Search for: drug-mechanism
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    Prevention of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and probiotics: Mechanism of action: A review

    , Article Current Diabetes Reviews ; Volume 16, Issue 6 , 2020 , Pages 538-545 Homayouni, A ; Bagheri, N ; Mohammad Alizadeh Charandabi, S ; Kashani, N ; Mobaraki Asl, N ; Mirghafurvand, M ; Asgharian, H ; Ansari, F ; Pourjafar, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Bentham Science Publishers  2020
    Background: Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is a health problem that is increasing around the world. Introduction: Prevention of GDM, rather than treatment, could have several benefits in terms of both health and economic cost. Even a slight reduction in maternal glucose in non-diabetic women, particularly in women at high risk for GDM, may have significant benefits for pregnancy results and the future health of off-springs. Probiotics are a relatively new intervention, which are assessed by mothers’ metabolism, and can reduce blood sugar levels, prevent gestational diabetes and reduce the maternal and fetal complications resulting from it. The aim of this study was to review the studies... 

    Design of peptide-based inhibitor agent against amyloid-β aggregation: Molecular docking, synthesis and in vitro evaluation

    , Article Bioorganic Chemistry ; Volume 102 , September , 2020 Jokar, S ; Erfani, M ; Bavi, O ; Khazaei, S ; Sharifzadeh, M ; Hajiramezanali, M ; Beiki, D ; Shamloo, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Academic Press Inc  2020
    Formation of the amyloid beta (Aβ) peptide aggregations represents an indispensable role in appearing and progression of Alzheimer disease. β-sheet breaker peptides can be designed and modified with different amino acids in order to improve biological properties and binding affinity to the amyloid beta peptide. In the present study, three peptide sequences were designed based on the hopeful results of LIAIMA peptide and molecular docking studies were carried out onto the monomer and fibril structure of amyloid beta peptide using AutoDock Vina software. According to the obtained interactions and binding energy from docking, the best-designed peptide (D-GABA-FPLIAIMA) was chosen and... 

    Mining the potential of label-free biosensors for in vitro antipsychotic drug screening

    , Article Biosensors ; Volume 8, Issue 1 , 2018 ; 20796374 (ISSN) Kilic, T ; Soler, M ; Fahimi Kashani, N ; Altug, H ; Carrara, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    MDPI AG  2018
    The pharmaceutical industry is facing enormous challenges due to high drug attribution rates. For the past decades, novel methods have been developed for safety and efficacy testing, as well as for improving early development stages. In vitro screening methods for drug-receptor binding are considered to be good alternatives for decreasing costs in the identification of drug candidates. However, these methods require lengthy and troublesome labeling steps. Biosensors hold great promise due to the fact that label-free detection schemes can be designed in an easy and low-cost manner. In this paper, for the first time in the literature, we aimed to compare the potential of label-free optical and... 

    Discovery of a tetracyclic indole alkaloid that postpones fibrillation of hen egg white lysozyme protein

    , Article International Journal of Biological Macromolecules ; Volume 183 , 2021 , Pages 1939-1947 ; 01418130 (ISSN) Ashrafian, H ; Zadeh, E.H ; Tajbakhsh, M ; Majid, N ; Srivastava, G.N ; Khan, R.H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2021
    Protein aggregation, such as amyloid fibril formation, is molecular hallmark of many neurodegenerative disorders including Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, and Prion disease. Indole alkaloids are well-known as the compounds having the ability to inhibit protein fibrillation. In this study, we experimentally and computationally have investigated the anti-amyloid property of a derivative of a synthesized tetracyclic indole alkaloid (TCIA), possessing capable functional groups. The fibrillation reaction of Hen White Egg Lysozyme (HEWL) was performed in absence and presence of the indole alkaloid. For quantitative analysis, we used Thioflovin T binding assay which showed ~50% reduction in fibril... 

    Producing functional recombinant human keratinocyte growth factor in Pichia pastoris and investigating its protective role against irradiation

    , Article Enzyme and Microbial Technology ; Volume 111 , April , 2018 , Pages 12-20 ; 01410229 (ISSN) Bahadori, Z ; Kalhor, H. R ; Mowla, S. J ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Inc  2018
    Keratinocyte Growth Factor (KGF) is a paracrine-acting, epithelial mitogen that plays a prominent role in the regeneration of damaged epithelial tissues. In spite of different attempts to produce recombinant human KGF in many organisms, including bacteria, mammalian cells, plant cells and insect cells; production of recombinant form suffers from lower yields and recovery relative to other recombinant proteins of similar size and properties. Due to many advantages of Pichia pastoris expression systems for producing industrial enzymes and pharmaceutical proteins, in this study P. pastoris was chosen as a host for KGF expression. For preparing human KGF coding sequence, MCF-7 cell line was... 

    Simultaneous controlled release of 5-FU, DOX and PTX from chitosan/PLA/5-FU/g-C3N4-DOX/g-C3N4-PTX triaxial nanofibers for breast cancer treatment in vitro

    , Article Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces ; Volume 179 , 2019 , Pages 495-504 ; 09277765 (ISSN) Habibi Jouybari, M ; Hosseini, S ; Mahboobnia, K ; Boloursaz, L. A ; Moradi, M ; Irani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2019
    In the present study, the tri-layer nanofibers were synthesized via triaxial electrospinning process to control the sustained delivery of Doxorubicin (DOX), Paclitaxel (PTX) and 5- fluorouracil (5-FU) anticancer drugs from nanofibers. The 5-FU molecules were incorporated into the core solution (chitosan/polyvinyl alcohol (CS/PVA)) to fabricate the CS/PVA/5-FU inner layer of nanofibers. The intermediate layer was prepared from poly(lactic acid)/chitosan (PLA/CS) nanofibers. The DOX and PTX molecules were initially loaded into the g-C3N4 nanosheets and following were incorporated into the PLA/CS solution to fabricate the outer layer of nanofibers. The synthesized nanosheets and nanofibers were...