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    Electrochemical synthesis of polypyrrole in the presence of congo red; application to selective voltammetric determination of dopamine in the presence of ascorbic acid

    , Article Electroanalysis ; Volume 21, Issue 2 , 2009 , Pages 157-164 ; 10400397 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Zare Mehrjardi, H. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    The electrosynthesis of polypyrrole (PPy) film has been achieved on glassy carbon electrode (GCE) in aqueous medium of Congo red (CR) by means of cyclic voltammetry (CV). The modified electrode exhibits high electrocatalytic activity toward dopamine (DA) oxidation, with drastic enhancement of the reversibility and peak currents. This modified electrode, due to electrostatic interactions, is capable to mask the response of ascorbic acid (AA) completely and provide an effective method for the detection of minor amounts of dopamine in the presence of high concentrations of AA. The electrochemical response of the film modified electrode is strongly dependent to the switching potential applied in... 

    A comparative investigation of the electrocatalytic oxidation of methanol on poly-NiTCPP and poly-TCPP/Ni modified glassy carbon electrodes

    , Article Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry ; Volume 663, Issue 1 , December , 2011 , Pages 14-23 ; 15726657 (ISSN) Jafarian, M ; Haghighatbin, M. A ; Gobal, F ; Mahjani, M. G ; Rayati, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Electro-oxidation of methanol in alkaline solution at a glassy carbon electrode electrochemically modified by a conductive polymeric meso-tetra(4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrinato nickel(II), abbreviated as poly-NiTCPP and also meso-tetra(4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrin with incorporated nickel(II) cations, abbreviated as, poly-TCPP/Ni, were investigated and compared. Both films were prepared by oxidative electro-polymerization of complexes by repetitive cyclic voltammetry (RCV) in 0.1 M NaOH aqueous solution. The electrochemical properties and behaviors and also kinetic values of both films have been characterized and compared using cyclic voltammetry (CV), chronoamperometry (CA) and electrochemical... 

    Study of CNT/ZnO/PANI Nanocomposite Biosensors

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Yazdanbakhsh Sorkhabi, Khashayar (Author) ; Dolati, Abolghasem (Supervisor)
    For application as a biosensor electrode, Aligned Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs) were produced on Stainless Steel 304 substrate by optimizing the CVD method. For better performance, Zinc Oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles were coated on CNTs, using electrochemical deposition method at room temperature and process variables were optimized to acquire discrete particles with a narrow distribution. After that, Polyaniline, which is a conductive polymer, was electropolymerized on CNT/ZnO composite to further improve the electrocatalytic abilities of the electrode. The produced electrode was then used to detect glucose by Cyclic Voltammetry and Amperometry methods. This electrode shows a linear relationship... 

    Constructing and Investigation of the Electrochemical Behavior of Nanocomposite of Conducting Polymers on Copper Hydroxide Nanotubes; Application to Determination of Glucose

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Manafi, Reza (Author) ; Shahrokhian, Saeed (Supervisor)
    A novel amperometric non-enzymatic glucose (NEG) sensor is designed by a facile preparation method. It is made by electrodeposition of Cu clusters and converting them to Cu(OH)2 nanotubes (Cu(OH)2NTs) arrays along with thin-film electro-polymerized of spindle-shaped polypyrrole (PPy@Cu(OH)2NTs), which have been doped by using sodium Benzene-1,3- disulfonate as an anion dopant. The electrochemical performance of the modified electrode toward glucose detection is investigated by various electrochemical methods. Under the optimized conditions, a significant electrochemical response improvement is observed toward the electro-oxidation of glucose on the surface of PPy@Cu(OH)2NTs electrode... 

    Surface passivation of titanium dioxide via an electropolymerization method to improve the performance of dye-sensitized solar cells

    , Article RSC Advances ; Volume 6, Issue 15 , 2016 , Pages 12537-12543 ; 20462069 (ISSN) Mazloum Ardakani, M ; Khoshroo, A ; Taghavinia, N ; Hosseinzadeh, L ; Sharif University of Technology
    Royal Society of Chemistry  2016
    In dye-sensitized solar cells recombination reactions at the TiO2 photoanode with the electrolyte interface plays a critical role in cell efficiency. Recombination of injected electrons in the TiO2 with acceptors in the electrolyte usually occurs on uncovered areas of TiO2 surfaces. In this work, we report electropolymerization of polymer films on nanoporous TiO2 electrode surfaces using an ionic liquid as the growth medium. The choice of ionic liquid as the growth medium for this study is based on the insolubility of dye N719 in this electrolyte, thus avoiding dye molecule detachment from the TiO2 photoanode surface over the entire potential range investigated during the... 

    Chemical Modification of Glassy Carbon Electrode by Carbon Nanostructures/Conductive Polymers Composites and Its Application in The Study of Electrochemical Behaviour and Determination of Salbutamol and Isoprenaline

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Panahi, Saba (Author) ; Shahrokhian, Saeed (Supervisor)
    In the first part of thesis, the electropolymerization of pyrrole was performed in the presence of new coccine (NC) as a dopant anion on the surface of the electrode precoated with SWCNT. The modified electrode was used to study the voltammetric response of salbutamol (SAL). The results showed a remarkable increase in the anodic peak current of SAL in comparison to the bare GCE. The surface morphology PPY/CNT/GCE was thoroughly characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and cyclic voltammetry (CV) techniques. Under the optimized analysis conditions, the modified electrode showed two linear dynamic ranges of 0.02 – 0.1 μM and 0.1-10 μM with a detection limit of 6 nM for the... 

    Chemically Modified Electrodes Based on Conducting Polymers and Carbon Nanotubes: Application to Voltammetric Determination of Some Biological and Pharmaceutical Compounds

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Asadian, Elham (Author) ; Shahrokhian, Saeed (Supervisor)
    There are high attractions in the development of conducting polymer (CP) coatings to improve the electrochemical properties and biocompatibility of electrodes in the area of biosensors. In the first part of this thesis, a new type of modified electrodes, constructing multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) and polypyrrole is prepared in a layer-by-layer process. In this procedure, the glassy carbon electrode is casted first by a drop suspension of MWCNTs, leading to formation a thin film on its surface. In the second step, electrochemical polymerization of pyrrole in the presence of tiron (used as doping anion) is performed on the surface of the MWCNTs pre-coated electrode. The modification... 

    Electrochemical preparation of a molecularly imprinted polypyrrole modified pencil graphite electrode for the determination of phenothiazine in model and real biological samples

    , Article Talanta ; Volume 144 , November , 2015 , Pages 456-465 ; 00399140 (ISSN) Nezhadali, A ; Rouki, Z ; Nezhadali, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2015
    Abstract A sensitive electrochemical sensor for determination of phenothiazine (PTZ) was introduced based on molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) film. A computational study was performed to evaluate the template-monomer geometry and interaction energy in the prepolymerization mixture. The electrode was prepared during electropolymerization of pyrrole (Py) on a pencil graphite electrode (PGE) by cyclic voltammetry (CV) technique. The quantitative measurements were performed using differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) in Britton-Robinson (BR) buffer solutions using 60% (v/v) acetonitrile-water (ACN/H2O) binary solvent. The effect of important parameters like pH, monomer... 

    Simultaneous Analysis of Aliphatic Alcohols Mixtures Using an Electronic Nose Based on Nano/Microstructured Conducting Polypyrrole Film Prepared by Catalytic Electropolymerization on Cu/Au Interdigital Electrodes Using Multivariate Calibration

    , Article IEEE Sensors Journal ; Volume 16, Issue 2 , 2016 , Pages 418-425 ; 1530437X (ISSN) Alizadeh, N ; Babaei, M ; Alizadeh, M. S ; Mani Varnosfaderani, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc 
    In this paper, nano/microstructured-conducting polypyrrole has been prepared on Cu/Au interdigital electrode surfaces by using constant potential amperometry technique. The Fe(II) ions were used as catalyst and X = ClO4 -, pTs-, Cl-, TCA-, DS-, DBS- was implemented as anion dopants. The morphologies of the films were investigated by field emission scanning electron microscope. A remarkable dependence was observed between the type of anion dopant and the morphology of polypyrrole (PPy). The sensing behavior of the PPy-X sensor has been studied toward acetone, methanol, ethanol, 1-propanol, 2-propanol, nitromethane, propylamine, pyridine, and gas mixtures of aliphatic alcohols. The responses... 

    An electropolymerized aniline-based fiber coating for solid phase microextraction of phenols from water

    , Article Analytica Chimica Acta ; Volume 532, Issue 1 , 2005 , Pages 89-95 ; 00032670 (ISSN) Bagheri, H ; Mir, A ; Babanezhad, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    An aniline-based polymer was electrochemically prepared and applied as a new fiber coating for solid phase microextraction (SPME) of some priority phenols from water samples. The polyaniline (PANI) film was directly electrodeposited on the platinum wire surface in sulfuric acid solution using cyclic voltammetry (CV) technique. The efficiency of new coating was investigated using a laboratory-made SPME device and gas chromatography with flame ionization detection for the extraction of some phenols from the headspace of aqueous samples. The scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images showed the homogeneity and the porous surface structure of the film. The results obtained proved the ability of... 

    Simultaneous decolorization and bioelectricity generation in a dual chamber microbial fuel cell using electropolymerized-enzymatic cathode

    , Article Environmental Science and Technology ; Volume 46, Issue 12 , 2012 , Pages 6584-6593 ; 0013936X (ISSN) Savizi, I. S. P ; Kariminia, H. R ; Bakhshian, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Effect of cathodic enzymatic decolorization of reactive blue 221 (RB221) on the performance of a dual-chamber microbial fuel cell (MFC) was investigated. Immobilized laccase on the surface of a modified graphite electrode was used in the cathode compartment in order to decolorize the azo dye and enhance the oxygen reduction reaction. First, methylene blue which is an electroactive polymer was electropolymerized on the surface of a graphite bar to prepare the modified electrode. Utilization of the modified electrode with no enzyme in the MFC increased the power density up to 57% due to the reduction of internal resistance from 1000 to 750 Ω. Using the electropolymerized-enzymatic cathode... 

    Modification of glassy carbon electrode with a bilayer of multiwalled carbon nanotube/tiron-doped polypyrrole: Application to sensitive voltammetric determination of acyclovir

    , Article Materials Science and Engineering C ; Volume 53 , 2015 , Pages 134-141 ; 09284931 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Azimzadeh, M ; Amini, M. K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2015
    A novel voltammetric sensor based on glassy carbon electrode (GCE) modified with a thin film of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) coated with an electropolymerized layer of tiron-doped polypyrrole was developed and the resulting electrode was applied for the determination of acyclovir (ACV). The surface morphology and property of the modified electrode were characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy techniques. The electrochemical performance of the modified electrode was investigated by means of linear sweep voltammetry (LSV). The effect of several experimental variables, such as pH of the supporting electrolyte, drop size of... 

    Aniline-silica nanocomposite as a novel solid phase microextraction fiber coating

    , Article Journal of Chromatography A ; Volume 1238 , May , 2012 , Pages 22-29 ; 00219673 (ISSN) Bagheri, H ; Roostaie, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    A new unbreakable solid phase microextraction (SPME) fiber coating based on aniline-silica nanocomposite was electrodeposited on a stainless steel wire. The electropolymerization process was carried out at a constant deposition potential, applied to the corresponding aqueous electrolyte containing aniline and silica nanoparticles. The scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images showed the non-smooth and the porous surface structure of the prepared nanocomposite. The applicability of the new fiber coating was examined by headspace-solid phase microextraction (HS-SPME) of some environmentally important polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), as model compounds, from aqueous samples.... 

    A metal organic framework-polyaniline nanocomposite as a fiber coating for solid phase microextraction

    , Article Journal of Chromatography A ; Volume 1431 , 2016 , Pages 27-35 ; 00219673 (ISSN) Bagheri, H ; Javanmardi, H ; Abbasi, A ; Banihashemi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B. V 
    A metal organic framework-polyaniline (MOF/PANI) nanocomposite was electrodeposited on a stainless steel wire and used as a solid phase microextraction (SPME) fiber coating. The electropolymerization process was carried out under a constant deposition potential and applied to the corresponding aqueous electrolyte containing aniline and MOF particles. The employment of MOFs with their large and small cages and 3-D structures in synthesizing a nanocomposite was assumed to be efficient constitutes to induce more non-smooth and porous structures, approved by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images. Three different MOFs were incorporated to synthesize the desired nanocomposites and the...