in vitro antipsychotic drug screening

    , Article Biosensors ; Volume 8, Issue 1 , 2018 ; 20796374 (ISSN) Kilic, T ; Soler, M ; Fahimi Kashani, N ; Altug, H ; Carrara, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    MDPI AG  2018
    Abstract
    The pharmaceutical industry is facing enormous challenges due to high drug attribution rates. For the past decades, novel methods have been developed for safety and efficacy testing, as well as for improving early development stages. In vitro screening methods for drug-receptor binding are considered to be good alternatives for decreasing costs in the identification of drug candidates. However, these methods require lengthy and troublesome labeling steps. Biosensors hold great promise due to the fact that label-free detection schemes can be designed in an easy and low-cost manner. In this paper, for the first time in the literature, we aimed to compare the potential of label-free optical and... 

    Cobalt salophen-modified carbon-paste electrode incorporating a cationic surfactant for simultaneous voltammetric detection of ascorbic acid and dopamine

    , Article Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical ; Volume 121, Issue 2 , 2007 , Pages 530-537 ; 09254005 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Zare Mehrjardi, H. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2007
    Abstract
    A carbon-paste electrode (CPE) is modified by incorporating cobalt-5-nitrosalophen (CoNSal) and tetraoctylammonium bromide (TOAB). The mechanism of electrocatalytic oxidation of dopamine (DA) and ascorbic acid (AA) at the surface of the CoNSal-modified CPE containing various percents of TOAB is thoroughly investigated by cyclic and differential pulse voltammetry. In solutions of pH 5.0, in which all studies are performed, DA exists as the positively charged species whereas AA is mainly as the neutral form. Therefore, the favorable ionic interaction (electrostatic repulsion) between the cationic form of DA and the cationic surfactant (TOA+) caused increasing the overvoltage for DA and... 

    Anxiety and cognitive load affect upper limb motor control in Parkinson's disease during medication phases

    , Article Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences ; Volume 1494, Issue 1 , 2021 , Pages 44-58 ; 00778923 (ISSN) Nodehi, Z ; Mehdizadeh, H ; Azad, A ; Mehdizadeh, M ; Reyhanian, E ; Saberi, Z. S ; Meimandi, M ; Soltanzadeh, A ; Roohi Azizi, M ; Vasaghi Gharamaleki, B ; Parnianpour, M ; Khalaf, K ; Taghizadeh, G ; Sharif University of Technology
    John Wiley and Sons Inc  2021
    Abstract
    Anxiety is among the most debilitating nonmotor symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD). This study aimed to determine how PD patients with low and high levels of anxiety (LA-PD and HA-PD, respectively) compare with age- and sex-matched controls at the level of motor control of reach-to-grasp movements during single- and dual-task conditions with varying complexity. Reach-to-grasp movement kinematics were assessed in 20 LA-PD, 20 HA-PD, and 20 sex- and age-matched healthy controls under single- as well as easy and difficult dual-task conditions. Assessment of PD patients was performed during both the on- and off-drug phases. The results obtained during dual-task conditions reveal deficits in... 

    Development of Ratiometric Sensors Based on Fluorescent Nanostructures for Naked Eye Detection

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Farahmand Nejad, Mohammad Amin (Author) ; Hormozi-Nezhad, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In the first part of this research, we have developed a simple and effective ratiometric fluorescence sensor for selective detection of dopamine (DA) in alkaline media by simply mixing thioglycolic acid (TGA) functionalized orange fluorescent cadmium telluride (CdTe) quantum dots (QDs) with amino-functionalized blue fluorescent carbon nanodots (CDs). Under a single excitation wavelength of 365 nm, the sensor exhibits dual-emissions centered at 445 and 603 nm. The fluorescence of CdTe QDs is selectively quenched by DA, whereas the fluorescence of CDs is insensitive to the analyte. In the presence of different amounts of DA, the variations in the dual emission intensity ratios exhibit a... 

    Sensitive determination of dopamine in the presence of uric acid and ascorbic acid using TiO2 nanotubes modified with Pd, Pt and Au nanoparticles

    , Article Analyst ; Volume 136, Issue 11 , 2011 , Pages 2322-2329 ; 00032654 (ISSN) Mahshid, S ; Li, C ; Mahshid, S. S ; Askari, M ; Dolati, A ; Yang, L ; Luo, S ; Cai, Q ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    A simple modified TiO2 nanotubes electrode was fabricated by electrodeposition of Pd, Pt and Au nanoparticles. The TiO2 nanotubes electrode was prepared using the anodizing method, followed by modifying Pd nanoparticles onto the tubes surface, offering a uniform conductive surface for electrodeposition of Pt and Au. The performance of the modified electrode was characterized by cyclic voltammetry and differential pulse voltammetry methods. The Au/Pt/Pd/TiO2 NTs modified electrode represented a high sensitivity towards individual detection of dopamine as well as simultaneous detection of dopamine and uric acid using 0.1 M phosphate buffer solution (pH 7.00) as the base solution. In both case,... 

    Fabrication of modified TiO 2 nanoparticle carbon paste electrode for simultaneous determination of dopamine, uric acid, and l-cysteine

    , Article Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry ; Volume 13, Issue 9 , 2009 , Pages 1433-1440 ; 14328488 (ISSN) Mazloum Ardakani, M ; Talebi, A ; Naeimi, H ; Nejati Barzoky, M ; Taghavinia, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    2009
    Abstract
    A carbon paste electrode, modified with 2, 2″-[1,7- hepthandiylbis(nitriloethylidyne)]-bis-hydroquinone and TiO 2 nanoparticles, was used for the simultaneous determination of dopamine (DA), uric acid (UA), and l-cysteine. The study was carried out by using cyclic voltammetry, chronoamperometry, and square wave voltammetry (SWV) techniques. Some kinetic parameters such as the electron transfer coefficient (α) and heterogeneous rate constant (k s) were also determined for the DA oxidation. A dynamic range of 8.0-1400 μM, with the detection limit of 8.4∈×∈10 -7 M for DA, was obtained using SWV (pH∈=∈7.0). The prepared electrode was successfully applied for the determination of DA, UA, and...