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    Location of unified power flow controller and its parameters setting for congestion management in pool market model using genetic algorithm

    , Article 2006 International Conference on Power Electronics, Drives and Energy Systems, PEDES '06, New Delhi, 12 December 2006 through 15 December 2006 ; 2006 ; 078039772X (ISBN); 9780780397729 (ISBN) Barati, H ; Ehsan, M ; Fotuhi Firuzabad, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2006
    Abstract
    In this paper, AC Optimal Power Flow combined with UPFC has been used to manage the congestion of transmission lines in a restructured power system with pool market model. The modeling of Unified Power Flow Controller (UPFC) has been adopted based on bipolar model and power injection method. To determine an appropriate location for UPFC as well as to set its parameters, an approach based on genetic algorithm has been suggested. The modified IEEE 14-bus system is used to determine the effectiveness and applicability of the proposed method and results are discussed. ©2006 IEEE  

    Robust non-fragile fractional order PID controller for linear time invariant fractional delay systems

    , Article Journal of Process Control ; Vol. 24, issue. 9 , 2014 , pp. 1489-1494 Mesbahi, A ; Haeri, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    A fractional order PID controller is designed to stabilize fractional delay systems with commensurate orders and multiple commensurate delays, where the time delays in the system may belong to several distinct intervals. Moreover, the controller parameters should belong to given intervals. In order to stabilize the system, the D-subdivision method is employed to choose the stabilizing set of the controller parameters from their available values. Furthermore, the nearest values of the obtained stabilizing set to their mean values are selected as the controller parameters so that a non-fragile controller is concluded. Two numerical examples evaluate the proposed control design method  

    Optimal PID control of a nano-Newton CMOS-MEMS capacitive force sensor for biomedical applications

    , Article Mechanics and Industry ; Vol. 15, issue. 2 , January , 2014 , p. 139-145 Mozhdehi, R. J ; Ghafari, A. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    This paper presents closed loop simulation of a CMOS-MEMS force sensor for biomedical applications employing an optimal proportional-integral-derivative controller. Since the dynamic behavior of the sensor under investigation is nonlinear the iterative feedback tuning approach was proposed for optimal gains tuning of the proposed controller. Simulation results presented in this research illustrate that the proposed controller suppresses the undesired in-plane vibration induced by environment or gripper 40 times faster than the nonlinear controller proposed in the literature. To suppress the maximum input disturbance the maximum voltage was approximately 18 V which was less than the pull-in... 

    Robust stability check for fractional PID-based control systems

    , Article Transactions of the Institute of Measurement and Control ; Volume 35, Issue 2 , 2013 , Pages 236-246 ; 01423312 (ISSN) Akbari Moornani, K ; Haeri, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    This paper considers a closed-loop system consisting of a fractional/integer order system and a fractional PID controller. Assuming that the uncertain coefficients of the fractional PID controller lie in some known intervals independently (i.e. that controller is a member of an interval family), the paper presents some easy to use theorems to investigate the robust bounded-input bounded-output stability of the resultant closed-loop system. Moreover, a finite frequency bound required in drawing the related graphs has also been provided. Finally, some numerical examples are presented to illustrate the results  

    Fractional order model reduction approach based on retention of the dominant dynamics: Application in IMC based tuning of FOPI and FOPID controllers

    , Article ISA Transactions ; Volume 50, Issue 3 , July , 2011 , Pages 432-442 ; 00190578 (ISSN) Tavakoli Kakhki, M ; Haeri, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    Fractional order PI and PID controllers are the most common fractional order controllers used in practice. In this paper, a simple analytical method is proposed for tuning the parameters of these controllers. The proposed method is useful in designing fractional order PI and PID controllers for control of complicated fractional order systems. To achieve the goal, at first a reduction technique is presented for approximating complicated fractional order models. Then, based on the obtained reduced models some analytical rules are suggested to determine the parameters of fractional order PI and PID controllers. Finally, numerical results are given to show the efficiency of the proposed tuning... 

    Optimal unified power flow controller application to enhance total transfer capability

    , Article IET Generation, Transmission and Distribution ; Volume 9, Issue 4 , 2015 , Pages 358-368 ; 17518687 (ISSN) Rajabi Ghahnavieh, A ; Fotuhi Firuzabad, M ; Othman, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institution of Engineering and Technology  2015
    Abstract
    For a power transfer path, total transfer capability (TTC) represents maximum power that can be transferred over the transmission system. Unified power flow controller (UPFC) is a device that can be used to increase in TTC. This study presents a new method for optimal UPFC application to minimise power loss while enhancing TTC. Based on UPFC injection model, the solution region of UPFC parameters is first found using the proposed method to maximise TTC. It then searches the solution region to find optimal UPFC control mode and setting to minimise system power loss. The proposed method is applied to the IEEE-Reliability Test System and the UPFC application impact are evaluated. Comparative... 

    Comment on “Design of PID controllers for interval plants with time delay”

    , Article Journal of Process Control ; Volume 44 , 2016 , Pages 160-161 ; 09591524 (ISSN) Firouzbahrami, M ; Nobakhti, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2016
    Abstract
    In [1] three theorems are presented which relate to the problem of stabilizing PID controller design for interval time-delay plants. We present a counterexample for these results  

    Design and assessment of variable-structure LQG PID multivariable controllers

    , Article Optimal Control Applications and Methods ; 2016 ; 01432087 (ISSN) Mousavi, H ; Nobakhti, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    John Wiley and Sons Ltd  2016
    Abstract
    Control Performance Assessment (CPA) and tuning of PID controllers are studied in this paper. We propose a framework for systematic analysis of the tradeoff between the structural complexity of the controller and its performance. As the measure of the controller performance, an LQG based index is used. The problem is augmented with an additional term which forces sparsity on the complexity of a decentralized PID controller. The desired complexity is controlled via a weighting parameter which determines the cost of each additional element (i.e., P, I, and D terms). The result is a decentralized multivariable PID controller in which the complexity of each loop controller is optimized such that... 

    Design and assessment of variable-structure LQG PID multivariable controllers

    , Article Optimal Control Applications and Methods ; Volume 38, Issue 4 , 2017 , Pages 634-652 ; 01432087 (ISSN) Mousavi, H ; Nobakhti, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    John Wiley and Sons Ltd  2017
    Abstract
    Control Performance Assessment (CPA) and tuning of PID controllers are studied in this paper. We propose a framework for systematic analysis of the tradeoff between the structural complexity of the controller and its performance. As the measure of the controller performance, an LQG based index is used. The problem is augmented with an additional term which forces sparsity on the complexity of a decentralized PID controller. The desired complexity is controlled via a weighting parameter which determines the cost of each additional element (i.e., P, I, and D terms). The result is a decentralized multivariable PID controller in which the complexity of each loop controller is optimized such that... 

    Investigation of switching time and pressure head effects on hydro magnetic micro-pump and flow controller

    , Article 2008 Proceedings of the ASME Fluids Engineering Division Summer Conference, FEDSM 2008, 10 August 2008 through 14 August 2008, Jacksonville, FL ; Volume 2 , 2009 , Pages 463-470 ; 9780791848418 (ISBN) Esmaily Moghadam, M ; Shafii, M. B ; Fluids Engineering Division, ASME ; Sharif University of Technology
    2009
    Abstract
    The significant importance of micro-scaled devices in medicine, lab-on-a-chip, and etc resulted in a vast variety of researches. The idea behind the novel hydro magnetic micro-pump and flow controller is that ferromagnetic particles, mixed and dispersed in a carrier fluid, can be accumulated and retained at specific sites to form pistons in a micro-tube using some external magnetic field sources along the micro-tube. This external magnetic field is related to some solenoids, which are turned on and off alternatively. Depending upon dragging speed of these pistons, which itself is a function of switching time, this device can be used to either increase (pumping) or decrease (valving) the flow... 

    The impact of demand response programs on UPFC placement

    , Article Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences ; Volume 27, Issue 6 , 2019 , Pages 4624-4639 ; 13000632 (ISSN) Sharifi Nasab Anari, A ; Ehsan, M ; Fotuhi Firuzabad, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Turkiye Klinikleri  2019
    Abstract
    Demand response (DR) and flexible AC transmission system (FACTS) devices can be effectively used for congestion management in power transmission systems. However, demand response program (DRP) implementation can itself affect the optimum location of FACTS devices, which is one of the main issues in power system planning. This paper investigates the impact of DRPs on unified power flow controller (UPFC) placement. The harmony search algorithm is employed to determine the optimum locations and parameter setting of UPFC in a long-term framework. The optimization problem is solved with different objectives including generation and congestion cost reduction, as well as loss reduction. In this... 

    A distortion-free phase-locked loop system for FACTS and power electronic controllers

    , Article Electric Power Systems Research ; Volume 77, Issue 8 , 2007 , Pages 1095-1100 ; 03787796 (ISSN) Karimi Ghartemani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2007
    Abstract
    This paper presents a single-phase phase-locked loop (PLL) system which is primarily free from the double-frequency ripples from which the conventional PLL system suffers. The proposed PLL is then extended to reject the harmonic components from the input signal and to estimate the phase-angle and frequency of the distorted input signal with no error. Three units of the proposed PLL can be used in three-phase power systems, such as FACTS and HVDC converters, to estimate the phase-angles of the individual phases with no double-frequency ripples and without sensitivity to the presence of harmonics and inter-harmonics. This makes the proposed PLL unique and desirable for applications which... 

    Robust analysis and design of power system load frequency control using the Kharitonov's theorem

    , Article International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems ; Vol. 55, issue , 2014 , p. 51-58 Toulabi, M. R ; Shiroei, M ; Ranjbar, A. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    This paper presents a robust decentralized proportional-integral (PI) control design as a solution of the load frequency control (LFC) in a multi-area power system. In the proposed methodology, the system robustness margin and transient performance are optimized simultaneously to achieve the optimum PI controller parameters. The Kharitonov's theorem is used to determine the robustness margin, i.e., the maximal uncertainty bounds under which the stable performance of the power system is guaranteed. The integral time square error (ITSE) is applied to quantify the transient performance of the LFC system. In order to tune the PI gains, the control objective function is optimized using the... 

    Supervisory predictive control of power system load frequency control

    , Article International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems ; Vol. 61, issue , October , 2014 , p. 70-80 Shiroei, M ; Ranjbar, A. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Objective: The objective of this paper is to develop a hierarchical two-level power system load frequency control. Design: At the button level, standard PI controllers are utilized to control area's frequency and tie-line power interchanges. At the higher layer, model predictive control (MPC) is employed as a supervisory controller to determine the optimal set-point for the PI controllers in the lower layer. The proposed supervisory predictive controller computes the optimal set-points such that to coordinate decentralized local controllers. Blocking and coincidence point technology is employed to alleviate the computational effort of the MPC. In order to achieve the best closed loop... 

    Modeling and control of dissolved oxygen concentration in the fermentation of glucose to gluconic acid

    , Article Periodica Polytechnica: Chemical Engineering ; Volume 57, Issue 1-2 , 2013 , Pages 63-70 ; 03245853 (ISSN) Kazemi, M. A ; Bamdad, H ; Papari, S ; Yaghmaei, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    Fermentation systems are often highly nonlinear, with poorly understood dynamic behaviour of the reactor. In this work, mathematical modeling of the fermentation process based on aeration rate control was performed in a semi-batch airlift loop bioreactor. The bioconversion of glucose to gluconic acid by the Aspergillus niger strain was considered in an oxygen consuming system in the liquid phase. The proper kinetic model for the bioconversion of glucose to gluconic acid was investigated using experimental data from a 40 dm3reactor. Kinetic parameter estimation was used from the literature. The model was validated by experimental data and was compared with the Monod kinetic model. The... 

    Two-level optimal load-frequency control for multi-area power systems

    , Article International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems ; Volume 53, Issue 1 , December , 2013 , Pages 540-547 ; 01420615 (ISSN) Rahmani, M ; Sadati, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    In large-scale power systems, classical centralized control approaches may fail due to geographically distribution of information and decentralized controllers result in sub-optimal solution for load-frequency control (LFC) problems. In this paper, a two-level structure is presented to obtain optimal solution for LFC problems and also reduce the computational complexity of centralized controllers. In this approach, an interconnected multi-area power system is decomposed into several sub-systems (areas) at the first-level. Then an optimization problem in each area is solved separately, with respect to its local information and interaction signals coming from other areas. At the second-level,... 

    A functional model predictive control approach for power system load frequency control considering generation rate constraint

    , Article International Transactions on Electrical Energy Systems ; Volume 23, Issue 2 , 2013 , Pages 214-229 ; 20507038 (ISSN) Shiroei, M ; Ranjbar, A. M ; Amraee, T ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    In this paper, a wide area measurement, centralized, load frequency control using model predictive control (MPC) is presented for multi-area power systems. A multivariable constrained MPC was used to calculate optimal control actions including generation rate constraints. To alleviate computational effort and to reduce numerical problems, particularly in large prediction horizon, an exponentially weighted functional MPC was employed. Time-based simulation studies were performed on a three-area power system, and the results were then compared with decentralized MPC and classical PI controller. The results show that the proposed MPC scheme offers significantly better performance against load... 

    AQM controller design for TCP networks based on a new control strategy

    , Article Telecommunication Systems ; Volume 57, Issue 4 , December , 2013 , Pages 295-311 ; 10184864 (ISSN) Kahe, G ; Jahangir, A. H ; Ebrahimi, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Kluwer Academic Publishers  2013
    Abstract
    When the network suffers from congestion, the core or edge routers signal the incidence of congestion through the active queue management (AQM) to the sources. The time-varying nature of the network dynamics and the complex process of retuning the current AQM algorithms for different operating points necessitate the development of a new AQM algorithm. Since the non-minimum phase characteristics of the network dynamics restrict direct application of the proportional-integral-derivative (PID) controller, we propose a compensated PID controller based on a new control strategy addressing the phase-lag and restrictions caused by the delay. Based on the unstable internal dynamics caused by the... 

    Dynamic participation of wind farms in system frequency control

    , Article IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference Europe, 14 October 2012 through 17 October 2012 ; October , 2012 ; 9781467325974 (ISBN) Toulabi, M ; Ranjbar, A. M ; Karimi, H ; Shiroie, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2012
    Abstract
    In this paper, the participation of wind farms in load frequency control (LFC) is studied. A previously proposed macromodel for the wind farm is employed to regulate its output power. The wind farm including its proposed control strategy is incorporated into the conventional LFC model. The proposed LFC structure is able to dynamically maintain the system frequency at the nominal value against the power imbalances. To achieve proper transient response, the integral control parameter of the LFC controller is optimized using the genetic algorithm (GA). To verify the effectiveness of the proposed method, several simulation case studies are carried out. The results show that the wind farm can... 

    Load-frequency control of interconnected power system using emotional learning-based intelligent controller

    , Article International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems ; Volume 36, Issue 1 , March , 2012 , Pages 76-83 ; 01420615 (ISSN) Farhangi, R ; Boroushaki, M ; Hosseini, S. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    2012
    Abstract
    In this paper a novel approach based on the emotional learning is proposed for improving the load-frequency control (LFC) system of a two-area interconnected power system with the consideration of generation rate constraint (GRC). The controller includes a neuro-fuzzy system with power error and its derivative as inputs. A fuzzy critic evaluates the present situation, and provides the emotional signal (stress). The controller modifies its characteristics so that the critic's stress is reduced. The convergence and performance of the proposed controller, both in presence and absence of GRC, are compared with those of proportional integral (PI), fuzzy logic (FL), and hybrid neuro-fuzzy (HNF)...